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English 6-dlp-5-words-with-affixes-prefixes

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English 6-dlp-5-words-with-affixes-prefixes

  1. 1. ENGLISHENGLISHENGLISHENGLISH Marcy_cb21 6666Module 5 A DepEd-BEAM Distance Learning Program supported by the Australian Agency for International Development WORDS WITH AFFIXES - PREFIXES
  2. 2. 49 Dear Learner, Good day learner? How are you today? In the previous module you’ve learned about words. In this module you will learn how to decode words with prefixes. This module will help you form new words by adding the right or appropriate prefixes. One way of expanding one’s vocabulary is through the use of prefixes. Below are the most common prefixes un-, in-, dis-, im-, and ir-, and are often used to mean “opposite of” or “not”. Use these prefixes to complete the thought of the second sentence by supplying the correct word with the correct prefix. The italicized expressions are clues. 1. The princess couldn’t decide who to marry. She’s still __________________________________. 2. The prince was not attentive to the princess. The prince was ______________________________. 3. The curse was quite not possible to solve. It seemed ________________________________. 4. The queen did not seem to agree with her daughter’s plan. She wanted to _____________________ but could not stop her. 5. The prince was not able to satisfy the second witch. The second witch was _____________________. To the Learner Let’s Try This Let’s Learn This
  3. 3. 50 • Are you done? • Are all of your answers like these? 1. undecided 2. inattentive 3. impossible 4. disagree 5. unsatisfied • Don’t worry, the preceding activity will help you understand prefixes. Read the story. Answer the questions that follow. Let’s Study This It was Benny’s twelfth birthday and the family was preparing a big celebration for him. While waiting for the guests to arrive, Benny went to the park to try out his new bicycle. While there he met misfortune. Another bicycle bumped him at the rear and Benny was thrown out of his seat right into the path of a speeding tricycle. Luckily the park administrator had taken precautions for such incidents. An announcement was made through the microphone and the first-aid attendants came to take him to the first-aid station. We found him waiting for us at the anteroom whiling away his time with the microscope. Benny’s injuries were not serious and the birthday celebration did not have to be postponed.
  4. 4. 51 1. Who was celebrating his twelfth birthday? 2. What happened to him when he tried out his new bicycle? 3. How did the park administrator take precautions for such incidents? Read the italicized words taken from the paragraph. bicycle tricycle microphone microscope misfortune precautions anteroom • What are placed before each word? bi, mis, tri, pre, micro, ante • What does each syllable mean? • What do you call these syllables Note further that these syllables come at the beginning of the base word. You probably know by this time that these syllables are prefixes. As you can see from the examples given, you can form new words through the use of prefixes. You can also get the meaning of a word when you know the meaning of the prefix and the base word is familiar to you. The most common prefixes un-, in-, dis-, im-, and ir- are often used to mean “opposite of” or “not”. Look at the examples. impatient discomfort irresponsible unlike illogical immature illegal disalign
  5. 5. 52 A. Study the table below. It gives you examples of three of the most affixe, number, quantity, and time. Prefix Meaning Example Number mono bi tri multi poly one two three many many monograph bipeds triangle multipurpose polychrome Quantity super mega macro micro mini great huge whole, big tiny small superstar megamall macroeconomics microorganism minigrocery Time ante pre post ex retro before before after former back anteroom prewar posttest ex-mayor retroactive Prefix Meanings A. Directions: Match each word with its meaning. Write the number of the word by its meaning. 1. increase ________ become larger 2. decrease ________ become smaller 3. indirect ________ direct again 4. redirect ________ not direct 5. inflate _________ to let out air 6. deflate _________ to blow air into Let’s Do This
  6. 6. 53 B. Directions: Use the words above to complete the sentences. 1. When I ______________________ the tire, it will be flat. 2. To make more soup, ______________________ the amount of water. 3. Nick took an ______________________ route to school. 4. If you are lost, a police officer can ______________________ you. 5. Here are twenty balloons to _______________________ for the party. 6. The price of shirts will ______________________ during the big sale. • Are you done? • Look at the Answer Key to check your answers. • Do not worry we will have more exercises to do. Let’s Do More 8. 7.1. .. 2. 6. 3. 5. 4. incorrect ashore unclear renew prepay imperfect dislike mistreat
  7. 7. 54 Directions: Match the words in the word box with their definitions below. Write them in the correct places in the puzzle. Across Down 1. pay before 5. not like 2. treat wrongly 6. not perfect 3. not correct 7. make new again 4. not clear 8. on shore • Did you find it easy answering the puzzle? • Look at the Answer Key again to check your answers. • Write your score inside the big flower. • A prefix is a syllable or syllables placed at the beginning of a base word. • A base word is a word that can stand on its own. It cannot be divided into smaller parts and still retain its meaning. • The meaning of a word can be figured out by putting together the meaning of its prefix and the base word. Let’s Remember This
  8. 8. 55 Missing Prefixes Directions: Read the story. Use the prefixes in the word box to write the missing prefixes. As usual, the Little Prince of Mars sat in front of his big-screen vision. “This life is very interesting,” he thought. Just then, he heard a knock at the door, a messenger handed him a gram. “There must be some take,” said the Little Prince. But when he opened the envelope, he was surprised. The happy frown on his face appeared. He was going on a trip to the stars! The Little Prince was certain what to pack. He dashed for his scope and magic crystal kit. He packed and packed his star travel bag until everything fit. Someday he would turn to his own planet, but until then, he was ready for an adventure in the stars. Let’s Test Ourselves STAR TRIP un tele dis re mis 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  9. 9. 56 • Are you done? Look at the Answer Key again to check your answers. • If your score is 8-10, Excellent, proceed directly to the next module. • If your score is 6-7, That’s Good, answer “Let’s Enrich Ourselves.” • If your score is 5 and below, review the whole module. Prefix Crossword Let’s Enrich Ourselves 1. 5. 6. 2. 7. 3. 8. 4.
  10. 10. 57 A prefix is a word part added to the beginning of a word that changes its meaning. Directions: Match the words in the word box with their definitions below. Write them in the correct places in the puzzle. Across Down 1. not usual 5. not making sense 2. fill again 6. not certain 3. middle of the night 7. count wrongly 4. set again 8. take away frost
  11. 11. 58 Let’s Do This Let’s Do More A. 1. prepay 1. 1 become larger 2. mistreat 2. 2 become smaller 3. incorrect 3. 4 direct again 4. unclear 4. 3 not direct 5. dislike 5. 6 to let out air 6. imperfect 6. 5 to blow air into 7. renew B. 8. ashore 1. deflate 2. increase Let’s Test Ourselves 3. indirect 4. redirect 1. tele 5. inflate 2. un 6. decrease 3. tele 4. mis Let’s Enrich Ourselves 5. un 6. dis 1. unusual 7. un 2. refill 8. tele 3. midnight 9. re 4. reset 10. re 5. nonsense 6. uncertain 7. miscount 8. defrost Answer Key

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