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Implementing the Curriculum
The Roles of Stakeholders in Curriculum Implementation

are individuals or institutions that are interested in the school curriculum.
are those involved the different ways of the curriculum.
they are the once which is affected whether directly or indirectly.

The Stakeholders are:
the Learner
the Teacher
the Curriculum Managers and Administrators
the Parents
the Community Members
the Other Stakeholders in Curriculum Implementation

the Learner
the center of the curriculum
they are the reason a curriculum is developed.
they are the ones who are directly influenced by it.
they are the considered in developing the curriculum.
they are the primary stakeholders in the curriculum.

the Teacher
the Curriculum Developers and Implementers.
planning and writing the curriculum are the primary role of the teachers.
they are the ones addressing the goals, needs interest of the learners by creating the experience the students can learn.

the Teacher
are the ones which design, enriches, and modifies the curriculum to suit the learners characteristics.
they are empowered to develop their own school taking consideration their own expertise, the context of the school and the abilities of the learners.
teachers are the architects of the school curriculum.
curriculum implementers.

the Teacher
from a designer or technician they become the decision maker.
their role shits from planning to doing.
the choice of methods, activities, materials to be used in teaching is resting to their hands.

the Curriculum Managers and Administrators
they are the ones who are supervising curriculum implementation, the selection and recruitment of new teachers, admitting students, procedure equipment and materials needed for effective learning.
they are also involve in planning for the improvement of school facilities and physical plants.

the Curriculum Managers and Administrators
the principle of command responsibility and institutional leadership rests on their shoulders as administrators.

the Parents
are the supporters of the curriculum.
financial matters.
their involvement in school matters.

the Community Members
they act as curriculum resources.
the community members and materials in the existing local community can very well substitute for what are needed to implement the curriculum.

The Other Stakeholders in Curriculum Implementation
some organizations are those of each profession, like teachers’ organizations, medical doctors’ association, engeneers’ organizations and many others.
Professional Organizations have shown great influence have shown great influence in school curriculum.
the Government represented by DedpEd, CHED and PRC

