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Tools of war<br />Strategy and Tactics <br />Topics of Discussion<br />
The Gladius (Sword)<br />This was the weapon of choice for hand to hand combat. <br />This would be about 50 cm with a double-edged blade<br />
The Pilum (Spear)<br />There were both thick and thin pilum<br />The thin ones had a long iron head and fit to the 2 m handle through a socket<br />The thick pilum was 2 m and attached with a 5 cm tang<br />These were usually thrown before engaging the enemy with the gladius<br />
Armor<br />One of the most important parts of a soldier’s equipment. <br />Roman armor was designed to protect against projectiles such as spears, arrows, swords, or daggers<br />Roman armor developed and improved over time<br />
Roman Armor 160 BC<br />Armor for this period usually consisted of a shield and body armor that varied upon rank<br />The shield was a curved oval made with wood and leather<br />These were very heavy (10kg)<br />
Roman Armor 160 BC continued…<br />Body armor for was made from a small square breastplate and one greave<br />A greave was worn on the left leg (the lead foot when fighting with a left-handed shield)<br />
Roman Armor 160 BC continued…<br />The heavy infantry wore a bronze helmet with plume to make a man look much taller<br />These soldiers were called principes<br />
Armor, 100BC – 200 AD<br />Recruitment was now open to any Roman citizen<br />Before, people with money entered the military, because a soldier had to pay for his own armor<br />With open recruitment, the military had to provide cheap, mass-produced armor<br />
Armor, 100BC – 200 AD, continued<br />The standard armor was improved for this period and was called the loricsegmentata<br />This type of armor was segmented and made from strips of iron joined together with straps<br />It covered the chest and shoulders and weighed about 9kg<br />
Armor, 100BC – 200 AD, continued<br />The shield was improved as well<br />It became rectangular instead of oval<br />The front of the shield was often decorated with patterns from a particular military unit<br />
Tools of the Siege<br />A siege was held against a fortified position<br />The Romans developed huge siege engines to attack the defenses of a fortified city<br />One siege engine was the scorpion, which was like a giant crossbow and threw large spears<br />Romans also used battering rams to break through enemy gates<br />
Strategy and Tactics<br />The military was very organized<br />Each legion had about 5,500 men<br />These were divided into ten units called cohorts<br />The cohorts were divided into six centuries of about 80 men each<br />Each century was commanded by a centurion<br />The legion also had about 120 cavalrymen who acted as scouts<br />
Conclusion<br />The Roman armor and tactics made it the best military in the world during the height of the Roman Empire<br />THE END<br />THANK YOU!<br />