Week One Exercise AssignmentBasic Accounting Equations1. Basic.docx

Week One Exercise Assignment Basic Accounting Equations 1. Basic concepts. Jean's Marine Supply specializes in the sale of boating equipment and accessories. Identify the items that follow as an asset (A), liability (L), revenue (R), or expense (E) from the firm's viewpoint. a. The inventory of boating supplies owned by the company. b. Monthly rental charges paid for store space. c. A loan owed to Citizens Bank. d. New computer equipment purchased to handle daily record keeping. e. Daily sales made to customers. f. Amounts due from customers. g. Land owned by the company to be used as a future store site. h. Weekly salaries paid to salespeople. 2. Basic computations. The following selected balances were extracted from the accounting records of Rossi Enterprises on December 31, 20X3: Accounts Payable $3,200 Interest Expense $2,500 Accounts Receivable 14,800 Land 18,000 Auto Expense 1,900 Loan Payable 40,000 Building 30,000 Tax Expense 3,300 Cash 7,400 Utilities Expense 4,100 Fee Revenue 56,900 Wage Expense 37,500 a. Determine Rossi’s total assets as of December 31. b. Determine the company’s total liabilities as of December 31. c. Compute 20X3 net income or loss. 3. Balance sheet preparation. The following data relate to Preston Company as of December 31, 19XX: Building $44,000 Accounts receivable $24,000 Cash 17,000 Loan payable 30,000 J. Preston, Owners Equity 65,000 Land 21,000 Accounts payable ? Prepare a balance sheet as of December 31, 19XX. (See Exhibit 1.1 and 1.4) 4. Basic transaction processing. On November 1 of the current year, Richard Parker established a sole proprietorship. The following transactions occurred during the month: 1: Parker invested $19,000 into the business. 2: Paid $9,000 to acquire a used minivan. 3: Purchased $1,800 of office furniture on account. 4: Performed $2,100 of consulting services on account. 5: Paid $300 of repair expenses. 6: Received $800 from clients who were previously billed in item 4. 7: Paid $500 on account to the supplier of office furniture in item 3. 8: Received a $150 electric bill, to be paid next month. 9: Parker withdrew $600 from the business. 10: Received $250 in cash from clients for consulting services rendered. Instructions a. Arrange the following asset, liability, and owner’s equity elements of the accounting equation: Cash, Accounts Receivable, Office Furniture, Van, Accounts Payable, Investments/Withdrawals, and Revenues/Expenses. (See Exhibit 5) b. Record each transaction on a separate line. After all transactions have been recorded, compute the balance in each of the preceding items. c. Answer the following questions for Parker. (1) How much does the company owe to its creditors at month-end? On which financial statement(s) would this information be found? (2) Did the company have a “good” month from an accounting viewpoint? Briefly explain. 5. Transaction analysis and statement.

Week One Exercise Assignment
Basic Accounting Equations
1. Basic concepts. Jean's Marine Supply specializes in the sale
of boating equipment and accessories. Identify the items that
follow as an asset (A), liability (L), revenue (R), or expense (E)
from the firm's viewpoint.
a. The inventory of boating supplies owned by the company.
b. Monthly rental charges paid for store space.
c. A loan owed to Citizens Bank.
d. New computer equipment purchased to handle daily record
keeping.
e. Daily sales made to customers.
f. Amounts due from customers.
g. Land owned by the company to be used as a future store site.
h. Weekly salaries paid to salespeople.
2. Basic computations. The following selected balances were
extracted from the accounting records of Rossi Enterprises on
December 31, 20X3:
Accounts Payable $3,200 Interest Expense
$2,500
Accounts Receivable 14,800 Land
18,000
Auto Expense 1,900 Loan Payable 40,000
Building 30,000 Tax Expense 3,300
Cash 7,400 Utilities Expense 4,100
Fee Revenue 56,900 Wage Expense
37,500
a. Determine Rossi’s total assets as of December 31.
b. Determine the company’s total liabilities as of December 31.
c. Compute 20X3 net income or loss.
