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Present Perfect Simple

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Present Perfect Simple

  2. 2. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE <ul><li>STRUCTURE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>+ Subj + have(has) + Vppart* + Obj </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Subj + have (has) + not + Vppart + Obj </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>? Have (has) + subj + Vppart + Obj? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He has bought a lot of new clothes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jonathan has climbed Mount Everest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>*Remember: -ed reg.vbs/3rd column irreg. vbs </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To talk about a situation which started in the past and has and effect in the present </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I've lost my keys, so I can't leave the house. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He has started again the gym, that's why he's so tired. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To talk about a present situation that started in the past. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They have owned different restaurants for several years. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>She has lived in Tokyo since 1998 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To talk about life experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I've visited New York three times </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They have done bungee jumping on several occasions. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>To talk about experiences in the past, when we are not interested or don’t know the specific point in the past </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I’ve visited Brazil. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>REMEMBER: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When we talk about a specific point in the past we use the past simple </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I went to Japan in 2003 </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. QUESTIONS AND SHORT ANSWERS <ul><li>Remember how we make Questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>? Have (has) + subj + Vppart + Obj? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In order to make short answers , we use the adverb (Yes or No), the subject in its pronoun form and the auxiliary in the correct form. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Has he won many Grand Prix? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yes, he has/ No, he hasn’t. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. PRESENT PERFECT WITH EVER AND NEVER <ul><li>We use ever in questions with the present perfect. It means ‘at any time in your life’. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have you ever spoken to him? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has he ever had a serious accident? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We use never in sentences with negative sense in the present perfect. It means ‘ at no time in your life’. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He’s never driven a F1 car. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ever and never come before the past participle. </li></ul>
  7. 7. PRESENT PERFECT WITH FOR AND SINCE <ul><li>We use since with specific points in time, e.g. Wednesday, January, 2002, five o’clock. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mary has lived in Dublin since 2003 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They have worked in the project since September </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We use for with periods of time, e.g. two days, 24 hours, three years, one week. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mary has lived in Dublin for 6 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They have worked in the project for 4 months. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We use How long…? to ask a question about the duration of an activity or situation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How long have they worked in the project? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How long has she lived in Dublin? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. PRESENT PERFECT WITH JUST <ul><li>We use the present perfect with just to talk about things that happened very recently </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I’ve just got an e-mail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They have just given me a present. </li></ul></ul>