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Smart Grid

Smart Grid is an automated, widely distributed energy delivery network characterized by a two-way flow of electricity and information, capable of monitoring and responding to changes in everything from power plants to customer preferences to individual appliances.

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Smart Grid

  1. 1. Presented By:- Abinash Choudhury
  2. 2. • Smart Grid – Definition – Components – Case Study • Smart grid in Indian Context – Drivers – Initiatives – Initiation – Progress – Challenges – Way forward
  3. 3. What is a Smart Grid? • Smart Grid is an automated, widely distributed energy delivery network characterized by a two-way flow of electricity and information, capable of monitoring and responding to changes in everything from power plants to customer preferences to individual appliances. • In other words, a smart grid is the electricity delivery system (from point of generation to point of consumption) integrated with information and communications technology • There is NO single definition for smart grid - It is an evolving paradigm Smart grid Transmission system Superconductive Super High Way FACTS Grid Automation Market Stability Smart Meter Demand Response & DSM Remote metering Micro Grid Information Technology Investment Renewable Energy Balancing Distribution System Demand side Balancing in Power System Smart Meter
  4. 4. Smart Grid Components • Communication Medium, Communication Unit • Communication server Communication • Integrated to Grid • Solar / Wind / Tidal / Bio- Mass / Hydro etc Renewable (DERs) • SCADA/ EMS, DMS • OMS & MWFM (Mobile Work Force Mgmnt) Distribution Automated Systems • Protocols & Historian, Two way control &activation • Near Real-time Information, analysis and actions Smart Meters • EE appliances, Building Management Systems • Control Devices (2 Way communication with Grid) Home Appliances • Data Handling, GIS, NW Apps • Integrated Process applications like MBC, CRM etc Applications Storage Cells • PHEV (Plug In Hybrid Electric Vehicles)
  5. 5. Integrated Smart Grid- Illustration
  6. 6. Case Study- Australia • Smart Grid Smart City Initiative taken up by Australian Government- DEWHA • Up to $100 million to deliver a commercial-scale smart grid rollout. • Objectives: Deploy a commercial-scale rollout, Build public and corporate awareness , Gather data , Investigate synergies with other networks • Newcastle city to be pilot site,EnergyAustralia is a winning bidder. Consortium includesOEMcompanies, utility, State government, Grid operator. • This demonstration project will provide information on the costs and benefits of smart grid technologies and applications that industry needs to make the right decisions in implementing this technology • Other counties who have initiated (partial List) are Singapore, Korea (Juje Island), USA(around 4 Billion across projects), etc
  7. 7. The Indian Context - Major Drivers Growing Energy Demand Smart Grid Drivers Economic Growth Policy & regulation Technology Advancement Infra Reliability & Security Political Energy Independe nce & Security Increasing Renewable generation GHG Reduction, Climate Changes
  8. 8. The Indian Context- Initiatives • R-APDRP (Part A,Band C) • Energy Accounting & Reduction of AT&C Losses, Distribution System Strengthening • Creation of IT Infrastructure including Data Centre • Implementation ofMDAS, Network and GIS elements & other process elements • Implementation ofSCADA&DMSsystems • Capacity Building of Utility Personnel across various themes • SmartGrid Taskforce • An inter ministerial group serving as the Government’s focal point for activities related to Smart Grid • SmartGrid Forum • Anon-profit voluntary consortium of public and private stakeholders with the prime objective of accelerating development of Smart Grid technologies in the Indian Power Sector • Will help implementSmart Grid technologies in an efficient, cost-effective, innovative and scalable manner by bringing together all the key stakeholders and enabling technologies • 7 Working Groups looking into different aspects of Smart Grid
  9. 9. Progress to a Smarter Grid •Meter Data Acquisition Systems •Network Elements •Application Modules - MBC, CC, CRM, Energy Audit etc Implementation •SCADA and AMR •Relevant HW SMART GRID • Baseline Data • Consumer and Asset Indexing • GIS Implementation •Modules - MIS, System Security, Asset and Maintenance Management Implementation • Capacity Building Mop, Smart Grid Task Force and Smart Grid Forum
  10. 10. Challenges towards SG in India • Regulatory Support: – Peak/Off-Peak tariff – Interface metering-Connectivity with the Grid – Incentive / Dis-Incentive for consumers – Traditional Distribution or Distribution & retail • R-APDRPwill create platform. Lot still needs to be done. • High Investment Requirement. Funding Options. • Technology to evolve around value chain including HomeAppliances • Technology may have a low life span i.e. high depreciation.Standards. • Stakeholders are eager to participate in Smart Grid Program but need direction on how to move with State owned Utilities • Participation of societal stakeholders in investment is a challenge
  11. 11. The Indian Context – Major Benefits • Peak reduction – Would enable utilities to reduce purchase of costly power and maintain grid discipline • Quality and control of electricity flow, Improved reliability – Self healing grid with high attack resistance • AT&C Loss reduction – Prevention of disruptions, improved energy management and energy accounting. Leakages would be detected quickly and prevented • Increased efficiency - Individual producer could generate power onsite and feed into the grid without raising reverse flow reliability and safety issues • Empowerment of consumers –Consumers could optimize their usage and billing; Smart Grid enables a competitive electricity market • Sustainable energy – Integration with sources of renewable energy generators; Environmental improvements
  12. 12. ….and the Way Forward  Understand consumer requirements (Industry, HT, LT, Specialty etc)  Enhance and continually upgrade national vision on Smart Grid  Build on R-APDRP and other existing initiatives  Environment creation which encourages innovation & entrepreneurship  Identify partners from the public and private space (including academia) for enablement of Smart Grid  Carry out capacity building activities  Implement pilot programs  Build long term strategy for inclusion of other services (like data and telecom)