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Instructional Resources

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Instructional Resources

  1. 1. Presented By,
  2. 2. Introduction Instructional resources are defined as anything which is read, listened to, manipulated, observed or experienced by students as part of the instructional process. Instructional materials" are defined as a variety of materials in any format which influence the student's learning and the instructor's teaching.
  3. 3. Introduction • They include, but are not limited to, textbooks, library books, periodicals, pamphlets, art prints, study prints, pictures, transparencies, films, filmstrips, slides, videocassettes, videodiscs, audio cassettes, sound recordings, compact discs, computer software, CD-ROMS, and electronic resources. Following are the different types of Instructional Resources.
  4. 4. Instructional Resources Text Book : One of the most useful tools an instructor possesses is the textbook. A textbook is an organized, physical manual for instruction covering a variety of topics a specific subject area. Typically, professors specify textbooks for their courses, and students purchase them for use.
  5. 5. Work Book : Workbooks are often used in schools for younger students, either in middle school or elementary school. They are favoured because students can work directly in their books, eliminating the need for loose leaf and copying questions from a textbook.
  6. 6. Work Book : Workbooks also hold an advantage because they are usually smaller and lighter than textbooks, which equates to less trouble when the student brings the book home to complete their homework.
  7. 7. Hand Book : A handbook is a type of reference work, or other collection of instructions, that is intended to provide ready reference. A handbook is a treatise on a special subject.
  8. 8. Hand Book : It may also be referred to as an enchiridion. Handbooks may deal with any topic, and are generally compendiums of information in a particular field or about a particular technique. They are designed to be easily consulted and provide quick answers in a certain area.
  9. 9. Sourcebook : A collection of writings and articles on a particular subject, especially one used as a basic introduction to that subject. A collection of teaching materials including activities, games, exercises, handouts and worksheets that deal with interpersonal communication skills, relationships, conflict resolution and public speaking
  10. 10. Cartoons : A cartoon is a form of two- dimensional illustrated visual art. While the specific definition has changed over time, modern usage refers to a typically non-realistic or semi- realistic drawing or painting intended for satire, caricature, or humour, or to the artistic style of such works.
  11. 11. Cartoons : In the 19th century, it came to refer to humorous illustrations in magazines and newspapers, and in the early 20th century and onward it referred to comic strips and animated films.
  12. 12. Animations videos: Animation is the process of creating a continuous motion and shape change illusion by means of the rapid display of a sequence of static images that minimally differ from each other. . Animators are artists who specialize in the creation of animation.
  13. 13. YouTube Resources: YouTube is a video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California. The service was created by three former PayPal employees in February 2005 and has been owned by Google since late 2006.
  14. 14. YouTube Resources: The site allows users to upload, view, and share videos, and it makes use of Adobe Flash Video and HTML5 technology to display a wide variety of user-generated and corporate media video. Available content includes video clips, TV clips, music videos, and other content such as video blogging, short original videos, and educational videos.
  15. 15. Film Clippings: Film clipping is a movie or film whose primary purpose is to educate. Educational films have been used in classrooms as an alternative to other teaching methods.
  16. 16. Film Clippings: Many educational films shown in schools are part of long series - for example, films demonstrating scientific principles and experiments tend to be episodic, with each episode devoted to a specific experiment or principle.
  17. 17. Quick Review Instructional resources Text book Animated films Work book You tube Hand book Film clippings Source book Cartoons
  18. 18. • Instructional Materials as the name suggests, are materials of visual, audio and audio - visual category that helps to make concepts abstracts and ideas concrete in the teaching/learning process. They are also materials which the teacher uses in supplementing his teachings.
  19. 19. REFERENCE www.wikipedia.com www.ascd.org/ASCD/pdf/journals/ed_lead/el _197211_smith.pdf www.district196.org/District/schoolboard/poli cies/600/603.pdf www.nieteacher.org

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