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Body Language - The Foundations

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An introduction to, and overview of the topic on Body Language.

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Body Language - The Foundations

  1. BODY LANGUAGE — TIHIE IJECDDUINI ©ATII©INIS —
  2. WHAT’S INSIDE 0 9 6:3 6 Whylearn Appreciating Body Cultural Nuts&Bo| ts KeéIeglI: ::S°f flemst language? Differences WW
  3. EARLY CONTRIBUTORS or-' BODY LANGUAGE llharles Danvin concluded that humans‘ ability to express ""3 “'51 WW" WW9" Wiiik 3X“'"3iV9'ii emotionsteelings, and attitudesthrougb posture and 3|1|1i°55i| iE'1°“ii |3|i£"32° isiiihli 3"'W9i'5 gesture, stems from prehistoric apesthat most resemble c"m“w“'A3 “THE NATURAL LANGUABE “F today’s chimpanzees in his published findings -THE THE "RN11 EXPRESSIUN or THE EMUTIUNS IN MAN AND ANIMALS. 1644 1372 E 1700 1800 1605 English philosopher, politician and scientist, Sir Francis Bacon, wrote and published his work -UFTHE PRUFIEIENBE AND AlIiiANiIEMENT [IF LEAiiNINi: .iJIiiINEANi1 HUMAN. In it, Bacon mentioned about gestures of the body when discussing the concept of knowledge of ourselves. He was arguably the first person to consider body language from an empirical perspective.
  4. EARLY CONTRIBUTORS OF BODY LANGUAGE When SILENEE MBVIES were internretations of human first introduced, mi yearned behaviour, based on ethological research, were | yow[1isp| ayfee| ing3,attitu|1e published in THE NAKED APE. Further publications and and status by mimicking the media presentations continueto reveal how much our | ]|)dy| anguageoft|1e character non-verbal behaviour is based on our animal nature. they played. ' 1 O 5 Paul Ekman and W V Friesen developed the FAEIALAIITIUN 1 9 505 l3lil]| Nli SYSTEM (FAl2S)to measure, describe, and interpret Amman anthropologist R-8! facial behavioursihis instrument is designed to measure mwmsten mum“ KINESIES eventhe slightest facial muscle contractionsand determine _ _ _ what category or categories each facial action fits into. It as “'3” "A '"A""A 3"“ mam“ can detect whatthe naked eye can't and is used by law A" """“’e"”' A"’m"’i°"" enforcement agencies, film animators, and researches of human behaviour.
  5. Why Learn Body Language?
  6. fsodig language 3 . i p i, ,» ---4--L SWMAS Ci’ ’. .'/ '2'. J” than arig words 5 gov can ever ; — ~ y’ viter. i (I A i; ¢:%j v‘ : ‘;! ” A. ,r—$”"fi2""*+>: _,'Vi7/ HA «
  7. speech is a reiativeig new introduction to the communication process and is mainig used to conveg information. including facts and data.
  8. eodig language, on the other hand. has been around forever. without relging on the spoken word for confirmation, the bodigs movements conveig feelings. attitudes, and emotions.
  9. eodg language, on the other hand, has been around forever. without relging on the spoken word for confirmation, the bodg's movements conveg moods, attitudes, and emotions. Like it or not, gour bodg language, or non-verbal behaviour, sags more about gou, gour emotions, moods, and attitudes than gou mag want to reveai X , . T . ' < . —= ‘:LL‘»‘~ ‘. 1/ ~
  10. i<u. Ai'rlre fftlilf’/ .w; e.ll»*'l’Jll’Al' t". llffl»‘fili‘“-121.’! /./ i.»". 'i Ti-nit-u its . eie: ily. ll-lielill " / .y»~'wri, i‘? ‘. r; l,; «_li; ;'. «Lfii cl”! /./ il; ’Efi’e‘ vs. -vIii'(: .l: ‘, in ; eniii~ any ‘iii/ Jill Ti'. ;"‘i¢3i'*: ’f_I. 'l. ,/at/ z', ,, '1’i~ieiiii '1/_A1'1_/ yJu. ‘.| |A_'1l‘. Al"i‘,1‘1(/ A11‘: l-iriglp/2?‘, tiiei eiii"ir. ii‘i'. .-iriztlimb; W1
  11. 33‘1'0W C0.)/ ¢*dW@1101(S d1SO0V¢Wd V0W 1'0 d¢C1P1’@Y . an/ n1'S and 1'0 Cmllew WOVdS 1'0 COHVM m¢SSag¢. 1'V0lg Y0ll0d Oil 1'V0lY b0dl0S 1'0 00fVlfVlUfll00.1'0. F. W. I: 5 0 ; V— — . . theg instinctivelg knew that fear, annogance, surprise and love were different attitudes reguiring different gestures. .. A 3-. » 4“ V I ‘W . ‘§_
  12. For over centuries, psgchologists. anthropologists, and even ecologists have been studging non-verbal behaviour throughout the animal kingdom to understand its implications and explore its possible applications in the broader field of human communication.
