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English 6-dlp-8-decoding-meaning-of-unfamiliar-words-using-context

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ENGLISHENGLISHENGLISHENGLISH
Marcy_cb21
6666
Module 8
A DepEd-BEAM Distance Learning Program supported by the Australian A...
89
Dear Learner,
How are you today?
In your previous module you’ve learned about words with multiple
meanings. This module...
90
______ 3. The green trees and the bright sunshine were something to
behold.
a. radiating; reflecting
b. intelligent; cl...
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English 6-dlp-8-decoding-meaning-of-unfamiliar-words-using-context

  1. 1. ENGLISHENGLISHENGLISHENGLISH Marcy_cb21 6666 Module 8 A DepEd-BEAM Distance Learning Program supported by the Australian Agency for International Development DECODING MEANING OF UNFAMILIAR WORDS USING CONTEXT CLUES
  2. 2. 89 Dear Learner, How are you today? In your previous module you’ve learned about words with multiple meanings. This module will guide you how to get the exact meaning of a word by using it in context. This module will help you use context clues which means “to get the meaning of the word as it is used with other words.” Therefore, the words that precede and follow an unfamiliar word will help you get its specific meaning. Select the best definition of the boldface word in each sentence from the choices given. Write the letter of the definition in the blank. ______ 1. At the end of the term the manager received one thousand pounds as retirement pension. a. strikes heavily b. units of money c. units of weight ______ 2. After examining the cause, the archaeologist pronounced them the finest gallery of prehistoric art. a. testing the condition b. inspecting closely c. inquiring carefully To the Learner Let’s Try This Let’s Learn This
  3. 3. 90 ______ 3. The green trees and the bright sunshine were something to behold. a. radiating; reflecting b. intelligent; clever c. lively; cheerful ______ 4. We are team, designing and creating the festival hats. a. plotting against someone b. sketching outline for a project c. projecting mental schemes ______ 5. The gentleman was spotting an attractive tie. a. to secure with string or the like b. same score c. necktie used as part of men’s attire • Are you done? • Were all your answers like these? 1. units of money 2. inspecting closely 3. radiating; reflecting 4. sketching outline for a project 5. necktie used as part of men’s attire • Write your score inside the big flower. • Let’s move on to the next activity.
  4. 4. 91 Study the following paragraph. Find out the correct meaning of draft by studying the context. • Note the italicized word draft in the paragraph. Let’s look at its meaning by studying the context. (1) draft – a current air (2) draft – a plan (3) draft – a written order for money payable to a bank (4) draft – to select or draw money (5) draft – to drink or something taken in. • When we use context clues in learning the meaning of a word, we read the words that follow it and then derive its meaning from them or from the context. Let’s Study This A strong draft had blown the window open. With a loud clutter, it blew away the window shutter. Shivering, Cindy got up the bed to draft a temporary replacement for the shutter until daybreak. As soon as the bank opened, she would encash the draft her mother had sent so she could buy a good window shutter. Then she would draft her friends to help put up the shutter. She would reward her friends with a cold draft of fruit juice. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
  5. 5. 92 Example: The heavy rain muffles the loud music in the bedroom that’s why the baby’s sleep remains undisturbed. • Which word in the sentence means “to deaden the sound of” or “to keep down”? The word muffle means “to keep down.” What is the correct meaning of each italicized word? Choose your answer from the box opposite each set. Write only the letter. (Note: Numbers 1 and 2 correspond to 3 points each. Number 3 corresponds to 4 points.) 1. ______ A. Each child had brought his/her racket for the game. a. plan for getting money b. metal or wooden hoop for playing tennis c. loud noise ______ B. What a racket they made as they played their game! ______ C. What racket can I make to take advantage of this disturbance? 2. ______ A. The hunters wanted to get some leopards but the quarry was too clever for them. a. excavation from which stone is taken by cutting or blasting b. cutting, digging for or taking stones c. animal being hunted down. ______ B. We went to the quarry to get some stones for our project. ______ C. In some places, quarrying is prohibited to prevent landslides. Let’s Do This
