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China Online Media and the Great Firewall

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From my experience in China, this is a presentation to briefly explain in an informative yet entertaining way the realities of working as a journalist there.

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China Online Media and the Great Firewall

  1. 1. Chinese Online Media Life Behind the Great Firewall By Andrea Hunt 11-16-12
  2. 2. Media and Us: • How many online media do you use everyday?image retrieved on 11-11-12 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Googlelogo.png image retrieved on 11-11-12 https://twitter.com/logo Image retrieved on 11-11-12 http://www.stolaf.edu/services/hr/jobs/
  3. 3. What if they were all blocked ?• How would this affect your personal life?• How would this affect school/work?• What would you use instead?• How would you access information online?Retrieved on 11-11-12 www.empowernetwork.com
  4. 4. Who has Access to What?• China online Media Landscape• How is information acquired and shared?• Chinese Substitutes to Western media• State media and foreign media• Not following the rules• Chinese social and online media Phenomenon
  5. 5. ‘Chinese Characteristics’ • 538 million Chinese ‘netizens’ online 2012 compared with 22 million in 2000Retrieved on 11-01-12 from http://www.internetworldstats.com/top20.htm
  6. 6. China Statistics:Retrieved 11-01-12 http://www.tealeafnation.com/2012/04/infographic-no-of- chinese-netizens-is-roughly-the-entire-population-of-n-america/
  7. 7. Facts: • Average internet user: 18.7 hours a week • 2011- largest population of online shoppers-Taobao • The watchdog group Reporters without Borders ranked China 171 out of 178 countries in its 2010 worldwide index of press freedom. • Internet Police believed to be 20 -50,000 peopleRetrieved on 11-14-12 http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2007/09/china-censors-internet-users-with-site-bans-cartoon-cop-spies-xiao-qiang/ Retrieved 11-11-12 http://m.npr.org/story/158448847Retrieved 11-1-12 http://www.cfr.org/china/media-censorship-china/p11515Retrieved on 11-14-12 http://en.rsf.org/china-china-12-03-2012,42077.html
  8. 8. Chinese substitutes
  9. 9. International Social media • Facebook in 100 languages worldwide • Twitter in 20 languages worldwideRetrieved on 11-12-12 Retrieved 11-12-12 http://www.insidefacebook.com/facebook-global-market-monitor/ Retrieved on 11-12-12 https://twitter.com/about
  10. 10. Problem with Chinese social media? • • Exception isRetrieved 11-11-12 http://studymorechinese.com/profiles/blogs/china-memesRetrieved on 11-14-12 http://www.weibo.com/
  11. 11. State owned vs Private Media? State Owned Private MediaChina Daily, Global Times, Xinhua www.eChinacities.comCRI (China Radio International), China Radio Cityweekend, Time Out Beijing, Guardian UKCCTV (9, 3, 5, 6, etc) Reuters Asia, Caijing, China Business Review (US-China Business Council)• Directly funded by government • Independently owned• Support and report government policy • More flexible coverage• China Daily has tried to be more edgy in • Self-censorship applies their commentary-often against social • Allowed to report but need to adhere to rules issues • Can be expelled or threatened for not following rules-• freely allowed to be racist if it’s in China’s ‘favor’ • (Al Jazeera English China- Melissa Chan-correspondent since 2007 visa not renewed. Beijing branch closed) • City Weekend Beijing wrote comical article about the Den, • sports bare notorious for hookers. Guards came to the office.• NO 3-T’s • China Daily-friend wrote critical article after having just arrived in China. Was followed on his birthday. Retrieved on 11-11-12 www.josephnorrie.com/blogspot Retrieved on 10-28-12 http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/05/201257195136608563.html