  13. these experts recognise that applging the knowledge of non-verbal behaviour in practical settings allows people to communicate more successfullg than if theg relg purelg on the spoken word. ii iii
  14. . _ I ¢ . V f 1 *2” r w . . . , _. /, -' ,1 I (‘L . P ~~ ~ . . “ . .J_ '1‘ ' Q 0 . - 1-X, - . ‘ , “ _ . I ' ‘ : ‘ 5:. ‘ 4 1 I5‘: (. . ' 4, T‘? ‘ . 5 ‘ ‘ :4 y , ., K‘, A 4:’. I V ‘A . A _ , :-rigs _ . 5' ~ 1 x -- l r-- 5- M / '- -' T‘ , _ I 15 '-. -e ‘:1: t . x' A " 4- ~ C . 'x‘- - .1 ~ , ;.—'_ a‘ , .'_ _ t : _., - ‘ ‘Qt? 1‘ 3 ‘ “ ' J "4? , /or : ~ * ~ » l 5i. ;‘: : » 1 ”‘*' K ’ ‘v"- <2 . . 4:. » . c at ‘ . ~_'; i ‘ to 1.. .. 4.1;’ '~_ ‘ e . ' . . . L. Research into primate behaviour concludes that non-verbal behaviour. including gestures and facial expressions, is a reliable source for conveging messages.
  15. Wi0TV0Y lj0U like 1'0 1'iil'iiL 01’ lj0UYSOi‘1’ as (Hi Milli/ i0J OY li01', the 1Tl}1'i iS, lg0ll are.
  16. And like all animals, the wag gou gesture, move, and position gour bodg tells an observer a lot more about gou than the words gou sag.
  17. '. '~r ‘throughout the animal kingdom, bod language is a constant and reliable form of communication.
  18. ' . in ! .r . .,~‘- throughout the animal kingdom, bod language is a constant and reliable form of communication. whether on two, four, or more legs, homo sapiens and the rest of the animal kingdom are constantt stein one another up as “ theg prepare or a riendlg, or unfriendig, « encounter. ii, ‘ ,
  19. because of the structure and programming of the human bodg, its capable of sending a mgriad silent messages, whereas most animals are limited in the number of signals theg can conveg.
  20. Although bodg language began with our ancient ancestors and long before vocal sounds turned into sophisticated words, onlg in the last co gears or so has bodg language been seriouslg studied.
  21. During that time, people have come to appreciate the value of bodg language as a tool for enhancing interpersonal communication. J I
  22. ._ ‘t | ' . .. ,‘. ‘I Politicians, actors, and high-profile individuals recognise the part that their bodies plag in conveging their messages.
  23. tog performing specific actions and gestures, gou can create corresponding mental states.
  24. tog performing specific actions and gestures, gou can create corresponding mental states. cg practising the gestures, gou experience the positive e ~ impact of bodg language A ‘ A . . and discover how to , pp create the image -- %; r‘‘, ‘ gou want.
  25. eg improving gour reading of bodg language,
  26. 6g improving gour reading of bodg language, understanding how gour bodg convegs messages, with
  27. 6g improving gour reading of bodg language, understanding how gour bodg convegs messages, and recognising how mood and attitude are reflected “ in gour gestures and expressions,
  28. tog improving gour reading of bodg language, understanding how gour bodg convegs messages, and recognising how mood and attitude are reflected . in gour gestures and expressions, gou have the upper hand in gour v c interpersonal communications. W, I
  29. ,, s 6g recognising and responding to bodg signals gou can direct the flow of the conversation and facilitate meetings easilg and effectivelg. AA . -e é' jj
  30. - , / ‘j the point of knowing bodg language is for gou to become conscious of the non-verbal communication, i both gour own and other people's.
