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World international health day april 7 th 2019

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World international health day april 7 th 2019

  2. 2. World Health Day April 7th 2019 • The World Health Day is a global health awareness day celebrated every year on 8 April, under the sponsorship of the World Health Organization, as well as other related organizations. In 1948, the WHO held the First World Health Assembly
  3. 3. THEME OF THE YEAR • Universal health coverage is WHO’s number one goal. Key to achieving it is ensuring that everyone can obtain the care they need, when they need it, right in the heart of the community. • Universal health coverage: everyone, everywhere
  4. 4. GOALS • To improve understanding of universal health coverage and the importance of primary health care as its foundation. • To spur action from individuals, policy-makers and health-care workers to make universal health care a reality for everyone.
  5. 5. Universal health coverage (UHC) • UHC means that all individuals and communities receive the health services they need without suffering financial hardship. It includes the full spectrum of essential, quality health services, from health promotion to prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, and palliative care.
  6. 6. Characteristics of a Mentally Healthy Person • 1. A mentally healthy person has an ability to make adjustments. • 2. A mentally healthy person has a sense of personal worth, feels worthwhile and important. • 3. A mentally healthy person solves his problems largely by his own efforts and makes his own decisions.
  7. 7. • 4. He has a sense of personal security and feels secure in a group, shows understanding of other people’s problems and motives. • 5. A mentally healthy person has a sense of responsibility • 6. He can give and accept love. • 7. He lives in a world of reality rather than fantasy.
  8. 8. • Man is an integrated mechanism, a psychosomatic unit (body-mind unit) whose behaviour is determined by both physical and mental factors. It is a normal state of well- being, and in the words of Johns and Webster, “is a positive but relative quality of life”. • 1. He has his own philosophy of life: • 2. A proper sense of self-evaluation: • With an open mind: • 4. Emotionally mature: • 5. A balanced self-regarding sentiment: • 6. Socially adjustable: • . A realistic approach: • 8. Intellectually sound: • 9. Emotional maturity: • 10. Bravery facing failures:
  9. 9. • 8. He shows emotional maturity in his behaviour, and develops a capacity to tolerate frustration and disappointments in his daily activities. • 9. A mentally healthy person has a variety of interests and generally lives a well-balanced life of work, rest and recreation. • A healthy individual is not only physically healthy but also mentally healthy. The modern concept of health extends beyond the proper functioning of the body. It includes a sound, efficient mind and controlled emotions. “Health is a state of being hale, sound or whole in body, mind or soul.” It means that both body and mind are working efficiently and harmoniously.
  10. 10. HEALTH PROMOTION • Health promotion is, as stated in the 1986 World Health Organization (WHO) Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, "the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. To reach a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, an individual or group must be able to identify and to realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change or cope with the environment. Health is, therefore, seen as a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living. Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities. Therefore, health promotion is not just the responsibility of the health sector, but goes beyond healthy life-styles to well-being".
  12. 12. Balanced diet
  13. 13. Recommended balanced diet for women
  14. 14. Recommended balanced diet for men
  15. 15. Healthy heart diet chart
  16. 16. Personal hygiene
  17. 17. Hand hygiene
  18. 18. Dental hygiene
  19. 19. Preventive measure
  20. 20. Hair care
  21. 21. Daily exercises maintenance
  22. 22. Meditation
  23. 23. Benefits of meditation
  24. 24. Worship /prayer
  25. 25. Good and clean cloths wear
  26. 26. Importance of health maintenance
  27. 27. Toilet hygiene
  28. 28. Use of water
  30. 30. Work safety
  31. 31. Immunization for prevention
  32. 32. Prophylaxis for curative /preventive
  34. 34. Health check-up maintenance
  35. 35. Environmental safety
  36. 36. Prohibition of bad habits
  37. 37. Road safety
  38. 38. primary health care? • Primary health care is an approach to health and wellbeing centred on the needs and circumstances of individuals, families and communities. It addresses comprehensive and interrelated physical, mental and social health and wellbeing. • It is about providing whole-person care for health needs throughout life, not just treating a set of specific diseases. Primary health care ensures people receive comprehensive care, ranging from promotion and prevention to treatment, rehabilitation and palliative care as close as feasible to people’s every day environment.
