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Sess2 6 lawal omoniyi isiaq et al - nutrient uptake & yield of exotic sweetpotato (ipomea batatas l.) varieties under organic soil management systems in abeokuta south-west nigeria
NUTRIENT UPTAKE AND YIELD OF EXOTIC
SWEETPOTATO (Ipomea batatas L.) VARIETIES
UNDER ORGANIC SOIL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IN
ABEOKUTA SOUTH WEST NIGERIA
Lawal Omoniyi Isiaq et al
FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE, ABEOKUTA,
Paper presented @ the 9th APA Conference June 29‐ July 4
Sweet Potato (Ipomea batatas L)
belongs to the family
It currently ranks as the fifth most
important food crop in developing
countries after rice, wheat, maize
and cassava.(FAOSTAT 1998).
• Its production reached
2,703,500Mt from an area
of 933,500ha (FAOSTAT
• Nigeria is the second largest
producer of sweet potato in
Africa (Nwauzor et al; 2005)
• It is an important food and
vegetable crop grown through
out the world especially in
the tropics for its edible
tubers and leaves.
• This study therefore aimed to
determine the effect of different
rates of organic fertilizer on
nutrient uptake and yield of exotic
sweetpotato varieties in Abeokuta
Materials and Methods
• Field trial was conducted at the Teaching and Research
Farm of Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta
(FUNAAB), Southwestern Nigeria during the cropping
seasons of 2010 and 2011 determine the effect of
organic fertilizer on nutrient uptake and yield of exotic
sweetpotato varieties in Abeokuta Southwestern
• FUNAAB is located in forest/Savanna transitional zone
(latitude 70N, longitude 30 231E).
• The area is characterized by a bimodal rainfall with
peaks in July and September. Soil samples were
collected each year and analyzed for the physical and
• The land was manually cleared and ridges were made at
a spacing of 0.75m apart.
• The plot size was 3m x 4m with plots been separated by
1.0m corridor. The net experiment plot site for each
year was 0.3ha.
• The treatments were combined following a split‐split
plot arrangement fitted into randomized complete block
Design with four replicates.
• Six fertilizer rates: Composted cowdung (CCD)‐: 0t/ha,
2.5, 5.0, 7.5, 10 t/ha and 400kg/ha NPK 15‐15‐15
fertilizer as main plot and
• the sub plot were three sweetpotato varieties: Cv. TIS
86/0356, TIS 87/0087 and cv. ‘Ex‐egbariam’.
• The sweetpotato varieties were planted 0.3m apart on
ridges spaced 1m apart.
• Three weeks after planting, the two fertilizer types were
spot applied to the sweetpotato plantlets 10cm away in
• Data on leaf fresh and dry weights, total fresh weight and
tuber yield were collected at harvest.
• Pre‐cropping soil physico‐chemical properties and leaf
nutrient contents were determined using standard
• Data generated were statistically analysed
using SAS, (version 9.1) means were
separated by the use of least significance
difference (LSD) at 5% level of significance.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
• The pre‐cropping soil nutrient analyses in 2010 and 2011
(Table 1) revealed that the soil pH was slightly acidic (5.70
and 6.50), the soil N (0.07 and 0.06%) was below critical
level of 0.15% recommended for crop production.
• The P, (4.50 and 3.43 mgkg‐1) and K, 0.26 and 0.27 cmolkg‐
1) are lower than 13 mgkg‐1 and 0.34 cmolkg‐1 P and K
recommended for crop production (Sobulo and Osiname,
1981; Adeoye and Agboola, 1985), and hence justified the
need for additional fertilizer treatment.
• The soils had sandy loam texture and are optimal to
retain adequate water for normal crop growth.
• Composted cowdung contained 2.58, 1.10, 0.68, 3.62
and 0.18% of N, P, K, Ca and Mg, respectively. NPK
contained 15% of N, P and K.
• The organic materials are rich in plant nutrients with
C/N ratios of 8.97g/kg being adequate for quick nutrient
release (Palm 1995).
