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simplefuture-091005143728-phpapp01.pptx

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simplefuture-091005143728-phpapp01.pptx

  1. 1. SIMPLE FUTURE Th e u s e a n d “ B E o f “ W IL L ” G O IN G T O” B y : M is s M ir y a m H d z .
  2. 2. SIMPLE FUTURE Simple Future hastwo different forms in English:"will" and "be going to." Although the two forms can sometimesbe used interchangeably, they often expresstwo very different meanings. These different meanings might seem too abstract at first, but with time and practice, the differences will become clear. Both "will" and "be going to" refer to a specific time in thefuture.
  3. 3. SIMPLE FUTURE F O R M Will [will +verb] Examples: You will help himlater. Will you help himlater? You won’t help himlater.
  4. 4. SIMPLE FUTURE F O R M B e G o in g To [am/is/are +going to +verb] Examples: You are going to meet Janetonight. Are you going to meet Janetonight? You are not going to meet Janetonight.
  5. 5. SIMPLE FUTURE U S E V 1 o " l Will" t o E x p r e s s a u n t a r y Ac t io n "Will" often suggeststhat a speaker will do something voluntarily. A voluntary action isone the speaker offers to do for someoneelse.Often, we use"will" to respond to someoneelse'scomplaint or request for help. Wealso use"will" when we request that someone help usor volunteer to do something for us.Similarly, we use"won't" when we refuse to voluntarily do something.
  6. 6. SIMPLE FUTURE Examples: I will send you the information when I get it. I will translate the email, soMr. Smith can readit. Will you help me move this heavytable? Will you make dinner? I will not do your homework foryou. I won't do all the houseworkmyself! A: I'm really hungry. B: I' ll m a k e some sandwiches. A: I'm so tired. I'm about to fall asleep. B: I' ll g e t you some coffee. A: The phone is ringing. B: I' ll g e t it.
  7. 7. SIMPLE FUTURE U S E 2 " Will" t o E x p r e s s a P r o m is e "Will" isusually usedin promises. Examples: I will call you when Iarrive. If I am elected President of the United States,I will make sureeveryone hasaccessto inexpensive health insurance. I promise I won’t tell him about the surpriseparty. Don't worry, I'll be careful. I won't tell anyone yoursecret.
  8. 8. SIMPLE FUTURE " B e g o in g t o " t o E x p r e s s a P la n "Be going to" expressesthat something isa plan. It expressesthe idea that a person intends to do something in the future. It doesnot matter whether the plan is realistic or not. Examples: He isgoing to spend hisvacation in Hawaii. Sheisnot going to spend her vacation inHawaii. A: When are we going to meet each othertonight? B:Weare going to meet at 6PM.
  9. 9. SIMPLE FUTURE " B e g o in g t o " t o E x p r e s s a P la n I'm going to be an actor when I grow up. Michelle isgoing to begin medical schoolnext year. They are going to drive all the way to Alaska. Who are you going to invite to the party? J o h n 's J o h n 's A : W h o is g o in g t o m a k e b ir t h d a y c a k e ? B : S u e is g o in g t o m a k e b ir t h d a y c a k e .
  10. 10. SIMPLE FUTURE E " W ill" o r " B e G o in g t o " t o x p r e s s a P r e d ic t io n Both "will" and "be going to" can expressthe idea of a general prediction about the future. Predictions are guessesabout what might happen in the future. In "prediction" sentences,the subject usually haslittle control over the future and therefore USES1-3do not apply. In the following examples, there isno difference in meaning.
  11. 11. SIMPLE FUTURE Examples: Theyear 2222will be a very interesting year. Theyear 2222isgoing to be a very interesting year. JohnSmith will be the next President. JohnSmith isgoing to be the next President. Themovie "Zenith" will win severalAcademyAwards. Themovie "Zenith" isgoing to win severalAcademy Awards.
  12. 12. SIMPLE FUTURE AD VE R B P LA C E M E N T Theexamples below showthe placement for grammar adverbs suchas:always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc. Examples: You will never help him. Will you ever help him? You are never going to meet Jane. Are you ever going to meet Jane?
  13. 13. W ill / B e G o in g To Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses . A: Why are you holding a piece of paper? B: I (write)______________ a letter to my friends back home in Texas. 2. A: I'm about to fall asleep. I need to wake up! B: I (get)____________ you a cup of coffee. That will wake you up. 3. A: I can't hear the television! B: I (turn)_______________ it up soyou can hearit. 4. We are soexcited about our trip next month to France. We (visit) _______________ Paris, Nice and Grenoble. 5.Sarah (come)_____________ to the party. Oliver(be)____________ there as well.
  14. 14. W ill / B e G o in g To Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses 6. Ted: It issohot inhere! Sarah: I (turn)____________ the air-conditioningon. 7. I think he (be)______________ the next President of the United States. 8.After I graduate, I (attend)_____________ medical school and become a doctor. I have wanted to be a doctor all my life. 9.A: Excuse me, I need to talk to someone about our hotel room. I am afraid it issimply too small for four people. B: That man at the service counter (help)_____________ you. 10.Assoonas the weather clears up, we (walk)________________ down to the beach and goswimming.
  15. 15. Thanks for your attention Intermediate 1 Module 4 Reference: http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/verbs18
  16. 16. Voice of the Verb The voice of the verb tells us whether the subject is the doer of the action or the receiver of the action in sentence.
  17. 17. ACTIVE VOICE In the active voice of the verb, the subject is the doer of the action. It is used when the doer of the action is specific. It also emphasizes who did the action in the sentence.
  18. 18. ACTIVE VOICE • The children played volleyball at the beach. • The students recited a very nice choric speech. • My daughter prepared an anniversary cake for us. • Timmy cleans the house regularly. • Catherine has answered the call before it ended.
  19. 19. PASSIVE VOICE In the passive voice of the verb, the subject is the receiver of the action. It is used when the doer of the action is not specific. It is used to emphasize who receives the action in a sentence.
  20. 20. PASSIVE VOICE • Volleyball was played by the children at the beach. • A very nice choric speech was rendered by the students. • A cake was prepared for us by our daughter. • The house is cleaned by Timmy. • The call has been answered by Catherine.
  21. 21. The children played volleyball at the beach. Volleyball was played by the children at the beach.
  22. 22. The students recited a very nice choric speech. A very nice choric speech was rendered by the students.
  23. 23. A cake was prepared for us by our daughter. A cake was prepared for us by our daughter.
  24. 24. Timmy cleans the house regularly. The house is cleaned by Timmy.
  25. 25. Catherine has answered the call before it ended. The call has been answered by Catherine.

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