  31. the point of knowing bodg language is for gou to become conscious of the non-verbal communication, l both gour own and other people's. that wag, ittil aid gou in correcttg interpreting gestures, movements, and expressions, so as to St’ enhance gour communication. / ‘
  32. Appreciating Cultural Differences
  33. How much more exciting, interesting stimulating it is to live in a world with difference and diversitg, . rather than one in which evergthing A
  34. even though gou appreciate the differences between cultures and nationalities, gou mag sometimes find gourself confused, scared, or even . repelled bg displags of bodg E language that are verg M. T‘. different from what / » A; _ goure used to. ,4 gp 1/ 3) ’t 1 . ..‘, fly” A A1"
  35. For example, lets take a look at this "okag" gesture in which one make a circle with his index finger and thumb while the other fingers raised stighttg=
  36. For example, lets take a look at this "okag" gesture in which one make a circle with his index finger and thumb while the other fingers raised slighttg: North Americans use this to indicate UK or approval.
  37. For example, lets take a look at this "okag" gesture in which one make a circle with his index finger and thumb while the other fingers raised slighttg: North Americans use this to indicate UK or approval. / €; ':‘; s You're regarded as vulgar if you make this sign in Brazil.
  38. For example, let's take a look at this "okag" gesture in which one make a circle with his index finger and thumb while the other fingers raised slighttg= North Americans use this to indicate IIH or approval. For the French, the gesture stands for zero or nothing. You're regarded as vulgar it you make this sign in Brazil.
  39. For example, lets take a look at this "okag" gesture in which one make a circle with his index finger and thumb while the other fingers raised slighttg: North Americans use this F to indicate UK or approval. a , ’ Forthe French, the gesture stands for zero or nothing. _ / €; ':‘; s ’ Wm regarded as vulgar if When the Japanese make this you make this sign in Brazil. Sign them sig"am"gm°"eA'
  40. Different nationalities and cultures use their bodies differenttg.
  41. Dii’ 1’ 0TOYi1' l‘i0ii0Y'l0,ii1i0S Mid 00i1'WOS V30 1'V0iY b0di0S di‘i’f0Y0fi1'ilg. An acceptable gesture in one countrg mag land gou in some kind of trouble in another. @ erg ‘ I ,0 '0 0 x
  42. before visiting or moving to another countrg, do gour homework and find I out whats suitable and whats not.
  43. before visiting or moving to another countrg, do gour homework and find I out whats suitable and whats not. l g """""""" ’/ I , .,. A , before making a gesture, think / ‘« whether its appropriate and 9*“ , . acceptable before doing so.
  44. Nuts 8. Bolts
  45. KINESICS: THE CATEGORIES CF CESTURE the American anthropologist, Rag birdwhistell, was a pioneer in the studg of non-verbal behaviour.
  46. l Illllfftlltrrl hi : :li'ie-: riTi: ll£. %. ti ii~. s:: iii: l: A the American anthropologist, R015 3iYdWi/ iS1'0ii, W05 0 Pi0fi00Y in the studg of non-verbal behaviour. He labelled this form of communication 'kinesics' as it relates to movement of individual bodg parts, or the bodg as a whole.
  47. Kinesics conveg specific meanings that are open to cultural interpretation.
  48. l<inesics conveg specific meanings that are open to cultural interpretation. the movements can be misinterpreted when communicating across cultures as most of them are carried out with littte, if ang, awareness.
  49. Kinesics conveg specific meanings that are open to cultural interpretation. the movements can be misinterpreted when communicating across cultures as most of them are carried out with littte, if ang, awareness. in todags global environment, awareness of the meanings of different kinesic movements is important in order to avoid sending the wrong message.
  50. building on birdwhistells work, Professor Paul bkman and his colleague wallace v Friesen classified kinesics into five categories: v .0 '0 O 0
  51. 6Yilibi0Yi/ TS M0 Yi0fi-VOYb0.i SigYi0iS Wi11’ 0 VOYb0i 0Q/ iV0.i0Yi1'. ‘o n 9 '0 9
  52. 6YVibi0YViS M0 Yi0Yi-VOYb0i SigYi0iS WiTi’ 0 VOYb0i 0dil)iV0i0l'l1'. '. "e'w «. ‘ ff, ‘ iii / [ ~i A W i 'iV0lg 0.Y0 00Siilg id0Yi1i‘i’i0d b000J}S0 1'i0lg’Y0 ‘EY00ill0Yi1'ilg l/ S0d iii SP00i‘i’ i0 00Yi1'0X1'S.
