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MEDIUM OF MUSIC:
THE INSTRUMENTAL MEDIUM
by P. A. Encina
University of the East, Manila
ZHU 111 – NCP 1
WHAT IS AN “INSTRUMENTAL”?
 An

instrumental is a musical
composition or recording without lyrics
or vocals. With origins...
MINUS ONE‟S, HYBRIDS, AND SCORES
Minus one‟s are musical compositions that were
originally recorded with vocals but later ...
THE MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

– have strings which are either
plucked or bowed.
 Wind – require wind to produce
sound, with br...
THE STRING INSTRUMENTS







String instruments are musical instruments that produce
sound from vibrating strings. In...
PLUCKED STRINGS

Banjo

Guitar

Lute
BOWED STRINGS
THE WIND INSTRUMENTS







Wind instruments are musical instruments that contain a
resonator (usually tube) in which ...
WOODWIND INSTRUMENTS

Clarinet
Oboe

Flute
BRASS INSTRUMENTS

Trumpet

Piccolo Trumpet

Serpent
THE PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS
Percussion instruments are musical instruments
sounded by being struck or beaten.
 Two classif...
PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS


Pitched



Unpitched

Glockenspiel
Cymbals

Xylophones

Maracas
THE KEYBOARD INSTRUMENTS
 Keyboard

instruments are musical
instruments played using a keyboard.
 Keyboard instruments h...
KEYBOARD INSTRUMENTS

Piano

Accordion

Celesta

Synthesizer
THE ENSEMBLE MEDIUM
Ensemble medium is produced when two or more
performers equally sing or play a piece of music.
ENSEMBLE MEDIA
Orchestra – any group of instrumentalists
 Symphony Orchestra – large ensemble where all
types of principa...
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Humanities_ Medium of Music: The Instrumental Medium

My very first reporting in college. The Instrumental Medium of Music. Art Appreciation/Humanities topic. With add on "The Ensemble Medium" with short descriptions.

P.S. I've added notes and reference links/books on the 'notes' section of the .pptx. Just download the presentation to see.

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Humanities_ Medium of Music: The Instrumental Medium

  1. 1. MEDIUM OF MUSIC: THE INSTRUMENTAL MEDIUM by P. A. Encina University of the East, Manila ZHU 111 – NCP 1
  2. 2. WHAT IS AN “INSTRUMENTAL”?  An instrumental is a musical composition or recording without lyrics or vocals. With origins in tribal music, instrumental music is now associated with recorded music.*  Also known as „minus one,‟ „hybrids,‟ and „score.‟  Instrumental medium pertains to the different instruments played by musicians.**
  3. 3. MINUS ONE‟S, HYBRIDS, AND SCORES Minus one‟s are musical compositions that were originally recorded with vocals but later had the vocals removed to become an instrumental work.  Hybrids are musical works that are all instrumental works with brief vocals. (The Hustle, Tequila)  Scores, with the film score and sheet music as its kind, are musical pieces that serves as accompaniment; say, sheet music is used in operas and live theatrical shows. 
  4. 4. THE MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS – have strings which are either plucked or bowed.  Wind – require wind to produce sound, with brass and woodwind as its types.  Percussion – are instruments beaten or struck.  Keyboard – have keys which are pressed to produce desired sounds.  String
  5. 5. THE STRING INSTRUMENTS     String instruments are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings. In the Hornbostel-Sachs classification, they are called chordophones. Two classifications are bowed and plucked. Bowing – method used in some string instruments, including the violin, viola, cello, and the double bass. The bow consists of a stick with many hairs stretched between its ends and causes a stick-slip phenomenon that makes the string vibrate. Plucking – method used in playing string instruments, such as the banjo, ukulele, guitar, harp, lute, using a finger or a plastic plectrum (pl. plectra) to pluck the strings.
  6. 6. PLUCKED STRINGS Banjo Guitar Lute
  7. 7. BOWED STRINGS
  8. 8. THE WIND INSTRUMENTS     Wind instruments are musical instruments that contain a resonator (usually tube) in which a column of air is set into vibration by the player blowing into a mouthpiece. Two classifications are brass and woodwind. Woodwind instruments change their pitch by changing where the air escapes. They use a wooden reed to form the mouthpiece. Brass instruments change their pitch by changing the length of the tubing which the air passes through. They do not having any moving parts that vibrate to produce the sound, and they are also called labrosones, meaning “lip-vibrated instruments.”
  9. 9. WOODWIND INSTRUMENTS Clarinet Oboe Flute
  10. 10. BRASS INSTRUMENTS Trumpet Piccolo Trumpet Serpent
  11. 11. THE PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS Percussion instruments are musical instruments sounded by being struck or beaten.  Two classifications are pitched percussion and unpitched percussion.  Pitched percussion have definite pitch, such as xylophones and glockenspiels, while unpitched percussion have indeterminate pitch and maintained rhythm, such as cymbals and maracas. Most drums, or membranophones belong under the pitched category. 
  12. 12. PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS  Pitched  Unpitched Glockenspiel Cymbals Xylophones Maracas
  13. 13. THE KEYBOARD INSTRUMENTS  Keyboard instruments are musical instruments played using a keyboard.  Keyboard instruments have categories that fall under with the Hornbostel-Sachs classification: Chordophones, Aerophones, Idiophones, an d Electrophones.
  14. 14. KEYBOARD INSTRUMENTS Piano Accordion Celesta Synthesizer
  15. 15. THE ENSEMBLE MEDIUM Ensemble medium is produced when two or more performers equally sing or play a piece of music.
  16. 16. ENSEMBLE MEDIA Orchestra – any group of instrumentalists  Symphony Orchestra – large ensemble where all types of principal instruments are involved.  Concerto – one sole instrument is dominant  Band – uses wind and percussion instruments  Rondalla – ensemble of stringed instruments  Chamber Orchestra – consists of small instrument ensembles 

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