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CONSTRUCTIVISM:
Knowledge Construction / Concept
Learning
Constructivism
- is a type of learning theory that explains
human learning as an active attempt to
construct meaning in th...
Individual Constructivism

It emphasizes individual, internal construction
of knowledge
Social Constructivism
It emphasizes that “Knowledge exist in a social context and
initially shared with others instead of ...
Characteristics of Constructivism

-Eggen and Kauchak
1.Learners construct understanding
2.New learning depends on current understanding
3.Learning is facilitated by social int...
CONCEPT
-is a way of grouping or categorizing objects or events in our
mind
Concepts as feature list
-learning a concept i...
b. Correlational Feature
-is one that is present in many instances but not essential for
concept membership

Concepts as P...
Making Concept-Learning Effective
1. Provide a clear definition of the concept
2. Make the defining features very concrete...
Scheme and Script
Scheme
-is an organized body of knowledge
about something

Script
- is a schema that includes a series o...
Applying Constructivism in
facilitating Learning
*Aim to make learners understand a few key ideas in an in-depth
manner, r...
Adrian P. Miranda
BSED-1C
Facilitating Learning
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1.11111111 constructivism

  1. 1. CONSTRUCTIVISM: Knowledge Construction / Concept Learning
  2. 2. Constructivism - is a type of learning theory that explains human learning as an active attempt to construct meaning in the world around us.
  3. 3. Individual Constructivism It emphasizes individual, internal construction of knowledge
  4. 4. Social Constructivism It emphasizes that “Knowledge exist in a social context and initially shared with others instead of being represented solely in the mind of the individual
  5. 5. Characteristics of Constructivism -Eggen and Kauchak
  6. 6. 1.Learners construct understanding 2.New learning depends on current understanding 3.Learning is facilitated by social interaction 4.Meaningful learning occurs within authentic learning task
  7. 7. CONCEPT -is a way of grouping or categorizing objects or events in our mind Concepts as feature list -learning a concept involves learning specific features that characterize positive instance of the concept a. Defining Feature - is a characteristic present in ALL instances
  8. 8. b. Correlational Feature -is one that is present in many instances but not essential for concept membership Concepts as Prototype -is an idea or a visual image of a typical example Concepts as Exemplars -represent a variety of examples
  9. 9. Making Concept-Learning Effective 1. Provide a clear definition of the concept 2. Make the defining features very concrete and prominent 3. Give a variety of positive instances 4. Give negative instances 5. Cite a “ best example” or a prototype 6. Provide opportunity for learners to identify positive and negative instances 7. Ask learners to think of their own example of the concept 8. Point out how concepts can be related to each other
  10. 10. Scheme and Script Scheme -is an organized body of knowledge about something Script - is a schema that includes a series of predictable events about a specific activity
  11. 11. Applying Constructivism in facilitating Learning *Aim to make learners understand a few key ideas in an in-depth manner, rather than taking up so many topics superficially. *Give varied examples * Provide opportunities for experimentation *Provide lots of opportunities for quality interaction *Have lots of hands-on activities *Relate your topic to real life situations *Do not depend o the explanation method all the time
  12. 12. Adrian P. Miranda BSED-1C Facilitating Learning

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