  53. 6YVibi0YViS M0 Yi0Yi-VOYb0i SigYi0iS WiTi’ 0 VOYb0i 0dil)iV0i0l'l1'. ~ »»»»»» " '7': ,'_)' ‘ 2' , Y‘/ li, i.‘i7“; } _ . . t I’ “. ‘.. ,l. 'Qi, “'~ / me. ft‘)? / ,/ /. ’-.2‘. i 1" 1 T A . / , I / / if‘ . ./.411. _i ‘ i iv! j / l / 'iV0lg 0.Y0 00Siilg id0Yi1i‘i’i0d b000J}S0 1'i0lg’Y0 ‘EY00ill0Yi1'ilg l/ S0d iii SP00i‘i’ i0 00Yi1'0X1'S. 'ii70 POYS0l’i Y000i/ lfig 1100 g0STiIYO iYYiYYi0di0.1'0iig Vl’id0YS1'MidS Wi’01' i1' fl/ i0MiS.
  54. "’{': ;’A‘- examples of . " ; ' -_, ,. ‘ emblems include: f-'-A it , I'VE . . THE V-SHAPED SIGN Winston Churchill made the victory sign popular. The palm of the hand faces forwards with the middle and forefingers held 0 0.. n
  55. . «- /1). . . .r‘ THE RAISED ARM AND TICHTEY CECSED FIST Cenerally the fist is used as an expression of solidarity or defiance. In IBBD Nelson Mandela walked free of prison holding this position. Amongst black rights activists in the United States the raised fist is known as the black power salute.
  56. THE FINGER Americans hold the middle finger of the hand in an upright position, with the hack of the hand facing out. In Britian it’s more common to hold up your index and middle fingers with the hack of your hand lacing out. Both gestures mean the I same thing and the meanings quite [I rude. I rumrns
  57. -- EMBLEMS ‘E THE SIGN BE THE BIJCKHED Your index and little fingers are extended pointing forward with your palm facing down, making ‘horns’. Your thumb crosses over yourtwo middle fingers. You're telling an Italian that his partners been unfaithful. In Texas, this gesture is the sign for fans of the University of Texas Longhorns football team and has nothing to do with infidelity.
  58. illustrators creocte or. Visual image and support the spoken message. View tend to be subconscious movements occurring more regulocritg mom emblematic kinesic movements. '0 '0 9 : o. T. .| H§IIT: 'rT| lH-‘ ‘ ‘ U
  59. ~ : li‘i‘£‘. t¥Il'l; ’-i. |lliYl’l. :'!3 i »: at .4 § ~ _I I ‘*1.’ ‘J : 5% V La’ » , (‘ ' E’ , /, 7 v , . »-/ If / E -, ..; ,‘ ‘mi. , . , . T . ____ _. /r ~"‘ —~. 4 ""‘ l / I: :‘H Q 17 7‘ 1'' ‘hi; '1: in V: A . .. . ‘ o . ’ T T 1 ~ 4. I‘ - 4 L. T. . I ‘J v ‘ I , T. ’ . L. I ‘. J [ 'z'- _ : :": *': , V‘”‘, *‘-_"": ‘ J. '21:? ” __ _ Téj. ” " / s as . r~. I____‘‘ /1, p (P Q / N, / ,__f i»- «T I: -: l T4 ', :f_- ya. : l-: 1 A } ' ofi, - ' . _/ A ‘ J p ‘ ’ V K _; ¥ I , . i ‘ 1 . ,. I -/ ' E t E—- - . .-.4m. . 4.. .. 32191}. 4L _ . ... _¥ Affective dispiougs tend to be movements, usuoulin foccial gestures, dispiaxning specific emotions.
  60. thegre less conscious than illustrators and occur less freguentlg. Although theg conveg universal emotions and can be understood fairlg easilg, the degree and freguencg with which theg occur is determined bg cultural mores. ~ : li‘i‘£‘. t¥Il'l. i-i. |l'l~Yl’l. :'!3
  61. Regulators — bodg movements that control, adjust, and sustain the flow of a conversation — are freguenttg relied on to feedback how much of the message the listener has understood NUH-UH TO YOUR UH-HUT‘)
  62. examples of regulators: Head nodding Eye movements
  63. Adapters serve to make us more comfortable. release excess energg. pacifg nervousness or shift weight to change posture. : l|l; l"'H "I3
  64. :l| l;l'. "H‘. H«‘ i/ tang adaptor movements, such as shifting position while seated or scratching the bodg, mag be simplg a wag of resolving a specific phgsical situation. such as being uncomfortable or itchg rather than revealing emotions and attitudes. , A ' I ' i t
  65. l lllziililli : liE: l'liill: lIf: ; A MWDDYYT babg SYYYHZS, ‘TTDWYTS, and CYMS and Tl/ M38 reactions aren't taught. inborn YZSTDOYTSZS T0 SP@0l’T’l0 STTYYTUH as SVCT/ reguire H0 practice DY knowledge and are P6Y‘T’0YYYlZd l/ Yl00YlS0l0USl(g, UHPYOYVTPTM, and WTTT/ 0llT self -analigsis.
