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all about euthanasia and various cases

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  1. 1. What Is Euthanasia?
  2. 2. sEuthanasia The act of putting to death painlessly or allowing to die Also known as Mercy Killing
  3. 3. 01 • Identifying and defining research problem. 02 • Formulating hypothesis 03 • Preparing research design 04 • Designing the questionnaire 05 • Designing sample 06 • Analyzing and interpretation of data 07 • Preparation of research 08 • Follow up of the report Steps include in research process
  4. 4. Definition The word "euthanasia" was first used in a medical context by Francis Bacon in the 17th century, to refer to an easy, painless, happy death, during which it was a "physician's responsibility to alleviate the 'physical sufferings' of the body."
  5. 5. Indian law Passive euthanasia is legal in India. On 7 March 2011 the Supreme Court of India legalised passive euthanasia by means of the withdrawal of life support to patients in a permanent vegetative state. Drugs used Typically, three drugs are used in succession to perform euthanasia: Sodium thiopental is used to induce unconsciousness; Pancuronium bromide (Pavulon) to cause muscle paralysis and respiratory arrest; and Potassium chloride to stop the heart.
  6. 6. Classification of euthanasia Non- voluntary euthanasia Voluntary euthanasia Involuntary euthanasia Active euthanasia Passive euthanasia
  7. 7. A former nurse at KEM hospital, in 1973 she was sexually assaulted by a ward boy, Sohanlal Bhartha Walmiki and has been in a permanent vegetative state (PVS) ever since. Her journalist friend, Pinky Virani, had filed a petition for Euthanasia in her behalf to the Supreme Court.
  8. 8. Relieve pain Relief Frees up funds freedom Devalues human life Cost containmen t Causing death “slippery slope”
  9. 9. ORGANIZATIONSAgainst euthanasia CURE (Citizens United Resisting Euthanasia) Symposium on Opposing Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia (2007) Lifeissues.net's Euthanasia Articles (2008)International Euthanasia Symposium Held in Virginia, USA (2009) World Federation of Doctors Who Respect Human Life Foreuthanasia Right To Die Organizations
  10. 10. Quotations on Euthanasia "There is no quality of life when the patient is dead."... a nurse “I will give no deadly medicine to any one if asked, nor suggest any such counsel” ... The Hippocratic Oath "You matter because you are you. You matter to the last moment of your life, and we will do all we can, not only to help you die peacefully, but also to live until you die." ... Dame Cicely Saunders, founder of Hospice
  11. 11. "To make certain that a patient's right to receive care and compassion is not replaced by a doctor's right to prescribe poison or administer a lethal injection." Goal of the International Task Force on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide
  13. 13. General Christian view Christians are mostly against euthanasia. They believe that: Life is a gift from God: • All life is God-given • Birth and death are part of the life processes which God has created, so we should respect them • Therefore no human being has the authority to take the life of any innocent person, even if that person wants to die
  14. 14. The Roman Catholic view • Euthanasia is a grave violation of the law of God, since it is the deliberate and morally unacceptable killing of a human person. Pope John Paul II, Evangelium Vitae, 1995
  15. 15. • The church has said that: Nothing and no one can in any way permit the killing of an innocent human being, whether a foetus or an embryo, an infant or an adult, an old person, or one suffering from an incurable disease, or a person who is dying.
  16. 16. Places in the World Where Euthanasia is Legal Netherlands (Green), Belgium (Red), Luxembourg (Purple), Oregon and Washington (Yellow)
  17. 17. Cases of euthanasia • Terri SchiavoName • December 3, 1963Born • March 31, 2005 (aged 41)Died • Insurance clerkOccupation • Cardiac attack which lead to massive brain damage & loss of oxygen. Disease Case 1
  18. 18. Case 2 • Mrs BoyesName • july 3, 1963Born • November 1992 (aged 70)Died • Dr CoxAssisted by • Struck by accident where her husband died.Disease
  19. 19. Case 3 Marc and Eddy Verbessem, 45years of age. They were twin brothers and were euthanized together
  20. 20. The four, Durgesh (16), Sarvesh (14), Brijesh (11) & Suresh (10), have been afflicted by muscular dystrophy, a genetic disease that has confined them to bed. They all were afflicted at the age of 5. The parents had sought former President Pratibha Patil’s permission for the mercy killing of all their four sons who have turned into virtual vegetables.
  21. 21. She was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis(ALS). She fought to have a legal right to assisted suicide; under the Criminal Code of Canada, assisted suicide is punishable by a maximum sentence of 14 years in prison. A 1998 film called At the End of the Day: The Sue Rodriguez Story, with Wendy Crewson as Rodriguez, tells her story.
  22. 22. She was almost totally paralysed by cerebral palsy and had severe degenerative arthritis. She asked to be starved to death but yet she was force fed. Later she approached the American Civil Liberties Union. She lost her case for euthanasia.
  23. 23. Eluana Englaro-Italy Piergiorgio Welby-Italy Alka Tiwari-India Dilip Machao-India Claire Conroy-New Jersey Karen Ann Quinlin-US Anthony Bland-UK
  24. 24. Ministry Of Fear (1944) Johnny Got His Gun (1971) Whose Life Is It Anyway? (1981) The Sea Inside (2004) Million Dollar Baby (2004) Guzaarish (2010) You Don’t Know Jack (2010)
  25. 25. No of persons questioned : 30 Age Group : 18-70 years
  26. 26. Q. From what sources did you hear about “Euthanasia”? Internet Friends T.V. Other sources
  27. 27. Q. If you were diagnosed with a terminally ill disease would euthanasia be an option? Yes No Can't say
  28. 28. Q. Do you think euthanasia should be made legal everywhere? Yes No Can't say
  29. 29. Q. If euthanasia was made legal everywhere would you trust that doctors would give you best care possible? Yes No Can't say
  30. 30. Q. Do you think it is right that people should travel to another country to terminate their own lives? Yes No Can't say
  31. 31. Q. “It contradicts a doctor’s oath to commit euthanasia.” How far do you agree with ths statement? Stongly Agree Agree Disagree Strongly Disagree
  32. 32. Q. Do you think euthanasia would encourage unscrupulous family members to force their terminally ill relatives towards euthanasia? Yes No Can't say