  6. 6. 93 3. ______ A. I will never forget the date February 14. a. oblong, sweet, juicy fruit b. obsolete or old- fashioned c. point of time d. an appointment ______ B. Somebody gave us a package of date. ______ C. We ate so much of the exotic food that we had to make a date with the dentist. ______ D. Instead of the modern dental laboratory we expected to see, the dentist’s equipment was dated. • Are you done? • Look at the Answer Key to check your answers. • What’s your score in? _________ • Let’s continue…Do your best this time. Directions: Use the context clues to the sentences to find the meanings of the bold faced words. Write your answer in your notebook. 1. Jane was a wizard at games. She mastered them in no time and seldom last. evil magician gifted person average player Let’s Do More
  7. 7. 94 A context clue is a clue or hint from the sentence that helps you to figure out words that you don’t know. Context clues help you figure out the meaning of a word by relating it to other words in the sentence or this simply means that we get the meaning of a word by studying its relationship with other words in the sentence. Some clues are more obvious than the others. 2. The holiday was so special that she was sure she’d never forget it. The memory would be imprinted forever in her mind. found weighed fixed 3. “John will believe anything anyone tells him,” his teacher said. “He’s a very impressionable young man.” easily influenced unhappy unintelligent 4. “Do you really think it’s prudent to spend all your money on clothes?” his mother asked crossly. foolish wise funny 5. “Your plan has merit,” Elizabeth’s father said. “Let me give it some thought.” value awards kindness 6. John was very gregarious and loved being around people. shy outgoing unfriendly • Are you done? • Look at the Answer Key again to check your answers. • How much did you get? __________ • Very Good! That’s better. Let’s Remember This
  8. 8. 95 Let’s take a look at the example. Read and choose the best meaning of the underlined word by using the context clue. ______ 1. A choreographer is someone who creates dance compositions and designs dance movements and patterns for dance. a. one who designs houses b. one who designs dances c. one who dances ______ 2. It was a horrible experience, quite unlike the glorious moment she has dreamed of. a. beautiful b. shocking c. frightful d. both b and c • Do we have the same choices? • For number 1. it’s letter b 2. it’s letter c A. Context Clues: Leonardo da Vinci Directions: Read the sentences below. Use the context clues to figure out the meaning of the bold words. Write your answer in your notebook. 1. Some people are perplexed when they look at The Last Supper, but others understand it immediately. unhappy happy puzzled Let’s Test Ourselves
  9. 9. 96 2. Because his model felt melancholy about the death of her child, da Vinci had music played to lift her spirits as he painted the Mona Liza. sad unfriendly hostile 3. Because da Vinci’s work is so famous, many people erroneously assume that he left behind many paintings. In fact, he left only 20. rightly correctly wrongly 4. Leanardo da Vinci was not like most other people. He didn’t care what others thought of him-he led an interesting and unconventional life. dull not ordinary ordinary 5. The composition of the The Last Supper is superb. All the parts of the painting seem to fit together beautifully. The picture frame parts of the picture 6. Leonardo’s genius set him apart from people with ordinary minds. He never married, he had few friends and he spent much of his time alone. great mental abilities great physical abilities improper way to do things proper way to do things 7. Because he was a loner, da Vinci worried no one would come to his funeral when he died. In his will, he set aside 70 cents each to hire 60 mourners to accompany his body to his grave. friends people who grieve people who smile
  10. 10. 97 B. Context Clue: Passenger Cars Directions: Read the information about passenger cars. Use context clues to determine the meaning of words in bold. Check the correct answers. In the United States, it wasn’t long before passenger cars were lengthened to hold more people. Late in the 1830s, Americans were riding in elongated cars with double seats on either side of a center aisle. By the early 1900s, most cars were made of metal instead of wood. Sleeping and dining cars were introduced in the United States by the early 1860s. Over the next 25 years other improvements were made, including electric lighting, steam heat and covered vestibules that allowed passengers to walk between cars. All of these luxuries helped make railroad travel much more comfortable. 1. Based on the other words in the sentence, what is the correct definition of hazards? engines risks stations 2. Based on the other words in the sentence, what is the correct definition of collision? crash race track 3. Based on the other words in the sentence, what is the correct definition of elongated? wooden new lengthened Early railroad passenger cars were little more than stagecoaches fitted with special wheels to help them stay on the tracks. They didn’t hold many passengers, and because they were made out, they were fire hazards. They also did not hold up very well if the train came off the track or had a collision with another train.