  66. ‘WW wag an inborn action WOYKS TS like 1T’lS.
  67. think of gour brain as being L. programmed A, i like a computer. ;. a ‘E .
  68. it's encoded to connect precise reactions with particular stimuli involving inputs and outputs. think of gour brain as being programmed like a computer.
  69. its encoded to connect precise reactions with particular stimuli involving inputs and outputs. ‘it: W. “ “T H? ” a it the stimuli, or brainasbeing L. .3 I J v , in ut, tri ers ‘. Profltotmgged H) fésé aPreactioH, gor
  70. its encoded to connect precise reactions with particular stimuli involving inputs and outputs. / ,; . . V‘“H'i bmfikgbgfxr L g /9‘ (iv the stimuli, or 0 '~ 2 ,3? . , r » , » input, triggers . P"W“"‘"‘“d ' 4:_‘ ) fir a reaction, or like a computer. ~ Z. .- Q/ fl , {:: V/‘, .‘: §I: :v_. ./< OVWW '‘ 1’_/ /)4; E> ) / A the process is straightforward and simple, reop/ iring no prior experience or learned behaviour.
  71. 4 “ "i'~ l xi l I" I l H l H i V . ~— < V; ‘ . ‘ . ' ‘. . flilstl-wéxsziiilzlxxguaxqgxcfiarpihxixpgl. -_. u.__-'1. I A A’ J . . - .1 An example of inborn behaviour is the rapid raising and lowering of the egebrows as a sign of greeting, a gesture that can be seen around the world
  72. stamping feet in anger and baring teeth when enraged also seem to be inborn behaviours.
  73. stamping feet in anger . ’ and baring teeth when l‘ *. enraged also seem to be inborn behaviours. ‘ ~ ~ a it seems that no matter how far humans evolve from their prehistoric relatives, the basic urges and actions remain the same. ‘l l , /-xx-4 ll
  74. o g LEARNED GESTIIRES wag l/ lost people around the world are born with similar hands, arms, and legs, and move and gesture with them in prettg much the same wag.
  75. LEARNED GESTIIRES l-A031’ people around the world are born with similar hands, arms, and legs, and move and gesture with them in prettg much the same wag. An African warrior, a wall street trader, and a Japanese farmer with their similar arms, all discover, at some point in their lives, how to fold them across their chests.
  76. No one taught them how to take that pose. During the growing up process, as theg became familiar with their bodies, theg unconsciouslg discovered theg were able to do this. ,, ti ,2 1., _/ /f . »~ -~. . _ J’ -/ ;- . " ‘p l v I ' ~l ‘i '41 T ‘I fly pl '/ '2 ~‘‘ p | {- ,2‘: if‘ '5» *3‘ C " " (H H E” - it i . l l ,6 «" til it t ‘Hi. i’ / p '. in; l‘ l. ii .9 . . , :-7? l E i i ‘l if ‘H l I . ... ’ : ;.: p i. ‘ » . -; M - « T. 3 as ( it’-J 6/ ‘WE
  77. vlost of the time gou don't even know how gou perform the gesture.
  78. vlost of the time gou don't even know how gou perform the gesture. when gou cross gour arms over gour chest, which ones on top?
  79. vlost of the time gou don't even know how gou perform the gesture. when gou cross gour arms over gour chest, which ones on top? see what I mean?
  80. A . the anglish ecologist, human behavioural scientist, and 5‘ author, Desmond l/ lorris, believes that human beings have an abundant varietg of actions that, in addition to being geneticallg inherited, are learned behaviours. . LI '7‘
  81. Q some of these behaviours are discovered, others are absorbed, some are taught, and still others are acquired in a combination of wags. E 5,
  82. Key Types (ll Gestures
  83. i lllllltl-Illllllllll tlsftilllllsf-‘ ”“W'"H”‘. “‘ ‘3“3“’”.3.m "’¢"W“""3 that inhibit gour abilltg to act.
  84. uN, NTENT,0NAmEswREs unintentional gestures are behaviours that inhibit gour abilltg to act. theg are gestures implging that gou have T10 intention OT’ YVl0/ mg ‘TTOWY where lg0U are.
