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Indirect Speech Vorbirea indirecta presupune repetarea a ceea ce s-a scris sau s-a spus intr-o comunicare. Se considera transformarile de pe slide-urile urmatoare doar atunci cand verbul de raportat este la un timp trecut. Atunci cand verbul este la prezent, timpurile din propozitiile care se raporteaza raman neschimbate.
Transformarivb. directa vb. indirecta Present Simple Past Simple Present Continuous Past Continuous Past Simple Present Perfect Simple Past Perfect Simple Past Perfect Simple Past Continuous Present Perfect Past Perfect Continuous Continuous Past Perfect Continuous
Transformarivb. directa vb. indirecta Will => Would Would => Would Shall => Should Should => Should Can => Could Could => Could May => Might Might => Might Must => Must
Transformarivb. directa vb. indirectaHere ThereNow ThenToday That dayYesterday The day before/ the previous day2 days/ 3 years (etc.)ago 2 months/ 3 years (etc.) beforeLast month/ year etc. A (the) month/ year (etc.) before; The previous month/ yearTomorrow The next day/ the following dayNext year/summer etc. The next year/summer etc.
exemple Present Simple Past Simple “I don’t want this book.”, he He said he didn’t want that said book (don’t want => didn’t want) (this => that) Present Continuous Past Continuous “She’s working hard for this I told my manager (that) she presentation”, I told my was working hard for that manager. presentation (is working => was working) (this => That)
exemple Past Simple Past Perfect Simple “Tom gave up his job yesterday”, my My brother informed me (that) Tom brother informed me. had given up his job the previous day. (gave up => had given up) (yesterday => the previous day) Present Perfect Simple Past Perfect Simple “I have written a poem”, she She exclaimed (that) she had written a exclaimed. poem. (have written => had written) Past Perfect Simple Past Perfect Simple “I had forgotten my wallet”, he He explained he had forgotten his explained. wallet. (had forgotten had forgotten) => his) (my =>
exemple Past Continuous Past Perfect Continuous “I was reading the book at this time She said she had been reading the yesterday”,she said. newspaper at that time yesterday. (was reading => had been reading) (this => that) Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous “My mum has been calling you since He told me his mum had been calling lunch time”, he told me. me since lunch time. (my => his) (has been calling => had been calling) (you => me) Past Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous “I had been repairing the car for one He claimed he had been repairing the hour before your arrival”, he claimed. car for one hour before my arrival. (I => he) (had been repairing => had been repairing) (your => my)
exemple Will Would “She will do it”, I exclaimed. I exclaimed that she would do it. Would Will He said he would have finished “I will have finished by then”, he by then. said. Would Would He said (that) he would like a “I would like a piece of cake”, piece of cake. he said. Should Should He told me (that) I should take “You should take care”, he told care. me.
exemple Can Could “My brother can swim”, she She boasted her brother could boasted. swim. May Might “You may go there”, I told my I told my boy he might go there. boy. Might Might I said it might rain that night. “It might rain tonight”, I said. Must Must He told her she mustn’t eat that. “You musn’t eat that”, he told her.
Intrebari – atentie la ordinea cuvintelor!!!(din interogativ trece in afirmativ) “Why are you going He asked why I was there?”, he asked. going there. “Where do you live?”, She asked where I she asked. lived. “Has she been there?”, My mum wondered if my mum wondered. she had been there. “Who are you?”, she She asked him who he asked him. was.
Infinitive, exclamatii “Type these letters”, the The boss told his secretary boss told his secretary. to type those letters. “Don’t go there!”, I told my I told my boy not to go there. boy. She exclaimed that the “What a nice morning!”, she morning was nice. exclaimed. “Congratulations!”, he told He congratulated his wife. his wife. “Taxi!”, he shouted. He called a taxi. “Merry Christmas!”, she told us. She wished us Merry Christmas.