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Parthenon - Historical Building Systems

this presentation talks about the building structures, concepts and construction of the ancient Parthenon of Greece.

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Parthenon - Historical Building Systems

  1. 1. zz Ancient Building – Parthenon of Greece Azra Maliha 201420058 Al Ghurair University, Dubai
  2. 2. zz Contents  Introduction & Concept  Plans & Sections  Construction  Materials  References
  3. 3. zz Introduction & Concept Parthenon is the temple built for the Greek goddess Athena, in the city of Athens in mid 5th century BCE. It was built under political influences, replacing an older temple. It was constructed by the architects Ictinus and Calibrates. Some historians believe that Athens concluded a peace treaty with Persia in 449, two years before work began on the Parthenon. The Parthenon epitomizes all the principles of Greek through artistic visualization. Concept of Parthenon includes the understanding of mathematics of natural world, proportions of building and the architectural decorations and elements. The temple was to honor their goddess Athena and reflect the spirituality, because the people thought she watches over the city to protect them.
  4. 4. z Plans & Sections
  5. 5. z Construction It is basically a Doric temple with eight rows of columns along the back and front of the building, and seventeen on the sides. The center columns are little bit smaller than the corner columns. Marble blocks were used for construction which were cut to fit together with the help of clamps and dowels. The Doric order of this temple had different parts which are very significant in architecture: - Metopes: these were squares placed over the architrave with sculptures depicting historical combats, mythical creatures and other scenarios. There are 92 metopes found on the Parthenon. - Pediment: the triangular space occupied above the metope and triglyph which had reliefs of sculptures larger than metopes.This is what gives the Parthenon its significant look.The west end of the temple depicted the contest between Poseidon and Athena for the power of Athena and the eastern part showed the birth of Athena from Zeus' head.
  6. 6. Materials  Marble was used for the main construction material  Lead and iron were used for joints and supports
  7. 7. z References  http://www.sacred-destinations.com/greece/athens-parthenon  http://ancient-greece.org/architecture/parthenon2.html  https://www.britannica.com/topic/Parthenon  http://www.reed.edu/humanities/110Tech/Parthenon.html  http://www.athensguide.org/athens-acropolis.html  http://www.loeser.us/examples/parth.html  http://ancient-greece.org/architecture/parthenon.html  http://www.ancient.eu/parthenon/ Parthenon Documentaries • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ICmlfXZnkns • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8smmU8MseWE