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3 p1 p

  1. 1. A. A. IIJICmaKOB Q HPOCBEIJIEHI/ IE MISBATEIIbCTBO
  2. 2. ania . R, . Híuf «u
  3. 3. u. IKonA POCCI/ II/ I C) CDI' OC A. A. HJIeIIIaKOB Olcpymaromnñ Yqeónux zum oómeoñpasonarenbuux yqpexmeunñ c npunmKeuueM na anexTpouuom uocwrene B ; myx qacTHx (laen, l 3-6 nanamn: Pexomenóoeano Munucmepcmeom oópa3oeanuíz u Hayxu POCCLIüCICOü @eãepauuu MOCKBa z" «Hp0cBemeHMe» 2013 k_
  4. 4. YLIK 373.167.1: 502 55K 29172 1138 Cepm: ccluxona Poccmw» OCHOBaI-Ia a 2001 rony Ha yqe6Hvu< nonyueHbI FIODOXMTEHbHbIG saxnnouenmn Poccmñcxoñ aKaneMmI/ I HayK (N910106-5215/32O or 01.11.2010) m Poccmñcxoñ aKaneMmM o6pa3oBaHm9 (N9 01-5/7n-538 OT 20.10.2010). Yueóuux BXODMT B cucremy «uJKona Poccmn» `JCHOBHiaIE OSOBE-IAHEI-! Fuñ -HTO y3HaeM, '~IeMy HayLMMCH - paóoTaem B nape - pa60TaeM B rpynne { Kj C? - paóoTaem co B3pOCIIbIMI/1 f? _sanam/ ne nOBbIUJeHHOl71 CHO>KHOCTM rx - MoBenmpoBaHme 2,; - paóoqan TeTpajlb f`x -aTnac-onpenenmrenb «OT sen/ mm _uo He6a» - cnenaeM BbIBOD. yg ISBN 978-5-09-030779-60) © Mzmarenbcrao «npocaemenmem 2012 ISBN 978-5-09-03O780-2(o6u4.) © XVJJOXGCTBBHHOG odnopmnenvne. Vlsnarenbcrao «npocaemenmem 2012 Bce npaBa aammueuba
  5. 5. 1 I. r 3_ Hayaan STOT paanan, Mbl óynem yuna/ when: : y' KnaccmcbmuvIpoBaTB u / x oóbeKTbl npmponbl; *` OCO3HaBaTb m paCKpblBaTb LLeHHOCTb npmponbu ung ntoneñ; paanu/ Hana BHeUJHOCTb HenoBeKa M ero BHyTpeHHMü MI/ lp, HaónlonaTb vu OFIVICbIBaTb nponBneHvm BHyTpeHHerO Mvnpa uenoaeKa; onpenenmb MeCTO qenoBeKa B 0Kpy>Ka1oLueM Mmpe; oóHapyxmBarb Bsammocssasvn B npmpone, Mexny npvlponoñ m HenoBeK0M M m3o6pa>KaTB mx c HOMOLLLbIO Moneneñ; OCOSHaBaTb HeO6XOLLl/1MOCTb OTBeTCTBeHHOFO omomenvm K npmpone.
  6. 6. y3HaeM, Ha KaKl/ Ie uapcTBa yHêHble Aenar >Km- ByI0 npmpony. EyneM yHVITbCFl KnaCCl/ ICbl/ IlJJ/ IpOBaTb oóbeKTbn npmponbl. HocTapaeMcB OCO3HaTb ueH- HOCTb npmponbn , ung nroueñ. BCFIOMHl/ I, uno OTHOCMTCH K He>KmB0n71 m >KmB0I7I npmpone. KaKMe pacTeHu/ m HaSbIBaIOTCSI nmKopac- TyumMvI, a KaKl/ le-KynbTypHblMl/ l? Ha KaKme rpyn- nbl , nanm >Kl/ IBOTHbIX? PM? : H O O 5 33:1.. ? “u í`1 P 'u 33-! I/ ICHOIIbSYH mnmocTpaLu/ no, AOKEDKM, two npmpo- na yDMBl/ lTenbHO pa3Hoo6pa3Ha. 4?'.
  7. 7. PasHooópasvle npmponbl nopa>KaeT m BocxmmaeT nroneñ. LIT06BI B Heñ pasoóparbcn, IIIODM Knaccvl- (bl/ ILLl/ IpyIOT (TO eCTb pacnpenenmoT no rpynnaM) Bce o6beKTBI npmpombl. KaK Tbl y>Ke 3HaeLlJb, npmpony nanm Ha xmayro vu Hexmsyso. >KVIByIO npvupony vnsyuaeT ocoóaq HayKa- ónonorvm (OT FpeHeCKl/ IX cnoB «6v10C»->KM3HB, «nóroc» - HayKa). Bcê >KmBoe yHêHbIe-ól/ IOHOFM , uenm Ha óonbmme rpynnbn -uapcTBa ECTb uapcTBa pacTeHMü, xm- BOTHbIX, rpvI6oB, GaKTepMñ. EaKTGDMM-KDOUJGH- Hble ODFaHMBMbI. MHorme m3 HI/ IX B TbICFILII/ I pas MeHbUJe necLIvIHKI/ I! 5aKTepmm >KI/ IByT noscrony- B 80,118, B Bosnyxe, ,qaxe BO pTy qenoBeKa. Ho Bnepsbne mx yBmnenm TOHbKO 'ronna, Korua msoópenm yBenmHmTenBHBIñ npmóop - wmKpocKon.
  8. 8. 3 n: * LLEI-EHOCTb nPFuPOjlbl , HHH nl~O, L!, E!7: BepHo nm, mo 6e3 npmponb: HeB03Mo>KHa >KM3Hb monem? LloKa>Km. npmpona-aaxHemLuee ycnoBme >Km3Hm monem. Haw: Hy)KHbI Tenno m CBeT conHna, Bosnyx, Bona, nmma. Bcê aTo naéT Haw: npmpona. Hpmpona . naéT monmm xnonoK m llJepCTb, ,npeBecmHy m Merannbn, yronb m HecbTB m MHoroe-Mnoroe . npyroe. Flpmpona panyeT, Bocxmmaer Hac cBoem KpacoTom. OHa oxpa- HneT Hame snoposbe. 3HaeLUb nm Tbl, mo senê- Hbll7l nBeT nmcTBeB m TpaBbI ycnoKamsaeT HenoBe- Ka, CHMMaeT ycranocTb? OTIIW-IHO BaKanmOT mrpB: Ha cBe>KeM Bosnyxe, KynaHme B peKe, nporynKm Ha HbDKaX no 3I/ IMHeMy necy. .. fhoóoab K npmpone, aaóoTa o Hei? : nanam: qenoaeKa noópee. l/ I emé: npmpona nocronmmo , napmT HaM panocTB OTKpBITmm. TOnbKO TOT >KmBêT mHrepecHo, KTO Ka>K- num neHB ysHaér *ITO-TO H0B0e, ynmBmTenBHoe. A B npmpone Bcé ynmBmTenBHO. B Hem MHO>KeCTBO 3aran0K - TOnbKO paaranbmam! 1. Flpoumramre B paóo-Iem TeTpanm HepBBIm a6- san TeKCTa «Pa3Ho06pa3me npmponbw. "ITO OTHOCMT- cs: K He>KmB0:7: npmpone, a mo - K >KmBo:71? 2. BcnomHmre, mo Bbl y3Hanm BO 2 Knacce 06 ornmqmnx >KMBbIX cyu. :.ecTB OT O6`beKTOB He>KmBom npmponbn. CpaBHmTe no STI/ IM npm3HaKaM KaMeHb m KOLlJKy. FIpmBenmTe cBom npmMepu, nonTBepxna- : omme pasnmqmn He>KmB0ro m >KmB0ro. 3. Flpmnymaííne sanaHme K pmcyHKy Ha c. 4-5 m npenno>KmTe npyrmw: peómaw: BbIHODHI/ ITb ero. xa : Um k'
  9. 9. 4. K KaKmM napcTBaM >KmB0m npmponb: oTHocm- cs: : óepésa, non6epé3oBmK, KyKyUJKa, >: <yK, cbnpoex- Ka, óenKa, nonBnaH, nonocmH0BmK, opeuJHmK? npo- BepbTe ceón Ha «CTpaHmuKax nns: caMonpoBepKw. Flposepb C969! 1. HTo 3Ha'~Il/1T KnaccmcbmnmpoBaTB oóbeKTbl npm- ponbn? [Lng Hero 3:0 Hy>KH0? 2. Ha KaKme napcTBa nenm >: <mBy: o npmpony? Hamnm mx npencTaBmTenem Ha pmcyHKe. 3. PacKpom LLeHHOCTb npmponb: ;um monem. Hpmpona ynmBmTenbHo pasHooópasHa. >KmBy: o npmpony nenm Ha napcTBa: pacTeHmn, >KmB0T- Hble, rpmóbl, 6aKTepmm. Ihonm He Mornm 6h! ag >KV1Tb 6e3 oKpy>Ka: ouJ, e:7: mx npmponbl. *-1 7 rpvrra>; ?"'w: -r, vr'*“*7~.7 r v "- ~ E.
  10. 10. Sanaum: nm: nouaumeñ paóaru 1. Sanmmm B cnoBapmK: opranmamu, ómonormn, napo-ma, óaxrepmm, MmKpocKon. YcTHo O6`b91CHVI 3HaueHme armx cnoB. 2. Ecnm npencTaBmTB >KmBy: o npmpony B Bmne CKa3OLIHbIX napcTB, KTO, no TB0eMy MHeHI/ IIO, Gbm 6:3: napêM B uapcTBax pacTeHmm, XMBOTHbIX, rpm- 603? Flpmrorosbcç: BbICTyFIMTb Ha ypoKe B ponm onnoro m3 aTmx napem. ung aroro cnenam ero MacKy m npmnymam peqb, c KoTopom 0:-: :mor 6:3: oóparmrbcn K cB0mM nonnamHbum. 3. B KHmre «Senênble crpaumubl» Hamnm rnaBy 0 rpm6ax. I'Ip0=: mTa:7: paccKa3 «He pacTeHmn m He >KmB0THb: e». Oóparm BHmMaHme Ha TO, mo paHBLue yuêmble OTHOCMIIVI rpmób: K pacTeHmnM, a nomw: cTanm CHMTaTb CaMOCTOHTenbHbIM napcTB0M npm- ponu. Hamnm B paccKa3e oóbncmeHme 3TOMy. CTPAHMHKM an; 3kLIlOIO3HA1InbHLAIX "ho Taxoe nmmaüHmKm? Hocmorpm, KaK KpaCMBbI nmLuamHmKm! mx MHOFO, BBIrnBnmT cnoBHo CKaSOHHbIñ. MHorme yqêHbne omocm nmuJamHmKm K napcTBy rpm6oB. HO Apyrme yqêHme CHMTaIOT mx carmocTon- TenbHbIM napcTB0M >KmB0m npmponbu Houemy >Ke y yHéHbIX raKoe pa3Hoe MHeHme 0 MecTe nmmamHmKoB B npmpone? ,Elena B TOM, mo nmLuamHmK-aTo ynmBmTenbHbM opraHm3M, co- cronmmm m3 rpm6a m Bonopocnm. Flon : mmKpocKo- flec, r, ne
  11. 11. ` r: _` 1 ' _a J_ ' 1' V' . .i . _. . _ ; _^~ , v r . gm ' : j ` . 'V . . . ` '-2 L' J, ' - . _' 1 V. .. "g - v < ' ' '. - ; . . '» . ' a . . . . j . . -' `^ ' . ' r 1,03 'r. a* . . B . . . _. '. '. v_ _ 1 . . - « . x1" I' ` ` w I . v, ( . _ ` - , . . _.. _ 4 m , , . - 1- ~ x ; i l; < 1* *. - , pa . .. V_ r_ _, , 1 «* t_ . .f ' í 1 J: .i . . ' 'v - ` u - . _L . _ _I_ ' “ I . - _ V: 4 . . ~ , _ 4 i . . 1 A t_ _ V , _ _ _ 1.; .*- 131: 'vj. nLàlml íêíiíãíéiíféxxã' 1 . _ 1 : ;:I“ê"*' ê**í K: 1.. _ g a. r5 ,
  12. 12. *IEnoBEK Honyrmam, HeM HenoBeK OTfIl/ HaeTCFI OT , npyrmx >KmBh: x CymeCTB. "IenOBeK-HaCTb npmponhn, ee >: <mBoro Mmpa. KaK m npyrme >KmBh: e cymecTBa, OH _nh: LumT, nmTa- emn, pacTêT, pa3BmBaeTon, y Hero po>: <.na: oTcç: ne- TI/ l. A noemrmy monnM, KaK m >KmBoTHh: M, Heo6xo- , üMMbl Bo3nyx, Bona, nmma, Tenno. M Bce >Ke HenoBeK oTnm-: aemn OT >KmBoTHh: x. OTHMHMG 3m orpoMHo. HenoBeK-pasymuoe cy- mecTBo. na, cpenm >KV1BOTHbIX Hermano ooo6pa3m- TeHbHbIX, HanpmMep BonHh: e >KmTenm-_nenhq>mHh: mnm HaLum HeTBepoHorme . upvshn-coóaKm. Ho mnh- KO HenoBeK oónanaeT HacmnmmM pa3yMoM. 10
  13. 13. Enaronapn emmy n: onm cosnanm ooo6hn7: Mmp- coBpeMeHHh: e ropona, noporm, cbaópmKm m 3aBo- nhn, aBmMo6mnm m oamoneThn, TenecboHhl, TeneBm- 3oph: , KOMFIbIOTepbI. J`I: o,nm nmmyT KHmrm, co3,na: oT CKyHbFITypbI, KapTI/ IHbI, My3bIKy. OHm m3yl+a: oT npm- pony, pacKph: Ba: oT Bce HoBh: e m HoBh: e ee TaMHBI. Fne >: <e «noMemaeTom y HenoBeKa pa3yM, rne OH «>KmBBT»? B ronoBHoM Moare. I'onoBHo:7: Moar ecTh m y >KmBoTHh: x, HO y HenoBeKa OH oco6eHHo pa3BI/ IT. Bea coMHeHmn, 3m can/ Ihu? : ynmemTenhHhnm opraH HenoBeKa. Enaronapn eMy Kaxçnhnm m3 Hae HocmT B Ce6e nenhlm Mmp! B n: o6y: o MmHyTy, HmKyna He Bh: xonç: m3 KOMHaTbI, Mbl MO>KeM npenoTaBmTh m 3Be3nHoe He6o, m ryomm TponmHecKmm neo, m nhnh: AHTapKTmnhI, m noneonHhlm : mmp oKeaHa. Pa3Be 3m He ynmBmTenhHo? A '1029101 KOI' I' “ . n ` `. 01”: : 020:
  14. 14. Bce KapTmHh: , Komph: e pmcyer Mo3r, oTpa>Ka: or HaLlJI/ I sHaHmn 06 0Kpy>Ka:0u_: eM Mmpe. Lloóaehre K HmM nepe>KmBaHmn HenoBeKa (panocrh, Bocmpr, coHyB0TBme, co>KaneHme m , np. ), 00o6eHHocrm ero xapaKTepa, HenoBeHecKme KaHecTBa (n06pory, OT- 3h: BHmB0cTh, yBa>: <eHme K Hy>K0My MHeHm: o), m Bh: nomMêre, KaK cno>KeH BHyTpeHHmm Mmp Ka>: <,n0r0 m3 Hac. He cnyqamHo BenmKmm pyCCKMM nmcarenh Cbénop MmxamnoBmH . DpcmeBcKmm roBopmn: «Cno- >KeH BcnKmm Hen0BeK m rny6oK, KaK Mope. ..» BHyTpeHHmm Mmp HenoBeKa Ha3h: Ba: oT nymeBHoñ >Km3Hh: o. Ero m3yHaeT HayKa ncmxonormn (or rpe- uecKmx cnoB «ncmxé»-nyLua, «noro0»- HayKa). --( ; _-y_= z l_ I/ _c_ C 1530:): l_wx C! r) Th; .Lars. * 156.31.322.532:: 'n. B reHeHme Bcem cBoem >Km3Hm uenoBeK nosHaer Mmp. I'Io3HaHme HaHmHaeTcn c pa60Th: HauJmx op- raHoB HyBcTB (rna3, yuJem m np. ), Komph: e noch: - na:0r B ronoBH0m Mo3r mHcbopManmo 06 oKpy>Ka:0- mem. Enaronaps: 3mMy Mh: BmnmM npenMeTH, CIIbIUJMM 3ByKm, HyBcrByeM 3anaxm. TaK npomcxo- nmr Bocnpmmme HenoBeKoM oKpy>Ka:0uJ. ero Mmpa. C0xpaHmTh nonyHeHHy:0 mHc| >opManm:0 HaM noMo- raer I1aM9ITb. Ee MO>KHO cpaBHmTh c Kna, n0B0:7:. Enaronapn naMmm Hen0BeK HaKannmBaeT B cBoeM Mo3ry 3HaHMFI 06 oKpy>Ka: ouJ, eM m npm Heo6xonm- MOCTI/ I M0>KeT Bocnonhsoearhcs: mMm. Korna y-: mrenh roaopmr re6e «Bcn0MHm», OH npoomr «n0crarh» Hm-Hmóynh Hy>KHoe m3 naMmm. Ho HenoBeK He mnhKo 3anoMmHaer pa3Hh: e cBe- , neHmn 06 0Kpy>: <a:0u. :eM Mmpe. OH mx 06nyMh: BaeT: gz: : GK b' : li
  15. 15. 'f 3:' , w "i. . _Lkwíyyzlçhm ! i 3 . i. _wiz : A . g ~ 'z 'L : - , I - *MH- x 0 - f * , r. '_9.-:5.'. <: . , . _ ' n* e3. '- . - ; :-f . _Mau_ ' ' ` ' 'l. '~ . ft f; _. r. _ . rin ñ . . _. ., , ` aj; r ? ííãíãíêílíàãí-íi* u. - -, - . ~o"“«:5-. _- _ &a; 23X_ i n' k_ ' 11:33' '1 -. . a . * r r ' . <*~^~'= -=>f: * ~ _g-"ap TF". _ ___ 3,; :i 3T(= `:H: =: 1 A' . m 1: a _ _. .._. _., l_, __; ,._ i '” ? avi , r g
  16. 16. B. M. Ba0HenoB. KoBêp-caMoner Be3 B0o6pa>KeHmn HeBo3Mo>: <H0 rBopHecrB0, m eCTb c03naHme Hero-m H0Boro, Hero emê He 6h: no. HanpmMep, Henhaç: coHmHmrh paccKa3 mnm 0Ka3Ky, Henhsn Hmqero HapMCOBaTb, cMacrepmrh, Benh Mh: non>: <Hh: 3apaHee npencraBmTh ce6e m, '-ITO XOTI/ IM coanarh. Be3 Boo6pa>KeHmn Hen0BeK Bo06uJ, e He Mor 6h: rpynmrhcn, nomMy Hm eMy Bcerna Hy>KHo 3apaHee npenoraBnmh ce6e pesynhrar myna. Bocnpmmme, naMmh, MhnuneHme m Bo06pa>: <eHme pa60ra: oT BMeore. Bnaronaps: mM HenoBeK noaHaér Mmp Bo BcéM ero MH0r006pa3mm, B0 Boem ero cn0>: <HocTm. C mx noM0Lnh:0 OH Tpynmrcn m TBOpl/ IT. 1. | 'I0Ha6n: ona: `/': Te sa 0BomMm cBepcTHmKaMm. Ho- crapamrech onmcarh nponBneHmn BHyTpeHHero Mm- pa HenOBeKa. 33 KaKme nyuJeBHh: e KaHecTBa Bh: neHmTe amro HenoBeKa? 2. Oócynmre B nape, a 3areM B Knacce, KaK Bo3HmKa: or óorarcrea BHyTpeHHero Mmpa HenoBeKa. 65;
  17. 17. f' 119033335 saga? . 1. KaK JlOKa3aTb, uno HefIOBeK-HaCTb xmsoñ npmponbl? 2. HeM HenoBeK oTnmqaeTcn OT >KIABOT- HblX? 3. I', u,e y qenoBeKa «noMemaeTcm pa3yM? 4. Ms Hero cKnanbnBaeTcq BHyTpeHHm/ 'n Mmp qeno- BeKa? 5. Hepeqmcnm CTyHeHbKl/ I HOSHGHI/ IFI HenoBe- KOM oKpy>Ka+0u4ero. l-lenoaeK-uacrb npmpoubn, eê >KmBoro Mmpa. OT , qpyrvlx >KMBbIX cymecTB ero oTnvHaeT pa3yM; qenoBeK-pasymnoe cymecTBo. 37o canaaHo c OCO6bIM pasan/ maam ero r0noBH0ro Moara. '-IenoBeK nosHaér Mmp c nomombro BOCHpl/ IFITMFI, naMmm, MbILUHeHl/ IF! , aooópaxeHvm. Seger-zum , qna noawamweñ pañoTbn 1. Sanmum B cnoBapmK: ncmxonorvm, Bocnpvm- 'me, naman, , Mblumeume, Boo6pa>KeHme. 2. BMecTe C npysbnmm nomrpañre B MFpbI, KO- TOpble pasamaaroT Bocnpmmme, l`IaM$ITb, MblLLIneHl/ Ie m Boo6pa>KeHme. Hpmmepba TaKl/ IX mrp Bbl Hañnére B paóoueñ TeTpam/ I. ç: ,»; ícê! <;+e y3HaeM, *ITO TaKoe oóLuecrao, m3 KaKmx COCTaB- HbIX HacTeñ OHO cKnanbIBaeTcq. Haynmmcn onpeue- mm; MeCTO qenoBeKa a 0Kpy>s<arou4eM Mmpe. BCHOMHl/ l, “ITO TaKoe CGMbH. KaK 3OByT qnenoa Taoeñ CeMbl/ l? KaKme Haponbl Poccmm Tbl SHaGLUb? KaKme CTpaHbI Mmpa Te6e MSBGCTHbI? 'I
  18. 18. 5OF.4-^. 'I`CTB. I-à, OT, ü,z. -.i-ii-iã: ,líí flíílüfíriu Bbmarommñcs nenaror Bacmnmñ AneKcaHnposl/ Iq CyXOMHVIHCKI/ IVI Hani/ loan KHMFy «Cepuue omaro . ue- TFlM». BCIO CBOIO >KM3Hb, 13.0 nocnenHmx nHeñ, OH nocsmmn Bocnvnarmno CBOI/ IX yqeHmKoa. Bacmnmñ AneKcannposmq crpemmnca BbIpaCTMTb mx uoópbu- Ml/ I, HeCTHbIMl/ I, cnpaaennmBbumn/ I, a ecnm FOBODMTb OjlHl/ IM CIIOBOM - qenoseqnbnmm. B. A. CyXOMnI/ IHCKMñ r MHorme mopyl, HanenéHHBIe, KaK m B. A. CyxoM- nI/ IHCKMVI, óorarbum BHyTpeHHl/ IM MMpOM, maupo OT- naloT 3m 6oraT0TBa niO/ JHM. 370 FIDOFIBHFIGTCFI B mx nocTynKax B cembe, B 06- meHmm 0 . Elpyabqn/ nm, B npocbeccmoHanbnoñ paóoTe, B ónaroponHom 0ny>KeHm4 OTeHeCTBy, B BenMKmx nonBmrax, KOTOpbIe OHI/ l COBGDUJaIOT. Ci?
