7. THE GRAMMER ORNAMENT
IN 1856, in response to failing of crystal plaza, to better
understand ornamentation was answered by OWEN JONES
Published an exhaustive inventory of international and
historical decorative styles, printed in colorful lithographs.
The book included 20 sections of illustrated motifs and
Jones’s 37 propositions on what makes good design.
9. Pre-Raphaelite painters such
as Frank Cowper were
closely associated with the
Art & Craft Movement.
The Art and Craft Movement spurned
the Machine Age
and looked to Nature for idealistic
Book cover by William Moris.
10. THE RED HOUSE
COMMISSIONED BY MORRIS, PHILIP WEB BUILT THE RED
HOUSE AT BEXLEY HEATH IN KENT.
THE HOUSE WAS TO REPRESENT A PROTEST AGAINST
INDUSTRIALISM THROUGH ITS:
ABSENCE OF DECORATION
THE EMPHASIS ON BASIC FORM,
SOUND MATERIALS AND GOOD CRAFTSMANSHIP
12. INTERNTIOAL LONDON EXHIBITION
1862 was a world event on a mass-scale. Thousands of objects from
36 different countries were displayed together to represent the best of
the raw, crafted and manufactured.
This art and industry of the cutting-edge was staged in a specially
designed site in South Kensington, London.
Larger in size and scale than the 1851 Great Exhibition, 1862 was
nevertheless judged a flop and failed to establish a lasting legacy like
that of its predecessor.
The building consisted of a main structure with two adjoining wings set
at right angles for machinery and agricultural equipment; the wings
were demolished after the Exhibition. Its main facade along Cromwell
Road was 1152 feet (351 m) in length, and ornamented by two crystal
domes, each of which was 260 feet (79 m) high.
14. THE ART AND CRAFT MOVEMENT
The Arts and Crafts Movement was an international design movement
that originated in Britain and flourished between 1880 and 1910.
It was instigated by the artist and writer William Morris (1834–1896)
in the 1860s and was inspired by the writings of John Ruskin (1819–
It influenced architecture, domestic design and the decorative arts,
using simple forms and a medieval style of decoration.
It advocated truth to materials, traditional craftsmanship and
15. CHARACTERISTICS OF ART NAD CRAFT
Moved away from imitation of real subjects and moved
towards flowing and twisting lines of nature
Inspired by the lines and shapes of nature
united flowing, natural forms with more angular contours
Art Nouveau designers also believed that all the arts
should work in harmony to create a "total work of art”
16. Art Nouveau embraced all forms of art
22. ART AND CRAFT COTTAGE
PROCHES WITH THICK COLUMNS
OPEN FLOOR PLANS
EMULATE MEDIVAL THATCHED HUTS.
THERE WERE COZY BUNGALOWS MADE FROM NATURAL
MATERIALS. (WOOD,STONE AND STUCCO)
DOORS COVERED WITH WIDE EAVES
DARK WOOD MOULDING
24. THE ART NOUVAE
Intrinsically linked to literature , painting,
sculpture , music and decorative and graphic
Propagated unexplored aesthetic ideals and its
final phase influenced the textile industry ,
crystals and fashion .
With technological development lithography
gained colors that influenced the graphic area
25. FEATURES OF ART NOUVAE
Breaking with traditions.
No ideological concerns or aesthetic traditions.
Setting the contour line of the form and direction
of the construction.
The Forms :
• Arabesques,curves and predominance of cold
• Inspiration in nature (foliage,flowers,animals )
• Use of mosaic and different materials.
26. Siegfried Bing
German naturalized French in 1876, Siegfried
Bing (later called Samuel Bing)
He was the founder in 1895 of " La Maison de
l'Art Nouveau " in Paris.
It was his art gallery and exhibition hall that
gave its name to the famous artistic Style Art
Arts and Crafts
• Led by William Morris
• Reaction against the cluttered
designs and compositions of
Victorian-era decorative art
• Highly expressive paintings of
• the flat perspective and strong
colors of Japanese wood
of Japanese wood block prints
• (Olive green, carnation pink and
• “Whiplash” curves were derived
28. The designs were inspired from some nature
forms like curves formed by waves of sea,