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Manifesto for synthetic social sciences technologies

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After computer science and other synthetic sciences like bio or nano, it is time now to explore the possibility of synthetic social sciences/technologies. Techno-anthropology can be a first candidate.

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Manifesto for synthetic social sciences technologies

  1. 1. Towards Synthetic Social Sciences/Technologies Artur Serra Artur.serra@i2cat.net Humanities in Transition. Barcelona, October 25th, 2018.
  2. 2. I. The Quest for The Sciences of Design
  3. 3. “Design Culture”: Ethnography of School of Computer Science. Carnegie Mellon, 1990-1993. 5 Projecte de recerca: “Ciències del disseny, noves tecnologies i tradició cultural” (1990-93), finançat PelDepartament De Presidència de la Generalitat http://diposit.ub.edu/dspace/handle/2445/119229
  4. 4. 25 years of research projects
  5. 5. The “ARPA laboratories” Prior to 1965, there were no U.S. universities granting a Ph.D. in computer science. ´”Licklider, and his ARPA successors, provided funding for the research needed to create university graduate programs in computer science at U.C. Berkeley, CMU, MIT and Stanford. It wasn't until 1969 that Ph.D's in computer science were awarded”. http://www.computermuseum.li/Testpage/99HISTORYCD-ARPA-History.HTM
  6. 6. “Computer Science as an artificial science”. 1988 8 - " Since computer science is an artificial science (Simon 1981) theoretical computer science plays a very different role within computer science than, say, theoretical physics plays within physics. - Theoretical physics seeks to understand the physical universe, which exists independently. Theoretical computer scientists seek to understand all possible architectures or algorithms, which computer scientists create themselves." - “The National Challenge in Computer Science and Technology” Computer Science and Technology Board, National Research Council, 1988.
  7. 7. “The scientists of the artificial” Alan TuringFrank Oppenheimer J. Von Neumann Claude Shannon WWII, Scientists became engineers, and the engineers, scientists..
  8. 8. Computer Science the first “science of design” or synthetic science.
  9. 9. “What Engineers Know and How They Know It” 1964, Foundation of the US National Academy of Engineers. Research engineers: “Technology as knowledge”. Engineers that want to know what they know. It is not “applied science”. They do research based not in discovery but in design. And its theories are validated not by facts but by deeds. “’Design,’of course, denotes both the content of a set of plans... and the process by which those plans are produced. In the later meaning, it tipically involves tentative layout of the arrangement and dimensions of the artífice, checking of the candidate device by mathematical analysis or experimental test to see if it does the required job, and modification when (as commonly happens at first) it does not”. (W. Vincenti, 1990: 7) “ Walter Vincenti. Professor of Aeronautical Engineering. Stanford University. 1990.
  10. 10. Beyond The Pasteur Quadrant (Donal Stokes, 1997) Classic greek paradign was based in “pure science”, different from “crafts”. Modern R&D systems want to realize the Pasteur model: Pure science and applied science working together New high tech models are open a new way: Synthetic sciences and technologies for understanding and designing new possible worlds.
  11. 11. “Sciences of artificial” are now called Synthetic Sciences
  12. 12. II. Is it possible a techno- anthropology?
  13. 13. Evolution from Analytic to Synthetic Sciences/Technologies XVII-XIX centuries Logic, Mathematics, Physics Chemistry Biology Engineering 1945-XXI Century Computer Science Nanotechnology Synthetic Biology Cognitive sciences XIX-XX centuries Economy Psycology Sociology Anthropology Political science 2000-… Techno-anthropology Tecno-politics Techno-economics Digital Social Innovation From Analytical to Synthetic Sciences. ( Sciences of the Artificial.H. Simon). Analytical Synthetic
  14. 14. Techno-anthropology Maria J. Buxó Angel Jordan (1992) “It is the study of technology as cultural system… Techno-anthropology elaborates the knwoledge expert systems that allow the cultural design be born”. (“System Building” A. Serra 1992:5) http://diposit.ub.edu/dspace/handle/2445/1192 29
  15. 15. Techno-cultures.
  16. 16. Starting a community.
  17. 17. What techno-anthropology can be? As a synthetic social science: technoanthropology is dedicate to augment our knowledge about what kind of cultural systems are possible and how to build them for good.
  18. 18. Are open labs new knowledge structures possibles?
  19. 19. The world of Labs
  20. 20. A current question for Synthetic Social Sciences Can a human society become a lab?
  21. 21. Is it possible universal innovation ecosystems?
  22. 22. The Catlabs project as a first pilot
  23. 23. Synthetic social sciences and new human values and rights. • Beyond the idea of “ethics should limit high tech”. • Ethics should be based in new human behaviors and customs. • High tech has its own ethical code: the ethics of innovation. • Are new human rights possible in the knowledge society? • Is the universal right to innovate a new human right?
  24. 24. Techno-anthropology methods • Social design, • Ethnographic Future Research (R.Textor) • Social simulation, • Digital auto-ethnographies, • Digital social innovation • Responsible research and innovation. • Citizen-centric research and innovation, living labs.
  25. 25. Manifesto for Synthetic Social Sciences/Technologies 1. Synthetic sciences/technologies are on their way : computer science, synthetic biology, nano sciences, .... 2. The next step can be the generation of synthetic social sciences/technologies Technoanthropology, tecnopolitics, ... can be considered re initial examples of such emerging fields. 3. Like the other synthetic sciences/technologies, synthetics social S/T will be design sciences (H.Simon) 4. Their goal: understanding what kind of new cultural, social, political, economics, cognitive human worlds are possible and how to build it. 5. Our methods: social design, ethnographic future research (R. Textor), living labs, social simulation, digital autoethnographies, digital social innovation, responsible research and innovation. 6. Synthetic social sciences behave in relation with traditional social sciences like synthetic biology acts in relation with molecular biology. 7. Synthetic social sciences are at the same time synthetic social technologies. 8. In relation with the field of ethics, synthetic social sciences/technologies admit the possibility of a new field: synthetic ethics, a field of invention of what new human values are possible through a selection and synthesis of values of different human cultures. 9. The synthetic social scientists/technologists have an experimental ethos based in the principle of self-experiment. We put ourselves in risk at first in any kind of social experimentation or social design. We are responsible of our experiments. May 1st 2018.
  26. 26. Synthetic social sciences’quest: “Can we advance knowledge about what we may be?”.
  27. 27. Next November 15th, 2018 First International Seminar What futures for techno-anthropology? Speakers. Tom Borsten, Aalborg University Jordi Colobrans, Universitat de Barcelona Max Matus, COLEF Mexico Artur Serra, i2cat Foundation. Place: i2cat (Barcelona) and Internet. Fundació i2cat Gran Capita 2, planta 2a. Barcelona 08034. https://goo.gl/maps/wBfXqAo63JG2 Time: 17am-20pm More info: artur.serra@i2cat.net
  28. 28. Thanks a lot, artur.serra@i2cat.net