3. COMPLEMENTRY THERAPY
• The word "complementary" means "in addition
to". Complementary medicine is treatment and
medicine that uses in addition to the doctor's
• Complementary medicine and alternative
medicine (CAM) includes various healing
approaches and therapies and that are not based
on conventional Western medicine. These
therapies are called alternative medicine when
they are used alone and complementary medicine
when they are used with conventional medicine.
4. • DEFINITION
Complementary medicine and alternative
medicine is a group of diverse medical and
health care system, practices, and products that
are not generally considered part of
5. USE OF COMPLEMENTARY
• Complementary therapies are widely
used in Australia.
• Complementary therapies are often
based on traditional knowledge,
• The increasing use of complementary
therapies are less invasive and more
cost-effective than conventional
8. i. ACUPUNCTURE
• Acupuncture is a component of the health care
system of China .
• The general theory of acupuncture is based on
the premise that there are patterns of energy
flow through the body that are essential for
• Disruptions of this flow are believed to be
responsible for disease..
9. • Acupuncture is a family of procedures
involving stimulation of anatomical locations
on or in the skin by a variety of techniques.
• Mechanism of stimulation of acupuncture
points employs penetration of the skin by thin,
solid, metallic needles, which are manipulated
manually or by electrical stimulation.
10. ii. AYURVEDA
• Ayurvedic medicine is a system of Hindu
traditonal of Vedic tradition.
• A form of alternative therapy.
• The Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM)
a statutory body established in 1971, under
the Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and
Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and
Homoeopathy(AYUSH), Ministry of Health and
Family Welfare, Government of India,
monitors higher education in Ayurveda.
11. iii. HOMEOPATHY
• Homeopathy also spelled homoeopathy; from
the Greek: like" and "suffering” is a system
of alternative medicine
• Homeopathy is considered a pseudoscience. It is
not effective for any condition, and no remedy has
been proven to be more effective than placebo.
• Homeopaths select remedies by consulting
reference books known as repertories, and by
considering the totality of the patient's symptoms,
personal traits, physical and psychological state,
and life history.
12. • The mechanisms of action of
homeopathic remedies are both
scientifically implausible and
not physically possible.
13. iv. NATIVE AMERICAN HEALING
• Most Native American tribes have traditions about
health and illness.
• Many healing traditions focus on harmony.
• Healing occurs when someone is restored to harmony
and connected to universal powers.
• Traditional healing is "holistic". It does not focus on
symptoms or diseases..
• Healing focuses on the person, not the illness. They
receive special teachings. Healing traditions are passed
from one generation to the next
• Healing does not follow written guidelines. Healers use
their herbs, ceremony and power in the best way for
14. v. NATUROPATHIC
• Naturopathy deals with the healing power of
nature since it believes that all healing powers are
within your body.
• Naturopathy procedures: Strictly vegetarian food
is required to be consumed during treatment.
• Alcohol, smoking, chewing tobacco, and the
consumption of tea, coffee, and non-vegetarian
foods are forbidden in all the centers.
• The patient is required to stay on campus, for a
duration that depends upon the nature of his or her
15. vi. TIBETAN MEDICINE
• Tibetan Medicine is one of the world's oldest
healing traditions that have been practiced for
more than five thousand years in Tibet and the
• It is a unique medical science that provides
holistic health care to the body, mind and soul.
• It is a science because its principles are
enumerated in a systematic and logical framework
based on an understanding of the body and the
mind’s relationship to the environment
16. vii. TRADITIONAL CHINESE
• Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has
formed a unique system to diagnose and cure
• In TCM, the understanding of the human body
is based on the holistic understanding of the
• The treatment of illness is based primarily on
the diagnosis and differentiation of syndromes.
17. 2) Mind-Body Interventions
• Mind-body medicine uses a variety of
techniques designed to enhance the mind's
capacity to affect bodily function and
• Other mind-body techniques are still
considered alternative, including:
18. i. ART THERAPY
• Art can be an effective tool in mental health
• In psychology, the use of artistic methods to
treat psychological disorders and enhance mental
health is known as art therapy.
• Art therapy integrates psychotherapeutic
techniques with the creative process to improve
mental health and well-being.
