Scope and opportunities of pharmacy

Asst. Professor um MVPs Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences,Nashik
9. Jan 2021

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Scope and opportunities of pharmacy

  1. Prof. Amol Deore Department of Pharmacology MVPs Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nashik SCOPE OF PHARMACY
  2. What is Pharmacy?
  3. Pharmacy is the word deals with drugs and medicines. Pharmacy is the profession deals with health care and its main purpose is the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical product.
  4. •Pharmacy is the profession responsible for the appropriate use of medications, devices and services to achieve optimal therapeutic outcomes.
  5. What is Pharmacy? • Pharmacy is one of the most accessible and trusted health care professions. • This profession is commonly deals with the compounding and dispensing of medicine. • The person who is expert in knowledge about medicines is pharmacist in hospitals or druggist in drug store.
  6. Pharmaceutical Exports From India • The Indian pharmaceuticals market is the third largest in terms of volume and the 13th largest in terms of value. • Pharmaceuticals* export from India stood at US$ 20.70 billion in 2019–20. • India is the largest supplier of generic medicines globally (20–22% of the global export volume) • India has one of the lowest manufacturing costs in the world. It is lower than that of USA and almost half of Europe.
  7. Indian Pharmaceuticals Industry Analysis • Indian pharmaceutical sector supplies over 50% of the global demand for various vaccines, 40% of the generic demand for US and 25% of all medicines for UK. • India contributes the second largest share of pharmaceutical and biotech workforce in the world. • India’s domestic pharmaceutical market turnover reached Rs. 1.4 lakh crore (US$ 20.03 billion) in 2019, up 9.8% y-o- y from Rs. 1.29 lakh crore (US$ 18.12 billion) in 2018.
  8. Indian drugs are exported to more than 200 countries in the world, with US being the key market. Generic drugs account for 20% of the global export in terms of volume, making the country the largest provider of generic medicines globally. It is expected to expand even further in the coming years. Affordable medicines under Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushdhi Kendra's (PMBJKs) achieved an impressive sale of Rs. 100.40 crore (US$ 14.24 million) in the first two months of FY21.
  9. MEDICINES Allopathic Medicines Unani Medicines Homeopathic Medicines Chinese Medicines Allopathic Medicines Ayurvedic Medicines Biotechnology Medicines
  11. OTC products (Over The Counter)
  12. Pillars of Pharmaceutical Sciences: •Pharmaceutics •Pharmaceutical Chemistry •Pharmacology •Pharmacognosy •Pharmaceutical Analysis •Medicinal chemistry
  13. Pharmacy Education • The Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) and All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) control pharmacy education in India. • Qualifications at different levels include Bachelor of Pharmacy (B. Pharm), Master of Pharmacy (M. Pharm), Diploma in Pharmacy (D. Pharm), Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm. D) and PhD in pharmacy.
  14. Eligibility for admission into pharmacy profession • Students can get entry into pharma profession after 12th Science either through D. Pharma 2 years course on the basis of PCB/PCM in 12th science. • To get entry in 4 years degree course of B. Pharma by giving entrance test ether at state level or central level. • After D. Pharma students can continued there study by admission into B. Pharma 2nd year on the basis of percentage in D. Pharma.
  15. Higher studies • Student can continued their studies by giving GPAT exam for the purpose of M. Pharma 2 years post graduation. • After M.Pharma studies can be continued in doctorate degree. • M.Pharma can be done by giving GPAT and then apply for entrance on the basis of rank in any university. • M.pharma can be done in any one of the four subject all has there own importance. • Mainly there are four subjects Pharmacognosy, pharmacology, Pharmachemistry, Phrmaceutics, quality control and quality assurance, pharmaceutical management.
  16. Pharmacy colleges in India: 3568 •D. Pharm: 527 •B. Pharm: 1690 •M. Pharm: 808 •Pharma D: 268 While the number of seats across India for degree and diploma pharmacy courses increased to 2,62,698 in 2019-20 from 2,04,951 in 2018-19, the number of institutes rose to 3,276 in 2019-20 from 2,306 in 2018-19.
  17. • INTERNATIONAL • United state of food and drug administration (USFDA) • World Health Organization (WHO) • INDIA • Government of India Directory of Health and Family Welfare • Drug controller general of India (DCGI) Drug Regulatory Authorities
  18. Scope of Pharmacy In India • The Indian pharmaceutical industry is one of the largest pharma industries in the world. This increases the scope of pharma studies in India. • Career options are not only available in India, but worldwide. Research and Development is a major area in the pharma industry, where new drug development, formulation development, analysis and toxicological studies are performed. • These analysis are done through sophisticated and state-of-the-art machines. • For research and development purposes, highly skilled researchers and technicians are in high demand who have M. Pharm or have done their PhD.
  19. With the growing pharma industry in India, pharma students have a number of careers options. • From hospital pharmacist to community pharmacist and the likes of drug inspector, there are plenty of options to choose from. • “With the increase in the demand for medicines, employment in the pharma industry is also increasing. • Teaching is also becoming a favourable option for students after they gain experience in a particular field. • Pharmaceutical marketing and sales are among the highest paid jobs in India,
  20. Scope and opportunities for pharmacists •Community pharmacy •Health System Pharmacy •Industrial Pharmacy •Government Pharmacy •Pharmaceutical Education
  21. Community pharmacy • Community pharmacy, also known as retail pharmacy, is the most common type of pharmacy that allows the public access to their medications and advice about their health. • Traditionally known as a chemist, it is the healthcare facility that is responsible for the provision of pharmaceutical service to a specific community group or region. • Most community pharmacies have a commercial store with a combination of medicinal goods only available with a prescription and those with that can be purchased over- the-counter.
