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Mod lit photorealism pp

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Mod lit photorealism pp

  1. 1. Photorealism By Alex Hanton, Bridgette Rowe, and Sam Mihalic
  2. 2. What is Photorealism? • Photorealism is a type of extremely detailed painting made to look like a photograph that usually depicts man-made scenes and objects. • Postmodern
  3. 3. What is Photorealism? Cont. • The intention of photorealism is to reflect on the nature of reality. – This is done by artists adding their own details and creating a picture that isn’t what the scene actually looked like. • The urban subject matter usually feels shallow and empty; taunts superficiality. • Critics think differently.
  4. 4. What is Photorealism? Cont. • There are various other names for photorealism. Some of them have slightly differing meanings. – Hyperrealism: expresses detail that surpasses the ability of a camera to capture. Changes the viewer’s perception of reality. – Superrealism – Sharp Focus Realism • Not to be confused with Nouveau Réalisme, a French movement.
  5. 5. Historical Context for Photorealism • Similar to that of Pop Art. • America has increasing media, advertising, and city life. – Taunts materialism and shallowness of modern times. • Nostalgic over the way things used to be; small town life.
  6. 6. Origins of Photorealism • Since cameras are used in the making of photorealism, high quality cameras made it possible. • Reaction to abstract expressionism and minimalism. – Maintained the detachment of minimalism. • Many similarities to pop art; however, was not as taunting.
  7. 7. Method/Technique • Photorealist artists almost always used a photo/photos to make their painting. – Most used multiple photos of the same thing; they chose different aspects from each photo to create an altered reality. • Gridding is common • Artists differ in the speed it takes them to create their art and the exact methods they use. • Trompe-l'œil
  8. 8. Chuck Close • 1940-present • Very different from other photorealists because he always uses the same subject matter, but differs in his style of painting. – His style has evolved through several unique phases. • Uses gridding entirely. • Paints only people; self portraits and friends. • Originally painted abstractly and has now broken from photorealism.
  9. 9. Chuck Close Cont. Stage 1: Big Self-Portrait, 1968
  10. 10. Chuck Close Cont. Stage 2: Linda, 1975
  11. 11. Chuck Close Cont. Stage 3: Self-Portrait 1997
  12. 12. Richard Estes • 1932-present • Most well known of the photorealists. • Not very innovative, but very talented. • Believes realism demonstrates craft; dismisses abstract art. • Works very quickly with heavy, unblended brush strokes. • Cares little for critics.
  13. 13. Richard Estes Cont. Telephone Booth, 1967
  14. 14. Richard Estes Cont. Lee, 1974
  15. 15. Richard Estes Cont. Cafeteria, 1970
  16. 16. Don Eddy • 1944-present • Originally a pioneer in photorealism, now works in metaphysic art. • Usually paints cars and other urban subjects. • His paintings, especially recent ones, are very complex. • Sometimes uses airbrushes and dots like Close.
  17. 17. Eddy Cont. Volkswagen and OK Used Cars, 1971
  18. 18. Eddy Cont. Summer Shoes, 1972
  19. 19. Eddy Cont. Bananas, Apples, Avocados, and Tomatoes, 1973
  20. 20. Ralph Goings • 1928-present • One of the original photorealists, but differs from the others by using only one photo. – This makes his photo exactly lifelike. – Shows there’s “beauty in the mundane.” • Paints classic American scenes to create nostalgia. • Ordinary objects have meaning.
  21. 21. Ralph Goings Cont. Red Napkin Holder, 1981
  22. 22. Ralph Goings Cont. Shanna’s Pickup, 1990
  23. 23. Ralph Goings Cont. Donut 1995
  24. 24. Duane Hanson • 1925-1996 • Not technically a photorealist since he was a sculptor; made extremely realistic sculptures. • Most portray middle class Americans and seem humorous at first; all have a deeper meaning. • Uses materials like bronze and fiberglass. • Watches live models in his studio to sculpt them.
  25. 25. Duane Hanson Cont. Young Shopper 1973
  26. 26. Duane Hanson Cont. Queenie, 1980; Queenie II, 1988
  27. 27. Duane Hanson Cont. Tourist II, 1988
  28. 28. Duane Hanson Cont. Man on a Bench 1997
  29. 29. Sandy Skoglund • She takes everyday scenes and adds abnormalities. (usually animals) • She mixed her interest in pop culture and commercial picture making strategies. • She is also an installation artist. (2 months per setup) • She uses monochromatic or contrasting color schemes
  30. 30. Sandy Skoglund Cont. Revenge of The Goldfish · Made in 1981
  31. 31. Sandy Skoglund Cont. Cats in Paris · Made in 1993
  32. 32. Reactions and Criticisms • Very well liked by the public and critics. • Some say the art lacks and lasting significance; it’s visually appealing but the meaning is difficult to see. • Boring, superficial subject matter. • Extreme detail is interesting, but sometimes hard to look at. • Different from many other modern art movements because of it’s similarity to real life.

Hinweis der Redaktion

  • Talk about this painting by Alyssa Monks, and explain how it shows the basic characteristics of photorealism. Could also return to title screen and point out basic features in that photo. Discuss how many artists choose to make their photos of people, and man-made objects using coke cans as that example. Elaborate on the points on the screen.
  • Discuss how superrealism and sharpfocus realism are simply other names for photorealism and really don’t differ in meaning. Elaborate on the detail of hyperrealism, mention there are various other lesser used names for the movement.
  • Point out the extreme detail of the painting and its HYPERREALISTIC charecteristics
  • Use this slide to explain similarities between pop art and photorealism.
  • Elaborate the reasons for and effects of using multiple photographs, and how this contributes to the deeper meaning of photorealism
  • Explain gridding in greater detail
  • He maintained constant lighting and shallow depth, always had his friends and self at the same angle and same pose.
  • Mention he would only use very small amounts of black and white paint. Painted on a very large canvas using an airbrush instead of brushes.
  • He used the same method of painting but now used only complimentary colors, which he would have to mix and layer to create the color he needed. Later, he would use a pallete of thousands of colors and have to choose the precise one he needed. This was to introduce a new challenge.
  • Close has become more abstract, using his fingerprints, dots, other materials, etc. to make his art.
  • Connect to Duchamp
  • Carries burdens of everyday life; shows how mediocre society is
  • Portrays ignored domestic women and shows them as someone
  • Just waiting, existing, passing the time, not really existing