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Estermann Linked Data Ecosystem for Heritage Data - 29 Feb 2020

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Linked Open Data Ecosystem for Heritage Data. Presentation held at the 5th Anniversary of the Swiss Open Cultural Data Hackathon on 29 February 2020 at the National Library in Bern.

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Estermann Linked Data Ecosystem for Heritage Data - 29 Feb 2020

  1. 1. Linked Open Data Ecosystem for Heritage Data Prof. Beat Estermann, Bern University of Applied Sciences, Institute for Public Sector Transformation GLAMhack 5th Anniversary Event, Bern, 29 February 2020 Photo: Swiss National Library, Bern, by Simon Schmid / SNL, Wikimedia Commons, CC BY SA 3.0.
  2. 2. From Performing Arts Data to Heritage Data... ...let us inspire by the analogies!
  3. 3. Building a Worldwide Linked Open Data Ecosystem for the Performing Arts Photo: Alexandrinsky Theatre, St. Petesburg, by Alex ‘Florstein’ Fedorov, Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 4.0. Source: https://linkeddigitalfuture.ca/
  4. 4. The Vision: Many Stakeholders – One Knowledge Base Performing Arts Value Network International Knowledge Base for the Performing Arts Distributed Architecture Key Stakeholders Usage Scenarios
  5. 5. Production market Based on: Bonet, L., & Schargorodsky, H. (2018). “Theatre management: models and strategies for cultural venues”. Policy, 23(2), 159-173. Performing Arts Value Network
  6. 6. Stakeholder Requirements Regarding Data Coverage
  7. 7. Architecture of Platforms
  8. 8. Swiss Performing Arts Database Wikidata / Wikimedia Commons Culture Creates concerts State of Implementation
  9. 9. Databases • ISNI • VIAF • MusicBrainz • Discogs • IMDb • Songkick • Wikidata Relevant Base Registers / Authority Files Entities • Works (literary, musical, choreographic) • Editions/Translations of Works • Character Roles • Performing Arts Buildings • Humans (writers, composers, performing arts professionals) • Organizations (presenting organizations, musical ensembles, theatre troupes, dance troupes) Base registers and authority files play a key role in interlinking datasets from various sources. Some statistics (Wikidata, April 2019) • 420’000 musical works • 21’000 plays • 820 choreographic works • 11’000 character roles • 20’000 performing arts buildings • 260’000 musicians • 250’000 actors/actresses • 87’000 musical ensembles • 5’000 theatre troupes • 340 dance troupes and steadily growing... Databases • ISNI • VIAF • MusicBrainz • Discogs • IMDb • Songkick • Wikidata
  10. 10. RIDEAU – Scène Pro Scène Pro is a centralized information system for the performing arts production market. Scène Pro enables re-use of the same core data across a number of business processes: showcase application, event registration, and block-booking. Processes database OpenAPI Primary users / contributors Third parties Core data database Metadata Metadata Metadata
  11. 11. Culture Creates – Footlight Source: Saumier-Finch (2019)
  12. 12. Artsdata.ca Canadian Knowledge Graph for the Performing Arts
  13. 13. LDFI Conceptual Model / Sample Data linkeddigitalfuture.ca
  14. 14. 1. Immediate focus should be placed on populating a Canadian performing arts knowledge graph. 2. Wikidata is complementary to Artsdata.ca; efforts should therefore be undertaken to contribute to its population with performing arts related data. 3. A data governance framework needs to be developed in cooperation with representatives from across the arts sector to establish who is able to share what type of data with whom, and who will have authority over which data/information. 4. Further research is needed to better understand user requirements with regard to the adoption of linked open data practices in existing and emerging service offerings. 5. Further effort is required to develop and describe novel business models that leverage and maintain a well-functioning linked open data ecosystem for the performing arts. Advisory Committee – Recommendations
  15. 15. - Creating a Linked Open Data Ecosystem for Heritage Data – Some Elements
  16. 16. LOD Publication of Named Entities and Controlled Vocabularies Study funded by E-Government Switzerland, 2019 ▶ Great demand for base registers relating to territorial divisions, geographical location of objects, identification of organizations. ▶ High demand for data from the Federal Statistical Office and Swisstopo; the latter is doing a great job in publishing LOD, the former less so. ▶ Most data publishers require additional support in view of LOD publication of base registers (tools, guidelines, consulting). Potential for Data Usage Feasibility of Data Publication Readiness of Data Providers Goal: All Important Base Registers Published as LOD Prio 1 Source: Estermann, B., Gschwend, A., Haller, S., Parrales E. (2020): Basisregister und kontrollierte Vokabulare als Wegbereiter für Linked Open Data in der Schweiz. Innovationsprojekt von E-Government Schweiz im Auftrag des Schweizerischen Bundesarchivs. Berner Fachhochschule, Institut Public Sector Transformation.
  17. 17. Authorities Files and Controlled Vocabularies Specific to the Heritage Sector and the Digital Humanities Authority File Data Publisher CH / Int Gemeinsame Normdatei (GND) German National Library Int Virtual International Authority File (VIAF) Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) Int Inventories of Swiss Heritage Institutions Swiss National Library, Swissbib/UB Basel, Swiss Museums Association, Association of Swiss Archivists CH Inventories of Cultural Properties in Switzerland Swiss Federal Office for Civil Protection, cantonal and municipal offices for monuments protection CH Swiss Photography Metadata Foto CH CH Authority files on Swiss history histHub CH Metadata of the Swiss Historical Dictionary Historisches Lexikon Schweiz (HLS) CH Biographical catalogue of the SNL Swiss National Library CH Metagrid (CH-related historical authority files) SAGW / Dodis CH Union List of Artist Names (ULAN) Getty Research Institute Int Inventory of CH-related artists SIK ISEA CH Dewey Decimal Classification Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) Int Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) Getty Research Institute Int
  18. 18. Wikidata Hackday Series for Libraries Second half of 2019 Swiss National Library, ETH Library, Zurich Central Library, OpenGLAM CH Further Information: This Month in GLAM, January 2020 edition Graph-based Query Expansion on Library Discovery System Referencing Archival Fonds on Wikidata Sum of All Swiss GLAMs
  19. 19. Pilot Project «Sum of All Swiss GLAMs» OpenGLAM CH and partners, 2020
  20. 20. Pilot Project «Sum of All Swiss GLAMs» – Example Infoboxes English Wikipedia “Zentralbibliothek Zürich” French Wikipedia “Lavoslav Ružička”
  21. 21. - Workshop
  22. 22. 1. Inventory of Swiss heritage institutions 2. Enhancing the findability of archival fonds 3. Linked data in the context of heritage data platforms: data provision and semantic search Workshop in Three Groups (45 minutes) Some Guiding Questions • Who are the key stakeholders? What are their usage / contribution scenarios? What are user needs in terms of data and services? • Which elements of the linked data ecosystem are you/we focusing on? What are complementary elements in terms of value creation? • What are meaningful next steps? (think of low hanging fruits)
  23. 23. Thank you for your attention ! Prof. Beat Estermann Bern University of Applied Sciences Institute for Public Sector Transformation beat.estermann@bfh.ch +41 31 848 34 38 https://linkeddigitalfuture.ca/