Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.
UMBILICAL CORD STEM CELL

PRESENTED BY :- SINGH ABHISHEK.C
Department of Biotechnology
Ismail Yusuf college
Mumbai Univers...
INTRODUCTION
• Blood remaining in the
umbilical cord and placenta
after birth is called as
Umbilical Cord Blood stem
cell ...
• During prenatal development,
the umbilical cord is
physiologically and genetically
part of the fetus and (in humans)
nor...
History
• 1974 First report on stem/progenitor
cells in human cord blood.
• 1988 First successful cord blood
transplant to...
How to collect UCB cells
Blood sample in
biohazardous bag

Blood sample

Pregnant Mother

Diagnostic test for diseases.
 ...
Healthy baby

Cord blood collection
How to preserve CB
• After the collection, the cord blood
unit is shipped to the lab and
processed, and then
cryopreserved...
CB blood contain
• CB blood contain stem
cell which is also known
as haematopoietic cell or
progenitor cell.
• This stem c...
APPLICATION

Stem cells can be stored and used to treat
over 80+ diseases including leukemia,
lymphoma and more.
CB Bank in India
• RELIANCE LIFE SCIENCE First public CB
bank(2002).
• LIFE CELL INDIAS First CB bank (2004).
• Cryobank I...
CB price in India
• Not much difference in
price to preserve CB by
different CB bank.
• Minimum 70,000 and
maximum 1,50,00...
Difference between private and public
bank
Cord Blood Banking (Private)

Cord Blood Banking (Public)

• Costs $1000-2000 i...
Some Transplant Centres in India
• Tata Memorial Hospital,
Mumbai
• Adyar Cancer Centre, Chennai
• Apollo Specialty Hospit...
Most Recent Application In India
1.Diabetes
(National Centre for Cell Sciences, Pune University –
Dr. Ramesh Bhonde)
2.Hea...
Something About HLA Test
Definition
• The human leukocyte antigen test, also known as HLA, is a
test that detects antigens...
•Preparation
The HLA test requires a blood sample. There is no need for the
patient to be fasting (having nothing to eat o...
Advantages
• Cord blood is a rich, natural, controversy-free source of lifesaving stem cells.
• The collection of cord blo...
• Cord blood has a broader match potential than bone marrow,
which means that the patient and donor do not have to be a
“p...
Disadvantages
• The main disadvantage of cord blood is that the volume
collected is fixed and relatively small.
• Therefor...
CONCLUSION
• Source of stem cells from
biological waste.
• Collection of cord stem cells is
painless.
• Collection of cord...
REFFERENCE
•
•
•
•

Umbilical cord blood wikkipedia
Placenta wikkipedia
Umbilical Cord wikkipedia
Americord Bank (US)

• J...
• Christina Bemrich(Tinsley Harrison Research Society).
• Elisabeth Semple, PhD Scientific Director
Cells for Life Cord Bl...
Umbilical cord stem cell
Nächste SlideShare
Wird geladen in …5
×

Umbilical cord stem cell

8.814 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

Umbilical Cord blood stem cell is obtain from biological waste from which we can treat over 80 diseases grt inovation in science..........

Veröffentlicht in: Bildung, Technologie, Gesundheit & Medizin
  • Login to see the comments