  22. Community pharmacy
  23. Role of the Community Pharmacist •Processing prescriptions: •Checking for drug interactions •Dispensing medications •Disposing of medication •Providing advice •Promotion of healthy lifestyle
  24. Processing prescriptions: checking the prescription from the doctor and preparing the medication for the patient. • Checking for drug interactions: making sure that the medications and doses are appropriate for the patient considering health factors and other medications. • Dispensing medications: labeling the medication correctly with instructions for the patient about how to take the medication. • Disposing of medication: taking unneeded medications from patients and disposing of them safely.
  25. Providing advice: helping patients to understand their health and medicines and giving appropriate advice. Promotion of healthy lifestyle: supporting patients to make healthier choices, such as eating more nutritious food, exercising more often or stopping smoking. As the community pharmacist is often the health professional that patients see most often, they play an important role in the continued healthcare and checkups for patients. Additionally, they are in a good position to recommend routine screenings (e.g. for bowel cancer) at appropriate life stages.
  26. Health systems pharmacy •Practice of pharmacy in private and government owned hospitals, health maintenance organization, clinics, walk-in-health centers, and nursing homes. •Hospital pharmacy practice involves working extensively with other members of the health care team, including physicians, nurses, and other health professionals and workers.
  27. Hospital Pharmacist
  28. Role of Hospital Pharmacist • Devising specific medication plans that are individualized for patients • Assisting physicians and other health professionals to make drug- based decisions • Compounding medications for use in the hospital • Helping patients to understand their medications and how to take them • Conducting clinical trials to uncover new or modified treatments for rare diseases • Providing medicines in emergency situations • Assisting in specialized medical care, such as for cancer patients
  29. Industrial pharmacy • Industrial pharmacy is the process which includes manufacturing, development, marketing and distribution of drug products including quality assurance of the developed drug. • Industrial pharmacists conduct research, testing and analysis in the development of medicines and production of pharmaceuticals and related supplies. • Industrial pharmacists use the latest methods, technologies and processes to develop new medications, and may be involved in clinical drug trials.
  30. Industrial pharmacy
  31. The industrial pharmacy field provides opportunities to pharmacists of all education levels. This includes • Sales Representatives or Medical Representatives. • Marketing and Legal Departments • Professional Communications Managers • Clinical Research Scientists • R&D Personnel • Production and Quality control Supervisory Positions
  32. Government Pharmacy Service • Pharmacists can also work in government organisations like military services. • Govt. also provides vacancies under various programmes both on permanent and temporary basis in National programmes, National Health Mission, R.B.S.K (Rastriya Bala Suraksha Karyakrama).
  33. PHARMACIST IN GOVERNMENT SERVICE •Pharmacist in Indian Army, Navy, Air force & Govt. Hospitals •Drug Inspectors – Govt. of INDIA and State level •Scientists- Food and Drugs, I.P, ICMR, CIMAP, IICT laboratories •Govt. University Professors and HODs •Opportunity to be Selected in UPSC and State •Public Service Commissions.
  34. Government Analysts and Forensic Scientists Research on tropical diseases, Public health Govt. Certified Pharmacologist &Toxicologist Govt. Approved Chemist Consultants ( Mental health, Addiction, family planning, immunization)
  35. Abroad, opportunities M.S M.B.A (Pharma) PhD and Post Doc Research work in Various Universities & Organizations GRE-USA GMAT TOEFL-USA, UK TOEFL-USA, UK IELTS AUS, CANADA,UK, NEW ZEALAND IELTS AUS,CANADA UK,NZ Work as registered Pharmacist in Middle East and in Gulf .
  36. Study abroad • The one that has completed Phar.D. /M. Pharm (Pharmacy Practice/Clinical Pharmacy) will register for Ph.D. in India/abroad. • After Phar.D., some western countries provide specialty programs like medical specialty, pharmacotherapy, nuclear pharmacy, nutrition support, psychiatry, ambulant care, etc. • Such specialty courses don't seem to be nonetheless obtainable in India, however, would be gettable in so much future
  37. Regulatory affairs •Regulatory affairs officers act as a link between companies and regulatory authorities, ensuring that products are manufactured and distributed in compliance with appropriate legislation. •Regulatory affairs officers ensure that products such as cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and veterinary medicines meet legislative requ`irements.
  38. Key duties of the job include: • studying scientific and legal documents • gathering, evaluating, organising, managing and collating information in a variety of formats • ensuring compliance with regulations set by the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) • maintaining familiarity with company product ranges • planning, undertaking and overseeing product trials and regulatory inspections • keeping up to date with changes in regulatory legislation and guidelines • analysing complicated information, including trial data • offering advice about company policies, practices and systems
  39. • obtaining marketing permission • outlining requirements for labelling, storage and packaging • using a variety of specialist computer applications • liaising and negotiating with regulatory authorities • providing advice about regulations to manufacturers/scientists • writing comprehensible, user-friendly, clear product information leaflets and labels • ensuring that quality standards are met and submissions meet strict deadlines • preparing documentation.