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Medical Devices used in hospital ppt.pptx

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Medical Devices used in hospital ppt.pptx

  1. 1. Medical devises And Equipments used in hospital Dr. ANJALATCHI M.SC(N) MD(AM) MBA(HA)
  2. 2. Basic Medical Equipments • Basic common medical equipment required in a hospital • Patient monitor. ... • Defibrillators. ... • Ventilator. ... • Infusion Pump. ... • Syringe Pump. ... • EKG/ECG machines. ... • Hematology Analyzer / Cell counter. ... • Biochemistry Analyzer.
  3. 3. Equipments used in hospital wards and rationale • Iron cot • Mattress Bedside trolley • IV stand Foot stool • Dustbin Back rest • Screen Wheel chair • Stretcher Fan ,tube light • Air contionner, exhaust fan • Central oxygen and suction supply
  4. 4. Bed with mattress use: to provide comfort rest of the patients
  5. 5. Remote control hospital bed advance technology
  6. 6. Warmer bed : to provide comfort for neonate
  7. 7. Incubator :We place premature or sick babies inside an incubator, or in a heated cot, to help them maintain their temperature. They may also have humidity inside the temperature as an additional source of heat as well as a preventative measure to decrease water losses and skin breakdown.
  8. 8. PHOTOTHERAPY MACHINE : Phototherapy is the most common treatment for reducing high bilirubin levels that cause jaundice in a newborn. In the standard form of phototherapy, your baby lies in a bassinet or enclosed plastic crib (incubator) and is exposed to a special light that is absorbed by your baby's skin.
  9. 9. Bedside trolly: to keep patients belonginess
  10. 10. Cardiac table : to provide diet ,support, other procedure
  12. 12. Foot stool : to provide support/step in/out of bed
  13. 13. Central supply of suction and oxygen port
  14. 14. Suction machine and uses • Suction machines are appliances that are used to remove substances such as blood, saliva, mucus, and vomit from a person's airway. A portable suction unit can prevent pulmonary aspiration and facilitate breathing. Suction machine supplies include bacteria filters, collection canisters, and aspirator tubing kits.
  15. 15. Type of gas used in hospital
  17. 17. Basin with stand: to prepare disinfectant solution
  18. 18. Movable screen- to provide privacy while doing procedure to the patients
  19. 19. Fan – to provide ventilation to the patients
  20. 20. Light : to provide visualization while performing procedure /examination
  21. 21. Dust bin : to collect general waste in bed side
  22. 22. Wheel chair : to shift the patient from one place to another place
  23. 23. Stretcher : to transfer the patient from one place to another place
  24. 24. Windows: for cross ventilation
  25. 25. Exhaust fan : An exhaust fan will help to absorb the moisture in the atmosphere within the room and as a result one will benefit from a reduction in problems such as mold and its resultant negative effects. to eliminate humidity.
  26. 26. Air conditioners often use a fan to distribute the conditioned air to an occupied space such as a building or a car to improve thermal comfort and indoor air quality.
  27. 27. BMWM bin: to collect the hospital waste as per as color code
  29. 29. The cardiac monitor is a device that shows the electrical and pressure waveforms of the cardiovascular system for measurement and treatment.
  30. 30. Defibrillator • The device is used to help people having sudden cardiacarrest. Sticky pads with sensors, called electrodes, are attached to the chest of someone who is having cardiacarrest. The electrodes send information about the person'sheart rhythm to a computer in the AED.
  31. 31. Type of defibrillator Defibrillators are devices that restore a normal heartbeat by sending an electric pulse or shock to the heart. They are used to prevent or correct an arrhythmia, a heartbeat that is uneven or that is too slow or too fast. Defibrillators can also restore the heart's beating if the heart suddenly stops.
  35. 35. Ambu bag with parts
  37. 37. BI-PAP a BiPap machine can help push air into your lungs. You wear a mask or nasal plugs that are connected to the ventilator. The machine supplies pressurized air into your airways. It is called “positive pressure ventilation” because the device helps open your lungs with this air pressure.
