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z
Cloud
computing
Unit 4
z
LAYERS AND TYPES OF CLOUDS
 Cloud computing services are divided into
three classes, according to the abstraction
level of the capability provided and the
service model of providers, namely:
 1. Infrastructure as a Service,
 2. Platform as a Service, and Software as a
Service
z
Infrastructure as a Service
 A cloud infrastructure enables on-demand
provisioning of servers running several choices of
operating systems and a customized software stack.
 Infrastructure services are considered as the bottom
layer of cloud computing systems. Offering virtualized
resources (computation, storage, and
communication) on demand is known as
Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS).
One of the best examples is Amazon Web
Services mainly offers IaaS, which in the case
of its EC2 service means offering VMs with a
software stack that can be customized similar
to how an ordinary physical server would be
customized.
z
Platform as a Service
 A cloud platform offers an environment on which
developers create and deploy applications and do
not necessarily need to know how many
processors or how much memory that applications
will be using. In addition, multiple program- ming
models and specialized services (e.g., data
access, authentication, and payments) are offered
as building blocks to new applications.
 Google AppEngine, an example of Platform as a Service,
offers a scalable environment for developing and hosting
Web applications, which should be written in specific
programming languages such as Python or Java, and use
the services’ own proprietary structured object data store.
z
Software as a Service
 Traditional desktop applications such as word processing and
spreadsheet can now be accessed as a service in the Web.
This model of delivering applications, known as Software as a
Service (SaaS), alleviates the burden of software
maintenance for customers and simplifies development and
testing for providers.
 Salesforce.com, which relies on the SaaS model,
offers business productivity applications (CRM) that
reside completely on their servers, allowing
customers to customize and access applications on
demand.
z
Deployment Models
 Although cloud computing has emerged mainly from the
appearance of public computing utilities, other deployment
models, with variations in physical location and
distribution, have been adopted.
 In this sense, regardless of its service class, a cloud can
be classified as public, private, community, or hybrid
based on model of deployment as shown figure below.
 Public cloud : Public cloud as a “cloud made available in a
pay-asyou-go manner to the general public”.
 Private cloud :Private cloud as “internal data center of a
business or other organization, not made available to the
general public.
 ” In most cases, establishing a private cloud means
restructuring an existing infrastructure by adding
virtualization and cloud-like interfaces.
 This allows users to interact with the local data center while
experiencing the same advantages of public clouds, most
notably self-service interface, privileged access to virtual
servers, and per-usage metering and billing.
 A community cloud is “shared by several organizations
and supports a specific community that has shared
concerns (e.g., mission, security requirements, policy,
and compliance considerations).”
 A hybrid cloud takes shape when a private cloud is
supplemented with computing capacity from public
clouds. The approach of temporarily renting capacity to
handle spikes in load is known as “cloud-bursting
z

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Cloud computing.pptx

  • 2. z LAYERS AND TYPES OF CLOUDS  Cloud computing services are divided into three classes, according to the abstraction level of the capability provided and the service model of providers, namely:  1. Infrastructure as a Service,  2. Platform as a Service, and Software as a Service
  • 3. z Infrastructure as a Service  A cloud infrastructure enables on-demand provisioning of servers running several choices of operating systems and a customized software stack.  Infrastructure services are considered as the bottom layer of cloud computing systems. Offering virtualized resources (computation, storage, and communication) on demand is known as Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS).
  • 4. One of the best examples is Amazon Web Services mainly offers IaaS, which in the case of its EC2 service means offering VMs with a software stack that can be customized similar to how an ordinary physical server would be customized.
  • 5.
  • 6. z Platform as a Service  A cloud platform offers an environment on which developers create and deploy applications and do not necessarily need to know how many processors or how much memory that applications will be using. In addition, multiple program- ming models and specialized services (e.g., data access, authentication, and payments) are offered as building blocks to new applications.
  • 7.  Google AppEngine, an example of Platform as a Service, offers a scalable environment for developing and hosting Web applications, which should be written in specific programming languages such as Python or Java, and use the services’ own proprietary structured object data store.
  • 8. z Software as a Service  Traditional desktop applications such as word processing and spreadsheet can now be accessed as a service in the Web. This model of delivering applications, known as Software as a Service (SaaS), alleviates the burden of software maintenance for customers and simplifies development and testing for providers.  Salesforce.com, which relies on the SaaS model, offers business productivity applications (CRM) that reside completely on their servers, allowing customers to customize and access applications on demand.
  • 9.
  • 10. z Deployment Models  Although cloud computing has emerged mainly from the appearance of public computing utilities, other deployment models, with variations in physical location and distribution, have been adopted.  In this sense, regardless of its service class, a cloud can be classified as public, private, community, or hybrid based on model of deployment as shown figure below.  Public cloud : Public cloud as a “cloud made available in a pay-asyou-go manner to the general public”.
  • 11.  Private cloud :Private cloud as “internal data center of a business or other organization, not made available to the general public.  ” In most cases, establishing a private cloud means restructuring an existing infrastructure by adding virtualization and cloud-like interfaces.  This allows users to interact with the local data center while experiencing the same advantages of public clouds, most notably self-service interface, privileged access to virtual servers, and per-usage metering and billing.
  • 12.  A community cloud is “shared by several organizations and supports a specific community that has shared concerns (e.g., mission, security requirements, policy, and compliance considerations).”  A hybrid cloud takes shape when a private cloud is supplemented with computing capacity from public clouds. The approach of temporarily renting capacity to handle spikes in load is known as “cloud-bursting
  • 13. z