  19. 19. " m" 1 7 MemopmanbHo-nenarormwecxmñ Myseñ B. A. Cyx0MnmH0K0ro B LUKOTIG, me OH paóoTan HpmMepBI ónaropounoro cnyxenmq qenoseKa mo- , uqM MO)KHO HañTm B npoumoM m Hacronmem, B pOJlHOM Kpae vu B . Um/ mx yronKax CTpaHbI, BO MHOFMX cTpaHax Mmpa. ' 6 ECTb nm cpenm Baumx ónmsKmx, 3eMn9u<0B Ta- Kme nronm? Coóepme mHcbopMauI/ Ilo 0 HMX, 06 mx SaMBHaTGHbHbIX , uenax Ha ónaro npyrmx nroneñ. I'I0,u. roToBBTe paccKasbn-noprperbn, paccKasbn-ómorpa- cbn/ M, nocsqméà-HHBIB OLLHOMy mm HeCKOnbKMM m3 TaKMX nnoneñ. Flouóepvne K cB0mM pa00Ka3aM w1- nlOCTpaLlI/ II/ I, Bbnnonnvne pl/ ICyHKM, cnenañTe (bom- rpadnmm. Mo>KeTe ocbopwlvnb anbóom, KHMFy, creHn. z npmcTynan K pa60Te, HêTKO onpenenme uenb npoeKTa. ,Lloroaopmrecb 0 cbopme paóom: MHDMBM- nyanbHo, B napax, rpynnax mm B0eM Kna00oM. Hponymañre aranbn paóoTbn, pacnpenenme 0694- SaHHOCTVI, cornacyñre cpoKm. a HpoBenmTe npesemauvno npoeKra B Knacce. OueHmTe pe3yJ1bTaTbI paóoTbn.
  20. 20. Flonymam, uno raKoe O6LIJ. BCTBO. I/ Is KaKmx 0o- CTaBHbIX qacrem OHO cKnanblBaeTcsl? HenoBeK >KmBêT cpenm nronem, B o6u4e0TBe. Byny- um qacrbro npmponbn, OH onHospemeHmo HBIIFIBTCFI m HneHOM oómecTaa. B STOM saKnrouaeTcq ynmBm- renbHaq 00o6eHHo0TB HenoBeKa, ero Mecm B Mmpe. Korna XOTFIT CKa3aTb 06o Bcex nronqx 3eMnm, oóbmHo roaopm: HEHOBGHBCTBO. npenCTaBMTb ero ce6e 0pa3y, uenmKoM 0oB0eM Henpo0T0. Fopaauo npome npencTaamrb MaHeHbKylO LIaCTb 06u4e0T- Ba- CBOIO ceu/ nano. CeMbFI OHeHb Ba>KHaFI LIaCTb o6me0TBa. OHa 061:- enmHneT CaMbIX 6nm3Kmx npyr . npyry nuonem. OHm >KmByT nop. onnom KpBIuJem, BenyT COBMeCTHOe xo- SHVICTBO, saóomTcn , upyr 0 . um/ re.
  21. 21. "IaCTblO 06u4e0TBa SIBIIFIGTCFI m Hapon. , K KoTopo- My Tbl npmHamexmuJB. Ha Ben/ me HaCHMTbIBaeTCH , uo 4 TBICBH pa3nW-lHbIX HaponoB. Cpeum Hmx pyc- 0Kme, yKpamHuBI, óenopycbl, aHrnmqaHe, cbpaHuyabn, HeMLLbI m MHorme-MHorme . upvrme. B onHom TOnbKO Po00mm 160 HaponoB. Y Kaxnoro Hapona CBOI71 93blK, 0Bom HaLIMOHanbHbIe KOCTlOMbl, 0Bom 0Ka3Km, ne0Hm, TaHuBI; npen0TaBmTenm MHormx HaponoB pasnmqaloTcq uBeToM Ko>Km, HepTaMm nmna. Kaxnblm uenoBeK >KmBéT B KaKom-Hmóynb cTpaHe. Te6e y>Ke 3HaKoMa nonmTmuecKaq KapTa Mmpa. Ha Hem m3o6pa>KeHBI CTpaHbI, mnm rocynapcTBa. Bcero Ha Ben/ me oKono 200 ro0y. u.ap0TB. i . _. _ , ~ _w-«J ! YT ; m
  22. 22. Ihoóoe rocynapcrBo mMeeT CBOIO Teppmmpmlo, rocynapcTaeHnbne rpaHmuBI, cTonmuy, rocynapcT- BeHHBIñ FISbIK (mHorna mx nBa mnm óonbme). B Ha- uJem 0TpaHe rocynapcTaeHublm $I3bIK - pyccKmm. CmMBonaMm ro0yp. ap0TBa qanmoTcn Fo0yp. ap0TBeH- Hbll7l cbnar, Fo0y, uap0TBeHHBIm rep6 m I'o0y, z1ap0T- BeHHBIm rmMH. Bce aTm 0mMBonBI eCTb m y Poccmm. I'ep6 Poccmm (Dnar Poccmm 4 , B moóom cTpaHe eCTb rnaBa rocynapcrBa. B op, - Hmx 0TpaHax (mx 6onBuJmH0TBo) rnaBom rocynap- -~}--. CTBa nannercq npesmneHT, KoToporo m36mpaeT Ha- pop. . B . upyrmx rnaBom rocynapcrBa FIBIIFIGTCFI ' MoHapx (qame Bcero Koponb mnm KoponeBa). Mo- Hapxa oóbmno He m36mpaIoT, ero BfIaCTb nepena- ércn no HacnencrBy. B Hamem 0TpaHe rnaBa ro0y- napcTaa - npesmnem. ` y Kaxnbnm qenoBeK nenqercn rpaxnaHmHoM KaKoro- " nm6o rocynapcTaa. Mbl 0 BaMm - rpaxnaHe Poccmm. 's . ~,~vã i: vj' i 1. C I'IOMOU. I,blO Taónmubn onpenenmTe, KTO FIBHFIGT- _ 09 rnaBom ro0y11ap0TBa B pasHbax 0TpaHax.
  23. 23. Poccmm, CLLIA, CDpaHumn m . qp. KoponB Luseumn, BenmKoópmTanmn mnm KoponeBa m . up. MMHGDaTOD MOHaKO M np- “mKceMóã/ PF OMaH» EBs/ Hel* M np- 2. OnmmmTe (ycTHo) 3Tm , qocTonpmmeqaTenbHocTm no cboTorpacbmm/ I. wv. . /.-, .,1,; _~. .`. _4:I. _: : _7- c- : _.. g_e: lí. "m<li1nt'l. ,rin . x V. "V" "w3 f'. n, n n; v' . .:, 1. Pesmnenumq Hpeamnenra Poccmm B MOCKOBCKOM KpeMne. 2. PesmneHumq I'Ipe3mp. eHTa CLlJA-Benblm noM. 3. Pesmnen- uma Koponesbl BenmKoópmraHmm-EyKmHrBMCKmm naopen. . 4. , LLBopeu BenmKoro repuora TIlOKCeM6ypFCKOFO. 5. , llBopeu CynTaHa B OMaHe.
  24. 24. 3. Ha3oBmTe CTpaHBI-ponmuy sTmx HaponoB: I/ lTanbHHubI, cbpaHuyabl, LuBenbI, ópaamnbubl, KMTal7I- Llbl, HeMLlbI, CbvlHHbl. Flpoaepbre ce6e Ha «CTpa- HW-IKaX , ung 0aMonpoBepKm». 4. nnonm >KmByT B pass-lux 0TpaHax, npmHannexaT K paanmqmbnm Haponam. Floqemy >Ke Bcex nlonem 3eMnm cumraror eDMHbIM HGHOBGHGCTBOM? Pe3y11bTaTbl Bamem paóorbl npenmaBBTe Knaccy. npoaepb ceón 1. KaK Tbl MO)KeLUb 0xapaKTepm3oBaTB Mecro He- noBeKa B Mmpe? 2. noHeMy CGMbH ouenb Ba>KHa9 HaCTb o6u4e0TBa? 3. CKonbKo HaponoB >KmBêT Ha Sen/ me? 4. CKonBKo rocynapcrs Ha 3eMne? 5. Fle- peqmcnm, 47o mMeeT moóoe rocynapcrBo. Hamnm HeKOTOpble m3 sTmx npm3HaKoB Ha KapTe. O6UJBCTBO - ero Bce Mbl - nnonm. Kaxnbnm HOHO- BeK qBnnercn HneHOM 0Boem cembm, npmHapLne- )KVIT K onpenenêHHoMy Hapony, HBDFIGTCFI rpax- naHmHoM KaKoro-nmóo FOCYLLHDCTBG. . .,. ._. ... ,v~. ...
  25. 25. / 2 70, çastegíeíjz/ áãfjxee/ síz Eagles-sems: _ana , rzgomyraLuz-: e-'T. 533601131 1. SanmLum B cnoBapmK: cembn, Hapon, , rocynap- CTBO, OGLLLBCTBO. 2. C noMomBIo nononHmTenBHom nmTepaTypBI, l/ IHTepHeTa nonroToBB 0oo6uJ, eHme 06 OJlHOM m3 HaponoB Poccmm m Mmpa mnm o nro6om cTpaHe. 3. l/ Icnonbayn mHcpopMaumro m3 yHe6HmKa, nam xapaKTepmcrmKy HaLueMy rocynapcTay- Poccmm. f" 4 ~*'/ :1-, ".{{= 'r. «- . í'~'. I2'. :'-. ; *ho TaKoe rocynapcrao? Mbl 3HaeM, HTO ro0ynap0TB0-aTo 0TpaHa. Ho 0noBoM «ro0ynap0TBo» Ha3bIBa}OT m Bnacrb B 0Tpa- He. Sana-la rocynapcraa-opraHm3oBBIBaTB >KM3Hb o6u4e0TBa. Focynapcmo npmHmMaeT 3aKOHbI m cne- , qmT sa mx m0nonHeHmeM. OHo 3a6oTmT0n o TOM, HTO6b| Bce qacTm eKoHoMmKm pa6oTanm 0na>KeHHo. Focynapcrao coanaêr B 0TpaHe CMCTeMbl o6pa3o- BaHmn, 3npaBooxpaHeHmn, nonnepxmBaeT HayKy, KynBTypy. OHo coanaéT apMmto m nonmumro, KOTO- pBIe o6e0ne~4mBaIoT 6e3ona0Ho0TB rpaxçuaH. . S" i 4:42am@ y y3HaeM, HTO msyqaeT HayKa aKonormn, “ITO yHêHbIe Ha3bIBaIOT oKpy>Karou4em cpenom. O6Hapy>KMBaTb B3amMo0Bn3m B npmpone, Me>K, u,y npmponom m HenOBeKOM m m3o6pa>KaTB mx 0 no- MOLLlbIO Monenem. O6bn0Hm, KaK Tbl noHmMaeLuB 0noBo «eKonormnm I. . Il' ¢« '*~ n12' h» Bynerm yHI/ ITbCFI f? ? h
  26. 26. "IC'I'CP"IFí C KO1'. ..'1I-%P}-'. a-M"| "a KCL'JK; -'~. I^: I"1 Ha onHoM o0TpoBe IIIODM peLumnm yHmHTo>KmTB K0MapoB. ,Lum aToro oHm m0nonb3oBanm nnoxmMm- KaTbI. KOMapbI , qem0TBmTenBHo m0He3nm, HO Hepea HeKoTopoe BpeMn Ha ocTpoBe nonamnocb MHo>Ke- CTBO KpblC. OHm l1OJ1'~II/ ILLI. aMl/1 Hanananm Ha nonn m capam MeCTHblX >KmTenem, noenan 3epHo. nlonm He Mornm noHnTB, noHeMy nonamnacb aTa HaHaCTb. OKaaanocb, HTo nnoxmMmKaTBI, KoTopBIMm yHW-ITO- >Kanm KoMapoB, nonanm Ha pacTeHmn. 3TmMm pac- TeHmnMm nmranmcb TapaKaHbl (mx MHoro 6bIno Ha o0TpoBe, m >Kmnm oHm He B noMax, a B npmpone).
  27. 27. TapaKaHbu He norm6anm OT sma, HO OH HaKannm- Bancn B mx Tenbuax. TapaKaHoB noBmnm m neena- nm nmepmubl. OHm 0na6enm OT nna m CTaHOBMnMCb nérKom , qoóblqem KOLlJeK. A BOT , ann KoLueK, noenaB- UJVIX oTpaBneHHux nmepmu, , np. oKaaancn crmepTenb- HbIM. B0Kope mx 0oB0eM He o0Tano0B Ha o0TpoBe. Hy m paanonbe HacTynmno Torna , ann Kpbnc! B0Kope npmmnocb Ha OCTpOB 3aBO3I/ ITb KOLUeK. Mx nocTaannnm Ha camonérax m3 . upvrmx Mecr. TonBKo TaK m ynanocb 0npaBmTB0n 0 KpblcmHom HaFIaCTbIO. Bcero aToro, HaBepHoe, Morno 6BI m He 0nyHmTB0n, e0nm 6h! >KmTenm o0TpoBa, npexne HeM HpMMeHHTb HnOXMMMKaTbI, FIOCOBGTOBaIII/ ICb C yLlê- HbIMI/ I-SKOHOTHMM. npocnenm no 0xeMe OCHOBHbIe 0o6B| Tmn aTom m0Topmm. Onmpancb Ha cxemy, pa00Ka>Km o Hmx.
  28. 28. v** I/ s: 1 a 2:" eg gni Q! !! -ría _q f. i's I O Inn_ "iu! Lnvwg; n luv. .. n 'Iza Mbl y>Ke 3HaeM, '-ITO nro6oe >KmBoe 0yuJ. e0TBo (B TOM Hmcne m HenoBeK) MHo>Ke0TBoM HeBmnmMBIx HmTem 0Bn3aHo 00 Bcerm TeM, HTo ero oKpy>KaeT: 0 He>KMB0l7I npmponom, C . upyrmMm opraHm3MaMm, 0 TGM, HTo cosnaHo pyKaMm nronem. BoT aTm He- BI/ IDMMbIe Hl/ ITl/ I-SKOHOFW-IGCKI/ Ie 0Bn3m-KaK pas m m3yHaeT aKonormn. Bce, HTo oKpy>KaeT >KmBoe 0yuJ, e0TBo m 0 HeM OHO 0Bn3aHo, Ha3blBalOT oKpy>KaIou4eñ cpenoñ. 3Konormn-3To HayKa o 0Bn3nx Mexny >KVIBbIMVI 0yuJ, e0TBaMm m oKpy>Karou4em mx cpenom. CaMo 0noBo «3Konormn» o6pa3oBano0B m3 , qByx rpeuecKmx 0noB: «áKo0», '~ITO 3Ha'-IVIT «, D,OM», m «no- r00»-HayKa. I`IoeToMy MO>KHO CKa3aTb, HTo aKo- normn - 3To HayKa o noMe. ,ann HenoBeHe0TBa no- MOM nBnneTcn Bon HaLua orpoMHan m B To >Ke BpeMn TaKan ManeHBKan nnaHeTa 3GMIIFI. Cam-Tac Ham npmponHBIm noM oKaaancn B ona0- Ho0Tm. HTo6BI ero 06epeHB, Kaxnbnm HenoBeK non-
  29. 29. >KeH CTaTb xom 6m HeMHOFO sKonorom. Torna m Bcê oómeorao óyner >KI/ ITb B 0orna0mm m conpy- >KeCTBe c npmponoñ. 1. Ha3oBmTe rpynnbn sKonormqecKmx canseñ, KO- TOpble npencTaaneHbn : an/ umm cxeMaMm. O6paTmTe BHmMaHme, lrro cTpenKm HanpaaneHbn B pa3HbIe CTO- ponbn. KaK Bbl nyMaeTe, uno 3To osHauaeT? Hpmae- , nyne npvIMepbu csqseñ Kaxnoñ rpynnbn. B cBoêM OTBeTe yun/ ne HanpaaneHl/ m cTpenoK. 2. C nomombro pmcyHKa paccKa>KmTe, HTO co- cTaBnneT oKpy>Karou4yI0 cpeny nna pacTeHv/ m, >KVI- BOTHOFO, HenoBeKa. npemoxvne MOJleHb, l1OKa3bl- Balomyro 039131: opranmamoa m oKpy>Karou4eñ mx cpeubx. Oócynvne npeACTaBneHHbIe Monenm a Knac- ce. Bbnóepmre Ham6onee yuanmble.
  30. 30. npoaepb ce6e 1. “ITO TaKoe oKpy>Ka1ou4as1 cpena? Onmum oKpy- >Ka10u.1,y10 cpeny npmponubnx O6beKTOB, maoópaxên- HbIX Ha cxeMe. 2. HTo vlsyqaer HayKa 3K0norv191? 3. KaKoe snauenme , ung nmneñ mMeeT sKonormn? 4. KaK MO)KHO I'IOKa3aTb SKOHOFWIGCKI/ Ie 0391314 c no- MOLLlbIO Monenm? Bcé, kno oKpy>KaeT >KmBoe cymecrBo m c BeM OHO cBs13aHo, HaSbIBaIOT oxpyxanomeñ cpenoñ. àKonorvm-HayKa 0 cBs13s1x Mexny XMBbIMM cymecTBaMM v1 oxpyxalomeñ mx cpeuoñ. 3anar1m1 nna noMamHeñ paóorbn 1. 3anmuv1 B cnoBapmK: oxpyxaloman cpena, axonorusn. 2. Hañnm B ómónmoTeKe KHMFM no SKOIIOFMI/ I. Hpoqmañ BB16paHHy10 Toóoñ KHvlry. npI/ IFOTOBb no Heñ cooómeHme, ,uononnmomee MaTepman ypoKa. ' 744 B Y3HaeM 0 paHax, KOTOpbIe nronm HaHocsaT npmpo- . ue. Flocrapaemcn OCOSHaTb Heoóxonl/ IMOCTB OTBBT- CTBeHHOFO OTHOLIJeHl/ IFI 1< npmpone. OTBeTb Ha Bonpocbn: 1. KaKme npaBMna neeene- HIM-l HGO6XODMMO coónlonaTb B npmpone, HTOóbl He npmqmHnTb eñ Bpena? 2. Ka1<oe yqacme B paóore no oxpaHe npmponbn Tbl npmHmMaemB?
