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Nader Abdullah - Syria: The land of diversity

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Nader Abdullah - Syria: The land of diversity

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Nader Abdullah of the Syrian Canadian Council talks about Syria's culture, society and history. He touches on the expected difficulties newcomers to Canada encounter and suggests solutions from his group's perspective as a community and from experience with some newcomers.

Listen to the podcast: https://soundcloud.com/bchumanist/nader-abdullah-syria-the-land-of-diversity

Nader Abdullah of the Syrian Canadian Council talks about Syria's culture, society and history. He touches on the expected difficulties newcomers to Canada encounter and suggests solutions from his group's perspective as a community and from experience with some newcomers.

Listen to the podcast: https://soundcloud.com/bchumanist/nader-abdullah-syria-the-land-of-diversity

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Nader Abdullah - Syria: The land of diversity

  1. 1. Syria Syria Land of Diversity
  2. 2. Where is Syria? ■ Syria is located on the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea in south-western Asia. ■ Syria enjoys a beautiful and diverse nature: from sandy beaches, green mountainous regions to fertile plains.
  3. 3. History ■ Located at the heart of the ancient world,  Syria was historically a crossroad for commerce and trade. Syria is commonly known as the cradle of civilizations as many of the greatest human achievements began in Syria. ■ The Hittites, Assyrians, Akkadians, Greeks, Romans, Umayyads, Ayyubids, Mameluks and Ottomans all left their stamps on the Syrian culture and history. ■ There is 6 locations in Syria already on the Unesco World Heritage List and 12 more on the Tentative List.
  4. 4. ■ In Ugarit, located in present-day Latakia, the oldest and first written alphabet in the World was developed there around 1400 BC ■ Syria is also a center for music and art – the first composed music or melody originated from Ugarit ■ There are many ancient historical sites and artifacts in Syria as numerous civilizations and empires inhabited the area throughout history. Syria has seen many great human accomplishments that have impacted the world, some of which are still used today. Ugarit
  5. 5. ■ Palmyra is an ancient Semitic city located in present-day Homs. The empire was wealthy and established many colonies along the silk road. ■ Zenobia, a queen of Palmyra was a strong female figure in history as she became ruler after her husband’s death in year 267. Palmyra
  6. 6. Emesa ■ Presently known as the city of Homs, Emesa was a great Roman empire ■ Julia Dumna, the empress, is also considered to be a powerful female figure in Syrian history as she defied gender expectations of the time and involved herself in important political matters.
  7. 7. Ma’loula ■ Ma’loula, meaning entrance in Aramaic, is a village located north of Damascus in the mountains. ■ It is an important historical and cultural Christian site because it is one of the only places in the world that has preserved the ancient Aramaic language.
  8. 8. Ethnic Diversity ■ The Syrians forms a mosaic of cultures and ethnic groups, which has been building up for thousands of years. ■ Arabs forms majority of the population. ■ Other ethnic groups includes Kurds, Turkomans, Circassians and Armenians ■ Some of these ethnicities were refugees fleeing from civil unrest in the region and became a part of the Syrian texture.
  9. 9. Religious Diversity ■ Syria has a great degree of ethnic and religious diversity presently and all throughout history. Syria was always a place for religious harmony not division. ■ Muslims, Christians Jews, Mandaeans,Yezidei and many other religious group coexisted for a long time in Syria.
  10. 10. Society Characteristics ■ Educated ■ Young ■ Family Centred ■ Religious Tolerance
  11. 11. Influential Syrians ■ Malek Jandali – a world-renowned Syrian- American composer and pianist ■ Dr. Fouad Tayfour – a world-renowned eye surgeon and leader in vision correction, and was the first to perform laser eye surgery ■ Diana Hadid – a famous Syrian-American contemporary artist ■ Steve Jobs - brought us apple and the iphone ■ Jerry Seinfeld – part Syrian ■ Paul Abdul – Father is Syrian-Jewish ■ Jihad Abdo – Hollywood actor
  12. 12. Syrians in Canada ■ 48% of Syrian origin are university graduates, compared to 28% in the total population of Canada. ■ The rate of females of Syrian origin with a university degree is lower (45%) compared to males (50%) but higher than the rate of all Canadian women (30%). ■ Labour force of Syrian origin is lower (80%) than the rate of the total population of Canada (86%). ■ The labour force participation rate of females of Syrian origin is lower (72%) compared to males (89%) and lower than the rate of the total female population of Canada (82%).
  13. 13. Syrians in Canada ■ Employment of Syrian origin is lower (73%) than that of the total population (81%). ■ Employment rate of females of Syrian origin is (64%) lower compared to males (82%) and lower than the rate of the total female population of Canada (77%). ■ Unemployment rate of people of Syrian origin (9.1%) is higher than that of the total population of Canada (6.2%). The unemployment rate of females is higher (11.0%) compared to males (7.5%) and higher than that of the total female population of Canada (6.1%).
  14. 14. Quick Facts about the Syrian Crisis ■ Started in March 2011 ■ Peaceful protests for a year ■ Militarized the conflict 2012 ■ First chemical attack on Ghouta Aug 2013 ■ ISIS rise 2013 ■ Complicated conflict – a place for proxy war
  15. 15. Quick Facts about the Syrian Crisis ■ 15 million displaced - Worst humanitarian crisis since WWII ■ Refugee waves started 2015
  16. 16. Cultural Bridging ■ Parenting Styles ■ Counselling Concept ■ Health Care ■ Recycling
  17. 17. SYRIA Land of Diversity & Civilization