3. Balance sheet preparation. The following data relate to
Preston Company as of December 31, 19XX:
Building $44,000 Accounts receivable
$24,000
Cash 17,000 Loan payable
30,000
J. Preston, Owners Equity 65,000 Land
21,000
Accounts payable ?
Prepare a balance sheet as of December 31, 19XX. (See Exhibit
1.1 and 1.4)
4. Basic transaction processing. On November 1 of the current
year, Richard Parker established a sole proprietorship. The
following transactions occurred during the month:
1: Parker invested $19,000 into the business.
2: Paid $9,000 to acquire a used minivan.
3: Purchased $1,800 of office furniture on account.
4: Performed $2,100 of consulting services on account.
5: Paid $300 of repair expenses.
6: Received $800 from clients who were previously billed in
item 4.
7: Paid $500 on account to the supplier of office furniture in
item 3.
8: Received a $150 electric bill, to be paid next month.
9: Parker withdrew $600 from the business.
10: Received $250 in cash from clients for consulting services
rendered.
Instructions
a. Arrange the following asset, liability, and owner’s equity
elements of the accounting equation: Cash, Accounts
Receivable, Office Furniture, Van, Accounts Payable,
Investments/Withdrawals, and Revenues/Expenses. (See Exhibit
5)
b. Record each transaction on a separate line. After all
transactions have been recorded, compute the balance in each of
the preceding items.
c. Answer the following questions for Parker.
(1) How much does the company owe to its creditors at month-
end? On which financial statement(s) would this information be
found?
(2) Did the company have a “good” month from an accounting
viewpoint? Briefly explain.
5. Transaction analysis and statement preparation. The
transactions that follow
relate to Burton Enterprises for March 20X1, the company’s
first month of activity.
3/1: Joanne Burton, the owner invested $20,000 into the
business.
3/4: Performed $2,400 of services on account.
3/7: Acquired a small parcel of land by paying $6,000 cash.
3/12: Received $700 from a client, who was billed previously
on March 4.
3/15: Paid $800 to the Journal Herald for advertising expense.
3/18: Acquired $9,000 of equipment from Park Central
Outfitters by paying
$7,000 down and agreeing to remit the balance owed within the
next
2 weeks, (Accounts Payable).
3/22: Received $300 cash from clients for services.
3/24: Paid $1,500 on account to Park Central Outfitters in
partial settlement
of the balance due from the transaction on March 18.
3/28: Rented a car from United Car Rental for use on March 28.
Total charges
amounted to $75, with United billing Burton for the amount
due.
3/31: Paid $900 for March wages.
3/31: Processed a $600 cash withdrawal from the business for
Joanne Burton.
Instructions
a. Determine the impact of each of the preceding transactions on
Burton’s assets,
liabilities, and owner’s equity. See exhibit 1.5. Use the
following format:
Assets =
Liabilities + Owner’s Equity
Cash, Accounts Receivable, Land, Equipment Accounts
Payable (+)Investments (+) Revenues
(-) Withdrawals (-) Expenses
a. Record each transaction on a separate line. Calculate balances
only after the last transaction has been recorded.
b. Prepare an income statement, a statement of owner’s equity,
and a balance sheet, (See Exhibit 1.1, 1.3 and 1.4)
6. Recognition of normal balances
The following items appeared in the accounting records of
Triguero's, a retail music store that also sponsors concerts.
Classify each of the items as an asset, liability; revenue; or
expense from the company's viewpoint. Also indicate the
normal account balance of each item.
a. The albums, tapes, and CDs held for sale to customers.
b. A long-term loan owed to Citizens Bank.
c. Promotional costs to publicize a concert.
d. Daily receipts for merchandise sold,
e. Amounts due from customers,
f. Land held as an investment,
g. A new fax machine purchased for office use.
h. Amounts to be paid in 10 days to suppliers,
i. Amounts paid to a mall for rent.
7. Basic journal entries
The following transactions pertain to the Jennifer Royall
Company:
Apr. 1
Jennifer Royall invested cash of $15,000 and land valued at
$10,000 from into the business.
5
Provided $1,200 of services to Jason Ratchford, a client, on
account.
9
Paid $250 of salaries to an employee.
14
Acquired a new computer for $3,200, on account.