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  1. 1. Autonomous region of muslim mindAnAo
  2. 2. ARMM Gallery
  3. 3. Geography The ARMM spans two geographical areas: Lanaodel Sur and Maguindanao (except Cotabato City) in south western Mindanao, and the island provinces of Basilan (except Isabela City), Sulu and Tawi-Tawi in the Sulu Archipelago. The region covers a total of 12,288 km²
  4. 4. History For the most part of Philippines' history, the region and most of Mindanao has been a separate territory, which enabled it to develop its own culture and identity. The region has been the traditional homeland of Muslim Filipinos since the 15th century, even before the arrival of the Spanish who began to colonize most of the Philippines in 1565. Muslim missionaries arrived in Tawi-Tawi in 1380 and started the conversion of the native population to Islam. In 1457, the Sultanate of Sulu was founded, and not long after that the sultanates ofMaguindanao and Buayan were also established. At the time when most of the Philippines was under Spanish rule
  5. 5. , these sultanatesmaintained their independence and regularly challenged Spanish domination of the Philippines by conducting raids on Spanish coastal towns in the north and repulsing repeated Spanish incursions in their territory. It was not until the last quarter of the 19th century that the Sultanate of Sulu formally recognized Spanish sovereignty, but these areas remained loosely controlled by the Spanish as their sovereignty was limited to military stations and garrisons and pockets of civilian settlements in Zamboanga and Cotabato,[5] until they had to abandon the region as a consequence of their defeat in the Spanish-American War.
  6. 6. ARMM's precursors In the 1970s, escalating hostilities between government forces and the Moro National Liberation Front prompted Ferdinand Marcos to issue a proclamation forming an Autonomous Region in the Southern Philippines. This was however, turned down by a plebiscite. In 1979, Batas Pambansa No. 20 created a Regional Autonomous Government in the Western and Central Mindanao regions
  7. 7. Establishment of the ARMM The Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao region was first created on August 1, 1989 through Republic Act No. 6734 (otherwise known as the Organic Act) in pursuance with a constitutional mandate to provide for an autonomous area in Muslim Mindanao
  8. 8. Seal Province Capital Populatio n (2010)[1] Area (km²) Pop. density (per km²) Basilana IsabelaCityb 293,222 1,994.1 147.0 Lanao del SurMarawi 933,260 12,051.9 77.4 Maguindanao c ShariffAguak 944,718 7,142.0 132.2 Sulu Jolo 719,290 2,135.3 336.4 Tawi-Tawi Bongao 366,550 3,426.6 107.0
  9. 9. Organizational Structure The ARMM Regional Building in Cotabato City
  10. 10. Executive Executive Council Legislative
  11. 11. ARMM powers and basic principles RA 9054 provides that ARMM "shall remain an integral and inseparable part of the national territory of the Republic." The President exercises general supervision over the Regional Governor. The Regional Government has the power to create its own sources of revenues and to levy taxes, fees, and charges, subject to Constitutional provisions and the provisions of RA 9054. The Shariah applies only to Muslims; its applications are limited by pertinent constitutional provisions (prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment
  12. 12. Basilan
  13. 13. Basilan is home to three main ethnic groups, the indigenous Yakans, and the later-arriving Tausugs and Chavacanos. The Yakans and Tausugs are predominantly Muslim, while the Chavacano are mainly Christian. There are also a number of smaller groups. Although the official languages are Filipinoand English, the major language is Yakan, but other languages are well represented, including Tausug, Samal, and ZamboangueñoChavacano
  14. 14. Geography Basilan is located between latitudes 6°15' and 7°00', and longitudes 121°15' and 122°30'. The island is bordered by the Basilan Strait to the north, the Sulu Sea to the northwest and west, the Moro Gulf to the northeast, and the Celebes Sea to the south, southeast and east. It is one of the 7,107 islands that make up the Philippine archipelago.
  15. 15. Province of Lanao del Sur
  16. 16. is a province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). The capital is the Islamic City of Marawi and it borders Lanao del Norte to the north, Bukidnon to the east, andMaguindanao and Cotabato to the south. To the southwest lies Illana Bay, an arm of theMoro Gulf. Found in the interior of Lanaodel Sur is Lanao Lake, the largest lake in Mindanao.
  17. 17. Sultanate of Lanao Lanao comes from the word ranao, meaning "lake." Lanao centers on the basin of Lake Lanao; thus, it is the land of the Maranaos, the "people of the lake." Lanao is the seat of the Sultanate of Lanao. When the Spaniards first explored Lanao in 1689, they found a well-settled community named Dansalan at the lake's northern end. Dansalan became a municipality in 1907 and a city in 1940
  18. 18. Joining the ARMM In a 1989 plebiscite, Lanaodel Sur voted to join the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), but Marawi City elected to remain outside ARMM. It later joined ARMM in 2001 following the plebiscite that sought to expand the autonomous region.
  19. 19. TawiTawi
