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Compound wall

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presentation contains boundary wall, screen, fences. it is useful for architecture, interior, and landscape student

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Compound wall

  1. 1. COMPOUND WALL Ar. Abhinav Srivastav Assistant Professor B.Arch., M.Tech (IIT-R) Presented By-
  2. 2. OUTLINE- • Design Process • Design Consideration • Construction Methods and Details o Footing and Foundation o Wooden Fences and Screens o Metal Fencing o Brick and Concrete Block Walls o Stone Walls o Poured Concrete Walls • References Compound Wall
  3. 3. Design Process Compound Wall • Schematic Design : a). Determine barrier location, type, size, and style; b) . Identify climate modifications and general construction methods ; and c) Formulate data to support the design recommendations . Planting and grading should also be considered as an alternative means of providing visual screens and physical barriers where space permits . • Sizing, selection of materials : Walls are often designed from the top down, (i.e., determine wall widths, veneers and cap sizes first, and size footing last based on soil conditions, design loads, and local codes.) Wall and fencing materials may be selected based on availability, and capacity to match the local site and architectural character. The span between posts or piers determines the size of both wood and metal fencing rails and supports . Plant material should be selected based on existing soil conditions, exposure, hardiness zone, mature height and spread, maintenance requirements, and seasonal interests . • Layout: The layout should be coordinated with utilities, grading and planting plans. Planting and/or grading can accomplish the same purpose as a fence or wall, may be more economical to construct, and require less long-term maintenance . Barriers should disturb drainage patterns only after careful consideration of run-off consequences. Ideally, drainage should be directed away from barrier footings and posts to reduce potential damage to the structural elements.
  4. 4. Design Consideration Compound Wall • Privacy : Privacy requires a degree of protection against visual and/or physical intrusion. The extent of privacy desired and its context will greatly influence the design and materials used for privacy barriers . • Safety and Security : Barriers can discourage deliberate trespassing, keep people away from such potentially dangerous items as mechanical equipment, electric transformers, or swimming pools, and keep children and/or animals in safe areas . • Circulation Control : Barriers can control and direct the movement of people, animals, or vehicles . Low walls can channel or direct pedestrian traffic, but walls should be designed to discourage unauthorized or unsafe shortcuts . • Environmental Modification : Barriers can reduce or eliminate heavy winds, noise, drifting snow, glare, and strong sunlight. Strategically placed windbreaks and shaded areas can reduce the energy required for heating and cooling.
  5. 5. Construction Methods & Details Compound Wall The depth of a footing or foundation is based upon the following factors : 1 . Structural stability (against storm winds, impact, abuse, etc .) 2 . Weight of barrier 3 . Depth of frostline 4 . Local code requirements Footings and Foundations • Footing Depth: • Soil Conditions • Drainage
  6. 6. Construction Methods & Details Compound Wall Typical post and footing detail
  7. 7. Construction Methods & Details Compound Wall Typical post- to- footing construction Continuous-footing construction
  8. 8. Construction Methods & Details Compound Wall Methods for responding to terrain
  9. 9. Construction Methods & Details Compound Wall Wooden Fences and Screens Various types of wooden fence construction
  10. 10. Construction Methods & Details Compound Wall Various types of wooden fence construction
  11. 11. Construction Methods & Details Compound Wall Typical cap details Fastening techniques for wood fences and screens.
  12. 12. Construction Methods & Details Compound Wall Typical joining techniques for wood fences and screens
  13. 13. Construction Methods & Details Compound Wall Metal Fencing Typical metal picket fence construction
  14. 14. Construction Methods & Details Compound Wall Closed-picket metal fencing on masonry wall.
  15. 15. Construction Methods & Details Compound Wall Types and application of metal fabrics
  16. 16. Construction Methods & Details Compound Wall Brick and Concrete Block Walls Typical brick wall construction
  17. 17. Construction Methods & Details Compound Wall Common brickwork patterns
  18. 18. Construction Methods & Details Compound Wall Typical caps for masonry walls.
  19. 19. Construction Methods & Details Compound Wall Reinforcement for masonry walls. Reinforcement for freestanding masonry walls
  20. 20. Construction Methods & Details Compound Wall Stone Walls Typical stone wall footing construction
  21. 21. Construction Methods & Details Compound Wall Random rubble masonry patterns Ashlar stone masonry patterns
  22. 22. Construction Methods & Details Compound Wall Poured Concrete Wall Typical poured concrete wall construction
  23. 23. Maintenance & Protection Compound Wall Low-maintenance techniques for the bases of walls and fences.
  24. 24. Maintenance & Protection Compound Wall Car stop for protection of walls or fences
  25. 25. References • Charles W Harris, Time Saver Standards for landscape Architecture Compound Wall
  26. 26. Thanks Compound Wall

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