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Carpet floor specification
• Nylon: it is the most prominent fiber used for carpet. They are known for their dust hiding
ability, different look and easy dyeing ability.
• Wool: it has been used for a very long time, wool is a manmade fiber which is fire resistant
and it ages gracefully.
• Olefin and Polyester: they are not as resilient as nylon, but have other characteristics which
makes it popular for commercial use.
Texture: majority of the carpets are tufted ( a manufacturing process in which tufts are put
into primary backing). Different textures like loop, textured loop, level loop, cut/ uncut pile.
The texture of the carpet is affected by the amount and type of traffic.
Dyeing and colour:
• Skein dyeing: the yarns are submerged
into a colour water bath then dried. This
is used when the carpet is readily visible
and colour consistency is required.
• Solution dyed: this makes the carpet
resistant to harsh chemical cleaning
methods. These can be used for
healthcare facilities and other hospitality
• Continuous dyeing: the carpet passes
through a dye applicator which
distributes the dye. This may have colour
matching issues since it is difficult to
maintain colour consistency across the
• Sustainability of a carpet us concerned with its easy of use, recycle properties and
its condition after use.
• Hard-back carpets are considered recyclable since they contain PVC, but this can
cause floor compatibility issues.
• Cushion-backing carpets avoids floor compatibility issues by having a non-reactive
tile backing (no risk of chemical reaction with adhesive left behind on floor).
• Carpets can be reused which requires less energy than recycling them.
• After use, the old carpets can be used for burn-for-energy, which means that the
organic components of the carpet can be converted into energy for manufacturing.
• Carpet durability depends on the style of the carpet and the fibre used for
• Loop-pile carpets are more durable because they don’t have open ends,
which makes it less likely to be pulled or shed.
• Wool, nylon and olefin carpets resist wear and tear better compared to other
fibres such as acrylic and polyester.
• Different padding thickness also play an important role in the durability of
• Measure the space area of the room to be carpeted
• Make sure the room floor is clean and smooth
• Scrape up any paint or remove unwanted joints near the walls
• **optional: if possible, remove the doors for easy installation
1. cut tackless strips with strip cutter and nail them half inch away from the wall.
[note: do not place strips on doorways to avoid injury]. Strips come in variety of sizes
and thicknesses, so use the appropriate ones. If carpet is over concrete
subfloor, use masonry tacks or epoxy adhesive to hold the tackless strips in
2. lay the carpet pad perpendicularly and staple it near the tackless strips with a
3. use a utility knife to trim the carpet along the interior edge of the tackless strip
so that they are exposed.
4. With the use of a carpet knife, trim the carpet to fit around any obstacles.
Place carpet on the tackless strips starting from one end of the room. Use a
knee kicker for this purpose, which will stretch the carpet over the tackless
strip. The tacks will grip carpet and hold it firmly in position.
5. Trim away access carpet using wall trimmer. Use a stair tool to tuck the
carpet edges behind the tackless strips.
[for seaming of carpet, seam adhesive and seam-strips are also used between two pieces of
• Locate the middle of the room by drawing lines from middle of all the 4 walls
• Fine the mid of the tiles too
• Create grid lines with chalk if it is concrete flooring
• For other type of flooring such as ceramic tile or vinyl, create grids using tape.
1. place the first tile in the middle of the room as per the grid line.
2. If tiles have adhesive backing, do not remove unless the pattern of tiles
are figured out.
3. Finalize tile placements and fix the tiles using adhesive or other specified
4. Work the way till the corners of the room and cut away extra part when
reached near the end.
Advantages and Disadvantages
• Warm and soft to the touch
• Fairly inexpensive
• There is a wide selection of colors and
• They offer insulation and sound proofing
• Easy to clean
• Easy to maintain and repair
• May flatten and harden
• There is the possibility of mold grown in
areas of high moisture.
• They tend to absorb large spills into the pads
• They could require professional cleaning
• They have been known to retain odors and