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By:
BeaJoy Lorraine Arcenio
III-9 BSE History
The First Crusade
R.E.M.A.P Changing the World
• R – Religious Piety
• E – European Expansion
• M – Muslim Advances
• A – Adventure
• P – Pa...
Cause: Religious Piety
Intense Religious Piety
Due in part to the Investiture
Controversy.
People became personally
enga...
Cause: European Expansionism
• Pope Urban II had
encouraged the Iberian
Christians to conquer
Tarragona, using much the
sa...
The heart of the Western Europe had been
stabilized after the Christianization of
Saxon, Viking, and Hungarian peoples by...
Cause: Muslim Advances
Events in Muslim World
• The Battle of Manzikert,
1071, resulted in the defeat
of the Byzantine Emp...
Cause: Adventure
• A plea for help from
the Byzantine Emperor
Alexius I in opposing
Muslim attacks thus
appealed to their ...
Cause: Papal Politics
Roman-Byzantine Rivalry
The Great Schism, 1054,
The primary cause was a
dispute over papal
authorit...
Great Schism
1064
Battle of
Hastings
1066
Battle of
Manzikert
1071
Christianization of
the Vikings, Slavs,
and Magyars
c. ...
• The word
“crusade” comes
from the Spanish
cruzade which
means “marked
with the cross”
ETYMOLOGY
Crusades
• They fought over
control of Jerusalem
which was called the
Holy Land because it
was the region where
Jesus had ...
Causes of the Crusades
Muslim Turks
captured Jerusalem
from the Byzantine
Empire
Muslims stopped
Christians from
Visiting ...
Call for a Crusade
• Pope Urban II
called for a
Crusade in
autumn of 1095
used violence for its “Just” causes
(St. Agustine and Pope Urban II)
“THOU SHALL
NOT KILL”
HEBREW BIBLE
REJECTION OF...
A A I O
S AL V AT I ON
Afterlife,
including a
guarantee of
eternal
salvation to
those who died
in struggle.
Who Answered the Call?
•Feudal Lords
•Knights
•Peasants
OBJECTIVES
Drive Turks from Anatolia
Obligate the Byzantines
Provide occasion for healing Great
Schism on Rome's terms
...
People’s Crusade
• August 15, 1096
• Peasants, petty nobles,
knights with Peter the
Hermit with no
permission.
• Some were...
Jewish pogroms in Rhineland
DECEMBER 1095
PRINCES’ CRUSADE
Routes of the leaders of the first
crusade
• November 1096 and
April 1097, Hugh of
Vermandois arrived
first followed by
Godfrey, Raymond,
and Bohemond.
• David Nicolle,
“considers the armies
consisted of about
30,000-35,000
crusaders including
5,000 cavalry”
• Raymond had t...
Godfrey was the first one to take the
oath and almost the leaders followed.
SIEGE OF NICAEA
May 16, 1097- June 18, 1097
• Peter the Hermit and
remainder of his little army
with Manuel Boultoumites
and Tatikios to assist the
crusaders.
• OBJEC...
• June 18, 1097 Turkish Garrison finally
surrendered.
BATTLE OF DORYLAEUMEnd of June 1097
• .
SIEGE OF ANTIOCH
• Antioch halfway to Constantinople
and Jerusalem
• October 20, 1097 the Crusader set
an army
• May 1098 One of the leader
convinced the guard of their
enemy named Firutzo to open the
tower.
• June when the Byzantine...
• Stephen of Blois, a crusade leader,
warning Alexios I about the situation in
Antioch
• December 1098 Ma’arrat al-Numan was
captured the history of first Cannibalism
among the crusaders
“In Ma’arrat our troops boiled
pagan adults in cooking pots;
they impaled children on spits
and devoured them grilled”
Rad...
BATTLE OF DAMASCUS
BATTLE AT MARRA
DECEMBER 12th 1098
• Night of 11th of
December, the
people of Marra
begging for peace.
• But after three
days they were
killed by the
crusade...
BATTLE OF JERUSALEM
June 7th-July 15th 1099
• They finally reached their intended
destination in the summer of 1099. Less
than 5,000 remained. They killed all the
Mus...
The success of the First Crusade
would inspire many more
Christians to take up arms and
fight countries
The crusaders created a
schism between the worlds of
Christianity and Islam that
lingers today.
REFERENCES
INTERNET
• http://www.slideshare.net/djfussell/crusade
s-15517867
• http://www.slideshare.net/Mr.J/the-
crusade...
FIRST CRUSADE
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FIRST CRUSADE

  1. 1. By: BeaJoy Lorraine Arcenio III-9 BSE History The First Crusade
  2. 2. R.E.M.A.P Changing the World • R – Religious Piety • E – European Expansion • M – Muslim Advances • A – Adventure • P – Papal Authority
  3. 3. Cause: Religious Piety Intense Religious Piety Due in part to the Investiture Controversy. People became personally engaged in the dramatic religious controversy The Result: Popular support for the First Crusade Emperor Henry IV at the Feet of Pope Gregory VII
  4. 4. Cause: European Expansionism • Pope Urban II had encouraged the Iberian Christians to conquer Tarragona, using much the same symbolism and rhetoric that was later used to preach the crusade to the people of Europe.