  38. 38. C-PAP Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is a common treatment for obstructive sleep apnea. A CPAP machine uses a hose and mask or nosepiece to deliver constant and steady air pressure. Common problems with CPAP include a leaky mask, trouble falling asleep, stuffy nose and a dry mouth.
  39. 39. AIRWAYS SIZE The primary purposes of intubation include: opening up the airway to give oxygen, anesthesia, or medicine. removing blockages. helping a person breathe if they have collapsed lungs, heart failure, or trauma
  40. 40. B-TYPE OXYGEN CYLINDER A gas cylinder is a pressure vessel for storage and containment of gases at above atmospheric pressure.
  41. 41. Oxygen stand with cylinder
  43. 43. ECG MACHINE : An electrocardiogram (ECG) is a simple test that can be used to check your heart's rhythm and electrical activity. Sensors attached to the skin are used to detect the electrical signals produced by your heart each time it beats.
  44. 44. ECG CABLE WITH
  46. 46. Type of ECG MACHINE
  47. 47. NEBULIZER MACHINE :TO PROVIDE NEBULIZATION A nebulizer is a small machine that turns liquid medicine into a mist. Medicine goes into your lungs as you take slow, deep breaths for 10 to 15 minutes. It is easy and pleasant to breathe the medicine into your lungs this way.
  51. 51. Height Scale-to measure the height
  52. 52. Infanto meter-to measure height • Infantometer is designed for measuring the baby's length in a lying down position. The headrest is fixed while the other end can be adjusted to the baby's foot area to measure the length.
  53. 53. Inch Tape : to measure the length
  54. 54. Clinical thermometer A clinical thermometer (also called clinical thermometer) is used for measuring human body temperature. The tip of the thermometer is inserted into the mouth under the tongue (oral or sub-lingual temperature), under the armpit (axillary temperature), or into the rectum via the anus (rectal temperature).
  55. 55. A digital thermometer is used to take/check an oral temperature
  56. 56. Stethoscopes: The stethoscope is an acoustic medical device for auscultation, or listening to the internal sounds of an animal or human body. It typically has a small disc-shaped resonator that is placed against the chest, and two tubes connected to earpieces. It is often used to listen to lung and heart sounds.
  57. 57. SPHYGMO-MONOMETER to measure blood pressure
  58. 58. Type of BP apparatus- To measure blood pressure
  59. 59. Pulse oxycemeter The purpose of pulse oximetry is to check how well your heart is pumping oxygen through your body. It may be used to monitor the health of individuals with any type of condition that can affect blood oxygen levels, especially while they're in the hospital.
  60. 60. Dyna plaster-used to wrap soft tissue injuries to provide compression and support. This helps to limit swelling and protects the affected area/secure the site
  61. 61. SUCTION TUBE The tubes illustrated are designed for removing small amounts of secretions from the nose, throat or ears. They are made of glass and are fitted to a suction pump. Near the angle the glass is blown into a bulb into which the secretion will run.
  62. 62. Manual Suction machine with parts A suction machine, also known as an aspirator, is a type of medical device that is primarily used for removing obstructions — like mucus, saliva, blood, or secretions — from a person's airway.
  64. 64. Needle different size
  65. 65. Needle and size
  66. 66. Different size of needle
  67. 67. Larngoscopy- Laryngoscopy can be used to treat some problems in the vocal cords or throat. For example, long, thin instruments can be passed down the laryngoscope to remove small growths (tumors or polyps) on the vocal cords.
  68. 68. used as part of a surgical procedure in evaluating kids with stridor (a noisy, harsh breathing) and removing foreign objects in the throat and lower airway. They're also used in collecting tissue samples (biopsies), laser treatments, and in locating cancer of the larynx.
  69. 69. Different size of blade with length
  70. 70. Endo tracheal tube Endotracheal intubation is done to: Keep the airway open in order to give oxygen, medicine, or anesthesia. Support breathing in certain illnesses, such as pneumonia, emphysema, heart failure, collapsed lung or severe trauma. Remove blockages from the airway.
