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Dzierżoniów, a town in south-west Poland

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Dzierżoniów, a town in south-west Poland

  1. 1. DZIERŻONIÓW OUR CITY
  2. 2. ABOUT THE CITY Dzierżoniów is a city located in south-west poland, in the valley at the foot of the Owl Mountains to the south and the Massif Ślęża from the north. The city lies on the river Piława.
  3. 3. HISTORY OF THE CITY The legendary origins of the city began in the twelfth century. In 1159r. Boleslaw the Curly built the St. George’s Church. First written traces about Dzierżoniów (Reinchenbach, as it was German territory) come from 1250s. At the beginning of its history Dzierżoniów was subordinated to Wrocław princes but then it became one of the leading centers of Świdnica-Jawor Duchy. The architectonic scheme, created at that time, with huge market place, its Town Hall and street coming out of the middle of its frontages may be seen today. In the 14th century Silesia gradually became more and more dependent on the Czech Crown. Świdnica-Jawor Duchy came under Prague control in 1392. the following century passed under the shadow of Hussite revolt which resulted in a great damage not only in Dzierżoniów but also in the whole region cause by marching armed bands and
  4. 4. In 1526 the Bohemian Kingdom including Dzierżoniów went under the Habsburgh's rule. In the 16th century there was a great development of trade and handicraft as well canvas and other textile industry. The second half of that century and the beginning of the 17th century were sometimes even called "the golden age" of the town. Unfortunately, the fortunate period finished in 1618 with the beginning of the Thirty Years War. Following one hundred years were a period of a relative peace and quiet broken with the beginning of Silesian Wars (1740-1763). As their result Dzierżoniów like the major part of Silesia were joined to Prussia. In the years 1816-1820 our town became the capital of four regions of Silesian province. During the Prussian reign Dzierżoniów marked its place in history. In 1790 important diplomats from Prussia, Austria, Holland, England and the Republic of Poland visited the town. During their second meeting in 1813 crowned heads: Prussian king Frederic Wilhelm III and tsar Alexander I appeared in Dzierżoniów. In 1800 Dzierżoniów also hosted John Quincy Adams, the future 6th president of the United States of America. The 19th century - the town and the whole region became the centre of Silesian textile production.
  5. 5. In the half of that century because of the crisis in textile branch Dzierżoniów faced acute workers' protests which in the history were known as Silesian Weavers' Rebellion. The incidents of June 1848 were later described in one of the works of Nobel prize winner Gerhard Hautmann. In 19th century the town accomplished many communal investments, many public buildings were constructed and many new private houses were built. In 1855 Dzierżoniów was joined with Świdnica by railaway and on the turn of the 19th century a local "Owl Mountains" railway which joined Dzierżoniów and neighboring towns was established. At the beginning of the 20th century Dzierżoniów owning to incorporation a small village Ernsdorf (now Lower Dzierzoniów) into its boundaries was the sixth biggest town in Silesia. The same century also meant two World Wars. After the Second World War Dzierżoniów was on so called regained lands which were joined to Poland again. Two main industries - textile and electromechanical developed and radio-technical factory "Diora" is well- known not only in whole Poland but also abroad. In 1946 the town’s name was changed from Reichenbach into Dzierżoniów, after a surmane of a famous Polish beekeeper Jan Dzierżon.
  6. 6. THE MOST IMPORTANT MONUMENTS ST. George’s Church Church of the Immaculate Conception of Blessed Virgin Mary
  7. 7. CITY HALL AND THE CITY HALL TOWER
  8. 8. TOWN WALLS SYNAGOGUE
  9. 9. SADEBECK’S FAMILY BURIAL CHAPEL Holy Trinity Church
  10. 10. THE CHURCH OF MARY THE MOTHER OF THE CHURCH
  11. 11. POPULATION OF 2012 33 727 people
  12. 12. THE END Author: Szymon Sztachelek class 6c, SP9 Dzierżoniów, Poland Sources: Wikipedia, Google Grafika Dzierżoniów, May 2015

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