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This paper will present the initial analysis of the ADVANCE-Purdue Institutional Ethnography Parental Leave Study. This study seeks to understand how Purdue University’s parental leave policy is working to meet the career and life goals of our STEM faculty and staff members. Through the analysis of the experiences of diverse participants, ranging from administrators, faculty, and staff members directly related to the enacting or administration of the leave, we seek to identify the disconnects between the policy’s procedures and the lived experience of the implementation and administration of it. The experiences of these key agents can be means of positive transformation for the success of other employees and the whole institution. Our data comes from 12 interviews of STEM faculty and staff members in the time period of 2009-2010. Interviews covered the participants’ experiences in comprehending and enacting parental leave policy, its procedures, and the effect of its implementation in their personal and career lives. We will present common themes we have identified and we will discuss it using the structuration theory and institutional ethnography. Structuration theory was developed by Anthony Giddens in the 1970s and explains the dynamics of complex social systems. Under this theory, social systems exist only because of the reproduction of their structures (rules, resources, and relations) by human agents. D. Smith’s institutional ethnography is a research method that helps us identify disconnects between policy documents, its rules, procedures, and the people who interact with them in order to support positive institutional change.