• What is your favorite
• Let’s talk about it!
Greetings – Meeting people
How's it going?
How is everything/life?
How are things?
What's going on?
How have you been?
Long-time no see.
It's been a while.
How are you (doing)?
(It's) nice/good/great to see you.
How is your day (going)?
When arriving at your destination or meeting people during the day, use the
Greetings – Leaving people
• At departure, there is also a variety of ways you can be
polite or friendly:
See you soon/next
I have to go now.
I have to get going.
(It was) good seeing you.
Take care (of yourself).
It was nice to meet you.
It was nice meeting you.
Have a good night.
Meeting People for the First Time
• When introduced to someone for the first time, especially in a formal situation,
use the greetings below.
• Hello, it’s a pleasure to meet you.
(It's) (very) nice to meet you.
Pleased/Glad/Good to meet you.
• Numbers larger than nine should always be expressed by numbers in written
English, while numbers under 10 should be written out
• I have 15 clients in New York.
• He ate three cookies.
• She has 240 contacts on her mailing list.
How to say Numbers in the Millions,
Billions, and Trillions
How to Say Numbers With _____
37%, 12%, 87%, 3%
• His birthday is May fifth.
• She is third in line, behind the guy in the
• I greeted her first, as she had been
waiting the longest.
• Say the top number as a cardinal number,
followed by the ordinal number + "s:“
Important Numerical Expression
• Speed: 100 mph (miles per hour). Read speed as numbers: One hundred miles per hour
• Weight: 42 lb. (pounds). Read weight as numbers: forty-two pounds
• Telephone numbers: 212-555-1212. Read telephone numbers in individual numbers: two
one two five five five one two one two
• Dates: 12/04/65. Read dates month, day, year in the U.S.
• Temperature: 72° F (Fahrenheit). Read temperature as "degrees +number": seventy-two
• Height - 6'2''. Read height in feet and then inches: six feet two inches
• Score – 2:1. Read scores as "number + to + number": Two to one
• If the amount includes cents, express the dollar amount first, followed by the
• $43.35 - forty-three dollars and thirty-five cents
• $120.50 - one hundred twenty dollars and fifty cents
• Native speakers often just say the dollar number and then the cents number and
drop "dollars" and "cents"
• $35.80 - thirty-five eighty
• $175.50 - one hundred seventy-five fifty
How much or How many
Talking About Money and Cost
• Money is an example of a non-countable noun, so when talking about money and cost, you will
need to use the phrase "how much."
• How much does the book cost?
• How much do the toys cost?
• How much can also be used with the verb to be to ask about a price:
• How much is it?
• How much are the apples?
• However, if the question concerns a specific unit of a currency such as dollars, which is
countable, you should use how many:
• How many dollars does the house cost?
• How many euros do you need for lunch?
• How many pesos can you afford?
How much – w/ non-countable nouns
Categories of non-countable nouns include:
• Activities: housework, music, socializing, etc.
• Food types: meat, beef, pork, fish, etc.
• Groups of items: luggage, baggage, furniture, software, etc.
• Liquids: juice, water, alcohol, etc.
• Materials: wood, steel, leather, etc.
When asking for the quantity of any of these items, make sure to use how much:
• How much luggage did you take with you on vacation?
• How much alcohol did you drink?
• How much pork should I buy?
• How much homework do you have?
• How much knowledge do you have about the subject?
• How much help did he give you last week?
• How much advice would you like?
How many – w/ countable nouns
• How Many is used with countable nouns. These
nouns are easy to recognize because they generally
end in the plural form with s.
• How many books are there on the shelf?
• How many days did it take you to finish the
• How many computers do you have?
• However, there are a number of important
exceptions to this rule including the following
countable nouns that have irregular plurals and do
not take an s.
using containers and measurements
• If you are looking for an exact measurement when speaking
about food types and liquids, it's a good idea to use
containers or measurements. In this case, you can
use how many to ask a question:
• How many bottles of wine should I buy?
• How many boxes of rice should I get?
• How many jars of jam do you have?
• How many gallons of gas did you use on your trip?
• How many cups of butter do I need for this recipe?
• How many pounds of sand should I mix into the
Answering Questions of
To provide approximate answers, you can phrases like: a lot of, some, a few, and a little. Note that there are
slight differences between countable and non-countable answers.
You can use a lot of with both countable and non-countable nouns which are followed by the noun in the
How much rice do we have? - We have a lot of rice.
How many friends did you make on vacation? - I made a lot of friends.
You can also use a lot of for both countable and noncount nouns when the answer is not followed by a
How much time do you have today? - I have a lot.
How many cars have you had in your life? - I've had a lot.
You can use some with both countable and non-countable nouns:
How much money do you have? - I have some money, but not much.
How many apples are on the table? - There are some apples on the table.