  5. 5. The heart of the Western Europe had been stabilized after the Christianization of Saxon, Viking, and Hungarian peoples by the end of the 10th century.
  6. 6. Cause: Muslim Advances Events in Muslim World • The Battle of Manzikert, 1071, resulted in the defeat of the Byzantine Empire and the capture of the Emperor by the Seljuk Turks 1074 (Muslims).. • The Turks disrupted pilgrim traffic.
  7. 7. Cause: Adventure • A plea for help from the Byzantine Emperor Alexius I in opposing Muslim attacks thus appealed to their sense of adventure.
  8. 8. Cause: Papal Politics Roman-Byzantine Rivalry The Great Schism, 1054, The primary cause was a dispute over papal authority.
  9. 9. Great Schism 1064 Battle of Hastings 1066 Battle of Manzikert 1071 Christianization of the Vikings, Slavs, and Magyars c. 1000 Capture of Toledo from Muslims 1087 Cluniac Reform c. 1024 Capture of Sicily from Muslims 1099 ConstantinopleRome Expansionism Papal Politics Adventure Religious Piety Pilgrimages Europe 1000-1100 Investiture Controversy 1075+
  10. 10. • The word “crusade” comes from the Spanish cruzade which means “marked with the cross” ETYMOLOGY
  11. 11. Crusades • They fought over control of Jerusalem which was called the Holy Land because it was the region where Jesus had lived, preached and died
  12. 12. Causes of the Crusades Muslim Turks captured Jerusalem from the Byzantine Empire Muslims stopped Christians from Visiting Holy Land Christian pilgrims were attacked Byzantine Empire feared attack on Constantinople
  13. 13. Call for a Crusade • Pope Urban II called for a Crusade in autumn of 1095
  14. 14. used violence for its “Just” causes (St. Agustine and Pope Urban II)
  15. 15. “THOU SHALL NOT KILL” HEBREW BIBLE REJECTION OF...
  16. 16. A A I O
  17. 17. S AL V AT I ON
  18. 18. Afterlife, including a guarantee of eternal salvation to those who died in struggle.
  19. 19. Who Answered the Call? •Feudal Lords •Knights •Peasants
  20. 20. OBJECTIVES Drive Turks from Anatolia Obligate the Byzantines Provide occasion for healing Great Schism on Rome's terms Capture Holy Land
  21. 21. People’s Crusade • August 15, 1096 • Peasants, petty nobles, knights with Peter the Hermit with no permission. • Some were illiterate and untrained that they don’t have any idea about Jerusalem “Alexius Comnenus, Emperor of the East, receives Peter the Hermit at Constantinople, August 1096” by Gillot Saint-Evre
  22. 22. Jewish pogroms in Rhineland DECEMBER 1095
  23. 23. PRINCES’ CRUSADE Routes of the leaders of the first crusade
  24. 24. • November 1096 and April 1097, Hugh of Vermandois arrived first followed by Godfrey, Raymond, and Bohemond.
  25. 25. • David Nicolle, “considers the armies consisted of about 30,000-35,000 crusaders including 5,000 cavalry” • Raymond had the largest contingent of about 8,500 infantry and 1,200 cavalry.
  26. 26. Godfrey was the first one to take the oath and almost the leaders followed.
  27. 27. SIEGE OF NICAEA May 16, 1097- June 18, 1097
  28. 28. • Peter the Hermit and remainder of his little army with Manuel Boultoumites and Tatikios to assist the crusaders. • OBJECTIVE: NICAEA city under Byzantine rule but had become the capital of Seljuq under Kilij Arslan I
  29. 29. • June 18, 1097 Turkish Garrison finally surrendered.
  30. 30. BATTLE OF DORYLAEUMEnd of June 1097
  31. 31. • .
  32. 32. SIEGE OF ANTIOCH
  33. 33. • Antioch halfway to Constantinople and Jerusalem • October 20, 1097 the Crusader set an army
  34. 34. • May 1098 One of the leader convinced the guard of their enemy named Firutzo to open the tower. • June when the Byzantine troops enter the City. But the Muslim arrived
  35. 35. • Stephen of Blois, a crusade leader, warning Alexios I about the situation in Antioch
  36. 36. • December 1098 Ma’arrat al-Numan was captured the history of first Cannibalism among the crusaders
  37. 37. “In Ma’arrat our troops boiled pagan adults in cooking pots; they impaled children on spits and devoured them grilled” Radulph of Caen
  38. 38. BATTLE OF DAMASCUS
  39. 39. BATTLE AT MARRA DECEMBER 12th 1098
  40. 40. • Night of 11th of December, the people of Marra begging for peace. • But after three days they were killed by the crusaders.
  41. 41. BATTLE OF JERUSALEM June 7th-July 15th 1099
  42. 42. • They finally reached their intended destination in the summer of 1099. Less than 5,000 remained. They killed all the Muslims in Jerusalem in July 17th 1099.
  43. 43. The success of the First Crusade would inspire many more Christians to take up arms and fight countries
  44. 44. The crusaders created a schism between the worlds of Christianity and Islam that lingers today.
  45. 45. REFERENCES INTERNET • http://www.slideshare.net/djfussell/crusade s-15517867 • http://www.slideshare.net/Mr.J/the- crusades-presentation • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Crusade • www.history.com/.../mankind-the-story-of- all-of-us

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