20
Collected $800 from Jason Ratchford for services provided on
April 5.
24
Borrowed $7,500 from BestBanc by securing a six-month loan.
Prepare journal entries (and explanations) to record the
preceding transactions and events.
8. Trial balance preparation. Brighton, a sole proprietorship
began operation on March 1 of the current year. The following
account balances were extracted from the general ledger on
March 31; all accounts have normal balances.
Accounts Payable
$ 12,000
Interest Expense
$ 300
Accounts Receivable
8,800
Land
?
Advertising Expense
5,700
Loan Payable
26,000
Bob Brighton, Owners Equity
30,000
Salaries Expense
11,100
Cash
22,500
Utilities Expense
700
Fees Earned 18,900
a. Determine the cost of the company’s land by preparing a trial
balance. (Remember, the trial balance debits must equal the
credits, see Exhibit 2.9)
b. Determine the firm’s net income for the period ending March
31.
9. Entry and trial balance preparation. Lee Adkins is a portrait
artist. The following schedule represents Lee’s combined chart
of accounts and trial balance as of May 31.
Account number Account name Debit
Credit
110
Cash
$ 2,700
120
Accounts Receivable
12,100
130
Equipment and Supplies
2,800
140
Studio
45,000
210
Accounts Payable
$2,600
310
Lee Adkins, Owners Equity
57,400
320
Lee Adkins, Drawing
30,000
410
Revenue
39,000
510
Advertising Expense
2,300
520
Salaries Expense
2,100
540
Utilities Expense
2,000
$99,000
$99,000
The general ledger also revealed account no. 530, Legal and
Accounting Expense. The following transactions occurred
during June:
6/2:
Collected $7,500 on account from customers.
6/7:
Sold 25% of the equipment and supplies to a young artist for
$700 for cash
6/10:
Received a $500 bill from the accountant for preparing last
quarter’s financial statements.
6/15:
Paid $2,100 to creditors on account.
6/27:
Adkins withdrew $1,000 cash for personal use.
6/30:
Billed a customer $3,000 for a portrait painted this month.
a. Record the necessary journal entries for June on page 2 of the
company’s general journal. (See Exhibit 2.6)
b. Open running balance ledger “T” accounts by entering
account titles, account numbers, and May 31 balances. (See
exhibit 2.3 and 2.4)
c. Post the journal entries to the “T” accounts.
d. Prepare a trial balance as of June 30. (See exhibit 2.9)
10. Journal entry preparation. On January 1 of the current year,
Peter Houston invested $100,000 cash into his company
MuniServ. Shortly thereafter, the company acquired selected
assets of a bankrupt competitor. The acquisition included land
($15,000), a building ($40,000), and vehicles ($10,000).
MuniServ paid $45,000 at the time of the transaction and agreed
to remit the remaining balance due of $20,000 (an account
payable) by February 15.
During January, the company had additional cash outlays
for the following items:
Purchases of store equipment
$4,600
Loan payment
500
Salaries expense
2,300
Advertising expense
700
The January utilities bill of $200 was received on January 31
and will be paid on February 10. MuniServ rendered services to
clients on account amounting to $9,400 and $3,700 had been
received in settlement.
Instructions
a. Present journal entries that reflect MuniServ's January
transactions, starting with the $100,000 investment. (See
exhibit 2.6)
b. Compute the total debits, total credits, and ending balance
that would be found in the company's Cash account. (Post to
“T” Accounts, see exhibit 2.3 and 2.4)
c. Prepare a trail balance as of January 31. (See exhibit 2.9)

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Week One Exercise AssignmentBasic Accounting Equations1. Basic.docx

  • 1. Week One Exercise Assignment Basic Accounting Equations 1. Basic concepts. Jean's Marine Supply specializes in the sale of boating equipment and accessories. Identify the items that follow as an asset (A), liability (L), revenue (R), or expense (E) from the firm's viewpoint. a. The inventory of boating supplies owned by the company. b. Monthly rental charges paid for store space. c. A loan owed to Citizens Bank. d. New computer equipment purchased to handle daily record keeping. e. Daily sales made to customers. f. Amounts due from customers. g. Land owned by the company to be used as a future store site. h. Weekly salaries paid to salespeople. 2. Basic computations. The following selected balances were extracted from the accounting records of Rossi Enterprises on December 31, 20X3: Accounts Payable $3,200 Interest Expense $2,500 Accounts Receivable 14,800 Land 18,000 Auto Expense 1,900 Loan Payable 40,000 Building 30,000 Tax Expense 3,300 Cash 7,400 Utilities Expense 4,100 Fee Revenue 56,900 Wage Expense 37,500 a. Determine Rossi’s total assets as of December 31. b. Determine the company’s total liabilities as of December 31. c. Compute 20X3 net income or loss.