• Effects of different fertilizer treatments on leaf nurient
contents and leaf NPK uptake in sweetpotato varieties.
• Leaf nutrient contents of sweetpotato cultivars in
2010 and 2011 (Table 1) indicated that significant
differences (p<0.05) were observed only in
Phosphorus and Potasium contents but not in
Nitrogen, with sweetpotato var: 199000.1 and TIS
87/0087showing significant differences in P and K
Table 1: Leaf nutient contents of Sweetpotato cultivars in 2010 and 2011
N P K
TIS87/0087 2.67 0.21 3.43
TIS86/0356 2.36 0.20 2.57
199000.1 2.25 1.19 2.54
Ex-egbariam 2.32 0.27 2.68
LSD ns 0.16 0.14
TIS87/0087 2.45 0.23 3.48
TIS86/0356 2.41 0.21 2.29
199000.1 2.28 1.17 2.56
Ex-egbariam 2.35 0.28 2.63
LSD ns 0.13 0.23
• Similarly, Nutrient uptake followed similar trend to that
observed for leaf nutrient contents albait var: 199000.1
projected higher significant (p<0.05) differences for both
P and K uptakes (Table 2).
• These observations may be due to the innate ability of
the cultivars to source/compete for more of nutrients P
and K from the environment and consequently utilized
them for growth and development more than other
Table2: Leaf NPK uptake of Sweetpotato varieties in 2010 and 2011
N uptake P uptake K uptake
TIS87/0087 0.14 0.01 0.17
TIS86/0356 0.18 0.02 0.19
199000.1 0.28 0.17 0.28
Ex-egbariam 0.25 0.16 0.24
LSD(P<0.05) 0.06 0.09 0.04
TIS87/0087 0.13 0.01 0.18
TIS86/0356 0.19 0.02 0.21
199000.1 0.29 0.18 0.29
Ex-egbariam 0.25 0.17 0.25
LSD(P<0.05) 0.05 0.08 ns
Table 3: Leaf NPK uptake of Sweetpotato varieties in 2010 and 2011
• Effect of fertilizer treatments on tuber yield and yield
components of sweet potato
• Sweetpotato plants that received 10.0t/ha CCD produced
significantly (p<0.05) higher tuber weights (9.90 and 10.12
t/ha) than those than recieved other fertilizer treatments
• Similarly, Sweetpotato cv. TIS 87/0087 treated with
10.0t/ha CCD had the highest tuber weight value of 10.93
and 11.19t/ha) in 2010 and 2011 respectively, showing
significant (p< 0.05) differences as compared to the yield
values obtained in cultivars that received other fertilizer
treatments. (Table 4).
• The superiority of fertilizer treated sweetpotato plants over
the control in growth and yield performance indicated
• that the control plants were in short supply of adequate
nutrients over time with resultant low tuber yield.
• The application CCD at 10 t/ha was the best as compared
to NPK and the control in enhancing growth and yield of
sweet potato crop in both years of study. Why?
• Organic fertilizer improves both the physical and
chemical properties of the soil, soil structure, soil tilths,
cation exchange capacity, water holding capacity, crumb
formation, and hence plant growth and yield.
• It also promotes infiltration, protects against erosion,
• have long lasting and balanced nutrient supply and
• facilitates the spread and penetration of plant roots
• the use of inorganic fertilizer has not been helpful under
intensive agriculture because it is often associated with
reduced crop yield, soil acidity and nutrient imbalance
(Obi and Ebo, 1995 and Ojeniyi, 2000)
Summary and conclusion
• The optimum rate of organic and inorganic fertilizer on
growth and tuber yield of sweet potato were
investigated in 2010 and 2011.
• Results obtained indicated the superiority of poultry
manure at 10t/ha over all other fertilizer treatment for
all the growth and yield parameters measured in this
• Also sweet potato cultivar TIS 87/0087 was found to be
superior to other cultivars in terms of tuber yield and
other yield components.