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Trends in Information Management

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Trends in Information Management

  1. 1. Running head: Annotated Bibliography: Trends in Information Security 1 Annotated Bibliography: Trends in Information Security By Alexander Deucalion October 2nd, 2015 Trends: Biometric alternatives to password authentication Network System Intergration Design Energy Efficient Green Computing in the Cloud NAICS Codes: Biometric alternatives to password authentication 344118, Biometrics Network Systems Integration Design 541512 Information Management Energy Efficient Green Computing in the Cloud 541511 Custom Computer Programming Biometrics Unar, J.A., Woo Chaw Seng, and Almas Abbasi. 'A Review Of Biometric Technology Along With Trends And Prospects'. Pattern Recognition 47.8 (2014): 2673-2688. Web. Retrieved from: http://www.sciencedirect.com.ezproxy.umuc.edu/science/article/pii/S003132031400034 X The authors present a review of the state of current authentication practices and illustrate the inadequacy of those practices to advocate for the use of biometric alternatives. They start with a discussion of the pervasiveness of “criminal and terrorist”(Unar, Seng & Abassi 2014) activity existing today, both in computing and non-computing scenarios and how the conventional authentication methods are largely disadvantageous to proper functioning of daily operations in various environments-including work environments. The Article is organized in sections: a section to comprehensively cover basic biometric concepts, a section for “quantitative analysis”, a section for discussing biometric
  2. 2. Annotated Bibliography: Trends in Information Management 2 modalities and their advantages and disadvantages, and lastly, a section covering the trends and concluding remarks. (Unar, Seng & Abassi 2014) In particular, the articles discusses six different biometric modalities: hand, face, ocular, biomedical, behavioral and soft Appearing in a peer reviewed publication, this article is directed toward the author’s peers in the academic community. The material is highly relevant to the topic and unlike other studies available, features great details about each biometric modality, a quantitative analysis, other details not covered in other studies, and a forecasting of market trends for biometric technology. The comprehensiveness of the discussion of biometrics in its different forms and applications is probably the greatest strength of the article and makes it a formidable article for research.. It unfortunately focuses extensively on embedded systems and the Internet of Everything and not so much on biometric applications in traditional desktop computing systems of which there are many available biometric applications. It further contains little bias as the authors acknowledge that biometrics is simply one solution to the security problem but not the only one. (Unar, Seng & Abassi 2014) Schneier, B. (1999, August). The Uses and Abuses of Biometrics. Communications of the ACM, 42(8), 136. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.umuc.edu/login?url=http://go.galegroup.com.ezproxy.umuc.edu/ps/i.do?i d=GALE%7CA55397084&v=2.1&u=umd_umuc&it=r&p=CDB&sw=w&asid=49082bd74f 94d14a99ed02e9f0b771d6
  3. 3. Annotated Bibliography: Trends in Information Management 3 Biometrics has gained such a large amount of popularity and appeal due to the never ending and ever increasing incidents of successful data attacks and infection of systems by many varieties of Malware. And with every new occurrence of computer crime, exploit, and attacks these incidents are probably becoming as prevalent as jaywalking and if not, trended to become so. In the context of our desperation to protect our data, the author writes with the purpose to awaken people and advise them not to be blindly optimistic about biometrics. For there is a price: “Biometrics is seductive” (Schneier 1999). The short article is organized by several points: 1) Biometrics is seductive; 2) Biometrics requires a database to store the reference file; 3) Some biometrics is hard to forge; 4) Some are easy to forge. The moral here is that biometrics work well only if the verifier can verify two things: one, that the biometric came from the person at the time of verification, and two, that the biometric matches the master biometric on file. If the system can't do that, it can't work (Schneier 1999) The author points out the two sides of biometrics-“the “science fiction” side and the “real” side; and then makes the case of its limitations and vulnerabilities: “If sometime steals your biometric, it is stolen for life. There is no way to get back to a secure a secure situation” (Schneier 1999) The article’s strength relies in the wisdom of its caveat but since biometrics have probably advanced since the article was written, it may be well to reconsider the author’s position today. The weakness is reflected in the lack of references used which may downgrade the work to an opinion
  4. 4. Annotated Bibliography: Trends in Information Management 4 Information Management Liu, L., Stimpson, T., Antonopoulos, N., Ding, Z., & Zhan, Y. (2013). An Investigation of Security Trends in Personal Wireless Networks. Wireless Pers Commun, 75(3), 1669- 1687. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11277-013-1386-3 http://go.galegroup.com.ezproxy.umuc.edu/ps/i.do?id=GALE|A387349460&v=2.1&u=u md_umuc&it=r&p=CDB&sw=w&asid=47fc265e4ebd53d4c98fd09b3850f951 The work discussed here is a comprehensive study of wireless networks vulnerability and security to mitigate those security breaches that exist not only on home networks as well as enterprise mobile networks which are more frequently compromised due to the continuance relying on compromised encryption schemes such as WEP which was broken over 10 years ago. Another threat to wireless networks is the abundant downloadable tools that pose a serious risk to mobile devices belonging to users either at home or on the field conducting corporate tasks or telecommuting. It is the intention of the authors that through this study, users can benefit by utilizing more up-to-date security schemes and show more safe computing behavior. This work is directed toward users for that reason. This article is organized by the authors this way: In Section 2 “a literature review will be undertaken to display the past, present and possible future threats to wireless security, as well as network security as a whole”. In Section 3 an in-depth analysis of threats from wireless security tools is examined. Section4 discusses design and implementation of newer security methods. Section 5 considers the Wardriving (the act of searching for Wi- Fi wireless networks by a person in a moving vehicle, using a portable computer, smartphone or personal digital assistant)Research and Section 6 offers suggestions for
