ORDERS OF COLUMNS
Height of the column is 6-7 times its lower
The column has no base but stands directly
on a platform of three steps called
The bottom part is called plinth (stereobate)
the middle, dado or die and the top one, the
stylobate, each part being ¼ ‘D’ in height
The shaft in its length is divided into 20
flutes i.e. elliptical channels or grooves,
separated by sharp projections or ‘Arises’.
The capital consists of ‘Abacus’ and ‘Echinus’.
The abacus is a square block. The echinus has
a varying outline.
Below the echinus. There are horizontal
fillets 3-5 in numbers called ‘Annulets’ which
break the vertical lines of arises.
The column has a base.
The column height is 9 times the lower
The column has a base... The base consists of
upper and lower torus is separated by scotia
The circular shaft has 24 flutes separated by
fillets and not by arrises as in Doric order
The ionic order is remarkable for its volute
or capital or decorative motif
The capital has a pair of volutes both on the
front and the back of the column.
In between the volutes is necking enriched
with ornaments separating the capital from
The column including base, shaft and capital
is about 10 times its lower diameter in
The base is similar like Ionic order with its
upper and lower torus separated by scotia.
The shaft has 24 flutes separated by fillets
It has a distinctive capital
Usual type of capital contains rows of