  • 2. 3. Balance sheet preparation. The following data relate to Preston Company as of December 31, 19XX: Building $44,000 Accounts receivable $24,000 Cash 17,000 Loan payable 30,000 J. Preston, Owners Equity 65,000 Land 21,000 Accounts payable ? Prepare a balance sheet as of December 31, 19XX. (See Exhibit 1.1 and 1.4) 4. Basic transaction processing. On November 1 of the current year, Richard Parker established a sole proprietorship. The following transactions occurred during the month: 1: Parker invested $19,000 into the business. 2: Paid $9,000 to acquire a used minivan. 3: Purchased $1,800 of office furniture on account. 4: Performed $2,100 of consulting services on account. 5: Paid $300 of repair expenses. 6: Received $800 from clients who were previously billed in item 4. 7: Paid $500 on account to the supplier of office furniture in item 3. 8: Received a $150 electric bill, to be paid next month. 9: Parker withdrew $600 from the business. 10: Received $250 in cash from clients for consulting services rendered.
  • 3. Instructions a. Arrange the following asset, liability, and owner’s equity elements of the accounting equation: Cash, Accounts Receivable, Office Furniture, Van, Accounts Payable, Investments/Withdrawals, and Revenues/Expenses. (See Exhibit 5) b. Record each transaction on a separate line. After all transactions have been recorded, compute the balance in each of the preceding items. c. Answer the following questions for Parker. (1) How much does the company owe to its creditors at month- end? On which financial statement(s) would this information be found? (2) Did the company have a “good” month from an accounting viewpoint? Briefly explain. 5. Transaction analysis and statement preparation. The transactions that follow relate to Burton Enterprises for March 20X1, the company’s first month of activity. 3/1: Joanne Burton, the owner invested $20,000 into the business. 3/4: Performed $2,400 of services on account. 3/7: Acquired a small parcel of land by paying $6,000 cash. 3/12: Received $700 from a client, who was billed previously on March 4. 3/15: Paid $800 to the Journal Herald for advertising expense. 3/18: Acquired $9,000 of equipment from Park Central Outfitters by paying $7,000 down and agreeing to remit the balance owed within the next 2 weeks, (Accounts Payable). 3/22: Received $300 cash from clients for services.
  • 4. 3/24: Paid $1,500 on account to Park Central Outfitters in partial settlement of the balance due from the transaction on March 18. 3/28: Rented a car from United Car Rental for use on March 28. Total charges amounted to $75, with United billing Burton for the amount due. 3/31: Paid $900 for March wages. 3/31: Processed a $600 cash withdrawal from the business for Joanne Burton. Instructions a. Determine the impact of each of the preceding transactions on Burton’s assets, liabilities, and owner’s equity. See exhibit 1.5. Use the following format: Assets = Liabilities + Owner’s Equity Cash, Accounts Receivable, Land, Equipment Accounts Payable (+)Investments (+) Revenues (-) Withdrawals (-) Expenses a. Record each transaction on a separate line. Calculate balances only after the last transaction has been recorded. b. Prepare an income statement, a statement of owner’s equity, and a balance sheet, (See Exhibit 1.1, 1.3 and 1.4) 6. Recognition of normal balances The following items appeared in the accounting records of Triguero's, a retail music store that also sponsors concerts. Classify each of the items as an asset, liability; revenue; or expense from the company's viewpoint. Also indicate the normal account balance of each item. a. The albums, tapes, and CDs held for sale to customers.