• The American Art Therapy Association describes
art therapy as "a mental health profession that uses
the creative process of art making to improve and
enhance the physical, mental and emotional well-
being of individuals of all ages.
19. ii. BIOFEEDBACK
• Biofeedback is the therapy used to harnessing
the power of mind and becoming aware of
what's going on inside the body, you can gain
more control over the health.
• Biofeedback promotes relaxation, which can
help relieve a number of conditions that are
related to stress.
20. iii. DANCE THERAPY
• Dance therapy is a type of psychotherapy that
uses movement to further the social, cognitive,
emotional, and physical development of the
• Dance therapists work with people who have
many kinds of emotional problems, intellectual
deficits, and life-threatening illnesses.
21. iv. GUIDED IMAGERY
• Guided imagery is based on the concept that
your body and mind are connected. Using all
of body senses, body seems to respond as
though what patient are imagining is real.
• Many people salivate when they do this.
This exercise demonstrates how your body can
respond to what you are imagining.
22. v. HUMOR THERAPY
• Humor therapy is the art of using humor and
laughter to help heal people with physical or
• Humor therapy is used in both mainstream and
• It is especially important with children and the
elderly. Patients can also help themselves to heal
by adding more humor and laughter to their lives.
23. vi. HYPNOTHERAPY
• Hypnosis or hypnotherapy uses guided relaxation,
intense concentration, and focused attention to
achieve a heightened state of awareness that is
sometimes called a trance.
• Hypnosis also might be used to help with pain
control and to overcome habits, such as smoking or
overeating. It also might be helpful for people
whose symptoms are severe or who need crisis
• Music therapy
• Prayer therapy
24. vii. YOGA
• Yoga is a physical, mental
and spiritual practice or discipline, that aims to
transform body and mind.
• The term yoga is derived from the literal
meaning of "yoking together" a span of horses
or oxen, but came to be applied to the "yoking"
of mind and body.
25. i. QI GONG
• The word Qigong (Chi Kung) is made up of two Chinese
words. Qi is pronounced chee and is usually translated to
mean the life force or vital-energy that flows through all
things in the universe.
• The second word, Gong, pronounced gung, means
accomplishment, or skill that is cultivated through steady
practice. Together, Qigong (Chi Kung) means cultivating
energy, it is a system practiced for health maintenance,
healing and increasing vitality.
• Qigong practices can be classified as martial, medical, or
spiritual. All styles have three things in common: they all
involve a posture, (whether moving or stationary),
breathing techniques, and mental focus.
26. 3) Biologically-Based Therapies
• Biologically based therapies in complementary
and alternative medicine use substances
found in nature, such as herbs, foods, and
vitamins. Some examples include:
27. 4) Manipulative and Body-Based
• Manipulative and body-based methods in
complementary and alternative medicine are
based on manipulation and/or movement of
one or more parts of the body. Some
28. i. ACUPRESSURE
• Acupressure [from Latin acus "needle" (see acuity) +
pressure is an alternative medicine technique similar in
principle to acupuncture.
• In treatment, physical pressure is applied
to acupuncture points with the aim of clearing
blockages in these meridians. Pressure may be applied
by hand, by elbow, or with various devices.
• Acupressure is often called acupuncture without the
needles. Instead of needles, acupressure involves the
application of manual pressure (usually with the
fingertips) to specific points on the body.
29. ii. ALEXANDER TECHNIQUE
• Alexander technique, named after Frederick
Matthias Alexander, teach people how to stop
using unnecessary levels of muscular and mental
tension during their everyday activities. It is an
educational process rather than a relaxation
technique or form of exercise.
• Alexander developed the technique's principles as
a personal tool to alleviate breathing problems
and hoarseness during public speaking.
30. iii. CHIROPRACTIC
• Chiropractors use hands-on spinal manipulation
and other alternative treatments, the theory being
that proper alignment of the body's musculoskeletal
structure, particularly the spine, will enable the
body to heal itself without surgery or medication.
• Manipulation is used to restore mobility to joints
restricted by tissue injury caused by a traumatic
• Chiropractic is primarily used as a pain relief
alternative for muscles, joints, bones, and connective
tissue, such as cartilage, ligaments, and tendons.