  31. 31. , llpnponn 3 onAcHocm! O MADEHbKMX PAHAX. .. B031140>1<110, 131 0n00014Lu3: 3 6y331 1114 n0140033 xy>1<3, 301114 91, 006140391 0p3x14, 0n0114310 1130K0n3K0 33101<, 141114 00pBy 30310 3-4 L1B31K3, 1411v1 n0171114310 03Hy-331411013311Hy10 636011Ky? na, n0140033 6y331 xy>1<e! K3>1<3391 011011431111311 n0ny01y B311<3, K3>1<331171 000331111311/'1 1.133101<, K3>1<- 3391 11017111431111391 6360111<3-310 1143n3113K391 03Ha, 113113031111391 n0140033. E0n14 03Hy 13Ky10 p311y 113- 1130éu13 131, 30yry10-K10-11146y33 143 13014x APV' 33171, 1031310 - KTO-TO eu1é, 1110 >1<3 01aHe1 0 np14- 0030171?! A 3333 n014003e 031711130 0113113 10y3110 3an3- 11143313 3a>1<3 03M313 M3n31131<143 031131. H0113114y? 3333171 n00300y>1<333114. O PAHAX BOHbLIJVIX C 3a31114x n00 1110314 BM3uJ14B3101091 3 >1<143113 n01400331. C100911 r00033, 3000111, B0333n31B3101 001191. Bcé 310 113o6x03141140. H0 3m 31010 np14x0- 3141091 y11141110>1<313 11303. B310y63101 33033391 14 03314 30333014331, Hy>1<110171 n10391114. B01 n0113114y 0 Ka>K- 331114 r030114 113 33Mn3 001331091 303 M3113Lu3 113003. Bcé 60113133 33r09131191101091 3033yx, 3033. M31 31133114, 1110 01114 11306x031411431 31191 >1<M31114 03013- 1114171, >1<143011131x, 113110331<3. H0 0 3330303 14 <036- 0141< 3 3033yx n0n33331 331114, 3 B 03K14 14 033- 03- 0101111313 30331 0 3033113111414 33u13013311414.. . 29
  32. 32. I/ I3-33 1010 1110 03003 013H0B141091 M3H3u13, 3 3033yx 14 3033 33r0913H91101091, 010333101 1141101143 03013H1491 14 >1<14301H313. MM 0p14x03141091 10y3H0 14 00 0131110171 00141114113. 1110314 113010 03y1 1<030v1- 3313 03013H140, 3 >1<14301H31x 0000171 >1<30101<0 140- 1036091101. I'I01411430H0 250 1131 Ha333 0314H 0y13u130133H1114K 06H30y>1<140 3 114003, y 3001011H31x 6303103 P000v114, 0100114H31x, H300B0001014331x >1<14B01H31x, M140H0 >1<y- 10u114x 00330311313 03013H1491. 3114x >1<14301H31x H3- 3B311v1 Mopcmmn Kopoaawm. H3 H14x 0131114 0x0- 1141300. 3033011143313 333014 He 609101403 01033171, 00300313300 6111431<0 K 14x 003x314. l/ I 010314 633>1<3- 0001H0 y6143a014 14x. .. I'I00Lu00 27 031, 14 1140001043 1<000331 H3303133 17101133014. M000K143 1<000331 C B C333pH0171 A114e014K3 >1<140v1 H30631KH033HH313 100y614. OH14 03030313014 0100114H3111414 0139111414 0 03H010 1143013 Ha . llpvroe. H0310114y 14x H3333014 01paHc1By1oLu14M14 ronyósuwu. P3314 31<y0H0r0 1149103 1,. ..", ,. .._ . .V , _ . . . .-y--. 3.. ..-, _._. .,. ._, ... ,._, .,. . . _/ ' , f _l . 1 l
  33. 33. nronm yómsanm I/ IX 6e3 cuêTa. C Ka>K, D.bIM ronom penenm ronyómubne cTam, HO ; noum He npeKpamanm oxoTy . no Tex nop, noKa Ha 3eMne He ocTanocb Hl/1 onHoñ TaKoñ l`ITI/ ILI, bI. Flo BMHe nroneñ y>Ke mcqeano HeMano >KMBOTHbIX m pacTeHmñ, a MHOFI/ le npyrme cTanm penKmMm. x: <>. ~.-. :-: ,«. ~. I`I PhP0,123.33! 11101114 nonanm, Laro Heoóxonmmo oxpannrb npm- pony. MHorme aaaonbu vu cbaópvnKm nepeoóopynoaa- Hbl m y>Ke ropaano MeHbLUe sarpqsnçnor oKpy>KaI0- mylo cpeny. Ha MecTe Bbnpyónennbnx necoa nronm Ca>KaIOT HOBbIe. SanpemeHO coómparb penKMe pac- TeHvm m OXOTVITbCH Ha penKvnx >KI/ IBOTHbIX. Caene- nvm o penKmx paCTeHI/ IFIX m >KMBOTHbIX BHeceHu B ocoóbne Kpacnbue KHMFM, Koropbne coanaHbu BO MHOFl/ IX cTpaHax. B HaLueñ cTpaHe 3To KpacHaq KHMFa Poccmm. B óOnbLlJl/ IHCTBG cTpaH eCTb 00060 oxpannembue npmponHbue Teppmopmm - sanoaen- HI/ IKVI m Haunonanbnbne napKm. n. . u. W u. '
  34. 34. 5apFy3I/1HCKI/1l71 HaumoHanbHblñ napK 3anoBenHMK «KypmcKaq Koca» 3anoBeuHmKm-3To yHaCTKl/ I sen/ mm, me scq npvlpona Haxonvncsa nop, cTporoñ oxpaHoñ. Haumo- HaHbHbIe napKm noxoxm Ha sanosenumKn/ I, HO Mex- , uy HMMM eCTb Ba>KH0e paanu-me. 3anoBenHmKm oóbuuno aaxpbnbn , ung Typmcroa, a Haumonanbnbae napKm -STO npmponHbue Mysevl nop, OTKpbITbIM He- 60M. Suecb npoaonm sKcKypcvm ung Bcex moóm- Teneñ npvlponbn. 1. CpaBHmTe (DOTOFDaCDI/ IM Ha c. 33. "ITO M306pa- xeHo Ha Kaxnoíñ m3 Hmx? l`I0LIeMy OHVI pacnonoxe- Hbl napaMm? Hañnmre cboTorpa¢MM, Komph: e MO>KHO 6bU1O 651 noum/ loan; TaK: «3arpq3HeHMe B03p. yxa», «3arp913- HeHme BOJJ, bI», «Hocne sblpyóKm neca», «HpOBepKa LMCTOTbI aosnyxa Ha , uoporem «OHMCTHbIe coopy- xeHmm, «FIocanKa neca». Ha KaKI/ IX w3 STI/ IX cboTo- rpacbmñ noKasaHo TO, HTO Bpeum npmpone, a Ha KaKMX- paóoTa no oxpaHe npmpoubn? _. -.--. . . ~-V*"v'v-~<'* . _I 32 , ,_. ..`_. -- . ..-. .., ,_, __-, -., ... _ .
  35. 35. Hu~ ' ; 5:14,. . I! m. a; .i
  36. 36. 2. H0=1e1v1y n1o11M npon0n>Ka1oT I/ ICFIOIIbSOBGTb npMpony, xom n0HM1v1a1oT, «no oHa B onacHocTM? MO>KeT 6B1TB, ny-1Lue OCTaHOBI/ ITb Bce cba6pMKM M 333011131, npeKpaTMTb 3aFOTOBKy npeBecMHu-on- HI/ IM cnoBoM, HpeBpaTMTb 3eMn10 B 0.11m11 orpom- HB1171 3an0Be11HMK? 3. KaKoe OTHOLLIeHI/ le K npMpo,1J. e MO>KHO Ha3BaTb OTBeTCTBeHHbIM? KaK OHO nponenqercn? HpMBe- _nl/ ITE npMMepb1 I/ I3 COBpeMeHHOM >1<M3HM. üpoeepe C352 1. I`I0L1e1v1y Ha 3e1v111e c Ka>KL1blM ronom CTaHOBI/ IT- 091 MeHbLlJe necoe? K L1e1v1y 3To npMBonMT? 2. KaK HpOl/ ICXOJJMT 3aFpFI3HeHl/1e B031:1,yxa M 30.0131? HeM OHO onacHo? 3. l`lot1e1v1y MHorMe pacTeHMq M >KM- BOTHbIe cTanM DGLLKMMM? 4. KaK n1o, c1M 0xpaH911oT npmpony? VICFIOHbSVFI npMpony, monM HepenKo HaHOCFIT e171 : p: Bpep. . noeTomy B n106o171 cTpaHe Heo6x0,1:1.M1v10 "$11.11. oxpanmb npMpony. OTHoLueHMe Kaxnoro *+8110- BeKa K npmpone , qomKHo 6bITb OTBeTCTBeHHbIM. 33RaHP1H 13,119: _13,01v. a1_u: -:e~”. pe5oTB1 1. 3anMu1M B cnoBapMK: 3anoBep.1-1MK, HaLlMO- 1~1anBHb11`í1 napK. 2. Y3Ha171 y Bspocnblx, KaKMe SaFIOBGLLHI/ IKM, Ha- " LLl/ IOHanbHble napKM eCTb B Bau1eM Kpae. 3. 3anaca`171 , ung 3M1v1He171 nonKopmKM FITMLI, ceMe- Ha ap6y3a, ,llblHl/ I, TblKBbI, Ka6aL1Ka. He 3a6b1Ba171 npOMbIBaTb Mx 30.51.0171 M npOCylUI/ IBaTb. 3anaca171 TaK>Ke CeMeHKI/ I nonconHeHHMKa. u'
  37. 37. M3y~1a91 3101' pasnen, Mbl GyAeM yum-racs: pa3J1I/1LIaTb Tena, BeLLleCTBa, HaCTI/ ILLbl; OFIMCbIBaTb l/ l3yLleHHble BeLLLeCTBa; npOBOLLl/ ITb Ha6111oneHM91 , ,. ._: ;-= ,,; .;; _ “I H; ~- M CTaBIATb OI'lbITbl, / / ~ 'stig? - “ C111; I/ ICFIOIIbSYH naóopaTopHoe , 1 - 060pynoBaHMe; P* , r f! ! Fi; J Tx MCCIIeJlOBaTb c HOMOLLLbIO 15'_ I OnblTOB cBoMcTBa Bosnyxa, .. 9 Bona, COCTaB n011BB1; M011e11Mp0BaTB KpyroeopoT KHHCCMCDMLU/ IDOBaTb paCTeHl/ IFI VI XMBOTHbIX; O6Hapy>KMBaTb B3aMM0cB913M Me>K,1:1,y >KMB0171 M He>KMB0171 npMp011o171, B3aMM0cB913M B >KMBo171 npMp0,1:1.e, M0.1J. e11Mp0BaTb Mx M I/ lCnOnb3OBaTb 111191 oóbãcHeHl/ IH HeO6XOJJMMOCTI/ l 6epe>KHor0 oTHoLueHM91 K FIDIADOJILE; I10nb30BaTbCFI aTnacoM-onpenenMTeneM 10.1191 pacn03HaBaHM91 npMp0nHb1x 06beKT0B; VICTIOIIbSOBBTb TeKCTbI VI MHmOCTpaul/ IM yLleóHMKa, npyrMe MCTOHHMKVI MHcb0pMauMM 13,1191 noMcKa OTBeTOB Ha BOFIpOCbI, 061:91cHeHM171, n011r0ToBKM co6cTBeHHB1x co06u1eHM171. BOLLbI B npmpone;
  38. 38. K _ 9g; ,1 y3HaeM, 1110 TaK0e Tena, BelLLeCTBa, HaCTMLLbI. EyneM yL1MTb091 K11accMd>ML1Mp0BaTB Te11a M Beu1,ecT- Ba, BbLCLBl/ lFaTb npenn0110>KeHM91 (FMnOTe3bI) M 1J.0Ka- 3bIBaTb Mx, M306pa>1<aTb HaCTMLLbI 0 n0M0u1B10 M0- 1:1,e11eM. BcnoMHM, Ha KaKMe rpynnb1 MO>KHO pa3ne11MTb Bce npenMeTu, KOTOpbIe Hac 0Kpy>Ka10T. TEHA 111060171 npenMeT, 111060e >KMB0e cyu1.ecTB0 MO>KHO Ha3BaTb 're110M. KaMeHb, KycoK caxapa, ,1:1.epeB0, nTMua, np0B0110Ka-eT0 Tena. HepeqMcnMTB Bce Tena HeBo3Mo>KH0, Mx cyu1.ecTByeT 6ec=1Mc11eHH0e MH0>KecTB0. Connue, nnaHeTa, fIyHa T0>Ke Tena. Mx HaSbIBaIOT 11e6ec111=1MM TenaMM. Pac0M0TpM cxeMy. Ha KaKMe nBe rpynnu M0>1<- HO paanenmb Tena? I'IpMBe1J. M npMMepB1 Te11 Ka>K- 110171 rpynnb1. MCKYCCTBEHHHE TEnA (Tena, c03naHHme pyKaMM Hen0BeKa) ECTECTBEHHbIE TEHA (Tena npMp0nBn n( , q- u na} ur * 1d
  39. 39. :3 1_LI3EC'1`31.1 Te11a 00010911 M3 Beu.1.e01B. KycoK 0axapa-1e- 110, a caM 0axap-Beu1e01B0. A1110MMHMeBa91 np0- B0110Ka - 1e110, a1110MMHM171 - Beu1.e01B0. ECTb 1e11a, K010pB1e 06pa30BaHb1 He OJlHl/ IM, a He- 0K011BKMMM MnM MHorMMM Beu1,e01BaMM. OHeHB 0110>1<Hb1171 0001aB MMe101 >KMBbIe 1e11a. HanpMMep, B pa01eHM91x e01b 80.113, caxap, KpaxMa11 M npvrMe BeLLLeCTBa. MH0>Kec1B0M pa3H006pa3HB1x Beu1e01B 06pa30BaHb1 M 1e11a >KMBOTHbIX, He110BeKa. MTaK, BemeCTBaMM Ha31>1Ba101 10, M3 Hero 00010- 911 Tena. PHSHVIHHIOT Taêpnme, >KM_1:1.KMe M ra3006pa3- Hble Beu.1,e0113a. Caxap, a1110MMHM171-npMMepB1 1Bép, u.b1x Beu1.e01B. Bona-xMnKoe Beu1.e01B0. B03- , uyx c0c10M1 M3 HeCKOnbKl/ IX ra3006pa3Hb1x Be- u1e01B (ra30B).
  40. 40. HHCTMHBI I`Ip013.e11aeM Ol'IbIT. BosbMêM 1e110, 06pa30BaHH0e OJlHI/ IM Beu.1.e01B0M, -Ky00HeK caxapa. O11y01MM ero B 01aKaH 0 30.13.0171, noMeLuaeM. CHaHana caxap x0p0u10 BM13,eH, HO n001eneHH0 01aH0BM1091 HeBM- ,13.MMB1M. l`I0np06yeM >KM11K001B Ha BKy0. OHa cnag- Ka91. BHaHMT, caxap He M0He3, OH 001a11091 B 01a- KaHe. H0L1eMy >Ke Mbl He BMnMM ero? BB10Ka>KM1e npennonoxeHMe. |'| p0Bepb1e 0e691 no TeKCTy yHe6- HMKa. Ky00L1eK caxapa pa0nan091 Ha MenBHañmMe, He Bvlnl/ lMble rna30M Ha01ML1B1, M3 KOTOpbIX 0H 00010- 9111 (pa01B0pM11091), M 31M HaCTI/ lubl nepeMemaHMCB c HaCTMuaMM 30111131. 3101 0nb11 n0Ka3B1Bae1, 1110 Beu1,e01Ba, a 3HaHM1, M 1e11a 00010911 M3 Ha01Mu, . Ka>1<. u.0e Beu1.e01B0 c0c10M1 M3 OCO6bIX '~1a01Mu, , K010pb1e no pa3MepaM M cbopMe OTHVHaIOTCFI 01 '~laCTl/1L1. , npyrMx BemeCTB. YHéHBIe y01aH0BMnM, 9110 Me>K,13,y Ha01ML1aMM eCTb np0Me>Ky1KM. B 1Bêp11b1x Beu1e01Bax eTM np0Me- >Ky1KM 00BceM ManeHBKMe, B >1<M, c1KMx n06011bu1e, B ra3ax eu1.é 6011Bu1e. B n1060M Beu1e01Be Bce Hacmubn n001091HH0 , ELBI/ DKyTCFl. Ia- , a '1 1. 1
  41. 41. Hac1ML1b1 MO>I(HO M306pa3M1B 0 n0M0u.1.b10 M011e- ne171, HanpMMep nna01M11MH0BB1x u1apMK0B. 1. I1p0Bepb1e 0 l10MOUJ, blO yHe6HMKa, BepHbl 11M npMBe.1:1,`e'HHBIe HM>Ke y1Bep>K. u.eHM91. -111060171 npenMe1, n1060e >KMB0e 0yu1e01B0 M0>1<H0 Ha3BaTb 1e110M. - Beu1.e01Ba - 310 10, M3 Hero 00010911 1e11a. 2. BB16epM1e M3 0nM0Ka 0Ha~1a11a 1e11a, n010M Beu1e01Ba. I1p0BepB1e 0e691 Ha «CTpaHMHKax , ung 0aM0np0BepKM». I'|0,13.K0Ba, 01aKaH, >Ke11e30, KMpnMH, caxap, ap6y3, 001113, KpaxMan, KaMeHb. I`l0Ka>KM1e 0 n0M0u1b10 M0.13,e11M npouecc pa01- B0peHM91 Ky00~1Ka caxapa B Bone. 4. M306pa3M1e 0 n0M0u1B10 M011e11e171 pa0n0110- >1<eHMe HaCTMu B 1Bêp110M, >KM.1:1K0M, ra3006pa3H0M Beu.1e01Bax. npoaepb 09691 1. *+10 Ha3b| BaIOT 1e11aMM? I1pMBeL1M npMMepH. 2. *110 1aK0e Beu1e01Ba? l1pMBe11M npMMepB1. 3. Ms Hero 00010911 Beu1e01Ba? KaK 310 n0Ka3a1b? 4. *+10 11:1 M0)KeLUb pa00Ka3a1B 0 Hacmuax? 111060171 npeBMeT, 111060e >KMB0e 0yu1.e01B0 M0>K- HO Ha3BaTb 1e110M. Tena 00010911 M3 BeLLLeCTB. Beme01Ba 00010911 M3 MenBHaMLuMx, He BM,13,M- MbIX rna30M 11a01Mu, . SanaHMe mn nomamueü pa601b1 3anM1uM B 0110BapMK: 1e110, Bemecmo, Hacmua. _ 39
  42. 42. .. .. -. ~_. -1 : .1;1.. .t: r1--; x.àáhin ãraaddbmuuaunànaosop-e -_. ..-. .. . . CTPAHW-IKM 111111 . bjynosomunnbuuxm Monexynbl M a10M131 Emé B rny60K0171 , upeBH001M yHéH131e BbICKa3bIBa- 11M MblC11b 0 TOM, 1110 Tena 00010911 M3 He BM13.M- M131x r11a30M HaCTMu. 3TMM 0HM o613910H9111M MHOrMe npMp013H131e 91B11eHM91. I'I0HeMy, HanpMMep, BbICbIXa- e1 HaM0Ku1a91 onexna? I'I010My 410 0 Heé yne1a101 HaCTl/ HKI/ I 0013131, K010p131e M131 He BM11MM. Be11MKM171 pyccKMñ yHêH131171 MMxaMn BaCMnbeBVF-I 110M0H0c03 (1711-1765) 0HM1a11, 1110 HeBMDMMbIe 11a01ML1b1 6131Ba101 CIIO>KHbIMM M np001131MM. C110>1<H131e Ha01ML1131 00010911 M3 np001131x. O11HM M Te >Ke np001131e Ha01Mu131, n0-pa3H0My 00e13.MH9191013, M0ry1 06pa30B131Ba113 pa3H131e 0n0>KH131e Ha01Mu131. 31MM M. B.110M0H000B 0613910H9111 pa3H006pa3Me Beu1e01B B npMp013,e. l103>Ke yHéH131e C110)KHbIe Hac- 1Mu131 Ha3Ba11M M011eKy11aMM, a np001131e-a10MaMM. 3-2 ___* "a. .. . .- _ t' - . ..am17 . .. . ._.1.. ._.4..1_. J. . ... ... ..; .:1._. . . m.“.1.. .._. - . ..11.. ..1.. __- 3 c (i: y3HaeM, KaKMe 6131Ba101 Beu.1.e01Ba, KaKMMM 0B0171- r . f 01BaMM 0HM 0611ana101 M KaK M0n011133y101091 He110- BeK0M. 5y11eM yHM1Bc91 0nM0131Ba113 Beu1,e01Ba n0 n11aHy, MCCflejlOBaTb MX C I`IOMOIJ. I,bIO OFIbITOB. BCFIOMHI/ l, KaKMe BeIJJBCTBa Tbl SHaGLUb. 40
  43. 43. .jePnsuoospnauge BEIIIECTB l . ~o~ Ha cBeTe ouenb MHoro DaSHW-IHbIX BemecTB. Cemuac mx M3BeCTHO HeCKOnBKO MI/ IHHMOHOB. OnHm m3 Hmx cymecTByrm B npmpone, a npyrme c03na- Hbl VICKyCCTBeHHO (HanpmMep, nnacTMaccBI). Beme- CTBa m3yqaeT HayKa xmMmsI. I'Io3HaK0MmMcB c Hexoropbumm m3 BemecTB. .ung 3T0r0 ompaammcq. .. Ha Kyxmo. BOT Ha crone c0n0HKa, a B Hem noBapeHHan com. . Mbl npmBBIKnm, HTO 3To Bemecmo mMeeT Bmp, óenblx KpynmHoK. Ho B npmpone, nop. semném, OHO BcTpeHaeTcn B Bmne KaMHH. Camoe Ba>KH0e , ung HenOBeKa cBomcTB0 noBapeHHom COJWI-T0, HTO oHa conêHaq Ha BKyC. I'I03ToMy eê MCHOIIbSV- : or ; um noncanmBaHmq nmmm. B npmpone noBapeHHan conb BcTpeHaeTcn He TOIIbKO no.0. semném. OHeHb MHoro eê conepxmrcn B Mopckom 80119, a TaKxe B 30,116 COIIêHbIX osép. ECTb 0Ha m B noHBe, m B Tenax >KV| BbIX 0praHm3M0B. HOBapeHHaB COHb-STO onna m3 MmHepanBHBIx conem, Bcrpeuanommxcn B npmpone. HeKoTopue m3 Hl/ IX nsonm noóbsaanor m mcnonbsylor KaK ynoópenme , ung pacTeHmm.