  11. 11. 98 4. Based on the other words in the sentence, what is the correct definition of vestibules? passageways cars depots 5. Based on the other words in the sentence, what is the correct definition of luxuries? additions things offering the greatest comfort Inventions C. Who’s Invisible Now? By Karleen Bradford 1“Don’t sit on Eleonor!” Jane screamed, causing her mother’s best friend to leap back up from the chair on which she was about to sit, and spill her tea. Mrs. Tripp looked resignedly at Mrs. Lister. 2“Eleanor’s still with us, I see,” she said mopping at the spilled tea on her lap with her handkerchief. 3“Really, Jane, this business of your invisible friend is becoming a nuisance,” Mrs. Lister said, running for the paper towels. 4“I’m sorry, Mrs. Tripp,” Jane said. “She was just sitting there for a minute waiting for me to come so we could go up to my room.” 5“Er, Jane dear,” Mrs. Tripp said, looking at her over the top of her huge, black-rimmed glasses, “don’t you think you’d be happier with a real friend? My Susie would love to see more of you, I know.” 6Jane didn’t answer. 7Later on, when Mrs. Lister had come in to turn Jane’s light off for the night for the third time, she looked down at Jane and sighed. 8“Mrs. Tripp is right, you know dear. You are really much too old to have an imaginary friend. That’s what little children do, and you’re
  12. 12. 99 “Jane! Susie’s certainly not spy.” 9“Eleanor is not imaginary,” Jane replied sulkily, “she’s just invisible, that’s all. And you’re always telling me to be loyal to my friends, so why shouldn’t that include Eleanor? And Susie’s not a ‘delighted, well-adjusted child,’ she’s a fink.” 10“Really, dear! That word!” 11“It’s not bad word. It’s in the dictionary. I looked it up the last time you told me not to say it. If it’s all right for the dictionary it should be all right for me, and it sure describes Susie. Fink: Spy, informer. Unsavory person; jerk. That’s Susie.” 12“Jane! Susie’s certainly not a spy. 13“Oh, yes she is. She’s the one who told my whole class about Eleanor, after you told her mother. She eavesdropped when you two were talking, and then she told the whole world. That’s a spy. And she’s a jerk, because Eleanor said so.” 14“Oh, dear,” Mrs. Lister sighed, and left the room, forgetting to turn the light out after all. 15Jane sighed too, and turned the light off herself. She didn’t really mind people not believing in Eleanor-after all, she couldn’t really expect them to-but it did make things difficult at times. 16The next morning, as she was coming down the stairs to breakfast, she heard her mother and father talking. She didn’t mean to eavesdrop-goodness knows, she wasn’t a spy-but she couldn’t help overhearing her mother say, 17“I don’t know what to do about this Eleanor business, I really don’t.” 18“Maybe if we got her busy doing other things,” her father suggested brightly. “Maybe that would take her mind off Eleanor for a while.” 19The next week happened to be a holiday, and Jane was certainly kept busy. Her mother had something different planned for every day of the week: movies one day, puppet show the next, shopping for shoes the next, visit to Susie’s house (Ugh) the next. Her father even stayed home from work one day and took her to the zoo. She had a marvelous time. 20The evening before school started again her mother and father called her back into the living room just as she was going to bed. 21“Did you enjoy yourself over the holiday?” they asked, looking at her expectantly. 22“Oh, I certainly did,” Jane answered, her eyes shining. “And so did Eleanor. Every minute of it, except for the visit to Susie’s. She bounced out the room. 23Her mother looked at her father with despair.