Umbilical cord stem cell

  1. 1. UMBILICAL CORD STEM CELL PRESENTED BY :- SINGH ABHISHEK.C Department of Biotechnology Ismail Yusuf college Mumbai University
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • Blood remaining in the umbilical cord and placenta after birth is called as Umbilical Cord Blood stem cell is also known as Cord Blood. • The blood is rich in stem cells derived from the Umbilical Cord and placenta after birth. • After the birth Umbilical Cord Blood taken from umbilical vein after cord is cut and clamped. • UCB blood can be stored for 25 years.
  3. 3. • During prenatal development, the umbilical cord is physiologically and genetically part of the fetus and (in humans) normally contains two arteries (the umbilical arteries) and one vein (the umbilical vein), buried within Wharton's jelly. •The umbilical vein supplies the fetus with oxygenated, nutrientrich blood from the placenta. •Conversely, the fetal heart pumps deoxygenated, nutrient-depleted Cross section of umbilical cord. Top right blood through the umbilical and top left: umbilical artery, bottom: umbilical vein, middle: remnant arteries back to the placenta of allantois.
  4. 4. History • 1974 First report on stem/progenitor cells in human cord blood. • 1988 First successful cord blood transplant to regenerate blood and immune cells in Paris, France on a sixyear-old boy suffering from Fanconi's Anemia, a blood disorder donor was his identical sister. • At the time of the first transplant, little was known about the biologic properties of CB cells and it was thanks to the pioneering work of H. E. Broxmeyer and E. A. Boyse, who studied the progenitor cell content of CB. • 1992 New York Blood Center establishes first public CB bank. H. E. Broxmeyer Edward .A. Boyse
  5. 5. How to collect UCB cells Blood sample in biohazardous bag Blood sample Pregnant Mother Diagnostic test for diseases.  HIV HEPATITIS B HEPATITIS C SYPHILIS HTLV CMV
  6. 6. Healthy baby Cord blood collection
  7. 7. How to preserve CB • After the collection, the cord blood unit is shipped to the lab and processed, and then cryopreserved. • However the unit is processed, a cryopreservant is added to the cord blood to allow the cells to survive the cryogenic process. • cryoprotectants such as glycerol or dimethyl sulphoxide. • After cryogenicprotectants added blood unit should be placed in freezer or extra cold vessel • Eg :- Nitrogen liquid (-196 degree celsius)
  8. 8. CB blood contain • CB blood contain stem cell which is also known as haematopoietic cell or progenitor cell. • This stem cell further turn into different cells, like RBC, WBC, Monocytes, Lymphocytes, Platelet, Bcell, T-cell, NK- cell etc. • This stem cell help to cure 80+ diseases.
  9. 9. APPLICATION Stem cells can be stored and used to treat over 80+ diseases including leukemia, lymphoma and more.
  10. 10. CB Bank in India • RELIANCE LIFE SCIENCE First public CB bank(2002). • LIFE CELL INDIAS First CB bank (2004). • Cryobank International associated with RJ crop and founded Cryobank India (2006) • Stemcyte Inc. USA associated with Apollo hospital Ahmadabad found stemcyte India(2007). • Jeevan stem cell bank public as well as private. • CordCare bank founded by Pathcare pvt. Ltd is public CB bank.
  11. 11. CB price in India • Not much difference in price to preserve CB by different CB bank. • Minimum 70,000 and maximum 1,50,000 Rupees. • Its very cheap and amazing gift from parents to their children or baby.
  12. 12. Difference between private and public bank Cord Blood Banking (Private) Cord Blood Banking (Public) • Costs $1000-2000 initially + ~$100/year • Ownership of the blood retained by the family • Cost: free • Blood donated and not reserved for child or family • May be used for research in some instances (read informed consent)
  13. 13. Some Transplant Centres in India • Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai • Adyar Cancer Centre, Chennai • Apollo Specialty Hospital, Chennai • Apollo Hospital, Hyderabad • Christian Medical College, Vellore • R&R Army Hospital, New Delhi • AIIMS, New Delhi • Inlaks Hospital, Pune • Armed Forces Medical College, Pune • Sanjay Gandhi PGIMS, Lucknow.
  14. 14. Most Recent Application In India 1.Diabetes (National Centre for Cell Sciences, Pune University – Dr. Ramesh Bhonde) 2.Heart (Dr. Venugopal Rao – AIIMS) 3.Liver Disease 4.Parkinson's Disease (Manipal Dr. Satish Totey) 5.Spinal Cord Injury (AFMC, Pune) 6.Stroke 7.Alzheimer's Disease
  15. 15. Something About HLA Test Definition • The human leukocyte antigen test, also known as HLA, is a test that detects antigens (genetic markers) on white blood cells. There are four types of human leukocyte antigens: HLAA, HLA-B, HLA-C, and HLA-D. Purpose • The HLA test is used to provide evidence of tissue compatibility typing of tissue recipients and donors. It is also an aid in genetic counseling and in paternity testing. Precautions • This test may have to be postponed if the patient has recently undergone a transfusion.
  16. 16. •Preparation The HLA test requires a blood sample. There is no need for the patient to be fasting (having nothing to eat or drink) before the test. •Risks Risks for this test are minimal, but may include slight bleeding from the blood-drawing site, fainting or feeling lightheaded after venipuncture, or hematoma (blood accumulating under the puncture site).
  17. 17. Advantages • Cord blood is a rich, natural, controversy-free source of lifesaving stem cells. • The collection of cord blood does not harm the mother or child, and does not interfere with the birthing process. • Umbilical cord blood has the potential to cure over 80 diseases. • Recent research has shown tremendous potential for cord blood stem cells to be used in regenerative medicine, which may cure even more diseases. • cord blood is readily available when needed, if collected and banked. • Cord blood stem cells are the “youngest” and most adaptable form of cells, and the body more readily accepts the cells into its system.
  18. 18. • Cord blood has a broader match potential than bone marrow, which means that the patient and donor do not have to be a “perfect match.” •Cord blood stem cells are more resistant to infection, have fewer side effects after the transplant and require fewer transplant drugs than bone marrow stem cells. •There are nearly 10 times as many blood producing cells in cord blood. Studies suggest that cord blood may also have a better ability to generate blood cells than bone marrow. This provides more opportunity for future medical advancements.
  19. 19. Disadvantages • The main disadvantage of cord blood is that the volume collected is fixed and relatively small. • Therefore, the number of stem cells available for transplantation is low compared to the number of cells that can be collected in customizable bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell harvests. • It’s a very costly in private bank. • Risk of high contamination . • High risk to be missmatch genetic typing.
  20. 20. CONCLUSION • Source of stem cells from biological waste. • Collection of cord stem cells is painless. • Collection of cord stem cells is risk free to mother and baby. • Cord blood stem cells are much more tolerant to HLA tissue mismatching than bone marrow therefore leading to lower rate. • Cord blood stem cells have a greater ability to differentiate into other cell types. • Save Cord blood save your future • Cord blood stem cells are being used in the treatment of 40 medical conditions with over 72 potential disease targets
  21. 21. REFFERENCE • • • • Umbilical cord blood wikkipedia Placenta wikkipedia Umbilical Cord wikkipedia Americord Bank (US) • Jayanti Tokas, Puneet Tokas, Rubina Begum, Shailini Jain and Hariom Yadav Department of Biotechnology, JMIT, Radaur, Haryana, India KITM, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India
  22. 22. • Christina Bemrich(Tinsley Harrison Research Society). • Elisabeth Semple, PhD Scientific Director Cells for Life Cord Blood Institute Toronto. • Cryo-Save India .com •Relicord.com •Jeevan stem cell bank. •Life cell stem cell •Stemcyte .com •parentsguidecordblood.org •bmt.umn.edu health.india.com •medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com •cordblood.findthebest.com •www.alphacord.com •www.newindianexpress.com •www.cordcareindia.com •www.pharmabiz.com •www.slideshare.net

×