  44. 44. ". ,it _bsi_ 7 11.1_ H. ' r' vit: . __ ; üííagíãííã . ' v' «sà-ér-F" `- aa "r- ; a ; MB ; wzeíí-ç . --: ^"7 ' v2.73?” 53”' i 7'** ' 'r' , ` “Er ' ` " ' I - ! Eu @h, f: às- zcífr. e. !fu 'fafi 3:54 ; is ^ g A a". :j ` . S7 ” _ `_ - _ . .. i; T2 K 3 " , '.-_, <---". -~ ~ '-, ._~`-__' ` - ' -ç. pí' ' r. . > r' V_ -ej u. I: 4 r: ãíffêíQ-; fàlíígiíílül7- l' x _ x An_ `Ir r; ' . 44. «rr “ ~~ . B . _ . - . - --~ . - -. ~. - __ -v-_- . s u' `. - "T. "' 3” 3 'L '> " i'l" " ' "'21 ) 'Y' v *$4 w. ' : a - lil? . '3' A' u. . ']"~ n. : ” 41' “. , . r4 . , . .B , o _:5_ ' _Vx_ »- mg? ? íw ' Q 11464* í ” ~. ' r. i. ., 7,373.45. . ~ ; gus3 i B m; g ` nga( E” , V f_ I . : ? i b1* p3" ãíêíãàãíííéíãígàãàãíiííií? f. ' 75.3313' _ i' . . ' * w ',5;3"-. ;.”'~“`T"`“; i z-: :rua : ' v . - o _ B F: ãçiíñmf} : :l: : r a'.
  45. 45. yqéHbne-xmMmKm noncxasanm, KaK y3HaTb, eCTb nm KpaxMan B TOM mnm mHoM nponyKTe. ung 3Toro Hy>KHa pa36aBneHHa9 Bonom HacTomKa mona. Ecnm KanHyTB elo Ha nponyKT, B KOTOpOM conepxmrcq KpaxMan, HacTomKa mona npmo6peTêT cmHe-cbmone- TOBbll7I uBeT. TaKmM cnoco6oM MO>KHO yCTaHOBMTb, *ITO KpaxMan conepxmrcsl, HanpmMep, B óenoM xneóe, pmcoBom KauJe, xnyóHqx Kapmcbenn. npanmuecxaa paóora 1. C I'IOMOLLI, bIO paaóaBneHHom HacTomKm mona onpenenm, eCTb nm KpaxMan B nponyKTax, BBInaH- HbIX Te6e yHmTeneM. 2. Pe3yJ1bTaTbI mccnenoBaHmn aanmmm m sapmcym B paóoHem TeTpanm. EOHbLUHH rpynna BemecTB, c HeKoTopBIMm m3 K0- TOpbIX Mbl HaBepHnxa BCTpeTMMCH Ha KyxHe, - KMCnóTbI. Ka>KnoMy 3HaKoM KmcnBIm BKyC nmMoHa. TaKom BKyc eMy npmnaéT conepxamasacn B HéM HMMOHHaFl KmcnoTa. B HCHOKHX conepxmrcq Honou- Han KmcnoTa, a B nI/ ICTBHX maBená-maBéneBasa KmcnoTa. Korna npoKmcaeT MonoKo, B HêM o6pa3y- eTcq MonoHHan KmcnoTa. IImMoHBI
  46. 46. Oómee cBomcTBo eTmx BemecTB-Kmcnbnm BKyC. Ho 3TO He BHaHmT, uno moóyro KmcnoTy MO>KHO npo6oBaTB Ha BKyc. MHorme KmcnoTB| O'~IeHb en- Kme-oHm pa3pyuJaIoT KO>Ky HenoBeKa, onexny, 6yMary, npeBecmHy. I'Io3ToMy oópamaTBcq c Hm- Mm Hano OCTOpO>KHO. Ha KyxHe Mbl BCTpeTMM onHy m3 TaKl/ IX OFIaCHbIX Kl/ lCnOT-STO yKcycHan Kmcno- Ta, mnm yKcyc. Tbl y>Ke 3HaeLUb, “ITO K 6yTBu1oHKe c yKcycoM Henb3$1 npmKacaTBcB. 3To BemecTBo l/ ICFIOfIb3yIOT TonBKo B pasóaBneHHoM Bmne. M3-3a sarpqaHeHmn oKpy>KaIou4em cpenBI Kl/ ICnóTbI cTanm O6pa3OBb| BaTbC9l BbICOKO B Heóe. HepenKo oHm BBInanaroT Ha aeMmo BMeCTe c no>KnéM. 3To TaK Ha3blBaeMble Kl/ ICIlOTHbIe no>Knm. OT Hmx cTpa- naror pacTeHmsa m Bcê >KmBoe, nopmrcq MHorme nocTpomKm, B TOM Hmcne cTapmHHBIe HaMFITHVIKI/ l. 1. HonB3yBcB TeKCTOM YHGOHMKa, yCTHO OFIVIUJI/ ITG 1-2 BemecTBa no nnaHy: Ha3BaHme üemecrea, BHeLuHme npm3HaKm, rnaBHBIe cBomcTBa, rne BcTpe- HaeTcB B npmpone (conepxmTcq), KaK mcnonB3yeT- on HenoBeKoM. 2. FIpoHmTamTe TeKcT. VICFIOHbSYFI nonyHeHHyro mHcbopMaumIo, OObHCHI/ ITG, '-ITO m3o6pa>KeHo Ha pm- cyHKax. HeKOTOpbIe >KMBOTHbIe m pacTeHmB c HOMOLLLbIO KmcnoTBI Bammmalorcq OT BparoB. TaK, MypaBBm B MOMeHT onacHocTm FIOLLHMMaIOT 6proLuKo m BBI6pBI3- WIBaIOT enKme cTpymKm MypaBBmHoñ KmcnoTBI. 3Ta >Ke KmcnoTa COLLepXMTCFI B nHenmHoM ; ane m >Kry- Hmx BonocKax KpanMBbI. f. ?
  47. 47. .. . _a , n as a V: a 1. KaKOBbI FHaBHbIe cBomcTBa noBapeHHom conm m caxapa? 2. KaK o6Hapy>KmTB KpaxMan B nponyKTax nVlTaHl/ IFI? 3. KaKme KmcnoTBI BcTpeHaIoTcH B npm- pone? 4. HeM onacHBI Kl/ lCnOTHbIe no>Knm? . à . .z . :. .." BemeoTBa oHeHB pa3Hoo6pa3HBI. B noBcenHeB- Hom >KI/ I3HVI monm HacTo CTanKI/ lBaIOTCH c noBa- peHHom COHblO, caxapoM, KpaxManoM, pa3nmH- HbIMl/ l KmcnoTaMm. Banawa-s: nm: nonnaLuHev/ í pañoTBn 1. 3anmuJm B cnoBapmK: xmMmsI, conB, Kpaxman, KmcnoTa. 2. , íloMa Bo3BMm Tpm ómonua m HacBInB B on- Ho m3 Hmx caxap, B npyroe-noBapeHHyIo conB, B TpeTBe - KpaxMan. KaK pa3nmHmTB 3Tm BemecTBa? noBapeHHan w' . ` __ , , , // // ___ V; o, f n «ICC . ~, 2x, ri; ' , y Y3HaeM o cocTaBe m cBomcTBax Boanyxa, 06 mc- ToHHmKax ero 3aFp$I3HeHM9I m cnocoóax OXpaHbI. ByneM yHmTBcn mccnenoBaTB cBomcTBa Bosnyxa c l'IOMOU. lb}O OFIbITOB. BcnoMHm, KaK MO>KHO noKa3aTB, HTo BoKpyr Hac ecTB Bo3nyx. KaKoe 3HaHeHme mMeeT Bo3nyx nm pacTeHmm, >KmBoTHBIx, HenoBeKa? l? : i: :
  48. 48. C O C`. `.! .': . f? . O: EãIIiiEIXA Bo3nyx-3To cMecB ra3oB. PaccMoTpm cxeMy. KaKme ra3B: BXOLLFIT B cocTaB Bo3nyxa? KaKoro ra- 3a B Bo3nyxa óonbme Bcero? Kmcnopon / YrneKmcnBm ra3 A3o1' Hpm nblXaHMl/ I >KMBbIG CyUJBCTBa FIOITIOULHIOT I/ l3 Bo3nyxa KMCTIODOJJ, , a BbILLGIIFIIOT yFHeKMCHbIñ ra3. syt-n? : xag-m . . : rad = 1r &Fs; :NJ: - '-'. ~. -íuajjw Inu: ~' MByHmM cBomcTBa Bo3nyxa m 3acbmKcmpyeM pe- 3ynBTaTB: mccnenoBaHmm B paóoHem TeTpanm. 1. Bo3nyx npospaueH mnm Henpo3paHeH? MB: BmnmM Hepea Hero o: <py>: <a: ou: .me Tena. CpaBHmM: nBepB, KHmra Henpo3paHHB: , Hepes Hmx He BmnHo npyrmx npenMeToB. 3HaHmT, Bo3nyx FIDOSDEHGH. 2. MMeeT nm Bo3nyx uBeT? lJJKacb >KênTB: :7:, KnaccHan noc: <a KopmHHeBaB, :<oMHaTHB: e pacTeHmH 3enéHB: e. A Bo3nyx He mMeeT Hm 3Tmx L: ,BeToB, Hm KaKoro-To npyroro HBeTa. 3HaHmT, Bo3nyx 6ecuBeTeH. 3. MMee-r nm Bo3nyx sanax? MB: 3aMeHanm, “ITO B pa3HB: x noMemeHmnx naxHeT no-pasHoMy. II! IM
  49. 49. B cTonoBom, napmKMaxepcKom, anTeKe HacTmuB: na- xyHmx BemecTB CMeLIJMBaIOTCH c HacTmuaMm Bo3ny- xa, m MB: ouJ. yu_: aeM pa3HB: e 3anaxm. Ho HmoTBu7: Bo3nyx He mMeeT 3anaxa. 4. LITo npomcxonmT c Bo3nyxoM npm Harpe- BaHmm m oxnamneHmm? Y3HaeM 3To c HOMOLLLblO Ol'IbITOB. OnBrr 1. LlenB onBrra: y3HaTb, HTo npomcxonmT c Bo3ny- xoM npm HarpeBaHmm. Xon onBrra. Bo3BMéM Konóy C Tpy6Kom. Onyc- TmM Tpy6Ky B Bony. 3aMeTmM, HTo Bona He Bxo- nmT B TpyóKy-eé «He nycKaeT» Bo3nyx. ByneM HarpeBaTB Konóy. l/ I3 Tpy6Km cTanm BB: xonmTB ny- 3B: pB: <m Bo3nyxa. * BB: Bon: npm HarpeBaHmm Bo3nyx pacLumpqeTcn. OFIbIT 2. uenB onBrra: y3HaTb, *ITO npomcxonmT c Bo3ny- XOM npm oxna>: <neHmm. Xon onBna. l1ono>: <mM Ha Kon6y xononHy: o Bna>KHy: o TpBnoHKy. MB: yBmnmM, :<a: < Bona óyner FlOJZLHl/ IMaTbCFI B TpyóKe. Bo3nyx KaK 6B: ycTynaeT Bone HacTB cBoero MecTa. BB: Bon: npm oxna>: <neHmm Bo3nyx c>KmMaeTcs: .
  50. 50. `r-"'v_`3 I $22.27 , .; _a gn_ V 5.; , _., :_~_r_> . g : e1 _. itzüizlaçàsg' ' _. B ; ; A _ _- -» . _ ' "_ ` - i. : _ ^ ~ 4 _. ' ' k f _ . ' o . _ - : : ` ` _x . - __ _ , r . . 'I a " ' . - ` 'T' ' - . ' ' '< _. .. . . ._ . _, Lht . .. , . _ v - . . , 7 a, _ -: ` I. ' “ 'v : - I' a, ` . ll ' ' ` «n- a - , _, . . .- . T @ABI, 4. z. ._. -;«_: ã%i ; agàgéaj _ _ ` ` crmíís. , a m, :1 a "` x. sg- ~ ' 3:; Orka: : . ^_ A: - ~ . : :mg: : aea _ -, {` A 0 ! $53 " N 3 asawa . 'S' D ' "' a_ : Iç « _i 4 _ ~ « . r 1195!? ? 5.: 3:T; í7íl! “:í: z:14Jíy; :íãn»'ã*; ê`í= ` _ P523? 5394i' _EJ , o. , A' : ouülãljkgnégg . - ^' W' -« r" - màã _' - "* , gm'- " ~“-à*-; "-'; x«'»'-' " _ _ V, , . ` , . _ , . _. . A çíçíãàãííííêzíàêílí'5ãí79?! í3?! !1?#àrífííííêííüénaéãe. {Elãíjaãífsàñãàíêíguíríífàw ~' . _ '. .JJ-i 'i ; i i*** >`^' “ ' “' 7 ~~^~^~ 7-' " ~~~ ~'~'~'-~~1~ ~-~>-~-'-'- ' * : :mív n! . 'I 7- . . . 411,443 344:' r, . i! ' ~¢¢ 2'#- , v r! 11:: _. ": l V". . _ . M J . : : : . . ' : l: f: » ` 'a V l. s "v : 17:? i .4 J, , ` "a r. i'l "a , . , . . '_` - _ _ , 'v-à_ __ >-= -: _pf " “ 27.4%; ., _ _ - - 'v ' . . ' F _x -' . _ "- - 7 - ~ < ' _w t - i- L. : u: *as* 'v `
  51. 51. HeKOTOpbIe cbaópmKm I/ I sasonbl BbI6paCbIBaIOT m3 CBOVIX Tpy6 FILLOBMTbIG l'a3bl, ca>Ky, nbmb. ABTOMO- 61mm Bbmenmor oTpaóoTaHHble l'a3bl, B KOTODbIX OHeHb MHoro apenHblx BemecTB. 3arpn3HeHme Bo3nyxa yrp0>KaeT 3D. OpOBbIO m0- Aeñ, Beef? : >KVI3HVI Ha 3eMne! Ceñuac Hermano nenaercn , ung OXpaHbI HMCTOTbI Bo3nyxa. Ha MH0rmx npennpmmmqx paóoTalor ycTa- HOBKVI, KOTOpbIe ynaBnmBaIoT FIbIIIb, ca>Ky, 91.13.0314- Tble rasbn. yHêHbIe paspaóoranm HOBbIe aaTomoómnm-aneKT- pomoómnm, KOTOpbIe He 6yp. yT 3aFp9I3H$1Tb Bo3nyx. B pa3HbIX MecTax COSJZLaHbI cneuvIanbHbIe CTaH- umm, OHl/ I FIOCTOFIHHO cnenm 3a Hmcroroñ Bo3nyxa a óonbmmx roponax.
  52. 52. ._ A` 1. KaKom ra3 Mbl nornomaeM m3 Bo3nyxa npm nbuxanmm? 2. Hepeqmcnm cB0mcTBa Bo3nyxa. 3. Ho- HeMy npm HarpeBaHmm Bo3nyx paCLlJl/ IDHGTCFI, a npm oxna>: <neHmm cxmmaercq? 4. Omero sarpqsmercq Bo3nyx? 5. "ITO Hano , uenaTB Lum oxpaHB: '-Il/ ICTOTbI Bo3nyxa? Hmcrbnm Bo3nyx npoapauen, óecuseTeH, He mrme- eT 3anaxa. C 33301103 m cbaópmK, OT paóoTa- roLumx aaromoñmnem B Bo3nyx nonanaIoT Bpen- Hble BemecTBa. OHm OHaCHbI nna Bcero >KmBo- ro, n03ToMy Heoóxonmmo 3a6OTl/1TbCFI o HIACTOTB Bo3nyxa. Sanam-an , ung _qonnauJa-: e-Z pañovan 1. 3anmLum B cnoBapmK Ha3BaHme ra3a, Heo6xo- , DMMOFO . ung , uBnxaHma 2. B KHmre «BenmKaH Ha nonsme» npoHmTam pac- cKa3 «HeBI/ Ijll/ IMOG coKp0Bmu4e». Hpmxonmnocb nm Te6e Haómonarb cnyqam, nonoónbne 'romy, KoTopbnm onmcaH B paccKa3e? "ITO Tbl 06 STOM _nyn/ maemb? 3. Y3HaI7I y B3p0CJ1bIX, uno nenaeTcB B BameM ropone , cum OXpaHbI Bo3nyxa. r'/ ,. a r' 7.! , ^ *- > a_ A f a, ” ; ífxf/ «c ***Z/ xu » w' *7 H' 4 '/ , . ' , B/ , v _ r y3HaeM, noqemy Bona-onHo m3 CaMbIX rnaB- HbIX 60raTcTB 3eMnm. ByneM yHVITbCH mccnenoBaTB cBomcTBa Bonbl c nomombro OI'IbITOB. BcnoMHm, me B npmpone BCTpeHaeTCH Bona. KaKoe sHaqeHme oHa mMeeT ung pacTeHmm, >KMBOT- HbIX, qenoBeKa?
