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Outcome-Based Education

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Outcome-Based Education

  1. 1. Learning Outcomes
  2. 2. In life, which is more important? Destination or Journey?
  3. 3. <ul><li>Playing well or winning? </li></ul><ul><li>Shopping or owning? </li></ul><ul><li>Great job or great pay? </li></ul><ul><li>Driving outstation or arriving? </li></ul><ul><li>Sleeping or awaking? </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoying or finishing the book? </li></ul><ul><li>Studying or taking exams? </li></ul>
  4. 4. An educational method that focuses on what students can actually do after they are taught. O.B.E.
  5. 5. Why is it important to know the outcomes prior to planning and teaching?
  6. 6. What do you want the students to learn? (Learning Outcomes) Why should they learn it? (Motivation) How can you best help students learn it? (Teaching Strategies) How will you know if they have learnt it? (Assessment)
  7. 7. Course Objective Course Learning Outcome <ul><li>Not behavioral in nature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verbs: Know, Understand </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One course objective may generate several learning outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives are intended results or consequences of instruction, curricula, programmes, or activities. </li></ul><ul><li>What THE STUDENTS are be able to do (specific) at the end of instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Stated in behavioral terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verbs: Identify, Discuss, Evaluate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Several learning outcomes are derived from one course objective </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes are achieved results or consequences of what was learned – evidence that some learning took place. </li></ul><ul><li>What THE TEACHER expects students to know and be able to do (as a whole) at the end of instruction </li></ul>
  8. 8. Why Learning Outcomes? <ul><li>Provide direction in the planning of a learning activity </li></ul><ul><li>Focus learner’s behavior on that is to be changed </li></ul><ul><li>Serve as guidelines for content, instruction and evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Identify specifically what should be learned </li></ul><ul><li>Convey to learners exactly what is to be accomplished </li></ul>
  9. 9. Objective: To provide participants with a good understanding of outcome-based education Outcome: Participants must be able to demonstrate their grasp of OBE by, e.g. writing learning outcomes for the courses they teach A Sample…
  10. 10. Exercise: Write the objectives and outcomes for two lessons in the subject you teach
  11. 11. What are the characteristics of good learning outcomes?
  12. 12. Achievable
  13. 13. Observable
  14. 14. Measurable / Accessible
  15. 15. Challenging
  16. 17. What is a HIGHER-ORDER Thinking Skill?
  17. 18. Bloom’s Taxonomy : Cognitive Domain Diploma Bachelor Post-Grad
  18. 19. In 2001, there was a revision to Bloom’s…
  19. 22. Learning is creating meaning and knowledge forms