  85. i iiiiiitt-zitiiliiii tlsftilllllsf-‘ ”“W'“H”‘. "“ ‘3“3“”“.3.m "’¢”‘W“""3 that inhibit gour abilltg to act. theg are gestures implging that gou have no intention of moving from where gou are. theg hold gou back, wont let gou go, and p ‘ , - gour bodg sags that gou're not budging.
  86. UNIN-[EN-m]NA| _ GESTHRES unintentional gestures are behal/ l0l/ YS that inhibit gour abilltg to act theg are gestures implging that gou have no intention of moving from where gou are. - theg hold gou back, wont let gou go, and 5}. gour bodg sags that goure not budging. And no amount of outside influence to get gou to move is going to succeed.
  87. examples 0‘T’ unintentional gestures are: l lips pressed together llhand or finger in front of the mouth qé Folded Arms crossed legs
  88. xx‘ K x l T. / / ofi these actions all keep lg0ll lll place.
  89. these actions all keep gou in place. You cant speak with gour hand in front of gour mouth.
  90. these actions all keep gou in place. You cant speak with gour hand in front of gour mouth. crossed arms sag that goure holding back.
  91. Ti id). ' ' T 4 ‘ / ‘T _ (of. . - A ‘xi "T ‘T’ ‘ K / __ : .. l H. / /1. _’ ’ these actions all keep gou in place. You cant speak with gour hand in front of gour mouth. crossed arms sag that goure holding back. You cant walk when gour legs are crossed
  92. SIGNATURE GESTURES A signature gesture TS one that lgOl) become KYTOWYT big. a COMMON gesture that lgOU perform NT a particular wag.
  93. _ . if signature gestures set one / , , _ , , A / apart from all others and ii * “ mag give clues about the .5 >, O Y. ' persons personalitg, I / ii /
  94. eg recognising signature gestures, gou can tell what kind of person gou're dealing with
  95. 6g recognising signature gestures, gou can tell what kind of person goure dealing with "‘. certain gestures. like clapping the hands together once, ShOW a Wiifid thats organised
  96. bg recognising signature gestures, gou can tell what kind of person goure dealing with certain gestures, like clapping the hands together once, ShOW a Wiifid thats organised 2= " ‘The hair twirling gesture indicates that ; i the person mag be a dag dreamer. , ‘T ‘
  97. bg recognising signature gestures, gou can tell what kind of person goure dealing with certain gestures, like clapping the hands together once, ShOW a Wiifid thats organised il. ;5.i 2% ‘The hair twirling gesture indicates that ; i the person mag be a dag dreamer. , : pf when gou successfullg read the , .; :‘5=: :" signs gou can figure out how best to manage the person.
  98. i -‘rill l'l? fltl| |ll~ff} Fake gestures are designed to camouflage. conceal, and foot
  99. a Fake gestures are theg deliberatelg point gou in designed to camouflage, one direction to make gou believe conceal, and foot something that isn't so.
  100. some gestures that are 0OYYiYYiOYilig faked are: . / ‘T . li * M“ — 4'11)‘ if i T ‘T i- 3 Rushing ’ .1 . " ~ Crying / V 2‘ l / N i’ < , ‘ RITA T T fl i . ‘ ‘ ' _ frowning
  101. one is able to tell a fake gesture from a real one because some of the real gestures parts are usuallg missing.
  102. one is able to tell a fake gesture from a real one because some of the real gestures parts are usuallg missing. Alwags look for the signs. For example, to spot a fake smile, check the eges and which direction the mouth moves. Whenthe otbicularisoculi muscle contracts, it narrows Majority of smiles push the the eyesanywhereltomjusta little tocompletelyshut. The same muscle causes _ crow'steettotormatthe --' corners of the eyes. face upward, meaningtuller cheeks, and a ll-shaped smile. — — — The lower set of teeth should usually not be visible unless a person opens his/ her mouth to smile or laugh. A Faiiesmih
  103. MIGRG GESTURES l/ licro gestures are flashes of emotion that flicker across gour face in a fraction of a second, revealing feelings that gou mag prefer to keep to gourself. lilicro expression indicating contempt
  104. these gestures give a brief hint of whats going on inside. I ‘’ ,2"/ .. , 5 - / /1 - / 1' ' , :' (C. .{ , . t I r f ‘ 1 leg‘? g. i —. ~ ' ": Y': », o x x . I I
  105. these gestures give a brief hint of whats going on inside. theg arent ones that gou purposelg choose. ‘ You choose to smile, wave, and rise from a chair. You dont choose to have a micro gesture flicker across gour face and no one is immune to them.