Hinweis der Redaktion

  • The main characteristic of Syria is it’s Diversity.
    from it’s climate to it’s land you can find
  • Among these locations is Damascus the oldest capital, Aleppo the oldest continuously inhabitant city, Palmyre, Bosra, Crac Des Chevaliers, the Forgotten Cities Northern Aleppo
    Syrian Emperors of Rome: Towards the end of Rome's first millennium, a.u.c. 971-988  (A.D. 218-235), two Syrian youths reigned in succession as Roman emperors
  • The Circassians and the Armenians came to Syria as refugees fleeing the massacres of Russia and Turkey in the 19th an 20th century respectively. Syria is well known of receiving refugees with open arms the country host around 600,000 Palestinian after the two wars with Israel in 1948 and 1967. Syria also received 1.5 million Iraqi since 2003.
  • Although many consider Syria an Islamic country but its diversity roots also into the various religious groups
    - 90% of Syrian People are Muslims (74% is Sunni Muslim, the other 16% includes Ismailis, Shiites, Alawites and Druze)
    -Christians are divided into several churches, which include Greek Orthodox (45%), the Catholics Malkeite, Syriac Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Maronite, Cheldan and Latin (16%) Syriac Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, Protestant, and Nestorian.
    There are a small number of Yezidis in Syria, ethnic Kurds who practice a 4,000 year old religion mainly in Jabal Sim’an and the Afrin valley in north-west Syria and in Al Hasseka.
    -The Jewish population that numbered around 40,000 before Israel’s establishment in 1948, all have emigrated. Although there is still in each major city what is called the Jewish ghetto with all it houses locked and protected by the government.
  • - Syria has a high literacy rate and schooling or education is taken very seriously. Most Syrians attend university after the completion of secondary school as it is highly encouraged. Both women and men are usually expected to finish a post-secondary degree.
    Syrian culture also encourages competitiveness with regards to school achievements and degrees obtained. Most Syrians value education and many are highly educated.
    Syrian Median Age is 23 Years with a higher concentrations among children younger than 15.
    Family is the heart of Syrian society Family members always take care of each other for example putting elderly family members in a nursing home is considered a improper action
    The Syrian society is well know of its religious tolerance, Syrians from all religions interacted together celebrated each other holidays and in many instances married from the other religion.
  • Jay Abdo Patriot (TV Movie) and Queen of the Desert with Nicole Kidman
  • - The Syrian immigration to Canada happened in two waves. The first one between 1885 – 1908 and the second was from 1945 to present.
    - According to 2011 National Household Survey about 48% of people of Syrian origin are university graduates, compared to 28% in the total population of Canada.
    The labour force participation of people of Syrian origin is 80%.
    Based on the findings from the 2011 National Household Survey for the population aged 25–54 years of age:
    About 48% of people of Syrian origin are university graduates, compared to 28% in the total population of Canada. The rate of females of Syrian origin with a university degree is lower (45%) compared to males (50%) but higher than the rate of all Canadian women (30%).
    The labour force participation of people of Syrian origin is lower (80%) than the rate of the total population of Canada (86%). The labour force participation rate of females of Syrian origin is lower (72%) compared to males (89%) and lower than the rate of the total female population of Canada (82%).
  • The employment rate of people of Syrian origin is lower (73%) than that of the total population (81%). The employment rate of females of Syrian origin is (64%) lower compared to males (82%) and lower than the rate of the total female population of Canada (77%).
    The unemployment rate of people of Syrian origin (9.1%) is higher than that of the total population of Canada (6.2%). The unemployment rate of females is higher (11.0%) compared to males (7.5%) and higher than that of the total female population of Canada (6.1%).
    In 2011, the prevalence of low income among people of Syrian origin in Canada was 19%, higher than that of the total population of Canada (11%).
    http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/research/syrians.asp
  • Anti-government demonstrations began in March of 2011
    By July, army defectors had loosely organized the Free Syrian Army and many civilian Syrians took up arms to join the opposition
    More than four years after it began, the full-blown civil war has killed over 300,000 people
    ISIS fought FSA – killed more Arabs and Muslims than another groups. Many massacres including in Der Ezzour 700 (aged 15 – 55).
  • The U.N. estimates that 8 million people are internally displaced and 5 million outside. When you also consider refugees, more than half of the country’s pre-war population of 23 million
    Some Syrians know people in neighboring countries who they can stay with. But many host families were already struggling on meager incomes and do not have the room or finances to help as the crisis drags on.
    According to the U.N., more than half of all Syrian refugees are under the age of 18. Most have been out of school for months, if not years.
    https://www.mercycorps.org/articles/iraq-jordan-lebanon-syria-turkey/quick-facts-what-you-need-know-about-syria-crisis
  • While a majority of Syrian families adopt the modern styles in parenting and discipline you can some time see a father or a mother scold or slap a child which is considered unacceptable in the western society.
    Syrian parents closely monitor the development of their children whether physical, emotional or intellectual however they are not familiar with the counselling concept which means they don’t know that they can seek the assistance of a school worker whether a social or a settlement worker.
    Syrian are not familiar with organized health care and insurance system, when they got sick they go to a well known doctor if they live in an urban area, or to not so well equipped health center if they live in rural areas, they wait for a small period of time , pay directly get their prescription and immediately buy it for an indefinite number of time from any pharmacy. They will face some difficulties adjusting to the health care system and getting a family doctor to treat them and refer them to a specialist if necessary.
    Syrians are very economic people they tend to use and reuse a lot of things in their daily life, a lot of jokes were circulating about this behavior however they are not very familiar with the mandatory recycling system here in Canada.
  • Those people who you are welcoming among you today carry in their genes the creativity of the Phoenicians, the logic and philosophy of the Greeks, the discipline of the Romans, the passion and the faith of the Apostles, the spirituality of the Sufis. You will enjoy having them around as much as they will be proud to be in this great country.
    Thank you

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