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18 feb 2021 sociology - physical therapist s view of disease and the hospitals

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18 feb 2021 sociology - physical therapist s view of disease and the hospitals

  1. 1. Sociology  PHYSICALTHERAPIST’S VIEWS DISEAS & PATIENT  Dr. Zaffar Iqbal
  2. 2. PHYSIOTHERAPY  Restore, maintain, and promote overall fitness and health.
  3. 3. PHYSIOTHERAPIST  Understanding physiotherapists’ views towards adopting recommendations could inform strategies to replace low-value physiotherapy with evidence-based physiotherapy.
  4. 4.  THERAPIST view is a major public awareness campaign that aims to facilitate open patient– therapist communication about low-value care and ensure patients receive healthcare that is evidence-based, safe and necessary.
  5. 5.  Low-value care is defined as care that provides no benefit, causes harm or provides a benefit that is too small when compared with its cost.
  6. 6.  Physiotherapists play a key role in the management of some of the leading causes of disability worldwide (e. g, low back and neck pain).
  7. 7.  Facilitating evidence-based physiotherapy has major implications for reducing healthcare costs and improving the health of millions.
  8. 8.  It is to determine the proportion of physiotherapists that agreed and disagreed with each recommendation
  9. 9.  Physical therapists provide services that help restore function, improve mobility, relieve pain, and prevent or limit permanent physical disabilities in patients with injury or disease.
  10. 10.  Physical therapists are the leaders in the rehabilitation that allows individuals with chronic conditions to return to productive lives.
  11. 11.  Research shows that physical therapists can provide a cost-effective alternative for many patients who currently undergo surgery, take costly prescription drugs, or use a variety of medical devices to treat neuromusculoskeletal and cardiopulmonary problems.
  12. 12.  Physical therapists are educated to provide insight and interventions to increase physical activity among appropriate patients to reduce excess body mass, improve health status, and reduce associated chronic disease risk.
  13. 13.  For example, for patients who are obese, physical therapists develop programs that can balance the progression of exercise with the need for joint protection and safety.
  14. 14.  Physical therapists can lead evidence-based prevention and wellness programs implemented at the community level.
  15. 15. NURSE-PATIENT RELATIONSHIP  The nurse – patient relationship enables nurses to spend more time, to connect, to interact with their patients as well as to understand their patient's needs. It assists nurses to establish a unique perspective regarding the meaning of the patient's illness, beliefs, and preferences of patients/families.
  16. 16.  A therapeutic nurse-patient relationship is defined as a helping relationship that's based on mutual trust and respect, the nurturing of faith and hope, being sensitive to self and others, and assisting with the gratification of your patient's physical, emotional, and spiritual needs through your knowledge and skill.
  17. 17.  Nurses are on the front lines of health care. They become experts at establishing relationships with patients and can do so without a second thought. A healthy nurse-patient relationship built on trust and respect goes a long way in improving a patient's overall health
  18. 18.  Displaying these components helps a patient work through their issues and successfully moves them through the three phases of a therapeutic nurse-patient relationship, which are the orientation phase, the working phase, and the termination phase
  19. 19. HOSPITALS  Hospitals complement and amplify the effectiveness of many other parts of the health system, providing continuous availability of services for acute and complex conditions.
  20. 20.  Hospitals concentrate scarce resources within well- planned referral networks to respond efficiently to population health needs. They are an essential element of Universal Health Coverage and will be critical to meeting the Sustainable Development Goals.
  21. 21.  Hospital, an institution that is built, staffed, and equipped for the diagnosis of disease; for the treatment, both medical and surgical, of the sick and the injured; and for their housing during this process. The modern hospital also often serves as a center for investigation and for teaching
  22. 22.  Any system of cost containment that closely monitors and controls health care providers’ decisions about medical procedures, diagnostic tests, and other services that should be provided to patients.
  23. 23.  Hospitals are reservoirs of critical resources and knowledge. They can be classified according to the interventions they provide, the roles they play in the health system and the health and educational services they offer to the communities in and around them.
  24. 24. HOSPITAL TYPES  Acute care Hospital that treats patients in the acute phase of an illness or injury.  Addiction/substance abuse treatment Hospital that exists solely to provide assessment and treatment of individuals with addictions.
  25. 25.  Community (General) Non-federal, short-term (acute care) hospital where diagnostic and therapeutic services are available to the public.  Rural Hospital Hospital that is located outside the Census-designated Metropolitan Statistical Area.
  26. 26.  Urban Hospital Hospital that is located within the Census-designated Metropolitan Statistical Area.  Long-Term Care Hospital Hospital that provides medical and skilled nursing services to patients with long-term illnesses who are not in an acute phase but require a level of service not available in a nursing home.
  27. 27.  Psychiatric Hospital Hospital that provides diagnostic and treatment services to patients with mental and/or emotional disorders.  Rehabilitation Hospital Hospital that provides medical, health-related, social, and/or vocational services to disabled individuals to help them attain their maximum functional capacity.  Teaching Hospital Hospital that has an accredited medical residency-training program and usually has affiliation with a medical school.
  28. 28. TEACHING HOSPITALS  There are really two types of teaching hospitals - academic medical centers (major teaching hospitals) and minor teaching hospitals. Academic medical centers, however, have two components, a teaching hospital and a medical school. A minor teaching hospital usually does not have a medical school.
  29. 29.  Providing financial support through higher clinical payments for better care will help ensure that the major teaching hospitals maintain and invest in their distinctive social missions of education, research, clinical innovation, and caring for disadvantaged patients.
  30. 30. THANK YOU

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