Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.

Clinical case of mixed tumor of the testis

596 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

This video is about a case of testis cancer examined with Shear Wave Elastography also reviewing general issues of the topic.
This file, like all the other I've posted in Video format on YouTube, can be downloaded as PDF or PPSX file at my website www.masciotra.net or at www.researchgate.net at the following link https://www.researchgate.net/profile/...
The vision will be large better if done at full screen.

Veröffentlicht in: Gesundheit & Medizin, Technologie
  • Login to see the comments

Clinical case of mixed tumor of the testis

  1. 1. Clinical case Male 30 years old with a mass on his left testis US and SWE features Antonio Pio Masciotra Campobasso – Molise – Italy Website www.masciotra.net YouTube channel https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCgCj21nKGAhR997Ia3-QegQ
  2. 2. EFSUMB Guidelines and Recommendations on clinical use of US Elastography takes only five lines to pursue the testis issue, then limited to a very rare tumor (the Leydig cell tumor). Here I’ll present a clinical case of mixed germ cell tumor with its features at Shear Wave Elastography.
  3. 3. Cellular Classification of Testicular Cancer The following histologic classification of malignant testicular germ cell tumors (testicular cancer) reflects the classification used by the World Health Organization (WHO). Less than 50% of malignant testicular germ cell tumors have a single cell type, of which roughly 50% are seminomas. The rest have more than one cell type, and the relative proportions of each cell type should be specified. The cell type of these tumors is important for estimating the risk of metastases and the response to chemotherapy. Polyembryoma presents an unusual growth pattern and is sometimes listed as a single histologic type, though it might better be regarded as a mixed tumor. 1.Intratubular germ cell neoplasia, unclassified. 2.Malignant pure germ cell tumor (showing a single cell type): 1. Seminoma. 2. Embryonal carcinoma. 3. Teratoma. 4. Choriocarcinoma. 5. Yolk sac tumor. 3.Malignant mixed germ cell tumor (showing more than one histologic pattern): 1. Embryonal carcinoma and teratoma with or without seminoma. 2. Embryonal carcinoma and yolk sac tumor with or without seminoma. 3. Embryonal carcinoma and seminoma. 4. Yolk sac tumor and teratoma with or without seminoma. 5. Choriocarcinoma and any other element. 4.Polyembryoma.
  4. 4. Right testis normal kPa 3,3 Left testis Normal parenchima kPa 5,16,5 Cancer solid kPa 61,4 Cancer mixed kPa 40,9
  5. 5. Left testis Normal parenchima kPa 5,0-7,7 Cancer solid kPa 64,8 Cancer mixed kPa 93,8 Left testis Normal parenchima kPa 5,1-6,5 Cancer solid kPa 61,4 Cancer mixed kPa 40,9 Left testis Cancer solid kPa 16,1 – 19,2 – 89,7 Left testis Cancer mixed kPa 35,3
  6. 6. On the SWE image are displayed different information on elasticity (or stiffness) quantification for each ROI selected in the colored box: • • • • • • Mean value in kPa or m/s (mean elasticity or stiffness) Minimum value in kPa or m/s (softest) Maximum value in kPa or m/s (stiffest) Standard deviation in kPa or m/s (its an index of more or less homogeneity) Elasticity ratio (if are selected 2 ROIs) < or > than 1 Diameter of the ROI selected in mm
  7. 7. Normal parenchima kPa 5,1-6,5 Cancer solid and cystic (Yolk Sac) kPa 40,9 Cancer solid (seminoma) kPa 61,4
  8. 8. CONCLUSIONS In imaging it's like in every day's life. If you need to know the details of an object you can rely on the information given by different tools : 1) your eyes tell you its morphology and the colors 2) your hand tells you its consistence, the characteristics of its surface and very approximately the temperature, weight and lenght 3) your tongue tells you its taste, but also its consistence, the characteristics of its surface and its temperature 4) your nose tells you its smell. So is in imaging. Each modality and technique give us different kind of information. Shear Wave Elastography is capable to show the mechanical properties of the normal parenchima compared to the two different kind of tumors (seminoma and yolk sac tumor) coexisting in the same testis, like showed in the former slide.
  9. 9. CONCLUSIONS Shear Wave Elastography adds valuable information to the study of the testis, potentially resulting in “a virtual biopsy” . This final aim will be achieved when further improvement of Shear Wave Elastography technology (the only actually capable to quantify elasticity or stiffness) will give us the right consistency of the quantitative measurements of tissue elasticity that up todate is still lacking. Hence the RSNA initiative of ‘Quantitative Imaging Biomarkers Alliance’ applied to Sono-Elastography too. This means that if the intrinsic elasticity of the testis is 2 kPa all the measurements have to give this value, not depending on the probe’s frequency or on other variables. When this requirement will be accomplished we’ll can really establish the cutoff value between normal and abnormal tissues both in focal and in diffuse diseases. Therefore we’ll can rely on it at same extent we actually rely on the use a thermometer to check the behavior of the fever during an infection (if it’s responding to the treatment). Then let’s go on! Lessons need to be drawn from a great man of the past who had the vision to preparing for the future through imagination.
  10. 10. Clinical case Male 30 years old with a mass on his left testis US and SWE features Thanks for your attention Antonio Pio Masciotra Campobasso – Molise – Italy Website www.masciotra.net YouTube channel https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCgCj21nKGAhR997Ia3-QegQ

×