Problem 16 in Chapter 11 described a study examining the effect of eating oatmeal regularly the effect of eating oatmeal regularly on cholesterol. Cholesterol was measured before and after adding oatmeal to the diet of a sample of n = 9 participants. for this sample, cholesterol scores averaged MD = 16 points lower with the oatmeal diet with SS = 538 for the difference scores. Use the data to estimate how much effort oatmeal would have on the cholesterol level for this general population. Make a point estimate and a 95% confidence interval estimate of the population mean difference. Solution Given mean=16, s^2=SS/(n-1)=538/8= 67.25 a point estimate= 16 a=0.05, |t(0.025,df=n-1=8)|=2.31 (check student t table) So 95% CI is xbar±t*[s^2/n] --> 16±2.31*sqrt(67.25/9) --> (9.685531, 22.31447).