  39. 39. WHO has developed a cohesive definition of primary health care based on three components: • ensuring people’s health problems are addressed through comprehensive promotive, protective, preventive, curative, rehabilitative, and palliative care throughout the life course, strategically prioritizing key system functions aimed at individuals and families and the population as the central elements of integrated service delivery across all levels of care; • systematically addressing the broader determinants of health (including social, economic, environmental, as well as people’s characteristics and behaviours) through evidence-informed public policies and actions across all sectors; and • empowering individuals, families, and communities to optimize their health, as advocates for policies that promote and protect health and wellbeing, as co-developers of health and social services through their participation, and as self-carers and care-givers to others.
  40. 40. WHO uses 16 essential health services in 4 categories as indicators of the level and equity of coverage in countries: • Reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health: • family planning • antenatal and delivery care • full child immunization • health-seeking behaviour for pneumonia.
  41. 41. Infectious diseases: • tuberculosis treatment • HIV antiretroviral treatment • Hepatitis treatment • use of insecticide-treated bed nets for malaria prevention • adequate sanitation.
  42. 42. Non -communicable diseases: • prevention and treatment of raised blood pressure • prevention and treatment of raised blood glucose • cervical cancer screening • tobacco (non-)smoking.
  43. 43. Service capacity and access: • basic hospital access • health worker density • access to essential medicines • health security: compliance with the International Health Regulations.
  44. 44. KEY MESSAGE FOR ALL • Health is a human right; it’s time for health for all. • We know universal health coverage is possible, let’s make it happen! • Universal health coverage means that all people have access to the quality health services they need, when and where they need them, without financial hardship. • At least half of the people in the world do not receive the health services they need. • About 100 million people are pushed into extreme poverty each year because of out-of-pocket spending on health. • But who are these people and how can we help them? To get a better picture of who is missing out, we need data that is broken down by gender, age, income, location, education and other factors that affect access to health services.
  45. 45. CONTINUED • Health is a human right; everyone should have the information and services they need to take care of their own health and the health of their families. • Quality, accessible primary health care is the foundation for universal health coverage. • Unsafe and low-quality health care ruins lives and costs the world trillions of dollars every year, we must do more to improve the quality and safety of health services globally. • Primary health care should be the first level of contact with the health system, where individuals, families and communities receive most of their health care—from promotion and prevention to treatment, rehabilitation and palliative care—as close as possible to where they live and work.
  47. 47. Human right
  48. 48. CONTINUED • At its heart, primary health care is about caring for people and helping them improve their health or maintain their well-being, rather than just treating a single disease or condition. • Primary health care covers the majority of your health needs throughout your life including services such as screening for health problems, vaccines, information on how to prevent disease, family planning, treatment for long- and short-term conditions, coordination with other levels of care, and rehabilitation. • Primary health care is a cost-effective and equitable way of delivering health services and helping countries make progress towards universal health coverage. • A health system with strong primary health care delivers better health outcomes, is cost-efficient and improves quality of care.
  49. 49. Role of stakeholder
  51. 51. CONTINUED • Health workers have a crucial role to play educating patients on how to take care of their health, coordinating care and advocating for their patients’ needs to health facility managers and policy-makers. • Primary health-care workers have a continuing and trusted relationship with their patients and know their health history; knowing the full picture helps improve their care and saves money. • Primary health-care workers know the traditions, cultures and practices of their communities, making them indispensable during an outbreak or emergency. • To make health for all a reality, we need: individuals and communities who have access to high quality health services so that they take care of their own health and the health of their families; skilled health workers providing quality, people-centred care; and policy-makers committed to investing in primary health care.
  52. 52. PHC ROLE
  53. 53. Health for all
  54. 54. Conclusion • Each country is unique, and each country may focus on different areas, or develop their own ways of measuring progress towards UHC. But there is also value in a global approach that uses standardized measures that are internationally recognized so that they are comparable across borders and over time.
  55. 55. Community action
  56. 56. Communication