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The dark side of the MOOC

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Eine Hochschule für alle? Kritische Auseinandersetzung mit dem MOOC-Hype anlässlich der DAAD-Leitertagung am 14.11.2013 in Bonn

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The dark side of the MOOC

  1. 1. The dark side of the MOOC Eine Hochschule für alle? Markus Deimann | FernUniversität in Hagen markus.deimann@fernuni-hagen.de
  2. 2. „And then one day you find ten years have got behind you. No one told you when to run, you missed the starting gun.“ // Pink Floyd – „Time“ (1973) //
  3. 3. These I Hinter dem gegenwärtigen Hype um Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) liegt eine tiefsitzende Unsicherheit im Umgang mit den Herausforderungen der Digitalisierung des Bildungssystems.
  4. 4. „Education is broken“ Grundlegende Transformationen in der Arbeitswelt Mit Technologien lassen sich weit mehr Studierende erreichen als mit traditionellen Universitäten EUROPEAN COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT Analysis and mapping of innovative teaching and learning for all through new Technologies and Open Educational Resources in Europe 25.09.2013
  5. 5. „I can't teach at Stanford again. It's impossible. I feel like there's a red pill and a blue pill, and you can take the blue pill and go back to your classroom and lecture your 20 students, but I have taken the red pill, and I've seen wonderland. And we have changed the world, I think, with education.“ Sebastian Thrun, 25.01.2012 CEO Udacity
  6. 6. Ein globaler MOOC-Markt entsteht ● Kommerzielle Anbieter (Coursera, Udacity, Iversity) – Finanzierung durch Venture Capital – Private-Public Partnership – Enorme Wachstumsraten ● Profilierung mit MOOCs (FutureLearn, OpenUpEd) ● Nicht-kommerzielle Anbieter (edX) ● Alternative: OCW, OERUniversity
  7. 7. These II MOOCs und Open Education wirken sowohl befreiend als auch unterdrückend
  8. 8. Implizite und explizite Dramaturgie von MOOCs
  9. 9. Explizite Dramaturgie Klar vermittelte Botschaften/konkretes Handlungsgeschehen ● Breaking Bad – ● Aufstieg des biederen High School Lehrers Walter White zum gefürchteten Drogenbaron MOOC – Kostenfreie, qualitativ hochwertige, leicht zugängliche Bildung für alle – Keine Zugangsbeschränkungen (sozial, ökonomisch) – Online Videos mit kurzen MC-Tests und Diskussionsforen zur Wissensüberprüfung
  10. 10. Implizite Dramaturgie Versteckte Botschaften, die sich auf das Weltwissen der RezipientInnen beziehen ● Breaking Bad – – ● Verwendung genretypischer Codes und Sprache („Breaking Bad“) Distinktionswissen erforderlich, um den tieferen Sinn zu erschließen und an Diskussionen teilzunehmen MOOC – Dominanz bestimmter Vermittlungsformen – Habitus „Ivy-League“
  11. 11. Illusion der Chancengleichheit ● Studie von Bourdieu & Passeron (1971): nicht Begabung und Anstrengung, sondern soziales und kulturelles Kapital bedingen Bildungserfolge ● Schule/Hochschule verstärkt noch weiter bestehende soziale Unterschiede ● Höhere Bildung setzt immer das voraus, was zu vermitteln sie vorgibt: Kulturelles Kapital ==> MOOCs können Matthäus-Effekt bedingen: 70% der MOOC Teilnehmenden haben bereits einen Hochschulabschluss (Studie der University of Edinburgh)
  12. 12. Openness als Disziplinarmacht ● Offenheit wird zur Norm, der alles unterworfen wird. ● cMOOCs:Ausgrenzung „abweichender“ Praktiken ● xMOOCs: Benachteiligung finanzschwacher Hochschulen („Super-Professor“)
  13. 13. Chancengleichheit durch MOOCs? ● Keine Diskrepanz zwischen impliziter und expliziter Dramaturgie ● Soziale Inklusion ist an Bedingungen geknüpft ● MOOCs für bestimmte Zielgruppen und Kompetenzen: – ● Beispiel „Entdecke die Insel der Forschung“ (#exif13) → digitaler Brückenkurs zur Einführung/Auffrischung Finanzielle Aspekte – Eigene Marke verschwindet (ist es Stanford oder Coursera)?
  14. 14. Vielen Dank für Ihre Aufmerksamkeit!
  15. 15. Bildnachweis Folie 5: http://www.cydonian.com/photos/data/media/192/ma trix_074.jpg Folie 8: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/48/ Breaking_Bad_logo.png

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