3. WHAT IS STRESS?
Stress is your mind and body’s response or
reaction to a real or imagined threat, event or
The threat, event or change are commonly
called stressors. Stressors can be internal
(thoughts, beliefs, attitudes) or external (loss,
4. WHAT IS STRESS?
Stress is the reaction people have to excessive
pressures or other types of demand placed upon
them. It arises when they worry that they can’t
Stress is the “wear and tear” our minds and
bodies experience as we attempt to cope with our
continually changing environment.
S = P > R
Stress occurs when the pressure is greater than the resource.
20. NEGATIVE STRESS
• It is contributory factor in minor conditions,
such as headaches, digestive problems, skin
complaints, insomnia and ulcers, etc.
• Excessive, prolonged and unrelieved stress
can have a harmful effect on mental, physical
and spiritual health.
21. POSITIVE STRESS
• Stress can also have a positive effect,
spurring motivation and awareness, providing
the stimulation to cope with challenging
• Stress also provides the sense of urgency
and alertness needed for survival when
confronting threatening situations.
22. ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
• Stress response controlled by the Endocrine
•Demands on the physical or mental systems
of the body result in hormone secretion
(Insulin, Glucagon, Adrenaline, Testosterone,
Estrogen and Progesterone etc.)
26. ADAPTATION PHASE
• If the source persists, the body prepares for
long-term protection, secreting hormones to
increase blood sugar levels. This phase is
common and not necessarily harmful, but
must include periods of relaxation and rest to
counterbalance the stress response. Fatigue,
concentration lapses, irritability and lethargy
result as the stress turns negative.
• In chronic stress situations, sufferers enter
the exhaustion phase: emotional, physical and
mental resources suffer heavily, the body
experiences ‘adrenal exhaustion’ leading to
decreased stress tolerance, progressive mental
and physical exhaustion, illness and collapse.
31. MENTAL SYMPTOMS
• Lack of concentration
• Memory lapses
• Difficulty in making decisions
• Panic attacks
32. BEHAVIORAL SYMPTOMS
• Appetite changes – too much or too little
• Eating disorders – anorexia, bulimia
• Increased smoking and intake of drugs
• Nail biting
33. EMOTIONAL SYMPTOMS
• Bouts and depression
• Fits of rage
• Deterioration of personal hygiene and
34. STRESS RELATED TO
Stress is not the same as ill-health,
but has been related to such illness as;
• Cardiovascular disease
• Immune system disease
• Digestive disorders
36. Major Causes of Stress
Some of these may include:
Being Promoted or Demoted
Death of family or friends
•These are just examples of major life changes that can have a
serious impact on our lives and cause our bodies to react with stress.
Often times, the most common and stressful things happen on a daily
37. How Can You Cope With Stress?
1. Time Management. It can be a huge cause for
stress in many peoples’ lives. Consider taking a
class or course or reading information available
online or in magazines or books on how to better
manage your time and tasks.
2. Schedule. You may get more done with less
stress if you make a schedule. Think about which
things are most important, and put those at the
top of your schedule/list to do those things first.
38. 3. Take good care of yourself. Exercise, get
plenty of rest, try to eat well, and don't smoke.
4. Stop negative thoughts. Easier said then done
right? Well, it’s a skill that would be beneficial
to develop. Try writing down your worries and
work on letting go of things you cannot change.
Don’t worry about things that have past. Focus
on the positives and the future that you can still
39. 5. Speak up. Assertive communication can help
you express how you feel in a thoughtful, tactful
6. Ask for help. People who have a strong
network of family and friends manage stress
40. 7. Do something you enjoy. A hobby, a bath,
meditation, walking, or volunteering are good,
helpful ways to help you feel better and relieve
stress. Listen to relaxing music.
8. Keep a journal. Try including dates, time of
day, time of year, current events in your life, even
your food intake and exercise routine (if any).
41. 9. Focus on the present. Try meditation, imagery
exercises, or self-hypnosis. Don’t keep thinking
back to your mistakes and reliving the negative
things that happened. There is nothing you can
do about it. Let it go and look ahead, not behind.