You should use a few with countable nouns and a little with non-countable nouns:
How much fun did you have? - I had a little fun last night.
How many glasses did you drink? - I drank a few glasses of wine.
• An interesting place you have been to recently
• An interesting person you have met
• What you would like to do when you get older
• What you would like to learn in the future
• A frightening experience you had when you were young
• A person you like to spend time with
• An exciting experience you had
• A favorite pet
• Something you like to do when you have free time
• A place you would like to visit in the future
• A person you would like to meet some day
• A person who has influenced your life
• Something you have never done but would like to do
• Something you have done but never want to do again
• A person you would like to meet some day
• An experience which made you laugh
• An experience which made you cry
• What you would do if you had a million dollars
• What you would do if you were President of your country
• A gift you could give others
• A gift you would like someone to give you
• A special talent you have
Practice makes perfect!
• Person 1: Good morning, John.
Person 2: Good morning. How are you?
• Person 1: What's up?
Person 2: Nothing much. You?
PRACTICE! PRACTICE! PRACTICE!
• Person 1: I have to get going, Sam. It was good seeing you today.
Person 2: You, too. See you soon again. Bye!
• Person 1: Goodbye, Lucy. It was nice to meet you.
Person 2: Bye, John. You as well. Take care.
• Example of a Formal Dialogue
• A: ____, meet Jessie.
B: Hello, it's a pleasure to meet you.
A: How do you do, ____.
B: How do you do.
• Note: The reply to "How do you do" is "How do you do." This is
appropriate when you meet someone for the first time.
• Examples of Informal Dialogues
• A: _____, this is Laura.
B: Hi, Laura. I’m ____. How are you?
C: Hi, I'm fine. Good to meet you
From now on..
• Only speak in English in this class!
• Do not hesitate to ask questions!
• If you have any topics to learn, please let me know!
• Books, Tiktok, songs, news paper
• What questions do you have?
Hinweis der Redaktion
Million = 100만
Billion = 10억
Trillion = 1조
Dates, ranks, fractions, and sequences
Dates: When we write the date, we often use ordinal numbers to indicate the day of the month. For example, "Today is the 24th of March."
Ranks: We use ordinal numbers to describe the position of someone or something in a competition or ranking system. For example, "He finished in third place."
Fractions: We use ordinal numbers to describe fractions that are not whole numbers. For example, "Two-thirds of the cake was eaten."
Sequences: We use ordinal numbers to describe the position of an item in a sequence or list. For example, "The first item on the list is milk."
Ordinal numbers are used when speaking about the day of the month, or a position in a group. Most numbers end in 'th', except "first", "second", and "third" of every ten numbers:
One-quarter, three quarters
One third, two third
Few: a number or a figure of five or less
Some: larger quantity that ranges between five and ten
"some," "little," and "few" are all quantifiers that describe the amount or quantity of something. However, they are used in different ways and convey different meanings.
Some: "Some" is used to describe an unspecified quantity of something that is positive or neutral. It implies that there is a quantity that exists, but we don't know exactly how much. For example:
"I have some books to read." (We don't know how many books there are, but there are definitely books to read.)
"There are some apples on the table." (We don't know how many apples there are, but there are definitely apples on the table.)
Little: "Little" is used to describe a small or insufficient amount of something. It implies that the amount is not enough or is considered negative. For example:
"I have little time to finish my project." (There isn't enough time to finish the project.)
"She has little experience in this field." (She doesn't have enough experience to be considered qualified.)
Few: "Few" is used to describe a small number or amount of something that is considered negative or undesirable. It implies that there should be more of something. For example:
"There are few students in this class." (There should be more students in the class.)
"Few people attended the meeting." (More people should have attended the meeting.)
In summary, "some" is used for an unspecified but positive or neutral quantity, "little" is used for a small or insufficient amount, and "few" is used for a small number or amount that is considered negative or undesirable.
Cat got your tongue?: 왜 말을 못해? Can’t you speak? (Usually said to embarrass the other person). I just saw you kissing my boyfriend. What’s the matter? Cat got your tongue?
Snug as a bug in a rug: 매우 편안하게 Warm and cozy; content. That baby looks as snug as a bug in a rug cuddled up next to his mother.
Go the extra mile: 한층 더 노력하다 To make an extra effort. My dentist always goes the extra mile, offering free back massages at the end of a stressful tooth extraction
Butterflies in my stomach: 너무 긴장돼 떨려 To be nervous. Liam had butterflies in his stomach before he went on stage to play the violin
Go down in flames: 파멸하다, 망하다 To fail suddenly and spectacularly. The company went down in flames after reports came out that it had been financing illegal activities.
Once in a blue moon: 드물게Rarely. In Florida, the temperature drops below freezing only once in a blue moon.