  106. commonlg known micro gestures OOOUY mainlg around the eges and YYi0l/ Th area. T , f__. ,,, _9_$ anger T 5; . .2»; disgust T . :j‘“’ T ‘. ..: ~. i fear 1 g) . ,-mo. -. am. " ’ n. ! it. u---m 1' Tl T «ZR: happiness 5?’ ’43>~ sadness surprise , F. .. .-. —-n ««.4.. ‘f l ii~. ;_. .d T »: i’ move 00 arm 4 . ... . El _ . pvvwd lav (nu-I; ’ , I I. -_ -. .acnea . . “'1 ‘Mn: in aw: i -‘ no-omnnl Fro‘! I J I mouth open mule that , in , .._, ii, -;, mm "___, .‘ 3.. h . ___. . __ _ _ ~ -5 ma we -r- __‘ v, at acorn. .. . _ ~ 17 V A A A :1 / V V _. l . ... - . ‘<) , .', L. -ft 5 i‘. . ppPV| ii)l. In~. r<! , / lfyrlfi m ‘/ y «’ . ... .. . .,. .. ' A - rurrcwaunq orme lip} 7 , __ _'_ . ..— . ..~-. . 5 tr-¢_l . ... ., ..: . ‘TV ' - p l ' ‘"1 . l4 7 '"tVY‘: i' ‘. .. . i K V . . ‘V. .. . -_. . J ~. H’ T7 T ,4‘? -.
  107. Ilifi" , :l! }»li'i| ¥'Il‘il Hvfiilllllifi when goure feeling conflicting emotions, gou mag engage in gestures that have no relation to gour immediate goals.
  108. these behaviours are mosttg self—directed and serve to release excess energg and gain a feeling of comfort. even if onlg temporarg.
  109. these behaviours are mosttg self—directed and serve to release excess energg and gain a feeling of comfort. even if onlg temporarg. Drumming fingers, H 5 flicking feet, going if A’ ’ for a glass of water ‘ip T when goure not even pg 5 5 thirstg - these are the 5 ’ behaviours of someone i whos looking to burn some pent up energg, 5%. . or at least, refocus i .
  110. called displacement activities thegre a conduit for excess energg thats looking for a place 0 go. I / /5,» }' T T ‘ iL; = ‘- ‘X * , . 75 . » i ““‘. ~3._ 5 l 5 IT ~ ‘ ‘i‘ . ‘ . I ‘ l i A I i i ‘/ T ; ’ ' / . — . X: lg l / ~ it , , 1 g ’ p 7 . / TY; «/ l l
  111. examples of displacement gestures are: Shifting/ Twistingthe ring fiddling with objects Running fingersthroughthe hair
  112. UNIVERSAL GESTURES universal gestures, such as blushing, smiling, and the wide—eged expression of fear, mean the same thing across world cultures.
  113. UNIVERSAL GESTURES universal gestures, such as blushing, smiling, and the wide—eged expression of fear, mean the same thing across world cultures. these gestures stem from human biological make—up, which is whg gou can recognise them spanning the globe.
  114. Get The Most but fit It
  115. successful people know .5. how to use their bodies for greatest effect
  116. successful people know :5, how to use their bodies for greatest effect theg stand tall, with their chests opened like a well loved book, smiles on their faces, and when theg move, theg move with purpose.
  117. successful people know :5, how to use their bodies for greatest effect theg stand tall, hath their chests opened like a well loved book, smiles on their faces, and when theg move, theg move hath purpose. their moderate and carefullg / ~« it chosen gestures reflect their sense 5. of what theg want to project and ’ how theg want to be perceived I
  118. ll: ill| .'. | Ii"-I isr ‘ : I'. ’ zifl understanding how to position themselves in relation to other people is a skill that some people just don't seem to have.
  119. either thegre so up close and personal that gou can smell their morning coffee breath, or theg stand just that bit awag that makes them appear uninterested, unengaged, or slighttg removed
  120. others, however, know just how to get it right theg understand and respect the different territories and parameters that people have around themselves, and being hath them is comfortable.
  121. -. “~. . , . - * €; a2’§: ‘;§f ‘. *;s£. . You have a personal. indiiadual space bubble that gou stand, sit, and move around in, and it expands and contracts depending on circumstances.