31. iv. MASSAGE THERAPY
• The word comes from
the French massage "friction of kneading", or
from Arabic massa meaning "to touch, feel or
• Massage is the manipulation of superficial and
deeper layers of muscle and connective tissue
using various techniques, to enhance function,
aid in the healing process, decrease muscle
reflex activity, inhibit motor-neuron
excitability, promote relaxation and well-
being, and as a recreational activity.
32. 5) Energy Therapies
• Energy therapies involve the use of energy fields.
They are of two types:
• Biofield therapies are intended to affect energy
fields that purportedly surround and penetrate
the human body. The existence of such fields has
not yet been scientifically proven. Some forms of
energy therapy manipulate biofields by applying
pressure and/or manipulating the body by placing
the hands in, or through, these fields. Examples
34. iii. THERAPEUTIC TOUCH
• Therapeutic touch known by some as non-contact therapeutic
touch (NCTT), is an energy therapy which practitioners claim
promotes healing and reduces pain and anxiety.
• Therapeutic Touch is a registered trademark in Canada for the
"structured and standardized healing practice performed by
practitioners trained to be sensitive to the receiver's energy
field that surrounds the body;...no touching is required."
• Practitioners of therapeutic touch state that by placing their
hands on, or near, a patient, they are able to detect and
manipulate the patient's energy field.
35. • A Cochrane systematic review found "there is
no robust evidence that TT promotes healing
of acute wounds." The American Cancer
Society has noted, "Available scientific
evidence does not support any claims that TT
can cure cancer or other diseases."
36. WHY PEOPLE USE COMPLEMENTARY
People may have more than one reason for choosing a
complementary therapy and they may use other strategies at
the same time to enhance their health. Some of the reasons
for using complementary therapies include:
• Achieving and maintaining good health
• As an aid to the performance of every day tasks
• Dissatisfaction with conventional medical practices
• Unsatisfactory doctor-patient relationships
• The desire to take charge of your own health and medical
• Evidence of the benefits and safety of some complementary
medicines and therapies
• The desire to receive health care that treats the whole person
and not just their symptoms (
37. HOW TO CHOOSE A
Some suggestions on finding a reputable practitioner
• Contact the professional association for the chosen
therapy and ask for a list of members in the area.
• Ask the doctor for a referral
• Ask to the friends for word-of-mouth
• During the first visit with the practitioner, ask about
their training and qualifications.
• Be very cautious about any practitioner who advises the
patient to abandon the conventional medical treatment.
38. WHERE TO GET HELP
• Your doctor
• Medicines line (Australia)
39. THINGS TO REMEMBER
• Complementary therapies are systems of
healthcare that treat the whole person, not
just the symptoms of their disease.
• Modern medicine is increasingly aware of
complementary therapy techniques.
40. RESEARCH INPUT
• The effect of complementary and alternative
medicine on quality of life, depression, anxiety,
and fatigue levels among cancer patients
during active oncology treatment
• Cancer patients who received six weekly sessions of CAM
during their oncological treatments participated in the
study. period. 163 patients entered the study, 135 of whom
completed all six CAM sessions. An improvement was
demonstrated in the median of BFI from 4.8 to 3.9 (p < 0.001),
HADS-Anxiety from 8 to 7 (p < 0.001) and HADS-Depression
from 7 to 6 (p < 0.001) after 12 weeks. In addition, the median of
global QoL improved from 50 to 67 (p < 0.001), and a significant
improvement was noticed in several parameters on the
functioning and symptoms scales of the QoL-EORTC-C30.
• I summarize my topic. Today we have discuss
about Introduction, use of complementary
therapies, philosophies of complementary
therapies, types of complementry medecine,
why people use complementary therapies,
how to choose a complementary therapy
practitionerwhere to get help,things to
• I conclude my topic for complementary therapy. I
am explain regarding complementary therapy
those are made in natural and treat the person
through therapy and yoga excises prevent for
disease . They are improving the health of people
through homeopathy and Ayurveda medicine.
The complementary therapy are divert the mind
and relaxation therapy through art and dance
therapy to maintain physical and mental health
improve of person health.