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Arcuated Structure-Vault

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Arcuated Structure-Vault

  1. 1. ARCH , VAULT, SQUINCH & DOME Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  2. 2. Outline Structure System Arcuated Structure (Arch) Vault General Types of Vault Modern Vault References Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  3. 3. Structure System 1. Trabeated Structure 2. Arcuated Structure Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  4. 4. Structure System 3. Tensile Structure 4. Shell Structure Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  5. 5. Structure System 5. Pneumatic Structure Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  6. 6. Arcuated Structure (Arch) 1.FALSE, FLAT, ITALIAN AND DECORATIVE ARCHES ARCHES triangular arch corbel arch, corbelled arch corbelled lintel Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  7. 7. Arcuated Structure (Arch) rough brick arch gauged arch Dutch arch, Welsh arch joggled arch, crossette pseudo three- centered arch Venetian arch Florentine arch bell arch Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  8. 8. Arcuated Structure (Arch) relieving arch strainer arches roundel Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  9. 9. Arcuated Structure (Arch) pointed trifoliated arch pointed cinquefoliat ed arch pointed multifoliated arch round trifoliated arch round cinquefoliated arch round multifoliated arch Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  10. 10. Arcuated Structure (Arch) 1 semicircular arch, circular arch, round arch, Roman arch 2 round horseshoe arch, Arabic arch, Moorish arch 3 segmental arch, segmented arch 4 three-centered arch, basket arch, anse de panier 5 five-centered arch, elliptical arch 6 rampant arch, raking arch 7 parabolic arch 8 equilateral arch, three-pointed arch 9 lancet arch, acute arch 10 drop arch, depressed arch 11 four-centered arch, pointed segmental arch, Tudor arch TRUE ARCHES Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  11. 11. Arcuated Structure (Arch) 12 ogee arch, inflected arch 13 two-centered ogee arch, depressed ogee arch 14 tented arch, draped arch 15 tented arch, draped arch 16 trefoil arch 17 pointed trefoil arch 18 cinquefoil arch 19 pointed cinquefoil arch 20 multifoil arch 21 reverse ogee arch, bell arch 22 keel arch 23 inverted arch 24 pointed horseshoe arch 25 flat arch, jack arch, straight arch Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  12. 12. Vault General DEFINATION • an arched structure of masonry usually forming a ceiling or roof • something (such as the sky) resembling a vault • an arched or dome-shaped anatomical structure • a space covered by an arched structure; especially : an underground passage or room • an arched structure of stone or concrete forming a ceiling or roof • a three-dimensional arched ceiling construction to support a floor or roof, often of masonry • A structure based on the principle of the arch, often constructed of masonry; typically consists of an arrangement of arches that cover the space below. Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  13. 13. Vault General (cont.) DOUBLE-BAY SYSTEM, ENGAGED SYSTEM ABBA alternation of support, alternating system of support double-bay system, engaged system a pattern of columns to support vaulting in Romanesque basilicas where the side aisles are half the width of the nave, requiring columns for aisle vaulting at half-bay widths along the sides of the nave A, B bay C web, cell, severy D principal arch E transverse arch F wall arch Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  14. 14. Types of Vault 1. barrel vault, tunnel vault, wagon vault, cradle vault 2. pointed barrel vault, pointed vault, Gothic vault 3. segmental vault, segmental barrel vault 4. rampant vault 5. groined vault 6. ribbed vault 7. conical vault, expanding vault 8. cloister vault, domical vault 9. pointed cloister vault, domical vault 10. dormer vault 11.trough vault 12.coved vault 13.sail vault, sail dome 14.Fan vault Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  15. 15. Types of Vault (cont.) 1. barrel vault, tunnel vault, wagon vault, cradle vault A masonry vault of plain, semicircular cross section, supported by parallel walls or arcades and adapted to longitudinal areas. Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  16. 16. Types of Vault (cont.) 2. pointed barrel vault, pointed vault, Gothic vault Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  17. 17. Types of Vault (cont.) 3. segmental vault, segmental barrel vault Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  18. 18. Types of Vault (cont.) 4. rampant vault A continuous wagon vault, or a cradle vault, whose two abutments are located on an inclined plane, such as a vault supporting or forming the ceiling of a stairway. Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  19. 19. Types of Vault (cont.) 4. rampant vault Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  20. 20. Types of Vault (cont.) 5. groined vault A compound vault in which barrel vaults intersect, forming arrises called groins. Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  21. 21. Types of Vault (cont.) pointed groin vault, pointed cross vault Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  22. 22. Types of Vault (cont.) 6. ribbed vault A vault in which the ribs support, or seem to support, the web of the vault. 1. tripartite vault 2. quadripartite vault 3. sexpartite vault, hexapartite vault 4. octopartite vault Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  23. 23. Types of Vault (cont.) tripartite vault quadripartite vault Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  24. 24. Types of Vault (cont.) sexpartite vault, hexapartite vault octopartite vault Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  25. 25. Types of Vault (cont.) 7. conical vault, expanding vault Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  26. 26. Types of Vault (cont.) 8. cloister vault, domical vault 9. pointed cloister vault, domical vault Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  27. 27. Types of Vault (cont.) 10. dormer vault Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  28. 28. Types of Vault (cont.) 11.trough vault Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  29. 29. Types of Vault (cont.) 12.coved vault Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  30. 30. Types of Vault (cont.) 13.sail vault, sail dome Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  31. 31. Types of Vault (cont.) 14.Fan vault A concave conical vault whose ribs, of equal length and curvature, radiate from the springing like the ribs of a fan. Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  32. 32. Modern Vault A hyperbolic paraboloid (sometimes referred to as ‘h/p’) is a doubly-curved surface that resembles the shape of a saddle, that is, it has a convex form along one axis, and a concave form on along the other. It is also a doubly-ruled surface, that is, every point on its surface lies on two straight lines across the surface. Horizontal sections taken through the surface are hyperbolic in format and vertical sections are parabolic. The fact that hyperbolic paraboloids are doubly- ruled means that they are easy to construct using a series of straight structural members. As a consequence they are commonly used to construct thin ‘shell’ roofs. These can either be formed using timber or steel sections, that are then clad, or they can be constructed using concrete. hyperbolic paraboloid Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  33. 33. Modern Vault (cont.) Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  34. 34. Modern Vault (cont.) Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor
  35. 35. References 1. Design and Construction in Romanesque Architecture 2. Dictionary of Architecture & Construction 3. Dictionary of Architecture and Building Construction 4. Introduction To Architecture - Architectural Dictionary Of Term, movements and architects Presented by:- Ar. Abhinav Srivastav B.Arch, M.Tech IIT-R Assistant Professor

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