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Simple and Continuous
República Bolivariana de Venezuela
Ministerio del Poder Popular Para la
Barquisimeto Estado Lara
The simple present is a present tense used to
talk about facts or general truths which
constitute habits, schedules or programs habits
and routines of everyday life.
Present Simple prayers are formed using the base of the verb in its
infinitive form. Recall that an infinitive is made up of 2 parts: the
particle "to" and the base which is the present tense; for example,
"to play" will use only the present tense ("play") to form sentences.
We call this "Word on your Form Simple".
Pronoun/subject + verb infinitive (third
person + s) + predicate + Expression of time.
Pronoun / subject + don't / doesn't (third
person) + verb infinitive . + Complement +
Expression of time
(Do / does)
Do / does (third person) + pronoun / Subject
+ Verb + Complement + simple expression of
Fernando plays soccer at the pitch on
Tuesdays and Thursdays
Fernando doesn't play football in the pitch every day.
Do you play football on the pitch Fernando
Tuesdays and Thursdays?
Simple Past tense is a Past that is used for:
To describe the actions that took place at a particular time in
Acts that have completed past but whose moment is not
To describe routines performed above.
Pronoun/Subject + Verb Past Form +
Complement + Time Expression
Pronoun/Subject + Aux. Didn´t (did not) +
Verb Present Form + Complement + Time Expression
Aux. Did + Subject + Verb Present Form +
Complement + Time Expression +?
Sebastian and Salvador visited his cousin in
Caracas last week.
Sebastian and Salvador did not visit his cousin last
Did Sebastian and Salvador visits his cousins who
live in Caracas last week?
Simple future or "simple future" is used to describe actions
that will be developed in the future, without specifying when.
English is usually expressed this tense with modal "shall / will"
or building "be going to"
Future shall and will :
The future is formed with the auxiliary verb 'will' followed by
the infinitive without 'to'.
For the first person singular and plural can also use "shall"
The contracted form of will and Shall is'll
2.-To express decisions made by the speaker at the time of speaking,
without having it previously expected.
• Andrea will call this afternoon
3.-To express predictions, assumptions or deductions speaker on a future
•It will rain at night. (prediction).
•He would like the gift. (supposition).
•He will one day Dr. (deduction).
4.- When express orders, requests and promises.
•She will do your homework. (order).
•You will close the closet? (petition)
•I will do everything possible to help. (promise).
Applications and examples:
1.-To discuss certain events occur in the future, with or without
intervention of the subject in action.
•I´ll be 32 tomorrow
Futuro con ‘’be goint to’’
1.-To express plans, decision or intention to do something in
the near future. This construction is used in the informal
•We are going to go to the movie tomorrow.
•I'm going to visit my mom.
2.- When you are confident that something will happen.
•It is going to snow.
•Sofia going to have a girl
The progressive or continuous present is a present tense which is
used in two cases:
•To Describe facts or actions that the subject is performing when
•To Talk about an action or plans that we will do in the near
To form sentences in Present Progressive, use the verb "to be" of
each of the personal pronoun followed by the verb or action
gerund. Recall that in the English language, that a verb is in
Gerundia form should be added at the end of each verb ending in
"-ing" which in Spanish translates as the terminations "-ing", "-
iendo "or" -going "
Pronoun / subject + Aux. "To be" + Verb-
ing + Complement + Expression of time
Pronoun / subject + Aux. "To be" - not +
Verb Complement Expression ing time
Aux. "To be" + pronoun / Subject +
Verb-ing + Complement + + Expression of
(Am, is are)(Am, is are)
(Am not, isn(Am not, isn
´t, aren´t)´t, aren´t)
Luis is sleeping in his home at the moment.
Luis is not sleeping in his home at the moment.
Is Luis sleeping in his home at the moment?
(Am, is are)(Am, is are)
(Am not, isn(Am not, isn
´t, aren´t)´t, aren´t)
Continuous Past is past tense, which is used to discuss the
development of an action that was set in a specific time, or do not
know which end is irrelevant, as well as to express that an action
took place when another he finally stopped and refer to actions
To express in a sentence that takes an action in the past, or actions that
are performed simultaneously to use the auxiliary "was / were," which is
the last of the verb "to be", which we have seen in the Past Simple . In
addition, we use the base of the infinitive and adding the ending "-ing".
That is, we use the verb in gerund, with rules already studied in the
present continuous. You can use the same expressions time of the Past
Estructura de las oraciones:
Pronoun / Subject + was / were + Verb - ing
+ Complement + Time expression
Pronoun / subject + wasn't / weren't + Verb-
ing + Complement + Time Expression
Was / were + Subject + verb-ing + Complement
+ Time expression +?
Alejandro was playing soccer last week
Alejandro was not playing football last week
Alexander was playing soccer last week?
According to the different manuals of English grammar, this tense
called the Future Continuous (Future Continuous) or Future
Progressive (Progressive Future) and is expressed by WILL BE + ING
In this structure, the auxiliary will be used for all people (Shall not
used) and is followed by the infinitive of the verb be plus the -ing
form of the corresponding verb
• I will be at work tomorrow
• They will be arriving at 8:45
• Erika will be meeting with him
In everyday casual speech, the contraction of the auxiliary verb
will it 'll:
• I´ll be at work tomorrow
• They ´ll be arriving at 8:45
• Erika ´ll be meeting with him
The The negative effect is obtained by placing the particle
not after the auxiliary will, ie will not and will not shrink from
it will not.
• José will not be playing the piano tomorrow.
The interrogative form is obtained by reversing the order of
the subject and the auxiliary will:
• Will you be coming tonight?
• How long will you be staying?
1.- To refer to an individual act that will take place in the future.
•We will be flying in a few moments.
•We will be leaving at about 8
•We will meet at the school in the afternoon.
2.- To refer to events that take place repeatedly in the future.
•I'll be sleeping early every day next week.
3.- To refer to activities taking place over a period of time in the
•We will be staying for four weeks.
•This time next week, I'll be arriving in Caracas .
Usos y ejemplos:
This structure is used to refer to future events or activities that
have already been decided or previously agreed. It carries no
emphasis or particular intention, but simply refers to events or
activities that will take place in all probability cases where this
structure is used: