HEALTH DAY APRIL 7TH 2019
World Health Day April 7th 2019
• The World Health Day is a global health
awareness day celebrated every year on 8
April, under the sponsorship of the World
Health Organization, as well as other related
organizations. In 1948, the WHO held the First
World Health Assembly
THEME OF THE YEAR
• Universal health coverage is WHO’s number
one goal. Key to achieving it is ensuring that
everyone can obtain the care they need, when
they need it, right in the heart of the
• Universal health coverage: everyone,
• To improve understanding of universal health
coverage and the importance of primary
health care as its foundation.
• To spur action from individuals, policy-makers
and health-care workers to make universal
health care a reality for everyone.
Universal health coverage (UHC)
• UHC means that all individuals and
communities receive the health services they
need without suffering financial hardship. It
includes the full spectrum of essential, quality
health services, from health promotion to
prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, and
Characteristics of a Mentally Healthy
• 1. A mentally healthy person has an ability to
• 2. A mentally healthy person has a sense of
personal worth, feels worthwhile and
• 3. A mentally healthy person solves his
problems largely by his own efforts and makes
his own decisions.
• 4. He has a sense of personal security and
feels secure in a group, shows understanding
of other people’s problems and motives.
• 5. A mentally healthy person has a sense of
• 6. He can give and accept love.
• 7. He lives in a world of reality rather than
• Man is an integrated mechanism, a psychosomatic unit
(body-mind unit) whose behaviour is determined by both
physical and mental factors. It is a normal state of well-
being, and in the words of Johns and Webster, “is a positive
but relative quality of life”.
• 1. He has his own philosophy of life:
• 2. A proper sense of self-evaluation:
• With an open mind:
• 4. Emotionally mature:
• 5. A balanced self-regarding sentiment:
• 6. Socially adjustable:
• . A realistic approach:
• 8. Intellectually sound:
• 9. Emotional maturity:
• 10. Bravery facing failures:
• 8. He shows emotional maturity in his behaviour, and
develops a capacity to tolerate frustration and
disappointments in his daily activities.
• 9. A mentally healthy person has a variety of interests
and generally lives a well-balanced life of work, rest
• A healthy individual is not only physically healthy but
also mentally healthy. The modern concept of health
extends beyond the proper functioning of the body. It
includes a sound, efficient mind and controlled
emotions. “Health is a state of being hale, sound or
whole in body, mind or soul.” It means that both body
and mind are working efficiently and harmoniously.
• Health promotion is, as stated in the 1986 World Health
Organization (WHO) Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion,
"the process of enabling people to increase control over,
and to improve, their health. To reach a state of complete
physical, mental and social well-being, an individual or
group must be able to identify and to realize aspirations, to
satisfy needs, and to change or cope with the environment.
Health is, therefore, seen as a resource for everyday life,
not the objective of living. Health is a positive concept
emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as
physical capacities. Therefore, health promotion is not just
the responsibility of the health sector, but goes beyond
healthy life-styles to well-being".
primary health care?
• Primary health care is an approach to health and
wellbeing centred on the needs and circumstances of
individuals, families and communities. It addresses
comprehensive and interrelated physical, mental and
social health and wellbeing.
• It is about providing whole-person care for health
needs throughout life, not just treating a set of specific
diseases. Primary health care ensures people receive
comprehensive care, ranging from promotion and
prevention to treatment, rehabilitation and palliative
care as close as feasible to people’s every day
WHO has developed a cohesive definition of primary
health care based on three components:
• ensuring people’s health problems are addressed through
comprehensive promotive, protective, preventive, curative,
rehabilitative, and palliative care throughout the life course,
strategically prioritizing key system functions aimed at individuals
and families and the population as the central elements of
integrated service delivery across all levels of care;
• systematically addressing the broader determinants of health
(including social, economic, environmental, as well as people’s
characteristics and behaviours) through evidence-informed public
policies and actions across all sectors; and
• empowering individuals, families, and communities to optimize
their health, as advocates for policies that promote and protect
health and wellbeing, as co-developers of health and social services
through their participation, and as self-carers and care-givers to
WHO uses 16 essential health services in 4 categories
as indicators of the level and equity of coverage in
• Reproductive, maternal, newborn and child
• family planning
• antenatal and delivery care
• full child immunization
• health-seeking behaviour for pneumonia.
• tuberculosis treatment
• HIV antiretroviral treatment
• Hepatitis treatment
• use of insecticide-treated bed nets for malaria
• adequate sanitation.
Non -communicable diseases:
• prevention and treatment of raised blood
• prevention and treatment of raised blood
• cervical cancer screening
• tobacco (non-)smoking.
Service capacity and access:
• basic hospital access
• health worker density
• access to essential medicines
• health security: compliance with the
International Health Regulations.
KEY MESSAGE FOR ALL
• Health is a human right; it’s time for health for all.
• We know universal health coverage is possible, let’s make it
• Universal health coverage means that all people have access to the
quality health services they need, when and where they need
them, without financial hardship.
• At least half of the people in the world do not receive the health
services they need.
• About 100 million people are pushed into extreme poverty each
year because of out-of-pocket spending on health.
• But who are these people and how can we help them? To get a
better picture of who is missing out, we need data that is broken
down by gender, age, income, location, education and other factors
that affect access to health services.
• Health is a human right; everyone should have the information and
services they need to take care of their own health and the health
of their families.
• Quality, accessible primary health care is the foundation for
universal health coverage.
• Unsafe and low-quality health care ruins lives and costs the world
trillions of dollars every year, we must do more to improve the
quality and safety of health services globally.
• Primary health care should be the first level of contact with the
health system, where individuals, families and communities receive
most of their health care—from promotion and prevention to
treatment, rehabilitation and palliative care—as close as possible to
where they live and work.
• At its heart, primary health care is about caring for people and
helping them improve their health or maintain their well-being,
rather than just treating a single disease or condition.
• Primary health care covers the majority of your health needs
throughout your life including services such as screening for health
problems, vaccines, information on how to prevent disease, family
planning, treatment for long- and short-term conditions,
coordination with other levels of care, and rehabilitation.
• Primary health care is a cost-effective and equitable way of
delivering health services and helping countries make progress
towards universal health coverage.
• A health system with strong primary health care delivers better
health outcomes, is cost-efficient and improves quality of care.
• Health workers have a crucial role to play educating patients on how to
take care of their health, coordinating care and advocating for their
patients’ needs to health facility managers and policy-makers.
• Primary health-care workers have a continuing and trusted relationship
with their patients and know their health history; knowing the full picture
helps improve their care and saves money.
• Primary health-care workers know the traditions, cultures and practices of
their communities, making them indispensable during an outbreak or
• To make health for all a reality, we need: individuals and communities who
have access to high quality health services so that they take care of their
own health and the health of their families; skilled health workers
providing quality, people-centred care; and policy-makers committed to
investing in primary health care.
• Each country is unique, and each country may
focus on different areas, or develop their own
ways of measuring progress towards UHC. But
there is also value in a global approach that
uses standardized measures that are
internationally recognized so that they are
comparable across borders and over time.
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