  71. 71. continue
  72. 72. Tracheal tube-A tracheal tube is a catheter that is inserted into the trachea for the primary purpose of establishing and maintaining a patent airway and to ensure the adequate exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide
  73. 73. Tracheal T piece A T-tube is a silicone stent for the trachea with an external limb. This stent provides airway support for patients with a tracheal stenosis to allow the trachea to heal and avoid the need for a long term tracheostomy tube.
  74. 74. Tracheotomy tube The tracheostomy tube can be attached to a machine (ventilator) that supplies oxygen to assist with breathing to increase the flow of oxygen to your lungs.
  75. 75. Trachestomy placement
  76. 76. High Flow Nasal Cannula(HFNC)
  77. 77. Heated and Humidified High Flow Nasal Cannula
  78. 78. Non Invasive Ventilator Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) have been used in various unusual settings to assist breathing. NIV is now frequently used to treat exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and chronic respiratory failure in neuromuscular disease.
  80. 80. Different types of knee hammer
  82. 82. ventilator • A ventilator is a machine that helps you breathe when you're sick, injured, or sedated for an operation. It pumps oxygen-rich air into your lungs.
  83. 83. How do ventilators works
  84. 84. Types of ventilators work
  85. 85. Abbreviation used ventilator setting
  86. 86. Ventilator names
  87. 87. Modalities of ventilators
  88. 88. Regular Anesthesia machine
  89. 89. Comfort devices are
  90. 90. Air mattress Air mattresses are primarily used to prevent pressure injuries from occurring. Pressure is a big concern in all areas of healthcare, A bed cradle is a frame that is installed at the foot of the bed to keep sheets/blankets off legs/feet
  91. 91. Pillows serve to keep the upper body in alignment during sleep, relieving pressure and counterbalancing the points in the body.
  92. 92. Back rest –support back
  93. 93. Cardiac table –to support front
  94. 94. Knee rest –to support knee bed block-to raise the bed height
  95. 95. Trapeze bar- A trapeze bar is an important patient room accessory designed to help patients change positions while in bed, and aid in the transfer from bed to chairs with minimum attendant assistance.
  96. 96. Physical comfort devices
  97. 97. Sand bag –to bear the weight
  98. 98. Side rails-to protect the patients in bed
  99. 99. To maintain the extension of human part
  100. 100. Air cushion-to prevent pressure point in sacrum
  101. 101. Splint and brace-to support the disability parts
  102. 102. Bryant traction Bryant's traction is used for developmental dislocated hip(s) (DDH). In Bryant's traction, the child's body and the weights are used as tension to keep the end of the femur (the large bone that goes from the knee to the hip) in the hip socket.
  103. 103. Different types of traction
  104. 104. EMR crash cart: A crash cart or code cart (crash trolley in UK medical jargon) or "MAX cart" is a set of trays/drawers/shelves on wheels used in hospitals for transportation and dispensing of emergency medication/equipment at site of medical/surgical emergency for life support protocols (ACLS/ALS) to potentially save someone's life.
  105. 105. Top of the cart: IV fluids
  106. 106. Isotonic fluids and uses
  107. 107. Hypertonic and hypotonic
  108. 108. Triage color drugs list
  109. 109. Inj.Adrenaline (epinephrine ) Uses. This medication is used in emergencies to treat very serious allergic reactions to insect stings/bites, foods, drugs, or other substances. Epinephrine acts quickly to improve breathing, stimulate the heart, raise a dropping blood pressure, reverse hives, and reduce swelling of the face, lips, and throat.
  110. 110. Inj.Atropine sulphate • Atropine Injection is given before anaesthesia to decrease mucus secretions, such as saliva. During anaesthesia and surgery, atropine is used to help keep the heart beat normal. Atropine sulfate is also used to block or reverse the adverse effects caused by some medicines and certain type of pesticides.