  • 5. b. A long-term loan owed to Citizens Bank. c. Promotional costs to publicize a concert. d. Daily receipts for merchandise sold, e. Amounts due from customers, f. Land held as an investment, g. A new fax machine purchased for office use. h. Amounts to be paid in 10 days to suppliers, i. Amounts paid to a mall for rent. 7. Basic journal entries The following transactions pertain to the Jennifer Royall Company: Apr. 1 Jennifer Royall invested cash of $15,000 and land valued at $10,000 from into the business. 5 Provided $1,200 of services to Jason Ratchford, a client, on account. 9 Paid $250 of salaries to an employee. 14 Acquired a new computer for $3,200, on account. 20 Collected $800 from Jason Ratchford for services provided on April 5. 24 Borrowed $7,500 from BestBanc by securing a six-month loan. Prepare journal entries (and explanations) to record the preceding transactions and events. 8. Trial balance preparation. Brighton, a sole proprietorship began operation on March 1 of the current year. The following
  • 6. account balances were extracted from the general ledger on March 31; all accounts have normal balances. Accounts Payable $ 12,000 Interest Expense $ 300 Accounts Receivable 8,800 Land ? Advertising Expense 5,700 Loan Payable 26,000 Bob Brighton, Owners Equity 30,000 Salaries Expense 11,100 Cash 22,500 Utilities Expense 700 Fees Earned 18,900 a. Determine the cost of the company’s land by preparing a trial balance. (Remember, the trial balance debits must equal the credits, see Exhibit 2.9) b. Determine the firm’s net income for the period ending March 31. 9. Entry and trial balance preparation. Lee Adkins is a portrait artist. The following schedule represents Lee’s combined chart of accounts and trial balance as of May 31.
  • 7. Account number Account name Debit Credit 110 Cash $ 2,700 120 Accounts Receivable 12,100 130 Equipment and Supplies 2,800 140 Studio 45,000 210 Accounts Payable $2,600 310 Lee Adkins, Owners Equity 57,400 320 Lee Adkins, Drawing 30,000 410 Revenue 39,000 510
  • 8. Advertising Expense 2,300 520 Salaries Expense 2,100 540 Utilities Expense 2,000 $99,000 $99,000 The general ledger also revealed account no. 530, Legal and Accounting Expense. The following transactions occurred during June: 6/2: Collected $7,500 on account from customers. 6/7: Sold 25% of the equipment and supplies to a young artist for $700 for cash 6/10: Received a $500 bill from the accountant for preparing last quarter’s financial statements. 6/15: Paid $2,100 to creditors on account. 6/27: Adkins withdrew $1,000 cash for personal use. 6/30: Billed a customer $3,000 for a portrait painted this month. a. Record the necessary journal entries for June on page 2 of the company’s general journal. (See Exhibit 2.6) b. Open running balance ledger “T” accounts by entering account titles, account numbers, and May 31 balances. (See
  • 9. exhibit 2.3 and 2.4) c. Post the journal entries to the “T” accounts. d. Prepare a trial balance as of June 30. (See exhibit 2.9) 10. Journal entry preparation. On January 1 of the current year, Peter Houston invested $100,000 cash into his company MuniServ. Shortly thereafter, the company acquired selected assets of a bankrupt competitor. The acquisition included land ($15,000), a building ($40,000), and vehicles ($10,000). MuniServ paid $45,000 at the time of the transaction and agreed to remit the remaining balance due of $20,000 (an account payable) by February 15. During January, the company had additional cash outlays for the following items: Purchases of store equipment $4,600 Loan payment 500 Salaries expense 2,300 Advertising expense 700 The January utilities bill of $200 was received on January 31 and will be paid on February 10. MuniServ rendered services to clients on account amounting to $9,400 and $3,700 had been received in settlement. Instructions a. Present journal entries that reflect MuniServ's January transactions, starting with the $100,000 investment. (See
  • 10. exhibit 2.6) b. Compute the total debits, total credits, and ending balance that would be found in the company's Cash account. (Post to “T” Accounts, see exhibit 2.3 and 2.4) c. Prepare a trail balance as of January 31. (See exhibit 2.9)