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Furniture characteristics of
historical periods
Azra maliha
201420058
EGYPT
CHAIRS
 Mostly made from wood and decorated
by gold inlays
 Chairs symbolized status, high backed
and taller ones were f...
BEDS & HEADREST
 Gently inclined bed for sleeper’ comfort of keeping head on
the headrest made of wood or stone
 Include...
STORAGE
 Highly decorated chests and storage boxes
 Gold and ivory inlays
 Larger storages held household items, linen ...
GREEK
CHAIRS
 Sweeping curve was a prominent feature
 joints that holds the legs to the side rail are quite large
 Woven cord...
STOOLS & TABLES
 Highly inspired by the Egypt’s
folding stool
 Leather seat and gazelle leg
 Less ornamented
 Example:...
CHESTS
 Used for keeping cloths, jewelry, fruits or
food items, household items
 Made of wood, ornated with ivory inlays
ROME
CHAIRS
 Folding chair Curule is one of the most significant furniture
piece
 Curved features and ability to save space
...
STOOLS & TABLES
 The same as that of Egyptians and
Greeks, but they made it out of
iron
 They made it similar to their
c...
CHESTS
 Made of wood and iron and ornamented
with bronze and other inlays
 They made them strong and durable to
store ho...
Early Christian
and byzantine
CHAIRS
 Seating were either throne or chair, which reflected the
architecture of the building it was in
 Materials used ...
STOOLS & TABLES
 Cushioned stool for comfort,
covered in velvet
 Folding stools were extensively
used
 Legs were design...
CHESTS
 Chests were used by every level of
people
 Made with lock and keys
 Decorated with the period motifs and
patter...
Romanesque
CHAIRS
 Chair legs resembled lion paw and other animal legs
 Materials used were metal or walnut wood with animal
hide s...
Gothic
CHAIRS
 Chairs had the sense of state majesty, rectangular or
circular with low backs
 Had a lot of intricate oak wood c...
BEDS STOOLS
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Furniture characteristics of historical periods

a brief pointwise, easy to study notes on the characteristics of furniture of ancient time periods.

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Furniture characteristics of historical periods

  1. 1. Furniture characteristics of historical periods Azra maliha 201420058
  2. 2. EGYPT
  3. 3. CHAIRS  Mostly made from wood and decorated by gold inlays  Chairs symbolized status, high backed and taller ones were for riches.  Were covered by cloth or leather sometimes  Legs were finely curved to lion’s paw shape mostly, sometimes crocodile and gazelle feet  Back of the chairs were curved of painted in different scenes or eagle’s wings.
  4. 4. BEDS & HEADREST  Gently inclined bed for sleeper’ comfort of keeping head on the headrest made of wood or stone  Included footboard  Framework was highly decorated  Headrests were sometimes decorated and wrapped in fine linen for user comfort  Reeds or plaited wooden strips used as mattress  Legs were mostly animal paw shaped
  5. 5. STORAGE  Highly decorated chests and storage boxes  Gold and ivory inlays  Larger storages held household items, linen or precious things  Small boxes held jewelry items STOOLS  The most common furniture item, designed according to class of people  Legs were simple as well as in the shape of animal legs  Seat made from woven mesh or leather  Folding stool was very popular  Rich people’s stools were decorated with gold inlays
  6. 6. GREEK
  7. 7. CHAIRS  Sweeping curve was a prominent feature  joints that holds the legs to the side rail are quite large  Woven cord seat  Backrests were curved  Simpler designed, not so much decorated  Example: Klismos BEDS  Similar to the Egyptian bed  Girth was given for rich people’s bed to add mattress.  Poor people’s had string mesh instead of mattress  mattress was made of linen, wool or leather and either wool or dried reeds  Legs were curved like their chairs  Sometimes the headrest was made of solid maple or box-wood  Example: Kline
  8. 8. STOOLS & TABLES  Highly inspired by the Egypt’s folding stool  Leather seat and gazelle leg  Less ornamented  Example: Diphros  Low in height and mostly movable  Three legged, designed either lion paws or half/full body of mythical creatures.  Round table tops  Example: Trapeza
  9. 9. CHESTS  Used for keeping cloths, jewelry, fruits or food items, household items  Made of wood, ornated with ivory inlays
  10. 10. ROME
  11. 11. CHAIRS  Folding chair Curule is one of the most significant furniture piece  Curved features and ability to save space  They used certain chairs for sitting, eating, relaxing  Most of the chair seats were made of marble, few had cushions  Legs were decorated with ivory and precious metals, sometimes framed in solid silver BEDS  lectus was an important furniture which was a couch and bed at the same time  Headboard was furnished with cushion  Highly decorated legs with ivory inlays and sometimes tortoise-shell plates  Upholstery was made from fine fabric
  12. 12. STOOLS & TABLES  The same as that of Egyptians and Greeks, but they made it out of iron  They made it similar to their curule chair  Abacus and Mensa are two types of tables  Low, three legged  Round table top is supported by three legs like that of the tripod  Made of wood or metal  Tables were used for cooking, art, display, etc.
  13. 13. CHESTS  Made of wood and iron and ornamented with bronze and other inlays  They made them strong and durable to store household items, valuable and jewelries  Heavily ornamented
  14. 14. Early Christian and byzantine
  15. 15. CHAIRS  Seating were either throne or chair, which reflected the architecture of the building it was in  Materials used were wood, metal, ivory and decorated with precious metals  Silk velvet upholstery, sometimes animal hide  Few had soft cushions for comfort BEDS  Beds used to be simple platform for sleeping  Mattress was cord weaved on the bed frame  Engraved designs similar to the architecture  Sometimes it used to be simple mattress on the ground as the bed
  16. 16. STOOLS & TABLES  Cushioned stool for comfort, covered in velvet  Folding stools were extensively used  Legs were designed with gold inlays  They used folding tables so that they could use and move them easily  Other kinds of tables were bulky and heavily engraved with curving
  17. 17. CHESTS  Chests were used by every level of people  Made with lock and keys  Decorated with the period motifs and patterns  Larger ones were bulky
  18. 18. Romanesque
  19. 19. CHAIRS  Chair legs resembled lion paw and other animal legs  Materials used were metal or walnut wood with animal hide seating  Cushions made of silk or velvet  Ornamented and gilded BEDS  Beds were made of walnut wood  They curved fine decorations on panels of headboard and footboard  Corinthian corbels
  20. 20. Gothic
  21. 21. CHAIRS  Chairs had the sense of state majesty, rectangular or circular with low backs  Had a lot of intricate oak wood carvings along with some details of animals  The king’s chairs were heavier and larger with paintings and gold decorations on the chair CHESTS  Heavy intricate designs, material used was wood  Also served as seat, bed or table because of the features
  22. 22. BEDS STOOLS

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