  13. 13. 100 Using Context Clues Directions: Look at each number in parenthesis. Find the paragraph with the same number in the story. See how the word below is used in the paragraph. Decide whether its meaning is a or b. Write the letter of your answer in the blank. Number 1 is done for you. a 1. paper (3) a. made of paper b. a written composition Start here. ______ 2. down (7) a. to or towards a lower place or position b. to end or drink something quickly ______ 3. little (8) a. small in size b. small in quantity ______ 4. class (13) a. high quality b. group of pupils They admired their neighbors’ lawns and gardens, stopped in for an ice-cream cone-very unusual this, so close to dinner time and after all those cookies, too, thought Jane-talked about school, then started back home. Mrs. Lister began to explain all over again about invisible playmates and almost ten-year-old girls, but Jane suddenly interrupted her. 28“Just a moment, Mom,” she said politely, “Eleanor think her mother’s calling her.” 29“Eleanor!” exploded Mrs. Lister. “What have I just been telling you? ELEANOR DOESN’T EXIST!” 30Just then, out of the thin air only a childsbreath away from Jane, a mother’s impatient voice cried out: 31“Really, Eleanor, this business of your invisible friend Jane
  14. 14. 101 ______ 5. mind (15) a. to be troubled b. way of thinking ______ 6. mean (16) a. to have as a purpose b. a middle point between extremes ______ 7. off (18) a. not being at one’s best b. away from ______ 8. time (27) a. a period b. rate of speed • Are you done? • Look at the Answer Key to check your answers. • What is your score? • If you got 14-19, Congratulations! Proceed to the next module. • If your score is 9-13, answer the next activity “Let’s Enrich Ourselves.” • If your score is 8 and below, review the whole module. Understanding Context Clues Directions: For each sentence, circle the pair of words that complete the meaning of the sentence. Let’s Enrich Ourselves
  15. 15. 102 1. Their profits have been __________, and they wish to __________ their situation. a. decreasing - excuse b. declining - remedy c. comfortable – redness 2. Rats provide a __________ in reducing garbage, but this is outweighed by their __________ activities. a. help - useful b. trouble - dynamic c. service - harmful 3. Fact and Fancy were so _________ that no one could _________ them. a. connected – separate b. necessary – use c. respected – want 4. If one is to understand the __________, one must study the _________. a. facts – unnecessary b. unusual – sentences c. whole- parts 5. His father __________ him, for he realized the interest was more than a __________ fancy. a. encouraged – childish b. berated – sincere c. helped – mature 6. Safe driving prevents __________ and the awful _________ of knowing you have caused an accident. a. disease – remainder b. accidents – safe c. tragedy – remorse
  16. 16. 103 • Are you done? • Look at the Answer Key to check your answers. • What is your score? __________ • Very Good! Job well done. • Proceed to the next module.
  17. 17. 104 Let’s Do This Let’s Do More Let’s Test Ourselves 1. b A. 1. gifted person A. c B. 2. fixed 1. puzzled a C. 3. easily influenced 2. sad 4. wise 3. wrongly 2. c A. 5. value 4. not ordinary a B. 6. outgoing 5. parts of the picture b C. 6. great mentor 7. people who grieve 3. c A. B. a B. 1. risks d C. 2. crash b D. 3. lengthened 4. passageways Let’s Enrich Ourselves 5. things offering the greatest comfort 1. declining – remedy 2. service – harmful C. 3. connected – separate a. 1. 4. whole – parts Start here 5. encouraged – childish a 2. 6. tragedy – remorse a 3. b 4. a 5. a 6. b 7. a 8. Answer Key

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