  5. 5. Annotated Bibliography: Trends in Information Management 5 solving security problems discovered in the research(Liu, Stimpson, Antonopoulos, Ding & Zhan, 2013). The relevance to the topic is high since the pervasiveness of mobile devices in all areas of life and work are undeniably ubiquitous in the fast advancing information age. The need for mobile security has never been more critical because mobile computing has different security issues than conventional connected network components like LANs and WANs. The thoroughness with which this study exposes security issues centering on mobile users and attempts to devise ideas to improve security makes this a strong article. All, A. (2015). 9 Enterprise Security Trends for 2015 - eSecurity Planet. Esecurityplanet.com. Retrieved 4 October 2015, from http://www.esecurityplanet.com/mobile-security/9-enterprise-security-trends-for- 2015.html This articles lists some of 2015’s most pressing security problems facing enterprises and seeks to inform not only CIOs but the public as well. There are 9 top trends to look out for and these are voiced by some of IT’s top experts in the field of network security. The author briefly states the 9 trends: Security as a Differentiator, More weaponized malware, Bigger and Badder DDOSs, Rethinking Security Costs, Increasing threat intelligence, Going on Offence, Monetizing Malware, Mobile Attack Motivations, Health Care Information in the Cross Hairs. The article is very brief and to the point and contains no analysis or advocacy for helping readers with security issues. That weakness makes the article not very helpful Custom Computer Programming
  6. 6. Annotated Bibliography: Trends in Information Management 6 Mastelic, T., & Brandic, I. (2015). Recent Trends in Energy-Efficient Cloud Computing. IEEE Cloud Comput., 2(1), 40-47. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/mcc.2015.15 Retrieved from: http://www.computer.org.ezproxy.umuc.edu/csdl/mags/cd/2015/01/mcd2015010040- abs.html The authors of this article purport to survey the current use of energy by cloud computing datacenters and the environmental impact of current use levels. They then discuss the challenges and directions the industry can and should take. The amount energy use in datacenters they claim amounts to over 1% of the worlds energy usage: in 2007 the cloud use of electricity was 330 Kw hours and is expected to rise to 1 Trillion by 2020(Mastelic & Brandic 2015) The article is organized into topics each of which is a component of a datacenter in the cloud-the network as whole, the servers, and the appliances. In the next section these components are integrated and the energy efficiency concepts are applied to the datacenter as a whole. The audience it would appear, are the datacenter admins and managers. The authors discuss in each section the State of the Art and the Future Challenges for achieving energy efficiency in each of the components and offer ways to accomplish that but it really fails to give any priority or urgency to the problem of overusing coal-based energy and its environmental impact. The article does make some suggestions but nothing close to a usable strategy or blueprint for datacenter energy use reduction. Venkatraman, A. (2014). Greenpeace slams datacenter operators for energy inefficiency. Computer Weekly, 6-7.
  7. 7. Annotated Bibliography: Trends in Information Management 7 Retrieved from http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.umuc.edu/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=7d0ea70e- 7ead-4489-88b8-da6ab66ac9a6%40sessionmgr4001&vid=3&hid=4213 Like an environmental police officer, Greenpeace has become a watchdog for IT industry and large datacenters like Google and Amazon, praising the former’s renewal energy efforts and slamming the latter. That Greenpeace would take on the IT world is no surprise. Prior to advent of the Information Age, they were hard at work sailing the oceans to prevent whaling and other sorts of over-fishing. As perennial champions of the environment they have kept up with technology trends and encourage data conglomerates to “cool it with coal” and switch to solar, wind, other renewable energy sources. This article is an analysis by the Editors of Computer Weekly of the Greenpeace Clicking Clean Report. It follows the Greenpeace report highlighting the statistics of clean energy use by Companies like Google, Facebook, and Yahoo, while branding Amazon and Twitter as Dirty Energy Players”( Venkatraman, 2014). It discusses how large urban datacenter like the ones mentioned above are leading the way to 100% renewal energy us and others like Microsoft, IBM, and Telecity are “in the middle taking some steps but not really being transparent and leading the way”.( Venkatraman, 2014). As a world class environmental NGO, it leads the way to help protect the environment and since criticizing those in the IT industry for being “dirty” and encouraging them to “come clean” this report of their activities is highly relevant to the attaining their objective of setting clean and efficient energy use by the cloud community. The Editors are praising Greenpeace, it seems, by reporting on their activity in a positive light and that is the strength of this article.