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8 Elements In A Research Proposal

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8 Elements In A Research Proposal

  1. 1. WRITING A RESEARCH PROPOSAL 8 ELEMENTS OF A RESEARCH PROPOSAL AZMI ABDUL LATIFF LECTURER UMB 1042-TECHNICAL WRITING
  2. 2. <ul><li>Background of the study </li></ul><ul><li>Statement of the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives of the study </li></ul><ul><li>Significance of the study </li></ul><ul><li>Limitation of the study </li></ul><ul><li>Definition of terms </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul>8 ELEMENTS OF A RESEARCH PROPOSAL
  3. 3. 1. Background of the study <ul><li>Establish the area of research in which your work belongs, and to provide a context for the research problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides information to the research topic. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. Background of the study <ul><li>In an introduction, the writer should create: </li></ul><ul><li>i. reader interest in the topic, </li></ul><ul><li>ii. lay the broad foundation for the problem that leads to the study. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 2. Statement of the problem <ul><li>When you start a research, you have a question that you wish to seek answer for. </li></ul><ul><li>The question leads to a problem that needs to be solved by the research. </li></ul><ul><li>Begin the research with A DESCRIPTION OF THE PROBLEM or THESIS STATEMENT </li></ul>
  6. 6. 3. Objectives <ul><li>States what your research hopes to accomplish. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 4. Significance of the study <ul><li>Why your research is important and what contributions will it give to the field. </li></ul><ul><li>State how your findings CAN MAKE THE DIFFERENCE and WHY it is IMPORTANT that the research be carried out. </li></ul>
  8. 8. 5. Limitation of the study <ul><li>It is not possible to include ALL aspects of a particular problem. </li></ul><ul><li>STATE WHAT IS NOT INCLUDED! </li></ul><ul><li>A too wide area of investigation is impractical and will lead to problems. </li></ul><ul><li>SPECIFY THE BOUNDARIES of your research. </li></ul>
  9. 9. 6. Definition of terms <ul><li>Terms or concepts that you use should be defined and explained unless they are familiar or obvious. </li></ul><ul><li>Refer to authoritative sources for definitions. </li></ul>
  10. 10. 7. Literature review <ul><li>Shows that you are aware of the literature study that is required in your research area. </li></ul><ul><li>Your review a substantial amount of reading materials before writing your proposal. </li></ul><ul><li>Shows that you have the theoretical knowledge in your chosen research area </li></ul>
  11. 11. 7. Literature review <ul><li>By reviewing related literature at this stage, it will make you: </li></ul><ul><li>i. aware of other similar work which has been done. </li></ul><ul><li>ii. expose methodologies that have been adopted and which you may use or adapt. </li></ul><ul><li>iii. provide sources of information that you do not have yet. </li></ul>
  12. 12. 7. Literature review <ul><li>By reviewing related literature at this stage, it will inform you: </li></ul><ul><li>iv. if a chosen area has already been researched extensively. </li></ul><ul><li>v. approaches that you do not know of before </li></ul>
  13. 13. 8. Methodology <ul><li>Describe data that you will use in the research, the methodology to be adopted and justify your choice of methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Inform readers </li></ul><ul><li>a. kinds of data going to be collected </li></ul><ul><li>b. research procedure (interviews? observations? questionnaires?) </li></ul>
  14. 14. 8. Methodology <ul><li>If outside organisations involved, explain how you are going to get hold of the data. </li></ul><ul><li>Indicate why the methodology is used. </li></ul><ul><li>If existing methodology is not to be used, explain why you need to use an adapted methodology. </li></ul>
  15. 15. THANK YOU

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