  20. 20. is an island province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). The capitals of Tawi-Tawi are Bongao and PanglimaSugala. The province is the southernmost of the country sharing sea borders with the Malaysian State of Sabah and the Indonesian North Kalimantan province. To the northeast lies the province of Sulu and to the west is Sabah in Malaysia. Tawi-Tawi also covers some islands in the Sulu Sea to the northwest, the Cagayan de Tawi-Tawi Island and theTurtle Islands, just 20 kilometers away from Sabah.
  21. 21. Tawi-Tawi was previously part of the province of Sulu. On September 11, 1973, pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 302, the new province of Tawi- Tawi was officially created, separate from Sulu. The seat of the provincial government was established in Bongao. The name of Tawi-Tawi is a projection of the Malay word "jauh" meaning "far." Prehistoric travelers from the Asian mainland would repeat the word as "jaui- jaui" to mean "far away" because of the distance of the islands from the continent of Asia. The word "Tawi- Tawi" was picked up to later become the official name of the province.
  22. 22. Economy Agriculture, fishing, and agar-agar farming are the leading source of livelihood of the people of Tawi-Tawi, with quite a number engaged in the barter trade business. Copra is the top agricultural product, followed by root crops, fruits, and vegetables
  23. 23. Maguidanao
  24. 24. Maguindanao is a province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). Its capital is ShariffAguak. It borders Lanaodel Sur to the north, Cotabato to the east, and Sultan Kudarat to the south
  25. 25. Government Maguindanao is divided into two congressional districts, which elect members to the House of Representatives. For the brief period that the province of ShariffKabunsuan existed, Maguindanaobecame a lone-district province. Since the appointment of a new set of provincial officials for the reunified province of Maguindanao by the ARMM Governor in January 2009
  26. 26. , the provincial government has reverted to the SangguniangPanlalawigan setup (coterminous with the restored 1st and 2nd Congressional districts of Maguindanao) from before ShariffKabunsuan was created. Having elected to join the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), Maguindanao also sends six representatives (three per district) to the ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly that convenes in Cotabato City.
  27. 27. 2009 election violence On November 23, 2009, a 2010 gubernatorial election caravan supporting EsmaelMangudadatu, vice mayor of Buluan, was attacked.[3] Fifty-seven people were killed, including Mangudadatu's wife and sisters, supporters, local journalists, and bystanders.[4] On December 4, 2009 a number of homes belonging to the Ampatuan political family were raided in connection with the massacre
  28. 28. Sulu
  29. 29. is an autonomous island province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). Its capital is Jolo and occupies the middle group of islands of the Sulu Archipelago, between Basilan and Tawi-Tawi.
  30. 30. History The peaceful advent of Islam around 1138 through merchants and traders had a distinct influence on Southeast Asia. The coming of Arabs, Persians and other Muslims paved the way for the arrival of religious missionaries, traders, scholars and travelers to Sulu and Mindanao in the 12th century
  31. 31. Economy The province of Sulu is predominantly agricultural with farming and fishing as its main livelihood activities. Its fertile soil and ideal climate can grow a variety of crops such as abaca, coconuts, oranges, and lanzones as well as exotic fruits seldom found elsewhere in the country such as durian and mangosteen.
  32. 32. Fishing is the most important industry since the Sulu Sea is one of the richest fishing grounds in the country. The province also have an extensive pearl industry. Pearls are extensively gathered and a pearl farm is established at Marungas Island. The backs of sea turtlesare made into beautiful trays and combs. During breaks from fishing, the people build boats and weave mats. Other industries includecoffee processing and fruit preservation
  33. 33. TourisT spoT of ArMM
  34. 34. Houses on Stilts A typical fishermen’s village at Sapa-Sapa, Tawi- Tawi. The Sama and Tausug houses are built on stilts
  35. 35. The Bajau (/ bæd /, also ˈ ʒɔː spelled Badjao, Bajaw,Bajao, Bajo, Badjau,  or Badjaw), are an indigenous ethnic  group of Maritime Southeast Asia. Bajau  continue to live a seaborne lifestyle, making  use of small wooden sailing vessels (such as  the perahu and vinta). They are also known  as Sama or Samal.  Bajau Kids
  36. 36. Benolen Hot Spring Refreshing and medicinal, the hotspring is often visited mostly by students from nearby state college
  37. 37. Ligawasan Marsh Ligawasan Marsh is the largest swamp and marsh area in Mindanao and one of the largest in the Philippines, covering an area of about 288,000 hectares. It is a conglomeration of three marshes: Ligawasan, Libungan and Ebpanan. It is a vast complex of river shannles, small freshwater lakes, ponds, and arable land subject to seasonal flooding in the basin of Mindanao
  38. 38. Seit Lake, Panamao, Sulu The month of February has always been tagged as the Month of Love especially on the 14th as the Valentine’s Day where lovers and even those who are singles find most the value of Romantic Love. Luckily, the Philippines is rich with destinations to fulfill the calling of LOVE both for lovers and romantic enthusiasts
  39. 39. Bunbun Beach Powdery white beach sand, pristine waters and a breathtaking view at Bunbun Beach, Patikul, Sulu