  53. 53. f_ I I " . : I 4 - - '. (L 4 ^ . I.: ;¢ ' 4* . a 7 _ ; i . v S_ »« . qi. _i ` . m ~ . _ _ _ . »_~ ` k . a . ó >~ r '. ' 'l' ri? ' I» . i ' ^ ~ ^~'^“'~'avxr^ I 3 m. ' ":1. V` _ V? . ' S Lala: g" ` `-'. i "v » v - “ . _ ' ' _ - f__. 3k' f-nzf ': “._`« -h . i "~'Ay'_: .~. {;. '-3_ i > ) diff” 7 I . .gn `. . ' I à" ée'^*"váà-3' "í-ísíg`^“ml_yagá"~arx<qf " `: .". '~'. '» rin_ " _ “e `; :T b3» m m . 'ng? ; xji > @jl êháêluut' *' *fx ; L 1: . Q" I rig. _~r$ _ >- . ' c g . ' " a. Ai"? . EM $45?! ! _. ., _,. ,~*-: ' ` 1 í MS. * üfíg. ” a. . . ..k - . ?HELL ' '- ~ *r- . a _ . nu vi m B_ Ing-Bag; aígifgçãí * (`('; '."`. "`~' **A-ra «arílà: `“" . »_ A I a _ * . I-"v l: ... .. ,*. ` , . : mAi-g: '. * *àmüb Kààiàêíãí ífnts. : B i h 3 ~< iuiiãíãüan? ? 365» ta? “I _ , » "~ ~ 3 3 g ; ,N . ;. ' “ 1 - "'- **-2 `. n . -J -. II . . I g, . . .. . - . - - ':1 , ,5 = _ * -. g; A_ ' . ' -. o ; 91
  54. 54. 03017.0T3.e.1 30.13.31 f A-rs -s rgm-p- . ot. 'u u I T. Hponenam OI'IbITbI no MHCTpyKLIMI/ I yqeónmKa. On- penenm m Ha303m uenb Ka>Kp.0r0 0nb1Ta, yCTHO onmLum ero XO. IJ. . 83130331 m3 OnbITOB 3anmu1m B pa- 60L1e171 TeTpanm. Hp0BepB 03691 Ha «CTpaHMHKaX ung 0aM0np03ep1<m». r~<- ~-^. o--rr»vn . .. -v-xí OHbIT 1. Ony0Tm B 0TaKaH 0 30.11.0171 n0>1<Ky. Bm.1J. Ha nm oHa? O KaKOM 0301710T3e 301131 3To r030pmT? OnbIT 2. CpaBHm u.3eT 30.11.31 0 1.13eT01v1 n0n000K, m306pa>1<éHHb1x B yqeónmKe. l/ IMeeT nm 30.113 u.3eT? OnblT 3. Onpenenm, 3anax. l/ lMeeT 11M “IMCTaFI BOJla OnbIT 4. HaCbIFIb 3 0.c1.mH cTaKaH 0 30.11.0171 HBMHO- r0 e0nm, a B . ílpyrom CTOnbKO >Ke m3MenB1-1êHH0r0 Mena. I'I01v1euJa171. “IT0 np0m30Lun0? O “IêM r030pmT 3ToT OnbIT? OnblT 5. I/13 cneumanbnom 6y1v1arm no pmcyHKy-mH- 0Tpy1<L1.mm 033113171 cbmnBTp. I'Ip0ny0Tm Hepes cbmnbTp 3arp913HéHHy10 Bony. “IT0 Haónmnaewb? : ga ng. 't , w vw 1 . a
  55. 55. .TA I-'f? "' l. ..'. . " I 1 10 -zgv 'a «i i rx: . .w. . N17 1 4 _: -.-, ; fh . 1733: a a a fkijsí, - _V_ mg. .., . . 1 . .sq-as. . a .1114 . v ; fg ~-v -svsv _. `.. . . 331111 13239 f. __ VãlàA-; Jà 57 J” 1 _ ( f _. ___ Taga ' 1_. . i ' is. ._ a . ., -. . . . a. - `1aéVL{; * 7 5 '"'í+~: ;7í<`í“7*
  56. 56. :II II I . . , I f); ó, . 2. Pa00M0TpmTe Hm>KHm171 pmcyHoK Ha 0. 53. 063- 910HmTe, “ITO np0m0x011mT 0 qacTmuamm 301131 npm e`e' HarpeBaHmm m 0xna>1<13.eHmm. 3. B011a pa0T30p91eT MHorme Beu1e0T3a. I'11e 3 631- Ty m0n0n33yeT091 3TO ee 0301710TB0? C30171 0T3eT 0pa3HmTe 0 0T3eTaMm npyrmx pe691T. C.13.ena171Te 06u1m171 3313013.. rf, - 1. Ka1<y10 p0n3 mrpaeT 3011.3 3 >Km3Hm 0praHm3- M03? 2. KaK Mbl msyuanm 0B0m0T3a 301131? 3. O Ka- Kmx 0301710T3ax 30.13.31 Tbl Tenep3 3Haeu33? 4. KaK MO>I<HO O“II/ lCTI/ lTb 3arp913Hê1-1Hy10 3011y? : -sf B011a-np03paqHa91, 6ec113eTHa91 )KI/ I.IJ. KOCTb, He mMeeT 3anaxa. I'Ipm HarpeBaHmm 3013.3 pa0u3mp91- eT091, a npm 0xna>1<11eHmm 0>1<mMaeT091. B013.a pa0T30p91eT MHorme Beu1e0T3a. 3a11aa-z-ue .11M. nosmamneñ pa60T31 OTMeHam 3 pa60L1e171 TeTpa11m, 01<0n31<0 0TaKaH0B 301131, “IaLUeK 91391, 11.pyrmx HanmTK03 T31 m 911131431 T3oe171 0eM3m 331nm3aeTe 3 .13.eH3. C.1:1ena171 331B0.13.. V3HaeM 0 pa3H31x 000T091Hm91x 301131 m 1<pyr030- p0Te 301131 3 npmp0.13.e. Hay-1mM091 M0.13.enmp03aT3 1<pyr0B0p0T 30.11.31 pa3H31Mm 0n00o6aMm. B0n0MHm 0B01710T3a 0Hera m n311a. OT3eT3 Ha 30np0031: 1. l/ I3 Hero 000T091T 06na1<a? 2. I`I0L1e1v1y m.13.eT 110>1<.1:13? 3. KaK 06pa3yeT091 0Her? : f:
  57. 57. “PEBPAIIIEIIIIII u xpwoaopo-r naman TPM COCTOHHMH BOAbI 0 I`I011yMa171, 3 KaKmx Tpéx c00T091Hm91x 3011a Ha- x011.mT091 3 npmp0.13.e. I'Ipm TeMnepaType OOC 3011a npe3pau1aeT091 3 nen. . 3To np0m0x011mT m 3 peKe, m 3 osepe, m 3 ny>1<e. Kp0u1eL1H31e n313.mH1<m 06pa3y10T091 m 33100K0 B 06113- Kax. TaM 0Hm y3enm~1mBa10T091, npe3pau1a10T091 3 0He- >1<mH1<m m na11a10T Ha 3e1vu110. TaK 06pa3yeT091 0Her. 11311 m 0Her- 3To 3011a 3 TBêpAOM cocTosmmm. M31 npoTêpnm M01<p0171 Tp91nK0171 Kna00Hy10 .1:1.00Ky. I'Ip0Lun0 He01<on31<0 MmHyT, m 13.001<a 0Tana cyx0171. B011a 0 Hee mcnapmnacb, TO e0T3 npe3paTmna03 3 nap-np03paHH31171, 6e0113eTH31171 ra3. B013.91H0171 nap - 3To 30.1:1a 3 ra3006pa3H0M cocTonHmm. B npmp011.e B011a n00T091HH0 m0nap91eT091 0 n03epx- HocTm Mopem, peK, osêp, 11011331. H03T0My 3 303- 11.yxe 30er.13.a 00.11ep>1<mT091 He3m11mM31171 301191H0171 nap. B0.13.a 3 >Km.13.1<0M 000T091Hmm
  58. 58. .t - u . . 111 _ 1_ 1 1'- p_ . _ 1 . . 1 I ppyçm. u. - awat: : sv 3: 'i nga” - k» v . gf"? 1 $4? . D D . : 73-31 *W* . '_, _`I-""'“` -x ; V _ ": _ ' ' . _ ' " ' ` I* . a W. .-, a. .,_. `_`. ` _f }¢, v` _- _ -. .~4 - . . .1. l** -'4.v_. , _`~ 2 . . t : r: 5 '-1 7 . : v 1 I* ' i; 115:” _ ~-`: :'~*~; ' -; - ' - r? : . . > ' HIg-? Lêk . * . ~"í w; ' 'ur t , ' - i; .r -, ?~. `:. r.ç_; '-'-`«` . v _.4. 71,! : 'girgü "f _ c = ^ and. : ` 9 3 O' «L '. - 'éíííi' -" r. . i i» k? ” r I H 'íí-W»
  59. 59. Mbl yBvuJMM Ha Hev: Kannm, Komph: e HaHHyT na- . uaTB BHl/ l3. KaK >Ke O6bFlCHI/1Tb TO, *ITO Mbl Haómo- nama? Bona npv: HarpeBaHmm 6bICTpO mcnapneTcn. He- Bmnmmbnñ nap FIOLLHI/ IMEIGTCFI BBepx. Conpvmacaacb C XOHOLlHbIM npenMeToM, OH CHOBa npeapamaercç: B Bony. KanenBKm Bonb: yBenvmmBamrcn, OTpbIBa- : orcs: v: nanamn TaK Mbl c nomomuo onbna CMO- . uenmpoeanm KpyroBopoT BOAbI B npmpone. C noBepxHocTm BOLLOêMOB v: FIOHBbI B011a B Bmne napa FIOAHI/ IMGETCFI BBepx. Bo3nyx BbICOKO Han, semnêñ Bcerna xononHuv: (He cnyqañHo Ha FOpHbIX BepLuvmax OóblHHO nexm nêp. v: cHer). I'Iap oxna>: <- , qaeTcn TaM v: oópasyer MHO>KeCTBO BOJZLFIHbIX Kane- neK mnm KpOUJeLIHbIX nbLU/ IHOK. l/ I3 amx KaneneK v: nbjll/ IHOK 06pa3y:0Tcs1 06na: <a. O6naKa nérKme, v: BeTep nepeHocmT mx nopov: Ha O'-IeHb óonbmme DaCCTOFIHI/ IFI. 143 o6naKoB B011a Bo3Bpau4aeTcn Ha semmo B Bvme nomw v: cHera. 1. PaCCMOTpMTe pmcyHoK Ha c. 55. *ho Ha HêM noKa3aHo? "ITO oóosHauamT cTpenKm Ha STOM pv: - cyHKe? PaccKaxmTe, uno npomcxonmr c HaCTMLLaMI/ I B0,: J,B: npv: oópasoBaHvm napa v: nBna. C non/ namuo pmcyHKa OGbHCHI/ ITG, noHeMy npv: npeBpameHmv: B nêp, Bona pacumpqercsa. (O6pa- TmTe BHmMaHme Ha ocoóoe pacnonoxeHme qacmu nbna v: oópaaymmmecn Me>: <,u, y Hl/ lMl/ l npomexyTKm. ) 2. PaccMoTpmTe cxeMy Ha c. 56. PaccKaxmTe no Hel7l 0 KpyroBopore BOAbI B npmpone. Flonpocvne npyrmx peóm npoaepmb Bac. p. .f. a, . n -' J:
  60. 60. 3. Ms BbIAaHHbIX BaM , ueTaneñ coóepmTe MO- . uenb Kpyr0BopoTa BOJlbl. Flposepbre ceós: no cxe- Me B yueónmKe. npoaepb ceós: 1. B KaKMX Tpêx COCTOFIHI/ IFIX 8013.3 Haxonvncç: B npmpone? 2. npv: :<a: <0M ycnoBmv: oópasyercç: nén? Omero OH TaeT? 3. KaK oópasyercç: nap? npv: :<a: <0M ycnoBmv: nap npeapamaeTcs: B xng: .- : <y: o sony? 4. KaK npovlcxonv: : KpyroB0p0T Bonb: B npmpone? KaKvIMv: cnocoóaMm Mbl ero Monenm- p0Banm? Bona Haxonmrcç: B npmpone B Tpéx cocronnm- 9x: >: <v1p, :<oM, TBépnpM v: ra3006pa3H0M. Bona FIOCTOFIHHO coaepmaer : <pyroBop0T: mcnapaercç: c l10BepXHOCTI/ I 3eMnv: , o6pa3yeT oónaKa, B Bv: - . ue goma v: cHera Bo3BpauJ, aeTc9: Ha seMmo. 3ananm: nm: nomaumeü paóorb: 1. Sanvuuv: B cnoBapmK: coc-rom-me, Mcnapenue, KpyroBopoT. Q 2. M3r0T0BB v:3 nnacTmnm-: a Ha nomeqKe mnm cbaHepKe Monenb KpyroaopoTa BOLLbI B npmpone. PaccKaxM no 31017: Monenv: 0 Kpyroaopore B0,:1B: . 7é¢ zí Y3HaeM, n0L: eMy v: :<a: < Hano OXDaHHTb : a óepeqb Bony. HaytmMcs: M3o6pa>KaTb c l'IOMOUJ. bIO Monenv: MCTOHHI/ IKM 3arp93HeHvm BOLLbI. BCFIOMHM, KaK : noum Mcn0nB3y: oT Bony. OTKyna B Ham , llOM npmxonm B011a v: Kyna oHa yxonvn?
  61. 61. HonyMavi, FIOHGMV Hy)I<HO óepeqb Bony. FIOKIFEvJD. ' BOJILY H )I -IO SEPELIE: Kasanocb 6B: , BonB: Ha 3eMne CKOIIbKO yronHo- OKeaHbI v: Mopç: n0KpB: Ba: oT 6ónbuJy:0 '-IaCTb no- BepXHOCTl/ l nnaHeTa. Ho Bona B HI/1X conéHaq, a npecHoñ BonB: Ha 3eMne He TaK y>: < MHoro. HenoBeKy . nna pa3HB: x Hy>Kn Heoóxonl/ :Mo 20- 50 HMTDOB BonB: B neHB. A nm: np0v:3BoncTBa np0- nyKToB nmTaHvm ropasno óonbme. TaK, nm: npoms- BoncTBa onHov: TOHHbI nLueHmnB: Hy>KHO 1500 TOHH BO, D,bI, pv: ca-7000 TOHH, xnonKa- 10000 TOHH, nm: npov:3BoncTBa TOHHbI Kypv: H0r0 MFICB-3500- 5700 TOHH, a FOBFIDMHBI-OT 15000 no 70000 TOHH. Ta: <v: M 06pa3oM, HTO6bI HaKOpMMTb ceMB: o v:3 He- Tmpêx HenOBeK, TpeóyeTcç: Bona, no oóbêMaM co- n0cTaBv: Ma9: c nnaBaTBnBHBIM óacceñnoM. Hmcrov: BonB: Ha 3eMne ocraércç: Bcé MeHbLlJe. B Bonoémb: cnmsamTcq CTOHHb| e BonB: 3aB0n0B v: cba6pv: :<, HeHMCTOTbI c cbepM, a TaK>Ke Bona, v: c- | 'IOJ1b3OBaHHaH B 6B: Ty. yHêHble noncqmanm, “ITO Ka>: <nB: :7: ron B0 BcêM Mv: pe B BonoéMB: nonanaer CTOnbKO BpenHB: x BemecTB, uno v: Mv: MO>KHO 6Bm0 6B: sanonHmTb 10000 TOBapHbIX noe3n0B! OT SaFDHSHGHI/ IH BonB: cTpanaeT Bce >: <v: Boe. B pe- Kax, oaêpax, Mopsx normóamr pacTeHm: v: >I<l/1BOT- Hble, qaxHyT pacTeHvm Ha óeperax. 3arpn3HêHHan Bona BpenHa nns: 3nop0BB9: qenoseKa. i? 73 I'- à"
  62. 62. ;v He nev: Bony v:3 peKv: , o3epa, npy- na. B Hel71 MoryT óblTb Bpennbne BemecTBa v: 60- nesHerBopHbne 6aKTepv: v:. KAK OXPILSJ-líííüí' 30,5253' OT 3AFP: $!3%-IEl-i": `íf 4706:: : 0L: v:uJ, aTB CTOHHBIe BOLlbl, CTpOHT OHMCTHBIB co0py>KeHv:9:. B Hv: x sarpasHêHHan Bona npoxonvrr Hepea DaBIII/ HHBIG cbvInBTpBI. OHv: 3anep>: <v: Ba:0T BpenHue npv: Mecv: , a Hv: cTy: o Bony nponycKamT. MHTepecHo, '-ITO B0 MH0rmx OLII/ ICTHbIX coopy>KeHvmx noMora: oT 0Hv: uJ. aTB Bony ocoóbne óaKTepvm, Heonao- Hble nns: moneñ. 3Tv: 6aKTepv: v: 06e3Bpe>: <v: Ba: oT nnoBmTue BemecTBa. Cevmac crpomcq v: TaKv: e npennpvmTmq, y KOTO- pB: x Booóme HeT CTOLIHbIX Bon. 3aFp9l3HêHHy1O Bo- ny TaM OLIMLLLaIOT v: cHoBa mcnonbaymr. TaKoMy npennpvmTvno He Hy>: <H0 6paTB cBe>: <y:0 Bony v:3 osepa vmv: peKv: . OHo He CnvIBaeT Tyna v: oTpa6o- TaHHylO Bony. G
  63. 63. .:3x; ... _U. :_. ./mn: ê.. .. 1 : . a. u . . . .. , . . . . . . _ . . . . vràwvh. :s: x1_w. _.l. _ãa. _ . ..sra. ..
  64. 64. HE PACXODNVITE BDAY HATIPACHO! 3HaeLub nv: Tbl, c: <0nb: <0 Bonb: nponanéT spa, ecnv: v:3 nnoxo saKpbnoro KpaHa B TeHeHme cyToK óyneT TeHb TOHKaFI cTpyñKa, Bcero fIMLIJb co cnvw- Ky? nocmorpv: OTBeT Ha «CTpaHvHKax nns: caMo- npoBepKv: ». Korna Bona noHanpacHy TeHêT v:3 KpaHa, ero Hano 3aKpblTb. Ho 6b: BaeT, Hro Mbl spy: pacx0nyeM MHoro B0nb: , na>Ke He aaMeuaq 3T0r0. K npv: Mepy, Tbl MOeLIJb pyKv: , yMb| BaeLUbC9I non cvmbHoñ cTpyéü. l'lpv: :<p0:`í: HeMH0r0 KpaH, 3To He noMeLuaer yMbITbCFI, a Bonb: yTeHêT MeHbLue. Tb: XOHeLUb oxnanvnb ra3v: poBaHHy: o Bony v: nep- >Kv: Lub 6yTb: nKy non xononHoíí: cTpyéñ. IIyHuJe n0- CTaBMTb óyTbmKy B xononvmbHmK, a Bony noóepeub. 1. Hañnvne Ha c. 59 TeKCT, B KOTOpOM nepeHmc- neHb: v: cT0~: Hv: :<v: SaFDFISHGHI/ IFI Bonb: . Ha3oBmTe v: x. 2. npoaHanmsvlpyñTe cxeMy Ha c. 60-61. KaKMe mcToHHMKv: sarpnsHeHmn Bonb: noKa3aHb: Ha Heñ? Ka: <v: e v:3 HI/ IX 6bu1v: ynoMqHyTb: B TeKCTe, a : <aKv: e nononHmoT ero? PaccMorpvne cbororpaqamm, nomemêHHbne psanom co cxemoñ. "ITO Ha Hv: x v:306pa>: <eH0? KaKme MbIC- nv: BbI3bIBaIOT y Bao STI/ l cboTorpa¢mv: ? Ha ocH0Be cxeMb: v:3r0T0BbTe Monenb «VICTOHHM- Kv: sarpnsHeHvm B0nb: ». PaccKaxmTe c eé noMo- UJ, bIO o aarpnsHeHmv: Bonb: . 3. KaK Bbl nocrynvne, ecnv: o6Hapy>Kv: Te, HTO v:3 Hev: cnpaBH0r0 KpaHa vmv: noapexnêHHoñ Tpy6b: TeHêT Bona? O6cynv: Te B Knacce.
