3. BIO DIVERSITy OF INDIA
• Wildlife of India is a mix of species of diverse origins.
• India is home to a number of rare and threatened animal
• Home to about 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of avian, 6.2%
of reptilian, and 6.0% of flowering plant species.
• Tropical rainforest of the Andaman Islands, Western Ghats,
and Northeast India, coniferous forest of the Himalaya. dry
deciduous forest of central and southern India.
4. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
Wildlife protection act started in 1972
Wildlife conservation is the protection of species and habitats of animals.
The banning of hunting seasons for endangered or threatened species.
5. IMPORTANCE OF WILD LIFE
• Economic value
- Timber , fur, tusk, ivory, leather, honey etc
• Scientific value
• Gene pool for the scientists to carry breeding
programmers in agriculture, animal husbandry and fishery
• Maintain Ecological Balance
• Eco- Tourism.
8. HABITAT LOSS
• Second most critical factor in
There now 20%
less forest cover
than existed 300 years
9. Poaching and hunting
• Another major cause of animal species extinction.
• Poaching and illegal trade in animals are US$2
billion to $3 billion
10. habitat Loss and Fragmentation
• Extensive human demand resulted into Habitat
• Rainforests are the main habitats
• Tropical rainforests are cleared for
wood / timber resources
development of petroleum resources
for cash-crop plantations and subsistence farming
15. 5) Loss of economic value
6) Loss genetic information
16. the naturaL WeaLth oF the india
• Unique, mysterious and fascinating for nature lovers.
• In Indian philosophy, life in any form is deemed pure and it
is advocated that compassion for all living creatures is
• The tree has held a vital place in religious tradition,
symbolizing the myth of creation. The Agni Purana reveals
that the conservation rite becomes a soul-saving deed and
that trees are objects of respect.
• The rich and fascinating variety of India's wildlife can be
seen in the 80 national parks, 440 sanctuaries and 23 tiger
reserves established by the Government of India.
• India harbors 60% of the world's wild tiger population, 50%
of Asian elephants, 80% of the one-horned rhinoceros and
the entire remaining population of the Asiatic lion.
17. Wildlife of india (past)
• There were
More than 500 species of mammals
1,220 species of birds
1, 600 species of reptiles and amphibians
57,000 species of insects
18. Wildlife of india (todaY)
The flora and fauna of wild species today is declining
rapidly in India
Possible extinction is a possibility for over 77 mammals, 72
bird species, 17 reptile species, 3 amphibian species
Large amount of butterflies and beetles which are
considered to be endangered.
Rapid growth in industrialization has hampered the
ecosystem and had badly affected the wild animals
Wildlife of India is on the mercy of human beings as the
mortality rate of animals is increasing due to hunting and
19. endanGeRed speCies of animals
MAJESTIC ELEPHANTS THE INDIAN BISON HISPID HARE SNOW LEOPARD
SWAMP DEER BLUE WHALE DESERT CAT LEAF MONKEY
20. endanGeRed speCies of plants
PTEROCARPUS SANTALINUS CYCAS BEDDOMEI RED SANDALWOOD
BAOBAB BERBERIS DECALEPIS HAMILTONII
21. Wildlife destRuCtions in india
Over exploitation of forest
Illicit felling of trees
International wildlife trade (1960-1970)
Nature against nature
Encroachment of villagers on forest land
Global warming(30% of all species might vanish in coming
Un healthy relations of Govt and local population
Local hunting and poaching by villagers
Unloyalty of forest officials
22. Overcrowding is one of the major reasons for the depleting
population of wild animals in India.
Eco-tourism and adventure tourism.
Growth in vehicle pollution
Wildlife road fatalities
Damage of the natural habitat of birds and animals.
Increase in wildfires
Releasing of chemicals and other toxic effluents into the water
bodies has led to poisoning of the water.
25. Govt role in conservation of wildlife
Wildlife protection act 1972
Project tiger 1972-73
Forest protection act 1980-88
Anti poaching agencies
State wildlife dept
State forest dept
Ministry of environment and forest
Army (IF APPLICABLE)
Border security force
Wildlife conservation society
26. ProJect tiGer
Project Tiger is a wildlife conservation movement initiated in India in 1972
The project aims at tiger conservation in specially constituted tiger reserves
27. Creation of wildlife sanctuaries and reserves with mandatory fencing
Special task force be prepared for preservation of this supreme predator
No forestry operations carried out in core areas
Dept be provided with additional personal and wireless equipment with
an immediate effect
Rehabilitation of locals done outside the reserve forest with immediate
Immediate compensesation to villagers in case of kill made by tiger
Immediate seize of weapon license from villagers given before 1972
unless prescribed officially.
Love towards mother Earth ,Nature & Animals
Conservation laws for wildlife/forest practiced properly
Strict actions against ,who do not abide laws
Non Balable arrest to person found acused
Non industrial activities besides reserve forest
Forests and wildlife are the renewable natural
resource and if all the planned programmes are
effectively executed, in a few decades the flora
and the fauna will start flourishing
Where is my
Hinweis der Redaktion
Wildlife extinction has a large impact on our world that most people are not aware of. “it will take at least 5 million years for speciation to rebuild the biodiversity we are likely to destroy during this century!” (Sustaining Biodiversity) The instrumental value of some species should be taken into consideration. “Species provide economic value in the form of food crops, fuelwood and lumber, paper, and medicine” (Sustaining Biodiversity). The genetic information in species is also very important to mankind. The information is used to create new crop types, as well as food, medicines, and vaccines. The plants and animals of the earth are also important because of the recreational pleasure they provide us with. More people in America spend time watching wildlife than they do watching movies or sports. “Eco-tourism, generates at least $500 billion per year worldwide” (Sustaining Biodiversity) There are many ways wildlife extinction has an influence on the world.
The endangered classification is one used by many conservation organizations to describe dangerously low numbers of a particular species. Most species with ‘endangered’ classifications are undergoing a serious struggle for survival, either because they are hunted for food or sale, or because their habitat or food supply has dwindled or disappeared. Many endangered species eventually become extinct, meaning that there are no known numbers of the species in the wild. Once extinct a species cannot become re-established as there are no live animals left to breed new numbers.