  111. 111. Inj.Dopamine HCL It works by improving the pumping strength of the heart and improves blood flow to the kidneys. Dopamine injection (Intropin) is used to treat certain conditions that occur when you are in shock, which may be caused by heart attack, trauma, surgery, heart failure, kidney failure, and other serious medical conditions
  112. 112. Inj.dobutamine HCL Dobutamine is a medication used in the treatment of cardiogenic shock and severe heart failure. It may also be used in certain types of cardiac stress tests. It is given by injection into a vein or intraosseous as a continuous infusion.
  113. 113. Uses: inj.dobutamine
  114. 114. Inj. Xylocard
  115. 115. Use: inj.xylocard
  116. 116. Inj.dexamethozone This medication is used to treat various conditions such as severe allergic reactions, arthritis, blood diseases, breathing problems, certain cancers, eye diseases, intestinal disorders, and skin diseases. It is also used to test for an adrenal gland disorder (Cushing's syndrome). Dexamethasone injection is used to treat severe allergic reactions. Dexamethasone injection is in a class of medications called corticosteroids. It works to treat people with low levels of corticosteroids by replacing steroids that are normally produced naturally by the body.
  117. 117. Inj.digoxin Digoxin belongs to a class of medications called cardiac glycosides. It is used to treat mild-to-moderate congestive heart failure and to treat certain types of abnormal heart rhythms. Digoxin increases the force of contraction of the muscle of the heart by inhibiting the activity of an enzyme (ATPase) that controls movement of calcium, sodium, and potassium into heart muscle. Calcium controls the force of contraction.
  118. 118. Electrolyte injection • Sodium bicarbonate reduces stomach acid. It is used as an antacid to treat heartburn, indigestion, and upset stomach. Sodium bicarbonate is a very quick- acting antacid.
  119. 119. Inj.Calcium Gluconate Calcium gluconate is used to treat conditions arising fromcalcium deficiencies such as hypocalcemic tetany, hypocalcemia related to hypoparathyrodism and hypocalcemia due to rapid growth or pregnancy
  120. 120. Inj.potassium chloride Kcl Injection is a medicine used in the treatment of potassium deficiency in the body. This supplement can relieve muscle weakness, irregular heartbeat, nausea, and vomiting. It is an essential nutrient of the body which helps in the maintenance of good health.
  121. 121. Inj.megnesium sulphate Magnesium sulfate* Injection: 500 mg/ml in 2-ml ampoule; 500 mg/ml in 10-ml ampoule. * For use in eclampsia and severe pre- eclampsia and not for other convulsant disorders.
  122. 122. Uses : to replace the elctrolytes
  123. 123. Positive Inotrophic Drug
  124. 124. EMR Resuscitation Tray
  125. 125. Ward work base Trolley to carried out ward work
  126. 126. Dressing trolley set Dressing trolley is used in hospitals to carry out dressing or cleaning of patients after an operation. The tubular frame of hospital dressing trolley is made of various metals which are either painted or powder coated.
  127. 127. Medicine trolley –to distribute the drug of patients
  128. 128. Use: to check the saturation and pulse rate
  129. 129. Oxygen cylinder with stand 1) Clinical Purpose: A Container designed as a refillable cylinder used to hold compressed medical Oxygen (O2) under safe conditions at high pressure; O2 is used as an essential life support gas, for anesthesia, and for therapeutic purposes.
  130. 130. A Rhinoscope (or Nasoscope) is a thin, tube-like instrument used to examine the inside of the nose. A rhinoscope has a light and a lens for viewing and may have a tool to remove tissue.
  131. 131. Summary • Till now we discussed about the medical devices and equipments used in hospital and their significant in health care
  132. 132. Conclusion • I hope you all understand the devices and their uses . If you got chance to do work with theses equipment and devices will you able apply this knowledge .
  133. 133. References • Indian Standard Of Hospital Services From MOH AND FW • ESSENTIAL OF HOSPITAL SERVICES