  65. 65. L 4 1. **ITO H0B0ro Tbl Tenepb 3HaeUJb o 3Ha'-IeHI/1I/1 Bonb: nnç: moneñ? 2. OTHero sarpsasHnercç: Bona B peKax, oaêpax, Mopnx? 3. HeM onacHo 3arpn3- HeHv: e Bonb: ? 4. KaK n:0nv: oxpaHmor Bony OT 3a- FDFISHGHIAH? 5. KaK Ka>: <nb: :7: HenoBeK non>KeH 6e- peHb Bony? . .,, ~, . p. n, ,m -- - ~ . .4~. fhonqM Tpeóyercç: o-: eHb MHoro Bonb: . 3arps:3- HeHv: e Bon0éMoB onacHo nm: Bcero >: <v: Bor0. LlTOñbl yñepe-: b Bon0êMb: OT 3arp9:3HeHv:9:, crok: - Hb: e Bonb: nponycKamT Hepes OLMCTHbIe coopy- >: <eHv: ç:. Ka>: <nb: v': HenoBeK non>: <eH óepeqb Bony! 3aneHm~2 nm: nonnaujs-: e-T. pa6oTb: 1. Hay-mob HmcTmTb 3y6b: TaK, HT06b: He pacxo- noBaTb HanpacHo Bony. ung 3T0r0 He 0CTaBnFII71 : <paH OTKpbITbIM, noKa Hv: cTv: Lub 3y6b: v: nonomeuJb poT: cpasy HanmBav: Bony B cTaKaHHmK v: 3aKpb: Bav': KpaH. l`lonocKaTb po: v:3 cTaKaHHmKa oHeHb yno6- Ho. A cKonbKo Bonb: Tbl cóepexêmb! 2. Y3Ha:7:, KaKaç: paóora no oxpaHe Bonb: o: * sarpnaHeHvm npoaonmrcç: B Bau. :eM ropone (Gene). «If/ Ci 4,» ? $31 ~: i; 'fT/ *í y3HaeM, HTo Ta: <0e nOHBa, KaKoe y Heê rnaBHoe cBoñcTBo. ByneM yqvnbcs: Bb: nBv: raTb rv: noTe3b: v: ,ü. OKa3blBaTb v: x, : AccnenoBaTb nOHBy c I'IOMOUJ, bIO OnblTOB, Monenv: p0BaTb CBFl3l/1 n0HBb: v: pacTeHmñ. Bcn0MHv: CBOIO pa6oTy B oropone, Cany Mnv: Ha mKonbHoM yHacTKe. KaKaH TaM n0HBa: KaKoro nBe- Ta, cyxas: vu1v: Bna>KHa9:, FIIIOTHHFI vlnv: pblxnan? . .A- 'K5, *O L@
  66. 66. 'ho TAKOE nouBA ' PaccMoTpv: pvlcyHoK. F| onyMa:7:, HTo TaKoe not: - Ba. KaKoe 3HaHeHv: e oHa v: MeeT nm: pacTeHl/ :ñ v: >: <v: BoTHb: x? KaKme >Kv: aoTHb: e >: <v: ByT B noHBe? “S--nw v--nv 1. MenBen: <a. 2. nmHmHKa >: <y: <a. 3. CBepHoK. 4. KpOT. 5. MH0- y , FOHOXKa. 6. )I(a6a. 7. HecHas: MbILlJb. 8. , üpxneBoñ HepBb. I'Io~: Ba-3T0 BepxHv: :7: nnonoponHblvl 0:10:71 3eMnv: . nnonoponvle- rnaBH0e CBOVICTBO n0HBb: . 110HeMy >Ke noHBa nnonoponHa? BbncKaxv: rv: noTe- ` 3y v: O6OCHyI7I ee. uns: npoBepKv: rv: n0Te3b: norpe- ---v-r 6yeTcs: v: ccnenoBaHv: e noHBbL npennonoxmM, “ITO B noHBe conepxmcs: TO, HTo He06x0nv: M0 pacTeHvmM nm: >: <v:3Hv: . '-IT06b: y3HaTb, TaK nv: 3To, v:3yHv: M COCTaB noHBbL
  67. 67. npaKm-: ecxan paóora 0 Onpenenv: uenb Ka>Kn0ro onbna, 0nv: u:v: ero xon, ccbopMynMpyv: Bb: Bon. Onbn 1. Bpocv: M K0M0HeK cyxov: noHBb: B Bony. yBv: nv: M, Hro v:3 noHBb: Bb: xons: T ny3b: pb: <v: Bo3ny- xa. SHaHMT, B noHBe ecTb Bo3nyx. Onbn' 2. HeMH0r0 cBexeñ noHBb: HarpeeM Ha orHe. Han noHB0:`/ : nonepxmM xon0nH0e creme. B0Kope creKno CTaHeT Bna>KHb: M. 3ToT Ol'IbIT no: <a- 3b: BaeT, HTo B noHBe eCTb Bona. Onbn' 3. ByneM npononxaTb HarpeBaTb n0HBy. BcK0pe Mb: yBv: nv: M nb: M, n0HyBcTByeM HenpvmT- Hbn7: 3anax. 3To cropaeT neperHoñ n0HBb: , KOTO- pbll71 oópasoaancç: v:3 OCTaTKOB pacTeHvu7: v: XI/ IBOT- Hb: x. neperHoñ npvlnaêr I'IO'-IBe TéMHbu7: uBeT. Onbrr 4. npoKanêHHyn n0HBy, B : <0T0po:7: Becb neperHov: y>: <e cropen (oHa ceporo uBeTa), Ha- cb: nneM B CTaKaH c Bonofí: v: paBMemaeM. “Iepes HeKoropoe BpeMq Ha nHo cTaKaHa ocnner neco: <, a n0Bepx nec: <a- rnv: Ha. Onbn' 5. | "Ip0¢v: nbTpyeM Bony, B KoTopov: nonro Haxonvmacb n0HBa. Hec: <0nb: <0 Kanenb n0MecTv: M Ha cTeKn0. FI0nep>: <v: M ero Han orHéM. Bona 6b: cTp0 mcnapvnrcn, a Ha cTeKne ocTaHercq 6enbu7: ? A OFIbIT 1 OflblT 2 OHbIT 3 OFIbIT 4
  68. 68. HanéT. 3To MvlHepanbHbne ecnv: . 3HaHvIT, B n0HBe conepxaTcs: Mv: HepanbHb: e convl, KOTOpbIe pacTB0- pmoTcs: B Bone. MTaK, B COCTaB noHBb: Bxonm Bo3nyx, Bona, ne- perHoñ, nec0:<, rnv: Ha, Mv: :=: epanbHb: e c0nv: . KopHv: pacTeHvm nbnLuaT Bo3nyx0M, KOTOpbIñ c0- nepxvncs: B noHBe. OHv: BCaCbIBaIOT v:3 n0HBb: Bony. BMecTe c Bonoñ pacTeHvm BCaCbIBalOT pacTB0pêH- Hb: e Mv: HepanbHb: e ecnv: . COIIM-STO nv: TaTenbHb: e BemecTBa, 6e3 KOTOpbIX pacTeHvm He M0ryT >: <v: Tb. Mb: Bmnenm, HTO conev: B noHBe Mano. PacTeHvm Mornv: 6b: 6b: cTpo v: x mspacxonoBarb, HO 3T0r0 He npomcxonvn. 3anac conev: B n0HBe FIOCTOFIHHO no- HOHHFIGTCSL KaK? Enaronaps: neperHo:0. HeperHoñ non ne:7:cTBv: eM óaKTepmñ, KoT0pb: e >: <v: ByT B mouse, MenneHHo, FIOCTGFIGHHO npeBpama- ercs: B ecnv: . *-IeM 6OIlbLUe B noHBe neperHon, TeM oHa nnon0ponHee. >Kv: BoTHb: e, oómrammwe B I'IO'-IBe, nena: oT B Hel? : xonb: , Kyna nerKo npoHv: :<a: oT Bona v: Bo3nyx, ne- peMeLumBamT n0HBy, v:3Menb~: a:0T ocTaTKv: pacTeHv: :7:. TaK >: <v: B0THb: e noBb: Lua:0T nnonoponme noHBbL a eperHoF: ' f PacTBopêHHue j. ' n COIM : ` i _'
  69. 69. nposepb ceós: 1. “ITO TaKoe noHBa? 2. KaKoíí: COCTaB v: MeeT n0H- Ba? 3. KaK noKasaTb, '-ITO B I'lO'~IBe ecTb Bo3nyx, Bona, neperHoñ, necoK v: rnv: Ha, ecnv: ? 4. KaKv: e >Kv: Bb: e cyLuecTBa o6v: Ta:0T B noHBe? KaK oHv: Bnvm- : or Ha ee' nnonoponme? U I'IoHBa-aTo BepxHvu7: nnonoponHblv: cnov: seMnvl. Sananm: nm: noMamHeü paóorb: 1. 3anv: Luv: B cn0Bapv: K rnaBH0e CBOVICTBO noHBbL 2. , lloMa paccMorpv: noqBy B LLBeTOHHbIX ropm- Kax. Hañnv: B He:7: oTMepLume OCTaTKM pacTeHmñ. I'I0pb: xnv: noHBy, Hroób: Bo3nyx nyHme nocrynan K KopHqM. He 3a6b: Ba:7: n0nv: BaTb pacTeHvm. 3. Ha ocH0Be cxeMb: Ha c. 66 v:3r0T0Bb Monenb v: c eé n0M0uJ. b:0 pa00Ka>Km, HT0 pacTeHvm nony- HaIOT v:3 HOHBbI. 4. B KHvIre «BenuKaH Ha nonsme» np0Hv: Ta:7: paccKa3 «YBaxañTe >: <v:3Hb no>KneB0r0 HepBsw. HTo H0B0ro 0 HéM Te6e ynanocb y3HaTb v:3 paccKa3a? KaK Tbl OTHOCVILIJbCH K n0>KneBb: M HepBnM? . ..- crPAHvmKv: nmh: : *gumana unang; - _`. ~$-. L Bacunuñ BacMnbeBu-I AoKy-: aes HayKy 0 noqBax-noHB0BeneHme-co3nan 3a- MeqaTenbHbuvi pyccKvu7: yHêHbn7: Bacvmvu? : BacmnbeBMH , DpKyHaeB (1846-1903). OH Ha3b: Ban n0HBy Kop- Mv: nv: u,e:7: Hen0BeKa v: cHvnan, *ITO oHa nns: Hac n0p0>: <e Hecbm, yrnn, 30110Ta. í 671
  70. 70. B. B., LI. oKy~: aeB yHv: n, KaK npaBv: nbHo o6pa6aTb: - BaTb F| O'-IBy, HTo6b: nonyHaTb xopouJvne ypo>Kav: , KaK oxpaHmb eê o'r paspymeHvm. HanpmMep, oH npe- nynpexnan, HTo Henb3FI Bo3nenb: BaTb Ha onHoM v: TOM >Ke MecTe v:3 rona B ron onHv: v: Te >Ke KynBTypHBIe pacTeHvm. Hy>KHa cMeHa pacTeHmñ, mHa-: e noHBa mcTomaeTcH. Henbsç: XVILLLHI/ IHGCKVI Bb: - pyóarb neca-ms-sa GTOFO Mene: oT v: BblCbIXaIOT peKv: , OCTBIOTCFI 6e3 Bnarv: nenbne pañoHbL Henbsç: pacnaxmBaTb noHBy Ha óonbumx npocTpaHcTBax, noToMy *ITO OT aToro 6b: Ba: oT nb: nbHb: e 6ypv: , CMbIB noHBBI, o6pa3oBaHme oBparoB. .. VIccnenoBaHvm B. B. .D. oKyHaeBa v: Me: oT orpoMHoe 3HaHeHv: e _DJIFI cenbcKoro xo3<; ::`í: cTBa v: oxpaHb: npv: ponb: . 1 a' 1 r . ` f* - . ~ . . - . u . ' u, " ' 1 _ s- s, ., tg: : ' a ' . .gu “ ' . 1 ' ~ v 4.* » v( *` , _1 5 , (A, ,eg/ ::fjgczí/ (í QMM tjfl. «,io_. áf; .fj I I ~' J ~. y3HaeM, Ha KaKv: e rpynnb: yHéHue nenm uapcT- 533," Bo pacTeHmñ. ByneM yHI/ :Tbcç: KnaccmcpmumpoBaTb paoTeHvm, OFIDGHGHHTI: VIX C FIOMOLLLHO aTnaca-onpe- nenvnenn. Bcn0MHv: , HeM OTIlI/ HaIOTCFI npyr OT . IIm/ ra ne- peBbFI, KyCTapHVIKl/ I v: TpaBbl. Ha3oBv: HecKonbKo nMCTBeHHbIX v: XBOI7IHbIX nepeBbeB. KaKv: e pacTeHvm Ha3b: Ba: oT nmKopacTyumMm, a KaKv: e-KynbTypHb: Mv: ? 658
  71. 71. PA3HoosPA3nE PAC-ramn? : HaBepHoe, Te6e npmxonmnocb CHbILUaTb Bb: pa- >KeHv: e: «PacTeHmn-aeneHan one>Kna 3eMnv: ». M neñcTBmTenbHo, Ha 3eMne noHTv: noBc: ony eCTb npencTaBmTenv: aToro uapcTBa >: <v: Bo:7: npv: ponb: . 3enéHbn7: Hapnn nenaeT HaLuy nnaHeTy ynv: Bv: Tenb- Ho KpacmBoñ! e l/ Iononbayn cBov: 3HaHM$1 v: pv: cyHoK yHe6Hv: Ka, noKa>: <v: , HTo pacTeHvm oHeHb pa3Hoo6pa3Hb: . _. `_. . ..a , ~ '-vv: -0--vvfv'I`-4*: r-': <'-'1_o-<Inw~ - _. - . ..q --au-; -~. -.. .-v= s¢r¢wg: '“ r* r -~x--, - 1 .
  72. 72. HayKa o pacTeHmqx Ha3bIBaeTC$I óoraumcoü. 3To onv: H v:3 pasnenoB 6v: onorv: v:. YHéHb: e-6oTaHv: Kv: nenm uapoTBo paoTeHv: :7: Ha HecKonbKo rpynn. l`Io3HaKoMv: Mo9: o rpynnaMv: pac- TeHv: :`/ ': v: HañnéM v: x npenoTaBmTenev: Ha pmcyHKax. Bonopocnv: -)KI/ ITeJ1V| Bonb: . OnHv: v:3 Hv: x TaK Manbn, HTo paccMoTpeTb v: x Mo>KHo TonbKo B Mv: K- pocKon. [Lpyrme VIMelOT Bv: n TOHKI/ IX LlJenKOBMCTbIX HI/ ITel7I senéHoro : .:. BeTa. TpeTbv: (HanpmMep, MopcKaç: KanycTa) noxo>Kv: Ha nnv: HHb: e 6ypb: e HeHTbI. Mxv: pacTyT Bo Bna>KHBIx MecTax. OHv: v: Me: oT creónv: v: IWICTbFI, HO y Hv: x He 6b: BaeT KopHeñ, nBeTKoB v: nnonoB c CeMeHaMl/ I. nanopommcv: nerKo y3HaTb no Kpacv: Bb: M : :morb- HM, noxo>Kv: M Ha 6onbLuv: e nepbq. KpoMe nv: oTbeB, y nanopoTHmKoB eCTb KopHv: v: oTe6nv: . LI, BeTKoB, nnonoB v: ceMHH y Hv: x He 6b: BaeT. XBoñHBIe pacTeHvm-aro cocHa, enb, Mo>K>Ke- BenbHmK v: np. XBov: HKv: -aTo v: x HMCTbFI! Y XBOI7IHbIX He 6b: BaeT uBeTKoB v: nnonoB. Ha MecTe nnonoB y Hv: x LIJMUJKVI, B KOTOpbIX v: co3peBa: oT oeMeHa. uBeTKoBme pacTeHvm-TaKme pacTeHvm, y Ko- TOpb| X eCTb uBeTKv: v: nnonbn. OHv: v: Me: oT v: Bce npyrme HacTv: : KopHv: , oTeónm, nMcTbH. 3Tv: paoTe- Hvm Ham6onee pa3Hoo6pa3Hb: .
  73. 73. I 15; x( r. b` f: t' “4 '"~; “5,: , ~ . h? : -`_ whn 1. K KaKv: M rpynnaM pacTeHvlv: OTHOCFITCFIZ nv: cTBeHHv: u.a, MopcKaH KanycTa, KnêH, Kenp? HpmnyMañTe nono6Hoe 3anaHme nna CBOMX onHo- KnaccHmKoB. I'IpoBepbTe, HayHMnMCb nv: oHv: Knaccm- cbmumpoBaTb pacTeHvm. po3a,
  74. 74. 2. B Ka>: <nov': rpynne pacTeHmñ MHoro Bv: noB. HTo >Ke TaKoe Bv: nb: pacTeHvm? PaccMoTpvne pv: cyHoK. Ha HêM noKa3aHb: pacTe- Hvm cneny: ouJ, v:x Bv: noB: onyBaHHmK neKapcTeeHHbnü, nonopo>KHv: K 6OJ1blJJOl71, KneBep KpacHb: :7:. O6paTmTe BHv: MaHv: e Ha TO, HTo Ka>Knb: :7: Bv: n v: MeeT Ha3Ba- Hv: e, cocronmee v:3 nByx cnoB. TaKv: e Ha3BaHvm v: M na: oT yHêHb: e, a Mb: oóbmHo Ha3b: BaeM paoTe- Hvm npocTo: onyBaHLmK, nonopo>KHv: K, KneBep. PacTeHvw: pa3HB: x Bv: noB Henoxo>Kv: npyr Ha . um/ ra. 3am Bce pacTeHvm onHoro Bv: na O'~IeHb cxonHb: . I'1ocHv: Tav”: Te, cKonbKo Ha pv: cyHKe pacTeHv: :7: Ka>K- noro Bv: na. A cKonbKo Bcero pacTeHmíí: noKa3a- Ho? I'| poBepbTe ceóç: Ha «CTpaHMHKax nna caMo- npoBepKv: ». 3. HpoHI/ :Tañre TeKCT. I/ Icnonbsyvne nonyHeHHy: o mHcpopMauvm npv: xapaKTepmcTmKe rpynn pacTeHv: :7:. yHêHbIM ceñHac v:3BecTHo oKono 500 TbICHLI Bv: - noB pacTeHmñ. Ms Hv: x noHTv: 250 TbICFP-I - uBeTKo- Bb: e. MxoB Ha cBeTe oKono 27 TbICFF-I Bv: noB, na- nopoTHmKoB-óonee 10 TbICHH. A BOT xsoñHblx Bcero oKono 600 Bv: noB. 72
  75. 75. 4. Onpenenvne c noMomb: o aTnaca-onpenenu- Tem: 2-3 pacTeHvm B Knacce, B npyrmx noMe- uJ. eHvmx LUKOIIbI vmv: Bosne LUKOnbI (no BauJeMy Bb:6opy). l'IpoBepbTe, npaBmnbHo nv: onpenenmnv: pacTeHvm npyrv: e peóma. ~`;033çb 035; 1. HepeHmcnv: rpynnb: pacTeHvuñ, VISyLIGHHbIG Ha ypoKe. 2. I'Ipv: Benv: npv: Mepb: paanu-mux Bv: noB pacTeHv: :`/ ':. LI, apcTBo pacTeHvu7: O'-IeHb pa3H006pa3Ho. YHê- Hb: e nenm ero Ha HecKonbKo rpynn. Cpenv: Hv: x Bonopocnm, Mxv: , nanOpOTHMKI/ I, xB0:7:Hb: e v: uBeTKoBble pacTeHvm. B Ka>: <no:7: rpynne pacTe- Hv: :7: MHoro Bv: noB. @ansama nna nowáuuneñ pa6oTm 1. 3anv: Luv: B cnoBapmK: 6oTaHMKa. 2. C noMombm aTnaca-onpenenvrrens: onpene- nv: HecKonbKo KoMHaTHb: x pacTeHmv: y ceóç: noMa, a TaK>Ke HecKonbKo pacTeHv: :7: BO nBope. Banmmv: v: x Ha3BaHvm B pa6oHy: o TeTpanb. ~ / / r: c. : 012:20:: namaga. . . / . Cv, ,, lgLp f/ l r' ' s r' / t "I! y3HaeM, KaK nb: LuaT v: nmTa: oTc9: pacTeHvm. ByneM yHvnbcn o6Hapy>Kv: BaTb B3aVlMOCBFI3l/ I Me>: <ny He>Kv: - 80171 npv: pono:7:, pacTeHvmMv: v: Hen0BeK0M, Mone- nv: p0BaTb v: x, l/1CI1OIIb3OBaTb nnç: oóbncHeHmç: Heo6- xonv: MocTv: 6epe>KHoro oTHouJeHvm K pacTeHvmM. Bcn0MHv: , HTo nornomamr pacTeHms: v:3 n0HBb: . F? : K`4
  76. 76. Pa0TeHv:9:->Kv: Bb: e cymecTBa, BHaHvIT, oHv: nb: - LIJaT v: I`IMTaIOTC$l. ,ElbmJaT pacTeHvm TaK: v:3 Bo3ny- xa oHv: nornomamT Hacmub: Kmcnopona, npv: aT0M BbIAenFIIOT B Bo3nyx yrneKL/ :cnbm ra3. A KaK pacTe- Hvm nv: Ta:0Tcs= :? o I'IpoHv: Tav': paccKa3 yuêHoro-óoraHmKa v: Hañnv: B HéM OTBeT Ha STOT Bonpoc. TañHa pacTeHMñ Bb: 3HaeTe, uno 0B0v: Mv: KOpHHMv: pacTeHvm Boa- CbIBaIOT v:3 no-: Bb: Bony C paCTBOpêHHbIMM B Hei? : Mv: HepanbHb: Mv: COHFIMM. Ho KaK >: <e pacTeHvm n0- nyHa: oT rnaBHb: e nVITaTeIIbHbIe BemecTBa-0axap, KpaxMan? Benb v: x He: B n0HBe, a B pacTeHvmx oHv: eCTb. na>: <e 3HaMeHv: Tb: e yqéHbne nonro He Mornv: paaranarb aTy TañHy, Ho ceñHac oHa paoKpbna. BbIFICHMnOCb, HTo HI/ ICTbFI pacTeHMñ -3To ynv: Bv: - TenbHble «noBapa», KOTOpbIe v:3 HacTvu. : Bonb: v: yr- neKmcnoro ra3a «FOTOBHT» nv: uJ. y-caxap, KpaxMan. Bona nocTynaeT B fIMCTbH no cTeómo v:3 KOpHFI, a yrneKmcnbnv: ra3 HVICTbFI nornomamr v:3 Bo3nyxa. PaóoTaeT HynecHaç: «KyXH$I» TonbKo Ha cBeTy! HoHeMy >: <e nm: eê paóoTb: rpeóyeTcs: cBeT? ,Lleno B TOM, HT0 conHeHHbuñ cBeT HecéT aHeprvno, 6e3 Koropov: HynecHaç: «KyXHFI» OCTaHOBMnaCb 6b: . 3Heprvm Hy>: <Ha nns: pa60Tb: moóoñ MaLuv: Hb: v: >Kv:3Hv: moóoro cymecTBa. 74_