  122. the studg of PRHXEMIBS, how people use and relate to the space around them to communicate, was pioneered bg edward T Hall, an American anthropologist in the | ‘l(o0S. lnthnate Space , / ‘Ch; 2 Sodal i Pubfic raft g Space E Space 12ttf 3.7m- N on 3., ’ . ._ . ,
  123. His findings revealed the different amounts of personal space that people feel theg need depending on their social situation. . T’ "'lZVl7."’. ‘ _— _ 4 '. ‘.‘: .'r *3. 4 . _" , _/'I. ‘.‘;3‘, ‘I 'u'. ."y‘, f.’ . :: 5'-—''l$-‘! " I - | 'I'-'5 ‘‘ '1': ' IT 9-911 , ‘l , '., ""; L'-': '~ n S‘. ' v ; . ~‘. ,5.17': /.-. '- ' t’ I’. /I -- . r. 'i'irr. y,«f-; ~./ ."/ .r', ’.’. ,’ ‘J1’
  124. ANTICIPATE MOVEMENTS Movzmenf can be equated 1'0 dflflflé. |1"S MOW than jl/ S1’ the QZSTVYZS TV/ £MS6|V@S, “"3 (Lb0l/1' TM fiming Of them (LS welt
  125. Anfiélpafing anmon and regisfzring mar i1"s abovr to happen before if does, gives gov informafion that others mag nor grasp. L
  126. Anticipating a movement can save gour life. It can keep gov from harm.
  127. it mag also bring gov great happiness, like a lover's first kiss which, had gov missed the movement, gov mag have lost.
  128. Yov gotta trust me. Bg anticipating gestures. gov gain the upper hand in knowing how to respond before the action is completed
  129. when gou talk about establishing rapport goure talking about accepting and connecting with other people and treating one another with respect
  130. 33' Tie. rt 2:, - 4 I T! _ T . ' T I . ,n fir ‘. ’~ W . ‘-7 "*5 ” e Rapport assures that gour communications are effective and lead to results that satisfg both parties’ needs.
  131. A *2 . ... " ~ ‘I’ . . ' " / . g A A 4 J‘ gr ? ’ -——°" ~ ~‘ "-7” ‘i ’ ' 4. : _ * . r _ V . - ’_. ,;~ p_/ - ~‘» _ ‘V l g , _ 5 - x V . j’ _—. . * You have mang wags of creating rapport. ’ ” ‘ ThYOV@h T0ll0h. WOYd choice. Mid contact.
  132. Another wag is to reflect another person 's movements.
  133. Another wag is to reflect another person 's movements. cg mirroring and matching the other person 's gestures and behaviours goure demonstrating that gou know what it feels. sounds, and looks like to be in her shoes.
  134. if connecting with others and behaving respectfullg is important to gou, mirroring and matching their behaviour helps gou achieve that goal
  135. I A fine line exists between reflecting another person ‘s gestures and mimicking him.
  136. People who are being mimicked oiuicklg figure out what goure doing and recognise gour insinceritg. A fine line exists between reflecting another person 's gestures and mimicking him.
  137. BECIIMING WHII Yllll WANT Tl] BE How gou present gourself, how gou move and gesture, how gou stand, sit, and walk all plag their part in creating the image gou present and in determining people's perceptions.
  138. R ’ . .p‘ . O o 6g adopting a cluster of postures, positions, and gestures known for the attitudes theg effect, gou can create ang attitude and make it gour own. l I 7'
  139. the behaviour gou adopt and the gestures that gou make leave an impression.
  140. the behaviour gou adopt and the gestures that gou make leave an impression. i/ lake sure that gour gestures reinforce the impression gou want to make.
  141. LET’S RECAP Nuts 8. Bolts - Kinesics Einhlenis Illustrators Affective Displays Regulators Adapters - lnliornflesponses - Learneilflestures Wliy leam Body language? Appreciating cultural Differences WWW Iley Types of Gestures Unintentional Signature Fake Micro Displacement Universal [let The Most Dut of It Become Spatially Aware Anticipate Movements Create Rapport Becoming Who You Want to lie
  142. LEARN MORE ON RELATED ToPic? CLICK ON ANY OF THE BELOW TO OPEN THE LINK. (NOTE: THE LINKS DoN'T SEEM To WoRK ON MOBILE DEVICES) DECODING BODY Hog! BODY BODY LANGUAGE T _ EN SOCIAL SETTINGS . ' T CEPTIONS
  143. ideas adapted (mainlgi from ‘EODY LAll(dl)A(si£ For Dummies cg etiwbelh l<uhiike P‘ I’ . I { slides bg Yang Ao wei

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