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Personel hygiene & hand washing

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Personel hygiene & hand washing

  1. 1. PERSONAL HYGIENE, HAND WASHING TECHNIQUE, USE OF ANTISEPTIC HAND RUB Aman Ullah B.Sc. MLT M. Phil Microbiology Master in Health Research Certificate in Health and Physical Education
  2. 2. Personal Hygiene Individual's practice to keep the cleanliness of his all parts of body and clothes which can help to prevent disease transmission and create ones good aesthetic condition
  3. 3. Personal Hygiene cont..  The benefits of safe water supply and sanitation efforts in a given community can easily be lost if the communities still carry on with the poor personal hygiene behavior and the same is true for the foods  The water that we drink and the food we eat need to be kept in a sanitary condition and used hygienically
  4. 4. Mode of transmission of disease and contamination from unhygienic person and environment to healthy individual and vise versa
  5. 5. Personal Hygiene cont..  Personal hygiene costs very little when it is compared with its importance  Personal hygiene includes; the hygiene of the hand, body, feet, tooth, eye, cloths, genital areas, and the like
  6. 6. Personal Hygiene cont.. The hand:  Failure to perform appropriate hand hygiene is considered to be important route for disease transmission  Finger nails, if not properly cleaned and trimmed, are suitable locations for accumulation of dirt and germs
  7. 7. Personal Hygiene cont.. The feet: We can keep our feet hygienic by cleaning the feet, shoes and socks Regular washing of our feet prevents from fungal attack and undesirable health consequences When cleanliness of the toes is neglected, the bad odor generated has social consequences
  8. 8. Personal Hygiene cont.. The skin:  Wash your body with warm water and soap preferably everyday to remove dust and dirt  Wear the right size and type of clothes to suit local weather conditions  Sweat and oily secretion from the skin cause dust to stick on its surface and clogs the skin pores, this favor growth of bacteria which cause various disease and undesirable odor
  9. 9. Personal Hygiene cont.. The mouth and teeth:  Keep the mouth and teeth clean at all times  If this aspect of oral hygiene is neglected, food particles caught between the teeth decay quickly causing gum and tooth disease as well as bad breath  To prevent this undesirable situation, immediately after eating, the tooth should be brushed and the mouth flushed out with copious amount of water
  10. 10. Personal Hygiene cont.. The head:  The scalp and hair should be kept clean by washing with soap and warm water  Dirty scalp harbor parasites such as lice, which can transmit disease, cause inability to sleep and consequently poor health  Dirt on the head can also allow spores of ringworm to develop
  11. 11. Personal Hygiene cont.. The nose:  The nose contains hairs in the nostrils that filter dirt and germs from the air  For this reason the nostrils should at all times keep clean by using a handkerchief or blowing at intervals to remove the accumulated dust and spores  This way, the incidence of infection that usually starts at the throat can be reduced or controlled
  12. 12. Personal Hygiene cont.. The eyes:  Dirty eye is the place for common housefly  Germs carried on the flies’ legs can be deposited in or near the eyes and may cause diseases  Eyes should be washed In the morning together with face, after exposure to dust, smoke and soot or other contagious matter
  13. 13. Personal Hygiene cont.. The genitalia:  Emphasis has to be given to keep the pubic and genital areas clean  Shaving of pubic hair is one of the main important parts for the genital hygiene  Benefits of keeping genital hygiene are good relationship with sexual partner and to prevent disease transmission, insect infestation and developing offensive smell
  14. 14. How does personal hygiene prevents us from developing a disease  Like any other forms of life, microbes that cause illness require suitable environment to survive, grow and multiply  When these basic requirements are not met due to cleanliness microbial growth and multiplication is discouraged denying them their chance of causing disease
  15. 15. Hand washing technique Preparation
  16. 16. Hand washing technique cont..
  17. 17. Hand washing technique cont..
  18. 18. Hand washing technique cont..
  19. 19. Antiseptic Hand rub  Antiseptic hand rub is used to reduce or inhibit the growth of microorganisms without the need for an exogenous source of water and requiring no rinsing or drying with towels or other devices  Healthcare workers should wash hands with soap and water when hands are visibly dirty, contaminated or soiled and use an antiseptic hand rub when hands are not visibly soiled to reduce bacterial counts
  20. 20. Antiseptic Hand rub cont.. Alcohol-based hand rubs may be a better option than traditional hand washing with plain soap and water or antiseptic hand wash because:  Require less time  More effective for standard hand washing than soap  More accessible than sinks  Reduce bacterial counts on hands  Improve skin condition
  21. 21. Thanks

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