  77. 77. Kmcnopon ; f;T_*3`”~. :7>Q ' YrneKMcnHü ^< ~ _”~~ - ra3 AbIXAHI/ IE PACTEHMW Kmcnopon YrneKmcnuñ ra3 YrneKMcnuñ ra3 Caxap KpaxMan 1 nMTAHME PACTEHMVI PacTBopêHHue conw ? S
  78. 78. Korna yHêHb: e paarananv: TañHy nvnaHvm pacTe- Hv: :7:, oHv: noHnnm, HTO >KMBOTHble v: n: onv: He 0Mornv: 6b: >Kv: Tb 6e3 pacTeHv: :7:. Benb Hv: onHo >: <v: BoTH0e, Hv: onv: H HenoBeK He MOFyT v:3 Bonb: v: yrneKv: cnoro ra3a I'IOJ1y'~Il/1Tb nv: TaTenbHb: e BemecTBa. 3To nena- : or TOJ'lbKO pacTeHmn. A >: <v: BoTHb: e v: n: onv: enm' pacTeHvm v: n0nyHa: oT Heo6x0nv: My:0 nns: >: <v:3Hv: aHeprvuo. YHBHBIe cnenanv: v: npyroe 0TKpb: Tv: e: B senêHov: «KyxHe» BMeCTe c nv: TaTenbHb: Mv: BemecTBaMv: o6pa- syercn. .. Kv: cn0pon! PacTeHvm Bb: nens: :oT ero B B03- nyx. Ecnv: 6b: Ha 3eMne He pocnv: pacTeHvm, B B03- nyxe He 6b: n0 6b: Kv: cnop0na. >KmBoTHb: e v: n: onv: He 0Mornv: 6b: Torna >Kv: Tb Ha 3eMne! KaK Bv: nv: Lub, Hy>KHo O'-IeHb 6epe>: <Ho OTHOCMTbCFI KO BceM pacTeHvmM. Benb ecnv: 6b: He 6b: n0 v: x, He óuno óu M Hac. 1. PaccM0Tpvne cxeMb: Ha 0.75. CpaBHvne v: x: B HêM cx0ncTBo v: pa3nv: ~:v: e npoueccoB nb: xa- Hvnn v: nvnaHvm pacTeHv: :`/ :. CBOI7I oTBeT o6cynv: Te B Knacce. 2. Ha ocHoBe cxeM yHe6Hv: Ka v:3roToBbTe Mone- nv: , n0Ka3b: Ba: ou4v: e nb: xaHv: e v: nv: TaHv: e pacTeHv: :7:. PaccKa>Kvne c v: x noMou. :,b:0 06 amx nponeccax. FIpoBepbTe . Ilpvr . Elpvra. I'Ipv: He06xonv: M0cTv: v: c- npaBbTe oLuv:6Kv: , nepeMeman neTanv: Moneneñ. 3. OTBeTbTe Ha Bonpocb: : KaKy: o ponb B nv: TaHv: v: pacTeHvm v: rpa: oT KopeHb, cTe6enb, nmorbn? Howe- My TaK nerKo nbnLuvncn B necy, napKe v: .11pyrmx MecTax, rne MHoro 3eneHv: ? Flonpocme y-: vnenn npoBepvnb_ Bac. -v , o- . :5 '39
  79. 79. I a-p. »5-`. _ 1. KaK nBILuaT pacTeHvm? 2. KaK nvna: oTcn pao- TeHvm? 3. KaK cBn3aHb: Me>Kny 0060:? : C0nHu, e, pacTeHms: v: n: onv: ? 4. FloHeMy >KMBOTHble v: n: onv: He Mornv: 6b: >KI/ ITb Ha 3eMne 6e3 pacTeHvm? B nmcTbnx pacTeHvn7: Ha cBeTy 06pa3y:0'rc9: nv: - TaTenbHb: e BemecTBa. 3Tv: nv: TaTenbHb: e Beme- CTBa v: cn0nb3y:0T )KVIBOTHbIe v: n: onv: . PacTeHvm Bblnensnor Kv:0n0p0n, K0Topb: M nbnuaT >: <v: Bb: e cymecrBa. I`IoaT0My oxpaHnrb pacreHmn-aHa- *II/ IT 3a60Tv: Tbcn 06o BcêM >Kv: BoM. ? aana-nm nn: : , szçmwawvzeñ pa6oTb: 1. C0cTaBb cxeMy, KoTopan l1OKa3blBaeT, HTo na- IOT pacTeHvm >KI/ IBOTHbIM v: HenoBeKy. 2. Hanl/ llJJl/ ITG OT v: MeHv: cB0e:7: ceMbv: 6nar0nap- CTBeHHOe nv: cbMo pa0TeHv:9:M 3a v: x BKnan B non- nep>: <aHv: e >Kv:3Hv: Ha 3eMne. nocTapañTecb Kpacv: - B0 OCbOpMMTb ero. I`Ipv: r0T0BbTecb TOp>KeCTBeHHO aatwnarb nMCbMO Ha cnenylomeM ypoKe. , jz ` y l I I Q? C/ a/Ce-{íííjqv "H ev? ' u '37 (f I 7 v I y3HaeM, HTo TaK0e 0nb: neHv: e, KaK pacnpocrpa- HFIIOTCF! nnonb: v: ceMeHa, KaK v:3 ceMnH pa3Bv: - Ba:0Tcs: pacTeHvm. ByneM yHMTbCFl Bb: nBv: raTb rv: - noTe3b: v: noKa3b: BaTb v: x, Monenv: p0BaTb npoueco pa3Bv: Tv: <;: paoTeHvm. Bcn0MHv: , uno Tbl aHaemb 0 B3av: M0cBn3v: nBe- TOB v: 6a6oHeK. KaKv: e ycnoavm Hy>: <Hb: nnn np0- pacTaHvm CeMFIH? KaK, no TBOMM HaómoneHmnM, pa3Bv: BaeTc9: pacTeHme v:3 ceMeHm? ? S7
  80. 80. PASMHOMEI-IHE In _pumorma pAcrEHuu OITbIIIEHME - OnHa>Knb: yuêHble n0cTaBv: nv: OHbITZ Ha rpyuJe- BoM nepeBe nepen uBeTeHmeM Bb:6panv: nBe BeTKv: c onmHaKoBb: M HmcnoM 6yToH0B. OnHy v:3 Hv: x HaKpb: nv: Mapneü, HT06b: K U, BeTKaM He Mornv: npoHmKHyTb FF-Iêflbl, a npyry: o 00TaBv: nv: 0TKpb: T0:7:. Ha Toñ BeTKe, rne Ha uBeTKv: npvmeTanv: nHê- nb: , o6pa30Banocb 33 rpyum. A Ha BeTKe non Map- nev: -Hv: onHoñ! Bb: cKa>: <v: npennonoxeHme, noqeMy 3To HDOMSOLUIIO. l'Ip0Bepb ce6e no TeKCTy y-: e6Hv: Ka. Ha : .:, BeTKax pacTeHMv: nuénbn, LuMenv: , 6a6oHKv: KopMmcn cnanKv: M uBeT0HHb: M coKoM- HeKTapOM. I`Ipv: aToM oHv: Bb: n0nHs: :0T pa60Ty, 6e3 K0T0p0:7: He M0ryT o6pa30BaTbcn nnonb: v: ceMeHa. 3Ta pa- 6oTa--onb: neHv: e uBeTK0B. “ITO TaKoe 0nb: neHv: e? B uBeTKax, KpoMe HeKTapa, eCTb nbmbua- Menb- HañLuvIe >KênTb: e sêpHbnmKvn. Korna n-: ena canvncn Ha uBeToK, nblnbua ocTaêTcn Ha eê MOXHaTOM Tenbue. HepeneTan Ha npyrov: uBeroK Toro >Ke Bv: - na pacTeHv: :7:, nHena HeB0nbH0 nepeHocvn Ha Hero v: nblnbuy-onbnnneT 3TOT uBeToK. Ma onbmêHHoro uBeTKa HaHMHaeT pa3BMBaTbCFI nnon c ceMeHaMv: . A ecnv: onblneHvm He I'| pOl/ I30l7I. D.êT, nnonoB v: ce- MnH y paoTeHvm He 6yneT. HHténBI, LuMenv: , 6a60H- KIA-GTO HaceKoMb: e-onb: nv: Tenv: . OHv: I'IOMOI'aIOT pacTeHvmM paaMHoxarbcn. 07s n
  81. 81. H TI O CI 7:2! i`: ”.í"": :"í`EF_1_EíE~C': `:3E: '!`37!` ñpEZ('1"w'-ZECI(E`E~`; 3335-31? PaccMorpn/ :Te nnonb: (KnéHa, nv: nb: , peneñHmKa v: np. ). I'I0nyMa:7:Te, KaK oHv: pacnpocTpaHnmTcn. 4 B HêM Bv: nHa v: x npv: cn0co6neHHOcTb K aToMy? npoaepbTe ce69: no TeKcTy yHe6Hv: Ka. Flnonb: KnêHa, nv: nb: , 6epê3b: v: Me:0T 0c06b: e Kpb: - nb: LuKv: , a nnonb: 0nyBaHHv: Ka-nêrKv: e napaLu:0Tv: Kv: . 3Tm nnonb: npv: cno006neHb: K TOMy, HTo6b: nyTe- LUeCTBOBaTb c I'lOMOUJ, bIO BeTpa. Y nnonv: K0B pe- ne:7:Hv: Ka eCTb ManeHbKv: e Kp:0HoHKv: , a y nn0nv: K0B Hepenb: -ocTpb: e 3y6Hv: Kv: . Kp: oHoHKaMv: v: 3y6Hv: - KaMv: nn0nv: Kv: uennmorcs: sa mepcTb aBepeñ, sa 0ne>: <ny HenoBeKa v: «enyT» Ha Hv: x, noKa He ynanyT. T? I? :
  82. 82. I'l0np06y:7: o6bncHmTb, noueMy nnonb: non>: <Hb: HYTGLIJGCTBOBaTb. l'IpoBepb ce6n Ha «CTpaHm-: Kax 11119: caMonpoBepKv: ». " n" I ". "-~. `*-I T* : -: `-'/ "`í`~ »" F""*". ".'1. 'L' 3. '7- f. ” f I'. ."I. ~ íi'. l Iafmuxjhñ ': =»: -.-`. :. i 'R411- : :JJ-nu g >' -' u I . _ is. .) w. : . .I"L". .KI I , ann npopacTaHvm ceMeHv: Hy>KHb: Tenno, Bona, Bo3nyx. O6b: HHo ceMeHa nonyHa:0T Bcê 3To, Korna n0nana:0T B noHBy. KaK >: <e paBBI/ :Baercn pacTeHme v:3 ceMeHv: ? FIoKa>Kv: Ha Monenv: npouecc pa3Bv: Tv:9: pacTe- Hvm v:3 ceMeHv: . I'1p0Bepb ce6s: no TeKCTy v: pv: - cyHKy yHe6Hv: Ka. CHaHana nonBnneTcs: KopeLuoK, a noToM cTe6e- nêK 0 nv: cT0HKaMv: . npopocroK pacTêT v: co BpeMe- HeM npeBpamaeTcn Bo Bspocnoe pacTeHMe. Ha HeM nonanmorcn LLBGTKVI, a nocne onbmeHvm Ha MecTe uBeTKoB - nnonb: c CeMeHaMM. 1. CeMn -aTo >KMBOe v: nv: He>Kv: Boe Teno? 2. CeMeHa pacTeHvn7: 06b: HH0 xpaHnT B naKem- Kax. FIoHeMy ceMeHa npv: aToM He np0pa0Ta:0T? 3. BecHoví B uBeTyume canb: HacTo BbIHOCHT ynbv: c nHênaMm. Ans: Hero 3TO nena:0T? i3@
  83. 83. 1. KaK npomcxonvn' onbnneHme y pacTeHmñ? 2. “ITO oópaayercn Ha MecTe LLBeTKOB nocne onbme- Hl/ IF! ? 3. KaK pacnpocrpansnorcq nnonbl pacTeHmñ? 4. KaKme ycnoavm Hy>KHbI , mm npopacTaHl/ m CGMHH? 5. KaK pasamsaercq pacTeHme m3 ceMeHm? EOIIbLUI/ IHCTBO pacTeHmñ pa3MHO>KaeTC9l ceMeHa- MVI. Hnonbn c ceMeHaMm oópasyrorcs Ha MecTe LLBeTKOB nocne onbnneHvm. 0HM pacnpocTpaHq- : orcs c nOMOmblO BeTpa, >KMBOTHbIX, qenoBeKa. I/ I3 CGMFIH B ónaronpmnmbnx ycnoamqx pasan/ uaa- IOTCFl HOBbIe pacTeHvm. Eagles-aws: _qna I$Ouve3Ui! 'E3'7u gaaãomn 1. Sam/ mm B cnoBapmK: 0nb: neHv: e. 2. I'l0Ha6nI0,u, a17I, KaK pacnpocrpanmorcn smmoñ l'U'IOD, b| KnêHa, nmnbn, óepêsbl m , npyrmx pacTeHI/ Iñ. 3. npMFOTOBb paccKa3 0 TOM, KaK xmaombne no- MOFaIOT pacTeHvmM pasmHoxaTbcq (OfIbIHFIIOT LLBeT- KVI, pacnpocTpaHmoT nnonbn). C ( , o v , I ~ tx I v r 'V . .V /2 K - , -' _x `«_ g, ,. V / / n' . v r 7' 1_: ___- ' y3HaeM, FIOHGMY MHOFl/ Ie pacTeHmq cTanm penKv: - MM, KaK Hy>KHO oxpaHnTb pacTeHvm. ByneM yHMTbCH oueHvIBaTb nocTynKM nloneñ no OTHOLIJGHWO K npm- p011e, cbopMynMpoBaTb npaBmna npyseñ npvlponbl. BCFIOMHI/ l, KaKoe sHaueHme Lum >KMBOTHbIX m qe- noBeKa vuvneror pacTeHmq. KaKme Tbl 3HaeUJb pacTe- HI/ IFI, BHecéHHbIe B Kpacnyno KHMFy Poccmm? KaKme pacTeHmsa Bamero Kpaq Hyxnarorcn B oxpaHe? «7'_'_~»¢' . .r . { @Ei-à @i k n
  84. 84. _uur _. . `u. .. __. ... .~. .._. .__. ... . . ... ._. .«, ... __. .ano- I m! . _r OXPAHA nAcrEHuñ 'AoKaxM, HTO pacTeHMn HeO6XOJ1l/ IMO OXDHHHTb. KaK x0p0u10, uno Ha 3eMne eCTb pacTeHmn! CKonBK0 panocm . CLOCTHBHHGT HaM mx KpacoTa! 0HM Bbuzxensalor B Bo3nyx KMCIIODOD, , Heoóxonmmbnñ ung , qBIxaHvm )KI/1Bb| X cymecTB. ,Lum >KMBOTHbIX pac- TeHI/ IFI-STO m 11OM, m mama. K co>KaneHme, xoanñcmennan neqrenbnocrb m0- . ueñ M3MeHFIeT ycnoBvm >KI/ I3HI/ I pacTeHvIñ. K npm- Mepy, Ha MecTe neca ; noum CTpOFIT sasou mm polor Kapbep. MHoro pacTeHmñ npm aToM normóaeT. HeKoropbne pacTeHmB CTaHOBFITCFI penKmMm ra3-sa Toro, Laro nnonm pByT mx pama KpaCVIBbIX uBeT- KOB. TaKMe pacTeHvm He nam/ T nnonoB m CGMFIH, a snaum, vu nOTOMCTBa. COpBaHHbIe pacTeHvm 6bICTpO BHHyT, a B npmpone OHI/ I emé , nonro Mor- nw 6h! panoBaTB Hac! 1. CoH-Tpaaa. 2. KynanBHmua. 3. Bonube nbIKO. 4. KyB- LUMHKa. 5. HoncHexHmK. 6. FITpBILuHMK. 7. BonnHoñ opex.
  85. 85. MHorme pacTeHmH, HanpmMep noncHexHmK, m'- pblmHmK, BonsIHoñ opex, BHeCeHbI B KpacHyro KHmry Poccmm. Fopaano pe>Ke, HeM paHbuJe, nona- , ELaIOTCFI Ha rnaBa KyBLlJl/ IHKa, BOW-Iba nbIKO, Kynanb- Hmua. Bosne 6OHbLUl/ IX ropouoa ocTanocB Mano naHnBIuJem, KonoKonbumKos. Bce 3Tm pacTeHmn Hy>K- naroTcn B oxpaHe. 5oraTcTBo npmponbu -neKapCTBeHHbIe pacTeHmB. Ho coómpaTb mx Hy>KHo TaK, Hroóbl He HaHeCTM Bpena npmpone. nyHLue 3ar0TaBnmBaTB Te pacTe- HMFI, KOTopble HacTo BCTpeHaIOTCFI. EBIBBeT, “ITO monm, na>: <e He CpblBaH pacTeHmm, ryóm mx. FlpmHmHa eToro-abnanrblaaHme. MAêT qenoBeK no necy m He 3aMeHaeT, KaK y Hero non HoraMm noMaroTcq, BTanTBIBaIoTcq B sen/ nmo xpyn- Kme TpaBbI. K TOMy >Ke nop, HoraMm nnonem ynnoT- HHeTCH noHBa. B TaKom noHBe ocTaêTcq Mano B03- nyxa, BO, EI, bI, m pacTeHmn Ha Hem >KmTB He MoryT, OHI/ I normóaloT. 8. KOnOKOnbHI/ IK. 9. I`lm>KMa. 10. HTmHBB rpeHmLuKa. 11. IlaH- AbIUJ. 12. TblCHHeHl/ ICTHMK. 13. I'I0,qopo>KHmK. 14. l`IacTyuJBs1 cyMKa. 15. BanepmaHa. y? ?? ES
  86. 86. . w y y . .nga. -. .aLam . ~.~. ./.4.. ... . . gaa. wx. ._.1.. ._. .=. .-. .n_ K>714@ , n _Jun_ r. -. npaamna Apyseü npmponbn Ho eTmM ycnoBHBIM 3HaKaM ccbopmynmpymTe npa- Bmna noBeneHmB B npmpone. CpaBHmTe mx c npa- BmnaMm B yHe6HmKe. 1. Haxouqcb B npmpone, He óyuem CpbIBaTb pacTeHmq , cum 6yKeToB. ByneM COCTaBIIHTb 6yKeTBI m3 Tex pacTeHmm, KOTOpbIe BupameHBI HenoBeKoM. 2. CoómpaTb neKapCTBeHHbIe pacTeHmB 6y, u,eM TonBKo B Tex MecTax, me mx MHoro. “lamb pacTe- Hmm oóqsaTenbHo OCTaBMM B npmpone. 3. B necy óynem XODMTb no TponmHKaM, HT06BI pacTeHmq He norm6anm or BbITaFITbIBaHl/ IFI. Bo BceM Mmpe m B Hamem cTpaHe penKme pac- reHmn sanpemeHo coómpaTb. Hop. ocoóom sammTom oHm Haxonnrcn B sanoaenHmKax, HaLlMOHanbHbIX napKax. MHoro pacTeHmm co Bcero Mmpa Bbnpamm- BalOT B óoTaHmHecKmx canax. Ba>KHo oóeperarb senêHbne HacaxneHmB B ropo- , uax m nocénKax, óonbme . nepeBheB m KyCTapHl/ IKOB caxaTb Bo3ne non/ noa m LUKOH, B cKBepax m napKax. HGIIbSFI 3a6bIBaTb m o TOM, HT0 B npmpone Bce B3amM0cBB3aHo. I`Io3T0My oxpaHe pacTeHmm noMo- raeT óopbóa c 3arpB3HeHmeM Bo3nyxa m BO/ lbl, oxpaHa HaceKomblx-onblnmTenem, nTmu, .
  87. 87. ,. -. , f: 1y _rx p_ _ I IIV: . Q . Ai 1. noHeMy MHorme pacTeHmn He OCTaBFIT I'IOTOM- cTBa, e0nm pe6HTa 6yp, yT IIOBIATb 6a6oHeK? 2. HTo npomsomnêT c nepeBBnMm, e0nm B necy cTaHeT Mano nTmu? ; GOESDB C35? 1. HoHeMy MHorme Bmnbl nmKopacTymmx pacTe- Hmm cTaHoBmcB penKmMm? 2. Ha3oBm HeCKOIIbKO pacTeHmm, Hy>1q1a1ou1mxc91 B oxpaHe. 3. HTo n1o, u,m nena1oT , cum oxpaHbn pacTeHmm? 4. KaK Hy>KHo 'BBC- Tm ce6e B npmpone, HT06B1 He npl/ IHMHFITB pacTe- HMFIM Bpena? 143-sa xosnmcTaeHHom . ueFITenbHOCTl/ I n1onem, C60- pa 6yKeToB, BbITaFITblBaHI/ IFI MHorme , umKopacTymme pacTeHmq CTaHOBHTCH penKmMm. l/ Ix oxpaHmoT B sanoBeuHmKax, Bb1pau4mBa1oT B 6oTaHmHecKmx canax. C06mpaTb 3Tm pacTeHmB B npmpone 3a- npemeHo. Kaxnbnm Hen0BeK , uomKeH 6epe>KHo OTHOCl/ lTbCH K pacTeHmnM. Saga-mn , ung , qonnawsseñ gaaãoTbx 1. B KHmre «BenmKaH Ha l1OJ1SIHe» npoHmTam pac- CKa3bI «KyKyLIJKl/ IHbI cnê3Km», «KaK ononenm ononeHB- TpaBy», «Emé HeMH0r0 o penKmx pacTeHmqxm I'I0- , qyMam 0 cBoêM noBeneHmm B npmpone. Bcerna nm Tbl 6epe>KHo OTHOCVILIJBCFI K paCTeHI/ IFIM? 2. C no1v10u1B10 B3pocnB1x ocbopMm , ung cBomx r* Mnanmmx ToBapmmem KHl/ DKKy-MaIIbIUJKy «Eeperm pacTeHm91!». Ha nepBom cTpaHmue HanmLum, *ITO cKasanm 6131 pacTeHmq pe691TaM, e0nm 6111 Mornm FOBOpMTb. é_ , ,ñ 115' i 1 . 4 'o `_ y. V .1 Ax' I ; gz .