  12. 12. Propaganda• Distraction? Daiyu Island anti-Japanese protests• Problem: you can’t win all the time
  13. 13. Oops?Retrieved on 11-14-12 www.chinasmack.com
  14. 14. Notice Anything?
  15. 15. China Daily
  16. 16. “The situation is excellent” http://app1.chinadaily.com.cn/static/cd_web/ cpc2012/cpcday1/cpcday1.htmlRetrieved on 11-11-12 http://beijingcream.com/2012/11/which-province-watched-hu-jintaos- speech-yesterday-with-more-rapt-attention/#more-6503
  17. 17. Foreign Media versus ‘China’Retrieved on 11-12-12 http://rt.com/usa/news/us-money-media-wars/
  18. 18. Youtube vs China• 2008: 3-14 Riots• Posted on Youtube• Youtube blocked• Journalists kicked out• When the Tibet unrest happened, [the Chinese government] lost its nerve and went back to its traditional default position with regards to the foreign media, which is: “Don’t let anyone see anything.”94 —Beijing-based foreign correspondent Retrieved 10-28-12http://www.hrw.org/reports/2008/china0708/5.htm
  19. 19. 2009: RIP:Youtube/Facebook• Tiananmen Anniversary June 4.• Twitter,Youtube blocked• Riots in Xinjiang• July: Facebook BlockedRetrieved 11-04-12 http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=HCMZvhbU5nk&noredirect=1
  20. 20. China versus Google
  21. 21. Google.cn • 2007- Google enters market • 2009-Baidu launches • 2010- Google stops censoringRetrieved 10-24-12 http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/01/13 AR2010011302908.htm l
  22. 22. Who won?• Google services stopped Google.cn removed• Google.hk sometimes ok• Cuts out/blocked now• 2012-Baidu 73% market share
  23. 23. China vs NYT • NYT reports on Premier Wen Jiabao • Family worth $2.7 Billion • China’s foreign ministry spokesman said it "blackens Chinas name and has ulterior motives..." • NYT blocked still..ttp://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/oct/26/new-york-times-china-wen-jiabao Retrieved 11-11-12 http:// www.editorandpublisher.com/Article/New-York-Times-Blocked-in-China-Over-Wen-Jiabao-Wealth-Revelations Retrieved 11-12-12 http://beijingcream.com/2012/10/the-official-denials-have-begun-in-wen- jiabao-vs-new-york-times/
  24. 24. There are ways around this blockage...
  25. 25. Glorious VPN!!!Retrieved on 11-11-12 www.hulu.com retrieved on 11-11-12www.youtube.com
  26. 26. Working in Media• Terminology: ‘Taiwanese’ versus ‘People from Taiwan’• Taiwan, Tibet and Hong Kong always part of China• No mention of dissidents: Aiwei wei Falungong• No criticism of government unless they fixed the situation
  27. 27. How to report• CRI Sichuan trip for reopening of Beichuan School• 2008: Sichuan Earthquake.• 9,000 schoolchildren and teachers killed• 69,000 people dead and 15 million displaced• Faulty construction materials and pay offs blamed• Invited to cover reconstruction
  28. 28. China Phenomenon:
  29. 29. ‘Weibo’ and Blogs • Sina Weibo alone has 300 million users • 181 million blogs estimated • Government censored but not always fast enough • Discussions and photos • Can find out anything Retrieved on 11-1-12 http://www.resonancechina.com/2010/05/25/chinese-bloggers-62-7-active/ Retrieved on 11-15-2012 http://www.asianz.org.nz/our-work/media/seminars-and-networking/isaac-mao-visitRetrieved 11-01-12 http://blog.heritage.org/2012/09/11/can-chinas-social-media-break-the-chains-of-censorship/
  30. 30. Retrieved on 11-15-12 http://knowyourmeme.com/memes/subcultures/human-flesh-search-engine
  31. 31. Summary• The Net is an immeasurable entity, that can be controlled but not stopped completely• It’s not that you can’t access information in China or share it.• It’s WHO can access it and HOW
  32. 32. Questions?• Thanks for listening!! :D