4. What is Strategic Marketing?
It is a market-driven process of strategy
development, taking into account a
constantly changing business environment
and the need to deliver superior customer
Its link the organization with the environment
and views marketing as a responsibility of
the entire business rather than a specialized
function (Craven & Piercy, 2009).
Also known as strategic market
It is a system designed to help management
both precipitate and make strategic
decisions, as well create strategic vision
1999 John Wiley & Sons 2-5
It is a process of analyzing external
environments, internal factors, identifying
and selecting a strategy so that the
organization can achieve its long term goals
and its vision.
7. Why Strategic Market Management?
Force long-range view
Make visible resource allocation decisions
Aid strategic analysis and decision making
Provide a strategic management and control system
Provide horizontal and vertical communication and
Cope with change
9. WHAT IS MARKET-DRIVEN
The strategy that is formulated based on the
customer’s needs and wants and the
The starting point of development of the
strategy is always based upon the customers
that form the market and then comes
competitors, the strengths and weaknesses
of the firm, the economic condition, the
cultural forces and other market
11. CHARACTERISTICS OF MARKET-
According to Craven and Piercy (2009), there
are four main characteristics of market-driven
strategy which are:
1) Market oriented.
2) Matching customer value with the firm’s
3) Identifying distinctive capabilities.
4) Delivering superior customer value.
Generally there are two widely accepted
definition of market orientation.
One is by Kohli & Jaworski and another one
by Slater & Narver.
14. Market orientation by Kohli & Jaworski
The authors defined market orientation as
the organization wide generation of market
intelligence pertaining to current and future
customer needs, dissemination of
intelligence across departments, and
organization wide responsiveness to it.
Thus, based on this definition, we say the
company is market oriented when it collects
information regarding the customer needs,
share it among its employees and take
necessary actions towards those information.
16. Market orientation according to Slater
The authors defined market orientation as a
business culture that consists five main components
- Customer focus/orientation/intelligence.
- Competitor focus/orientation/intelligence.
- cross functional or departmental coordination.
- Long-term focus (appropriate investment is
- Profitability (so that the company can sustain its
business and achieve its long term goals)
Thus from those two point of views we can
- Market orientation is a culture of
organization that requires a whole
employees effort on acquiring
information regarding the customers, the
competitors and the market, share the
information and take actions to the
- It also focus on the customer’s
satisfaction needs and wants, focus on
competitors and requires all effort and
coordination of all department in the
- All of these efforts focus on achieving
long term profit and goals.
“A business is market oriented when its culture
is systematically and entirely committed to
the continuous creation of superior customer
20. MATCHING CUSTOMER VALUE WITH
Capabilities are complex bundle of skills and
accumulation of knowledge, exercised
through organizational process, that enable
the organization to coordinate activities and
make use of its assets (Day,1994).
There are wide range of capabilities such as
product development capability, pricing
capability, marketing information system
capability, export capability, and etc.
Each firms has different capabilities and
even they have the same capabilities but the
levels are different form each other.
Example, Proton has the capability to make
passenger car just like Toyota, but Toyota
car’s are known for their quality and wide
product range. This is due to different
capabilities and level of capabilities that
Toyota has compared to Proton.
Firm must be able to match its customer’s
value or needs and wants with its own
Capabilities can be improved by knowledge.
Get new knowledge through training and
retraining, R&D, and etc.
23. According to Cravens & Piercy, (2006), The Major
components of distinctive capabilities are:
Skills and Accumulated Knowledge.
Coordination of Activities.
24. Summary on Market Driven Strategy
Market Driven Strategy requires the firm:
- Customer focus (satisfaction of the needs
and wants and thus customer analysis is
- Competitor focus (competitors analysis is
- Market environment analysis is crucial.
- Generate information, shared it and take actions.
To build and develop capabilities that match
up with the customer’s expectation and
Treat human capital as the main resources of
the firm (human as a source of capabilities).
Customer focus, competitor focus, market
focus and development of capabilities will
lead to superior performance.
29. Diversified Company
A diversified company is a company that has
multiple, unrelated businesses.
Unrelated businesses are those who (1)
require unique management expertise, (2)
have different end customers and (3)
produce different products or provide
different services. One of the benefits of
being a diversified company is that it buffers
a company from dramatic fluctuations in any
one industry sector.
30. CORPORATE STRATEGY
It concerns how a diversified company intends to
establish business positions in different industries
and the actions and approaches to improve the
performance of the group of business the company
has diversified into (Thomson & Strickland,2001).
Among the major concern of this level are
determining the corporate vision or mission, the
corporate objectives, corporate strategies (growth),
resource allocation, establish synergy among the
business and structure of the organization.
The responsibility belong to corporate level
31. BUSINESS STRATEGY
It concerns the actions and approaches to
produce successful performance in one
specific line of business.
The central business strategy issue is how to
build stronger long-term competitive position
or sustainable competitive advantage
(Thomson & Strickland, 2001).
Among strategies that are executed at this
level are such as deciding what
product/service attributes offer the best
chance to win a competitive advantage;
developing expertise, resource strengths,
and competitive capabilities that set the
company apart from rivals and ; competing
strategies/approaches such as niche
strategy, building technological superiority,
33. FUNCTIONAL STRATEGY
It concern on executing functional activities or
process within a business such as marketing,
finance, production, manufacturing, and etc.
Marketing strategies are such as market targeting
and positioning, building marketing relationship,
introducing new product, pricing strategy, promotion
strategy, and etc.
All these activities must be based on the developed
34. OPERATIONAL STRATEGY
It concerns on executing operating tasks and
Examples executing advertising campaign
through television for the first two weeks of
35. CRITERIA FOR STRATEGY
The question is that how to choose and
select appropriate strategy?
There are several criteria that we could use
as a guideline.
As suggested by Aaker, those are such as:
1. Consider the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities
and threats (SWOT) analysis that are performed
2. Be consistent with the company’s vision and
3. Be feasible (can be done with the available
resources, culture, organization structure and etc.)
5. Consider the relationship with other firm
strategies such as fostering synergy,
enhancing flexibility and balancing the
sources and cash flow.
Among the challenges are such as:
- Escalating globalization.
- Technology diversity and uncertainty.
- Fast developing internet.
- The demand to become more socially
40. SUMMARY OF STRATEGIC
Strategic marketing is a process of identification and
implementation of market driven strategy so that the
company can achieve its long term performance and
mission or vision.
Market driven strategy is a strategy that is market
oriented; lead to long term performance; build
capabilities and SCA; and match customers’ value
with the company’s capabilities.
Market oriented firm is the firm that is
customer focus, competitor focus, have good
cooperation among departments or
functions, focus on performance, value
information and respond to its and require
participation from every employee.
There are criteria that we could use as a
guideline for selecting and choosing a
The framework for strategic marketing as
suggested by Aaker consist three main
components such as external analysis;
internal analysis and; strategy identification