  88. 88. C TPA I-1'1'/ IH'K. '/í , HHH EOTaHMHGCKVIü can XoHeuJb HOCMOTpeTb, KaK pacTyT 6aHaH131, aHaHa- c131, KocpemHble , uepeB13~;1? ung 3T0r0 Heo6913aTen13H0 exaT13 Ha mx poumHy, B , uanêKme >KapKme cTpaH131. Mo>1<Ho OTFIpaBl/ ITBCFI B óoTaHmqecKmm cap, . BoT opaH>Kepem. 311.303 nop. cTeKnBHH1311v1m Kpbl- uJaMm pacTyT 6aHaH131, aHaHac131, Ko<be1`í1HB1e . ue- peB1391 m , upyrme , DMKOBMHKIA senêHoro uapcTBa. .. 1' 1. y. 11. ifãgaáag <~-~ e9~! '.. .*1. çwwr_ 1, f_ `3-" y" "t-Pl 1.3 _E ` y, ., V_ BaHaH131 '3,1_? >f}é); $ AHaHac ;37734 BeToHKa 1 ~ 1, ~ _` . / ' fry; y. I KocbemHoro 1 wr; .1 1 , r'/ , &'13- J'. .' d” ' ':1? '-`»-, e jinx! , ' r( : '32: 'u' p . V1 ~ -Jà ; #5 xag; Ocoóaa 3a6oTa yHêH131x óoTaHmqecKoro Cana- pasBeneHme penKmx pacTeHmm. HpencTaBb, HTo Ka- K0171-Hm6yn13 BI/ IJJ, pacTeHmm mcHe3HeT B npmp011e. Ecnm B óOTaHl/ HGCKOM cany coxpaHmTcq xom 6131 HeCKOHbKO pacTeHmm 3T0r0 Bmua, mx MO>KHO 6y, c1.eT pa3MHO>KMTb m BepHyT13 B npmpony. l y, 3,, ,, , ,,. . . p! . iu; K , 4,. ` v' f r Y3Hae1v1, Ha KaKme rpynn131 yHêHB1e , nenm uapcT- B0 >i<I/1BOTHbIX. ByneM yHmTBcB KnaccmcbmumpoBaTB XMBOTHbIX, onpenenmb l/ IX C HOMOUJbIO aTnaCa-onpe- HGHMTSHH. BcnoMHm, KaKme rpynn131 >KMBOTHbIX Tbl 3HaeuJ13. KaKOBbI rnaBH131e npm3HaKm Ka>K,1:1,om m3 3Tmx rpynn? it» 1.: `4¢' *u*
  89. 89. PA3I-IoosPA3uE )I(HBOTHI: IX >| <mB0TH131e. .. Koro Tbl npencTaBnsaeuJb ce6e, KaK T0n13K0 CIIbIUJI/ ILLlb 3To 0noBo? Mo>1<eT 6131T13, cBoero BepH0ro ueTBepoHororo . upvra-coóaKy? A 1v1o>KeT 6131T13, 6en0HKy mnm Kpacaaua-oneHq? A HTo, ecnm KTO-TO y>Ke npencTaBmn ce6e nêcTp131x 6a6o~1eK m MOXHaTbIX LuMenem, neTa1ou4mx Han. nyro1v1? Bce 3To o npencTaBmTenm 3aMeHaTenBH0r0 uapcTBa >KmBoTHB1x. HayKa 0 >KmB0TH131x Ha3B1BaeTc91 aoonormem. 3To emé onmH paanan 6m0normm. o Mcnonbayn cBom BHBHVIFI m pmcyHoK yHe6HmKa, p.0Ka>Km, HTo >KmBoTH131e ynmamTenbHo pa3Hoo6pa3H131.
  90. 90. YHéHue-eoonorm nenm uapcTao >KmBoTHB1x Ha 6on13uJoe Hmcno rpynn. l'Io3HaK0MmMc91 c rpynna- 1v1m >KmB0THBIx m Hamném mx npencTaBmTenem Ha pmcyHKax. Hepam. T131 x0p0u10 3HaeLUb . no>KneBoro HepBn. Ha cBeTe MHOFO m ,11pyrmx HepBem. HeK0Top131e m3 Hmx, HanpmMep nmsTBKm, >KmByT B Bonoémax. Monn1ocKm mMe10T wmrKoe Teno, KoTopoe y MHO- rmx m3 Hmx 3au4mu4eH0 paKoBmHom. K 3T0171 rpynne >KmB0TH131x OTHOCHTCFI ,1:1,BycTBopL1aT131e M0nn10cKm (pe6qTa HacT0 Ha3131Ba10T mx paKyLuKaMm), ynmTKm, cnmsHm, OCbMl/ IHOFM, Kanbmapbn. VIrnoKoxme-BTO mopcKme 3B`e'3,11B1, MopcKme e>Km, mopcKme nmnmm m MopcKme orypu131. PaKoo6pa3H131e-3To paKm, Kpa6131, KpeBeTKm. gg-. -w-. o-p ; nan- mwww. ur r1 8 ~. ~www-nna; -.u--oI-r~~n. _,. ¢e: «--gq-¢= pg-_yn~- r: -v ~ 8 .
  91. 91. l'layKoo6pa3H131e-eTo nayKm, CKOpFlI/ IOHBI, ce- HOKOCLLbI. Bce oHm m1v1e1oT BOCeMb Hor (HeT131pe nap131). HaceKoM131e->KmBoTH131e, y K0Top131x UJeCTb Hor (Tpm nap131). K HVIM OTHOCHTCH >KyKm, 6a60=1Km, cTpeK03131, IT-lênbl, Myxm m MHorme . npyrme. P1316131- BOAHbIe >KmBoTH131e, Teno K0Top131x FIOKpbI- T0 Hemyém. I'Iepe,1:1,BmraT13c91 mM noMora1oT nnaBHm- Km. C FIOMOLLLBIO >1<a6p p1316B1 , u.131uJaT KmcnoponoM, pacTBopêHHblm B Bone. 3eMHoBonH131e-xmBoTH131e, y KOTOpbIX Ko>Ka ronan, He>KHaFI. K 3eMHOBO11HbIM OTHOCFITCH nqryLu- Km, >Ka6131, TpMTOHbI. HacTB >Km3Hm oHm npoBonnT Ha 3eMne (To ecT13 Ha cyuJe), a HacTB-B 80,118, 3a HTo m nonyqmnm cBoê Ha3BaHme.
  92. 92. I1pecM131Ka1ou4mecs1, mnm penTmnmm, ->KmBoT- Hble, Teno K0Top131x n0Kp131T0 cyxmMm HeLuymKaMm, a y HeKoTop131x emé m naHumpeM. K npecM131Ka1o- LIJMMCFI OTHOCFITCFI 91u1epmu131, 31v1em, Hepenaxm, Kpo- KOjll/ Inbl. Bc1o >Km3H13 3Tm >1<mBoTH131e non3a10T- npecM131Ka1oTc91. I'ITmu,131 ->KmB0TH131e, Teno K0Top131x n0Kp131T0 nep13911v1m. 3Bepm, mnm MneKonmTamuJjme, ->1<mBoTH131e, Te- no KOTOpbIX n0Kp131T0 uJepcT131o. CB0mx neTêHBuuem oHm B131Kap1v1nmBa1oT MonoKoM.
  93. 93. f. ` i L - x I: d' Q >f~. w4-- 51._ A_ 5 'v _', fo; i w. ` ' . ' _ ~ 'l' is_ 'lm/ JW " r ' y' l ` 4 ' J: : . f' ' 5.3.1 . - . _- , e 'H r 1 . .i f -w 4( . zv . - r Y , p 1 1 -_. _____3__ . . -3'“". l' ' *n A V . v , » 3 _ v. 1_ ar, ; _n ' ' '1 ' 1'. - o 1.4.3 +4.- . .._13_. I> - .3 u - x : w -r . . : m: ; $11 1 75:. :v z-Bsñàm , _yu_
  94. 94. cocTonmme m3 , nByx cnoB, yHêH131e na10T BceM Bm- ,1:1,aM >KmBoTH131x. >I(mBoTH131e pa3H131x BmnoB 3aMeTH0 OTHW-IaIOTCFI npyr OT ADS/ ra, a >KmBoTH131e onHoro Bmna oHeH13 cx0>1<m. nOCHMTañTe, cK0n13K0 Ha pm- cyHKe nTmu, Ka>Kn0ro Bmna. CKon13Ko Bcero nTmu. noKa3aHo? I'Ip0Bep13Te ce6$1 Ha «CTpaHW-IKaX , ung caMonp0BepKm». 3. npoqmTamTe TeKcT. McnonbaymTe 3Ty mHcbop- Maum10 npm xapaKTepmcTmKe rpynn >KmBoTH131x. YHBHBIM m3BecTHo 6onee 1 MmnnmoHa BmppB >Km- BOTHbIX. BOIIbLUG Bcero cpenm Hmx HaceKoM131x. P1316 m3BecTHo 20000 BmnoB, 3eMHOBO11HbIX-4700, npecM131Ka10u4mxcs1 - 8000, nTmu - 9000, 3Bepe171 - 5000. 4. OnpenenmTe c I'IOMOIJJ. bIO aTnaca-onpenenm- Tena >1<mB0TH131x, m3o6pa>KêHH131x Ha pmcyHKax yHe6- HmKa (c. 90-91). npoaepb ce6s1 1. Flepeumcnm rpynn131 >1<mBoTH131x, c KOTOpbIMM Mbl n03HaKoMmnmc13 Ha ypoKe. 2. Ha3oBm 1-2 npen- cTaBmTenem Ka>1<, n,o171 m3 MSVHGHHBIX rpynn >1<mBoTH131x. 3. KaK T131 I'IOHVIMaeUJb, '-ITO TaKoe Bmp,131 >KmB0TH131x? I'IpmBe, u.m npmMepBL 9' B
  95. 95. YHêHbne nenm uapcrao >KVlBOTHbIX Ha 60nbLu0e qmcno rpynn. Cpenm Hl/ IX Hepsm, monmocKm, mr- J1OKO>KMe, paK006pa3HbIe, nayKooópaaHble, Hace- KOMble, pbnóbu, aewmosonHbne, npecmbmaromme- 091, I'ITVILI, bI, 3Bepm. B Ka>KJ1OI7I m3 STMX rpynn MHO>KeCTBO 314003. Beam-Nas: _Lum _qoawauJa-: eíg pa6oTb: 1. Sam/ num a cnoBapmK: aoonorvm, sen/ Inosen- Hble, npecMbIKammmecn, mneKonuraroml/ Ie. 2. Flomrpañre C HDYSbFIMI/ IZ HyCTb KTO-TO m3 Bac Ha3bu3aeT rpynny >KMBOTHbIX, a nPvrMe-eê npen- cTaBmTeneñ. 3. B KHmre «BenMKaH Ha nonsme» npoumrañ pa0- cKa3 «l/ lcTopvm c nmnsKoñm *+70 MO>KHO cKaaarb 06 OTHOLlJeHI/ Il/ I 60nbLumHcTBa nroneñ K STI/ IM >KM- BOTHbIM? 3acny>KmBar0T nm 0HM TaKoro OTHOUJeHl/ IFI? 4. Hpmaenm npmMepbu (yCTHO) >KMBOTHblX paaHbux rpynn, Koropbne scTpeuaroTcn a BameM Kpae. / / f» / ~~ 4 - wir ~7 , ,~*I *Z , rMI/ :ü 'o' _. j : /` _ _ v /4_, _ f . _ / lr I(_V¢_Vn_. /,V/ . ` J Y3HaeM 06 OCO6eHHOCT$IX nmTaHm pa3H131x >KM- `; BOTHbIX, 0 TOM, HTO TaKoe uenm nmTaHvm. ByneM yuu/ when Monenmpoearb nenm nl/ lTaHl/ IFI, O6Hapy>KMBaTb ` npmsHaKm npmcn0c06neHH00Tm >KMBOTHbIX K 0.06m- i; sam/ no nmum I/ l SGUJJ/ ITG OT BDBFOB. BCFIOMHI/ l, uno He06x0p. mM0 >KMBOTHbIM , cum >Km3- Hl/ I. KaKmx Tbl 3HaeUJb >KMBOTHbIX, KOTOpbIe HMTaIOT- 091 pacTmTenbHoñ nmmeñ? KaKmx Tbl 3HaeLlJb xmm- HbIX >KMBOTHbIX? Flpvnxonvunocb nm Te6e Haónronarb, KaK >KMBOTHble aaummarorcn OT Bparoa?
  96. 96. l'I0,1J. yMa1`/ '1, Ha KaKme rpynnb1 MO>KHO pasnenmTb >KMBOTHbIX no 0006eHH00mM 14x I1I/ ITaHI/ IH. XMBOTHble, KOTOpble nma10T0n pacmrenbnoñ n14- u.1,e171, Ha3bIBaIOTCFI pacrmenbnonnublmm. Te >KM- BOTHbIe, KOT0pbIe emm HaCeKOMbIX, +133513310709 HaCGKOMOHAHbIMI/ I. Ha 60nee KpynHy10 . llOñbll-Iy 0x0T91T091 xnmume >KMBOTHb| e, mm xvmu-IMKM. Ha- CeKOMbIX, KOTOpbIe n0ena10T 11pyrmx HaCeKOMbIX, TO>Ke CHMTaIOT XI/ IuJ, Hl/ lKaMl/1. Cyme0TBy10T, HaKoHeu, v1 BcennHme >KMBOTHbIe (0HM ewn 1/1 pacmTenb- Hy10, 14 >KmBOTHy10 nmmy). uiêsri b. r1~«. *1“. .~. -.: -:1-«: ; >K1413b1e 0yu.1.e0TBa CBHSaHbI Me>Kny 0060171 B uenm nmranmq. 7 4"" . a ! rízrfêã " {Afua “é ` *V "sa. -. , r, ... ay . _ -' -1 4 a» -' . - _. ;.-~ ~: ". ~_ -(; _(3., ~._ áx_, ..`_, _ _"{ -. r ng} "YS '-4? r' «l 'o p1/ 'Qi. I (x {ITIK . r QAJQV_ H -. - 'j-"r, 111,* 1 , çgi k ` xhKüã : gp 1 / EE"
  97. 97. BoT npmMep. B necy pacTyT OCMHbI. l/ Ix Kopoñ nmTa10T091 sam101. 3a171ua MO>KeT nom/ Ian; v1 CbeCTb BOJ1K. Honyuaercn TaKaã uenb nmam/ m: OCMHa- aanu, - 130nK. Eu.1,'e` npmMep. He0Hb1e MbILUl/ I K0p1v191T0s1 xenynnmw _uyóoa_ H0 cam/ I MbIUJI/ I -.1J,06b1~1a 003. Llenb nma- Hvm nonyqaercn TaKaãí , uyó-necnan MbIIJJb-COBH. LLenvI nmTaHvm HaLMHa10T0s=1 0 paCTeHMñ. 3T0- nepsoe 3BeHO. BT0p0e 3301-10 nenm - pacrmenbno- 910111310 >I(I/ IBOTHbIe. TpeTbe 330110- Ha0eK0M0qnHb1e mnm xmumbue )KVIBOTHbIe. uenm nmTaHvm MO)I<HO Msoópaavnb 0 n0M0u.1.b10 Moneneñ. 1. M3r0T0BbTe Monenm ueneñ nmam/ m, npen- CTaBneHHbIX 13 yueóHmKe. npoaepbTe . npyr , upyra 0 TlOMOulblO mnmocrpaumñ 14 TeKcra yHe6Hv1Ka. Ecnm n0Tpe6yeT091, mcnpaabre 0Luv16Kv1, nepen/ laman ne- Tanm Moneneñ. 2. Hpoumañre TeKCT «KTO KaK np140n0006neH». Hañnmre a HêM npmMepu np140n0006neHH00Tv1 >KM- BOTHbIXZ a) K , u.06b113aH1/110 nv1u.1.v1; 6) K 3au.1.m'e OT BparoB. Kro KaK npncnocoónen Tv1xv1e Luarm, npeKpa0Hb1171 cnyx, 00Tpb1e 3y6b1- Bcê 3TO n0M0raeT nv10e OXOTMTbCH. A BOT cosa. .. Orp0M1-1b1e rnaaa eê npeKpa0H0 131/mar H0L1b10 v1 nHêM, MFIFKOG OnepeHMe nenaeT 6e0uJyMHb11v1 n0- néT, 00Tpb1e K0rTv1 1/1 0vmbHb1171 M30rHyTb1171 Kmoa n0M0ra10T ynepxmaarb v1 noenarb , u06bv-1y. XMmHMKM x0p0u10 npv10n0006neHb1 K T01v1y, '-ITO6bI n06b113aTb ce6e eny. H0 v1 Te >KMBOTHbIe, Ha KOTOpbIX
  98. 98. 01114 0x07917091, n0140n0006n01131 K 70114y, 1170631 33u114u1373091. Y 33171113 6310701310 110r14, n0370114y 0r0 7py0H0 00rH373. Cn30307 33171113 14 11307 uJy6- K14: 11070114 0113 000311, 3141140171 6011391. Y 0>Ka 33u114- 73-14r011K14. 9010014113, 001114 3par 0x3a7147 e0 33 x3007, 00733119107 0r0 x14u11114Ky, 3 031143 y60ra07. 11070114 y 91u10p141131 3310307307 110331171 x3007. Ky3110=114K3 0n30307 30001131171 11,307- 3 70330 Ky3- 1101114K 0731103147091 HGBMAMMKOVI. A 60>K391 K0003K3, 113060007, n0143110K307 K 0060 31114114311140 910K017'1 0K030K0171. K0033 y 60>K30171 K0003K14 00K391. K0- 003K14 91pK0171 0K030K0171 K3K 631 n000y1100>K03107 303703: «M31 H001300061131e! H0 n014K3031717003!» , .v 1. r10110114y 110n14 n1473111491 11311171113107091 0 030701114171? 2. '-|70 n001430111110 631, 001114 Ha 3eMne 110 0073- 11003 631 1191ryu10K, 31140171, 003, 0700K03? . . A_ . .,. ,. ,_, »` . . 34. v 41-» 1. H3 K3K140 r0ynn31 0011917 >K143071131x 3 33311014- 11400714 07 14x n147311v191? 2. 1170 73K00 11.0n3 n1473H1491? 1101430014 n01411400. >K1430711310 63133107 03071470n311091011310, 11300K01140- 91011310, x14u111310, 30091011310. >K1430711310 0391331131 M0>1<0y 0060171 14 0 0307011149111414 3 11,0n14 n1473111491. *w* , (y. un» ~¢i
  99. 99. Eagarama , cum , moawamraeíu pa6oTb: 1. MsroTosb Monenb nenm HIATEIHI/ IFI, 0 KOT0pOI7I He FOBODMHOCb B yueónmKe. B Knacce cpaBHm eê C MOLLBIIHMM, KOTOpbIe cnenanv: TBOM Tosapmum. 2. B KHI/ lFe «Senênble crpanmubn» nponnmañ pac- cKa3 o 60>KbMx KopoBKax. O6paTM BHI/ IMaHl/ Ie, HeM OHVI fll/ ITHIOTCFI. KaK Tbl OTHOCVILUbCFI K 60>KbVIM KO- poBKaM? “ITO MO>KeLlJb CnenaTb , unsa mx oxpaHbn? C TP/ í'. H M* L. 'I^<'/1` , II'{! ?"í-Z' ? J* . . Eloópoe cnoao o xMmHwKax Dream samen/ um, HTO TaM, rne XVILLLHVIKOB He ocTanocb, pacTvnTenbHoqnI-Ibnx >KMBOTHbIX - sañuea, Kaóauoa, oneHeñ, TeTepeBoB-cHaHana CTaHOBMTCFI óonbme, a nomw: Bcê MeHbLIJe m MeHbLlJe. nouemy? OKasanocb, taro XI/ ILLLHI/ IKM noam B OCHOBHOM óonbnbzx >l<l/ IBOTHbIX, a snoposblx m Cl/ InbHbIX MM TpynHo , qOrHaTb m ononeTb. TaM, me 6bIIIl/ I yumu- TO>KeHbI xmmHmKm, Cpenv: >KMBOTHbIX pacnpocTpaHn- nmcb 6one3Hm m MHoro >KMBOTHbIX normóano. Xmm- HI/ IKM oxasanmcb caHmTapaMm npmponbn. . lift"? "fN/ l ~ ' I -'/ . '4 ~/ p. ~ V = . ¢: ,.~/5 Y3HaeM, KaK pa3MHO>KalOTC$l m passmaaroTcn pa3- . . x / Hble >KMBOTHble. ByneM yHI/ ITbCFI l/ I306pa>KaTb npo- *%" u uecc pasan/ man >KMBOTHbIX c I'IOMOLU, bIO Moneneñ. BcnoMHm, I`IpMXO, El. I/1I1OCb nm Te6e Haómonarb, KaK pa3MHO>KaIOTCFI xmaombue a )KMBOM yronke, KaK >KM- BOTHbIe saóomTcsa 0 cBoêM noToMcTBe. 97

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